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Full text of "A voyage to the Pacific Ocean [microform] : undertaken by the command of His Majesty, for making discoveries in the northern hemisphere : performed under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, in the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, 1780"

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'mm Cotik and Ckrke t^pointed 1$ the RiJUu' 
t^H and JMfcfvtrf^Prtparaiim fir the Fey" 
e^He^'-Occwrencei preceding their Jetting fail^ 
Departure ef the Refilution-m-JProceeds to Tent' 
TJ^^*<S0Mtf Atcoftntt ef the Mandf hhefhit^nts, 
ISfc^^^JunSion vfith the Dijcovery at the Ce^ ^ » 
Qwd Hope^'PaJlage through Prince Edwarat 
JJlandS'~-Arrival at ChriAnuu Harbour.'-^The 
Coafi rf Kermitilan*s J^nd tnphred-'-mArrival at 
Van uiemmi Land~^lnter%Aew nmth the N^ 
tives-^JTheir Perfom^ preftf Behaviour, and 
Habitations — Arrival at^ueen Charlstte*s, Softnd 
^^Intercourfe with the Natrues^^articulare of . 
the Horrid ^Ma/facre oj tJje adventuris ioat 
Crew— 'Curious Remarks on the ^thalntmps% 
Countryy ^c, — Departure from, Nc^u^T^aiand, 

BbOK II. * 

behaviour cf the two New-Zeatand Tottths , •iThe 
IJlatid of Mangeea iuith its Inhabitants defcribed 
--^Fifit and Behawour of Mouroaa — 'Difpq^on 
avd Manners of the Mangeeans — Wateeotfj^f 

A a -covered 




with 0M« Jmi onfioH^JuKVimtff iihnr Rf j 
ceptkntrnJOmatj Mutfwg oni afloni/bing jfdvefh i 
ture with his emntrpnfn^^Remarks vonetfytifig \ 
Wateeeo^Diparturefivm it-^Ouhootoia or Wh \ 
noa^ette Fifi^iLrJSi/uaiLirUv ip.thg Natives ej\ 
Hervifs jJland^huDmarm Grottb at PaimerA 
Jiorfs I/lattd^^Arrival at the Friendly Ifes^ 
Amiabti ehaf alter tf the Nattvee-^^ropen/hl 
ty to thdeving'^Of their ferfons-^-Tranfa£iiom\ 
with them-^SkpeSetit i^prevent thmr deprtida\ 
iiom^Xitfini^my^^4h*1^mtitri^ ti f^i^k 

Hn^fi^^^oii^Hf Mhmirt^^i^. mjafvBou/J 
ho, f /^> 'll%-u^M^£yr/ ihanmutm ' Fm^H^ 

M^^^^timfnti\ i^mei^niftg the fiN/4^»JSMff/rJ 

■•_Vo;;4^''.^ i*«fi)^i0<>|B villi^iiiw- e^lfJClf'- 
<)m0sMktfdi^i^^^^ the r^fii] 

Poufyi^f a'nd'iMe lefil^^bm SiemdUJQisptm 
tooiMdmkt^d in£i h ^mtH ifihaChi^i^Ri 

fteSiions'Otia Hu)nan Sthn^ee^-^tleevas Bej\ 
criilfd-^-^Mir/s thefiH tot bfiH§,a,prefent^^MaA 
fi^ ofprtfer^mhg we Bcdyii^iaJhud^hiff^Rii 
ding onHttrfSM^'MkhB^Betwefnmo^^w^^ 
Cane>i-^A curit^is ■ MedichV^^ervfti^mii>0tm 
Art'^OmaU War Canoe — Namil^ower^^ti 


• ( 

Z \, » 




LTHOUGH Great Britain cannot vaunt 

of being an early Stoop to the Ipirit of 

(fcovery, but in that rcfpeA muft give plac^to 
Dutch, yet it may with trut^ be sopited 
^at ihe has fince far Airpafled them, evenv in 
^eir own track. In the fifteenth and dxtce^th 
bnturiesy fome; fpirited enterpriies were uodcr-^ 
\.cn \ but afterwards, the fptrit of DjfcQvery, 
:ined to have totally fubiided, tjU about the 
Ear 1 74 1, when by the command of his late 
fajeiiy, a voyage was undertaken un4cr the dit 
tion of Captain Middleton, for diicovering a, 
>rth-weft inflage through Uudfbu's Bay» ,Ia 
^46, two fliips were«fitted out by fubfcriptioii 
the fame purpofe, under the cominand^pf; 
iptains Smith and Mopr. But it was re^-*>* 
for his prefent Majcfty, by that ipuniflceoce 
patronage, which evenr libera\ piuriiut meets, 
Ith from him, to open mendly commu^lc^^if 
Is, with fome recess of the Olel]^^ hitherto 
lexpkred. Captain {^w Adourai) Byn^,, 
tch the ihips Dolphh) and Tainar,in i764f--4$ ; 
[jdJis and Carteret, with the Dolphin aoiiSwaU' 
i A3 ^Jow, 



loW|4n %j66H^y 9iid Cook, nrith' the Endea- 
vour, in i'j^Bt^ffi, and with the Relblution 
and. Adventure* in i772-«^5,t carried .on a rplan 
of Difcovery, which it wja the ptirpole' of the 
prefent voy^ige to ftmOd. ' , ' ' 't i' '' - 

The iptimsii^e ci^nne^ion ))otttv^c€» thpSc voya* 
ges, renUen it ivcry ^ necefla^ , to fta^e «• (hort- 
ly as poillJlQkrrAhe^iobie^ts accomplHhf d' by tl\c 
preceding rV<9y 9geB» andi hpw fat the, inlen^ioii of 
the preieuir one .ha^ becnianf^eretli;?*/) aerJ' ^r 

In, geof^y i )|t may! be ^trmj^i thai thfe- u^ 
m\c^ff{\^p^p5^M ^* tkei iw»5^a^*;ofN|hfc (piwfent 
reignio WIS ,m/C3^plo^0Jfec■wft.^G>dc•nl'?*lhieh ex- 
tends , |1mi^* ! t!^^ ivit^kx J$QUlhern{Heaiti]^te ; 
as th^f^ujf >9f;ll)')tWrereaith«stwhidi had ih** 
thert^ J^9/f«^ciei(migl^^be)jki(%ifottfidofcd aj 
obfcureitiia^tifmsyf bQl^t^tioosyr iM[)d(, plau 
conje4bire^».,t)j^rtt»lir<)/fif^ idifl^ent ovoiiain 
vigatioR$T H^ve f)lnJ(werBd a tbette^tplivpofe^hir 
vifiblf^fi-pn^, tfe{foji^Mfil(!g oWJEtt:vatlon4.iiE '^^ 

Wn^n^s Ifl^ndS) in/the! {kmth AtHmtie. 
cfan yff^f ^f Iji-limf^wa tP!etwftfbe%e>rAi>ibBf 
and fib ):^ii;Qt^eQii« w^^ i^yien^hi^' ideal lof themj itbati 
he,cop^j^r^f4'.lffp9!8 Iflstndiasid lallcl^ 
to, bediif^^^ F^^tei-; th«re )!can^be(*o! doubt 
that tl^arelhH fame, from !B^on andlM^llride'i 
joint teliiifniHif rand: ^f ^iieiti«Tf«' hav^) a$ exa^ 
charts, ?a9 of ihl&Co^i^s of Qma\<Bmkid^kG^ 
Beiides; itjbis,^ the dlfcoveryofi Sa»div»frh^ 
die nmftioMthfrJy; point ywiitkaiio^Mii^t aod tin 
c^ain, accounts lire Wye o^tllQ^Jfl^'p^iQcQfgiii 
are aft ^p,.be<aji5^>i|tf^d to <Jook«iSirt' John' Kir- 
borough gave tts very imperfe^ aifecoui^iL 

lAiK) Magalhaens 



flgalhken'B Stftiks, tHtt 'Captains Byrdn, Wal- 
and'Caik»teret, hAte ftirnMhedtis with very 

curate lecbiintt of -its c6ait, liaftNMirsf head- 
its,' bayft^ iihndflV i4dcs^ fcHidJhigs, and cur« 
ts, which are a very valuable acquifitidn, and 

otrkl deteifany ftit«rc'ftdV€Htur«rif ffrdnl fteering 

at cotirro^ «rp0r.iaHy Vhcn *« tyiiich rafei* en* 

ee'imy<tb6i had to>^th8'<Pa(^ifioOei»n, by 

Uinig^'>Captf i Ho>nr '| 'ilii9 naivigarlen Captain 

k has clediiy ihtfwnf Ir'bftlo ffttAM sittend- 

D^th (iKls daiY^r «i{mi^h»be Hi^ie&itid from 

9ribMiftwtA<MfVi'>ikidl^ owing 

'w^dMai iwwHkh'^ «^^li^' \o ha- 
iif^i rfiutvti«dyi«r«tir^ii]B^ioUly^ir>etki^d the 
fiuto^#iePa<(ll)ol0ddMi4ffoi^'efi>y^'1>tit have ' 
«kiabqaaHiiMdii«ltfyi|Kfair''<gNir6i>tp«tt of 
iiiMC^nr')AA|yeB|ibi1ftilhA<i^i6ty(|^d no 
tbei«4«^n?th^ fO^KTiaYJ^fibg^td thlffMo-' 
cas and mber^pilje idlttffdsioilh\^bi$ver^ fttct^ 
fuvthni ) 4'e<)|(m«i^d9%'id«iitfHl^ %«t«^^^ 
' i'^xcepbciuf^nil^^^^tti^if' thftiy^-tttey fell 

iiiti'bdngcroiiuic6«»d«efir4b^rf<t»e^bcca ' 

inia'^tM&ii if'fliiJdh tffotei'eit^ihid; ' Ihdeed, 

^ vaft!^ <IiHHrtit)y»of tfh^fo^f ' ilnttWted 'tb the 

•" Cuo^, afiUhhe ttiatiy rWh teirrtjs never 

tyfivndefttd hev»^irtqt{itUiotfi1<^bf ^ iheans 

be iowted^4i}fep^tll«;. d«tetitth»^iittto!^t Man- 

andiiAdapuWoirtlip they (tfdoiW attempted 

jilfefertiSnbli^c^'VJirt gulph ti^ieh re|>ai-ate8, 

% fixmi* Aind^icai^ii »« ^i[ X J** (iM: ttlf«^'^^^J -ji^^ 

. Otto 





' Other Navigators in thefe Teas, genersiliy folJ 
lowed the Spaniih track : as indeed^ their folcl 
bliiiiiers there, was either for the purpoieofl 
commerce or hoftilitles with them. It is pro>[ 
baW^ then, that after paffing Terra del Fuego,| 
they would hold a northerly coiirfe to. the un- 
uihabited liland of Juan Fernandes, and thencel 
ikil d^ng the American xoaft from Chili to Ca-| 
jiforniai but they would either return to the] 
Atlantic bf the fame courfe, or^fteer the track! 
of the Phillipine galleons, as trade or rapine! 
tould be benefited by no other. In latter yearsi 
^he enterprifing Dutch have made fome morel 
certain tind <fimual refearches in the fouthernl 
latitudes^ dt this ocean. In 1642 Tafman'il 
voyage will ever be remembered, for the difl 
coveries he made in a circuit, reaching fronuj 
high fonthern latitude, fo far North as Newl 
Guinea. Le Maine and Schouton in i6^6, andl 
Rogginein ih 1772, crofling vhe fouth tropic J 
traverfed this ocean, from Cape Horn to tbej 
Eaft Indies. But even the difcoveries the^ 
ipaade, can only be considered as a proof hov 
much might be done. If they dilcovf* red 
coaft, they often declined to kind ^ or if they| 
ventured, their enquiries and obfervations were 
£b futik, as not to fatisfy common curiofity^ 
mtich \e£i philofophical enquiry. 

While we thus muft allow the Dutch to havef 
been our harbingers, it is alfo to be obferved 
i^at yrjt afterwards went beyond tliem, even iH 
^Keir own track. And now fucceffively hi! 
^jei^s ihips have penetrated into the Ma 





from a eecM^if their vanoufWcaaenfivi 
ici«m» wkkh hinw ac^iftcd t^ g^opipbf 
cea&lerable affMrt of tke ^Im. 
ifdvend 4aiidH fncntkoMl to liaw bear 
ired hf precodisig iMfVintoisei w 
laift or Duteb hMre b«en^iga^ finight 
ri Aikl<iBoft of cHolevt^udiapi^p^^ be 
ly cfimifei$ueBce«^^lbim44eiit sitifiirm^d ; whea 
bry metbod wm put m^prsufilicf ^ coifr^|f»H 
fmfhikesy md f^^lyioF^ 

to, whicK'tQiati ^yi»p fC^aoiSAarf^i^ {^ of ft 
!blsmrx;oiit]oeiit*'!€^M>^ C^ llc^ndd 

irmfp66^k and ^boiiiHiM>j9i ^lA^^fh^dago 

'bcfidcBrperfe^iog^j^i^frio^ of tbeit ~ 
seflots,' MirlMte na^jg!t«0f4 b^j^; i^Mcd a 
qBt»*i^»€ «f <lbeir oiK«, ^^ fnr*^ geogwi- 
ji€»i1mew2edg^, ^t^poa^i^ljrjtrffv^rfingikiie 
3ific/ Ocean, mi^in the fq^^oplfi, ^ Kcmif 
^^ndlefs f«o£bfion of ^ab^aj^ fpcx^ pf lan^ 
I fowad. J^ndivimflflficiftd,*^^^ the 
aeing {pilcfe qf .eighty dj^gr^esriofjongitudc, 
wr feparati^y ilbatt^eclti jOT) gi^i^p^influrhe-^ 
Is clutters; fiDd ifficb at9pii|>;^^oui)t8 hxve we 
eived, both dtCut^e^ aiiid^ ]th|ei^ inhabttanti. 
It, to make ufe uf tbc C^p^i^ui's own words,' 
}^4tve hfi iink tmr^t^ he^m in that part. 
Pyrotij Wgillis, jSftd (>rter€t ail contributed 
Nr<i«inereafi%0ttr knowledge of tbc ifles hi 
I Pacifie Ocean, within the limits of th« 
[tiicm tropk} but how far that ocean ex- 
' teridal 


Wmf witn me iOTmd^4"C0venes« renume^ 
kh6Wn>iiR Captain, yoo^ after hi^nrQ.vpyagd 
b^OQfflbt Dack;ai^Usla<^ory ^ilip^to tl^^f^jque- 

the equmo£tia1. where it Joined the laniil* a^rea 

Cook : ana , we are nmy acduainted, wiih i\ 
circiuhference or this vaft wxn of Ian<L #hic 


<%tlin t^ hav!i|Vp^t;|S) 

ail its cdafts ; Td tnat ftpm tif acc^mnts, s 



weU's($ that of bther \ Ifitors, it is eftabtiflied 
be nbjpatt oiP a ccii|tlhent, but contatning, t 
lartefOtyidiy likhertdiip^ the Joui 

, 'A|iilii, Captain Co<^ lids' piiV beyond dou 



h^ 1 hough Mr ijair)rmpic anq ofif«^»S|g 
:bvcred foirie traces of fuch a paflagpt jdt. the 
icrtainty of its pra£ticabUity|,, ^ wjll^^ W 
3i6it^ftce of tii^ difcovcary, may 1?^ wdged o4 
P^i'rf<raihg^1hat Mciii::3oiigai{ivinc^,m i J76S 
fe(*t thiiUtt^mjft fc^ a 1^ 'pB-^ 

^eagueis about, white reduced *9jp^<^ oh'fi^Ti 

IS froni of thie yards and ng^^J^. ^^^ ^ 


i{¥^ of two large and feveral imal^er iilands, 

)ugh -which, bj Sir George's Chaiinel,^ is a 

bn od^ter an4^ Ihorter pailage^ whether i^m 

iilk'Wztd W weft-ward,., th^ ^^"'^4 ^^ 

filahdsahd lands to the horthrw^d 

[Byron,' Wallis iiiid Carteret were ,princigaly 

k(>y^ in exploring the fouth i5Ltian;^c> ana 

Ew ho more pf the fouth Pacific, than acci^ 

4ally' occurred/in the direft'trJvS: ^ey !b\e|d : 

as Captain .Cook's mani bl>5ect in ^is firft 

age was to obferve the tranfit*of Ve^us gt O- 

^ite, his anxiety to be there in proper tii^c* 

renting his vifiting that part of the Soutji Pa*' 

I, where the ^['iches and mine, of difcoverT: 

[fuppofed to exift. To put an end to aU 

e^tures on this matter. Captain Cook was 

out witli the Refolution and Adventure, in 

|2, on the moft enlarged plan of difcovery 

[erto attempted, viz* to circumnavigate the 

in high fouthern latitudes, and carefully 




#' imi i faf ^« ^ ^itfeicr Ai | itf h ^yii lli lii rnj 

i«% ifm^tl&if^ ^0tkt m ^ffmf '^m^itiimiiiim^y 
tnat tno uifiiMDiiuuniHw inB« eann ifir 

leaves AdfippoitMii fbr an e^|Ml =$|iMii^ 

;liilleiid d6«^ latid ta^e^a^i^at^iMti t\ 
e«ptai^ Ctfoli^ to him beknl%^ tlw ^MKnir i 

xu- l^Mieni<i<f ctwr cnXiev^MQMtetlflMi'iiiiw'ittoji 
Helhall miike free wifb Iris i$i«il^riBiii|^t'^ 
^tfvr Aiade the drcuii ^iX tk^ ibi«if|tfl Oteani 
iMgh latitude, and tnveriblli||i^'« sr 
Her «i «e» lea^e not the le*l^'li«bpi9i^ 4tef^ 
iM[ a eoatineiitt luilefe jMarllie:|ldk,i ^d 
^the- reafclK of iiai%itkiii. i He/^iimm 
the lN)f»iail^ lear I liad 3^^ 



\\6tk6f(hmt M diTcovertes^ but made there 

17 neir ones» and kft» I cQiiodire» very litde 

bedone'inthttfMurt. Thuai iUtter aiyiell^ 

lat the intention of the voyage ha% in every 

been' filly aiUWered ; > the fquthern hit^ 

li^here iiifficieMly explored! and ȣnal end 

to»the iearching sAct a Camtkem eoacinenty 

^hicb Im, at timc&y tngroflied the attention of 

Hf thir jnaritiMe powers lisr aear«two cen- 

ifa^^ and' been a favonrtte theory asMngft 

iphers of s^l nataeas* 

hFrtto the geaicsd fketch we h^^ akeadf gi" 

bf the preceding voyages^ it b«viden| that, 

igh tb« ttHlbftiipceffible extresntks of the 

^iijhqjfa hcinlftiliiig had bgcnr yifitcd, y^ pur 

"^ ihild pDt^i 9nd k mnaine^la q^«ieftie&y how 

r^<n«Mhenr^pairage bitwelkiniht 4U]bntk and 

i0r4)oean ^as ^£)icable, ci^ier by failing 

' •fCNMi'idrch . Am^ri^ or Cjiiliivardy 

.. »d'^A#»/.v .i... ,-, -^^t ,:,., ...,, .. ^, :, * ' 

Could fuch a paflage be cS^e^ed, it woyld 
rdatlf fl^Often^paffages to J^pan, China, and 

I^ InMics/iageiitiscal., ^t a^ the at^ 
^r!|hi».puir|N>fr|v«vdd in<qi&^al\ : 

Notwith^iami^g th^infuperable bar^ which 
^cfe diffitrent navigators* h^^xperi^ced, the^ 

i»ining*a. northerly parage va^ . ^ ^|j^ ^ 

firabfe, that it wa& detcrinin^d to fifing /the. 

Vol J. B .flatter 

iile by, I ft, 

^,-, ,- . !E«a 

M^.U; 4th,JWSood,in x6?6t ith< |4i(MWn, i^f^pMt h/ 
rieqitQent, in fj^} ; (Jthu <^aptain» Smith an^|\4qpre,by'^ 
^■iVate fociet]^, ih 1746; la(t1y,LdrdMQl£l>^ti,1tt 1773. 



6^ #ic^ ittb^c oh ^^bis 'istfportsim*i«rfaiid; 

«d^4ife«fe hirtifttf to nenf toife tfndiajaigero^ w 
tW&iik frriMind^ althoujg^ir aft^r^t^iat he| 
Ki^ mr^dy dotic^ h«f inight Wave wijoyed him. 
^^i ^^lirtf, hi ^fe ^d pknty, ^iriihooc lany | 

&fliitjifiotto^ -^'-■- ^'- ^'" '^' '^^* ^■■'■'\ 

' tie'^a^o^ ojtehktfeiiif^di»fc!d w^rc jfduoew | 

»)d ^ktdn!i>)'e, ihat t% tan. be^ftr jogged: of 

frbth the talowitig InftruakHtoi^Bdct wlwcli k 

'■-,. .! 

!4' K 

a fiAnJl 

1 . > kJ . ■. C ' 


tic Opmia^nd whjre^s we fc^^^^ 

al^v« m«it*K)n<Mt, aiid, fro^ %k^ -*^!^^.^ 
jfect 1«4.^ 3rWa»k)ilitic^ and fsp*^ fSgf^^ ' 



[ou with«berCondu^jofitM ffc(^t.^Y^t( 
>7age».ai|d with ttov^llPRf^^ 
>iQaHk|Ml;Uttiiri)i|Demlqn^ 4a9S^«9^ 4^ 
:d Captaitt?Cl«fkffj.>wh9 o^ffiP?9S^€ t]^)P^ .^^^ 

ritli the faia two floops dircQJyfp^^^^f;^^ 

^mpanies ; in which caie ydii are at U 

foi taking care to remain there na longer 
lan miy hirnirifiWf irwihat piMpafi' 
On jour arrival at the Cape of Good Hope» 
^2^4? ^'MHi}^<A»ikfimmusaMmm and to 

")vifions and water as they ^^iWveaiicatlf 


Bnning of lioiembe^'iSis^^im^T^^tc^^ 
iMt^-wafd in fcaj-^h p££ptae iflands faid to have 

r 4«;o .o^^^outK, Ua a^ofit ^h6 tmidmfoi 

lauritius.'; Itif'ca^ ^obPfirid th6fi?^^flaflds, ydli 
ci^ esLamirte tti^'fhor6u^h]]p£dr d^dbdho^ 
)yr,j an4 u^ii diCcbverin£ inakei the ncJL 
Cary oSf^itidh^ tk* facUte^ the findlng4t^^ 
in } as i[ ^dpd' port, in that«fituatioii^ tnfljr 
eafccr prove vcry^ ufeftiJ, although 'it ^ouH^ 
rd littKL or nothing more than iheltfer, wooy^, 

' B;2 too 



i^j^c^;i^,|^^^dQ^r»ndrfC0OV<fMciit^ and 

,f;9^ ^o, iMfrWu iJi^itimki^ f BPiDsh to «d. 

livt o^^ypjii^^gl^qg^MiecllvoFf ^wppamea die r«- 

thofe ifkuids luchpsrt of the pip^$mtAwith«ABch 

eonHi^i^i fn(l^^;;a|iMa 9^ibQ:^ (Jwli^Fooa oni 
water a^;t^ jna^ rc^i^^y Jftvjcl, in »ec4 o4 
you arc: to )lj^a»vc^ ^i^ ifl^ci^ - p the . I^eginning 
©f ^ruaif t , o^ ipfxacr if ypu 4H^ j»dge. it n«^ 
ceflary, aad theii procc»e4 Jn af jiiireq^ a couWip 
as you caUi to the coaft ^f Nfw Albion, endea- 
"touring to hlV in with it in the latitude of 45^ 
o' north} atid taking csure, in your way liii* 
ther, not to lo(e any time in fearch of new lands, 
pr to (Vop at any you may fall in with, unlds 
you find it necdlary to recruit yoisr wood and 

Yon are alfo, in your way thither, ftriSUy 


^ ' m sm e tib^^ 


Cf^tAn^tiht to toath^^u^ ahy paftof iSirSp^ 
niih dominioni on the Weftern cmitixietit of i^ 
fnerica> unlefs dmen-thifher by fotne ^avoicU 
Me acctdetit ; in which cafe you are t&{^%fsip 
longer thtirc than (hall be abfohstely ncctSktjj, 
and to be very careful not to ghre any^Vo^^'^li^ 
or offence to any 6f tllte^nhabitaQts orlfubjc^ 
of his Catholic Majefty. And i(^ in tour fur- 
ther progrefs ta the nort^-\vaurd» as hcrtafter 
directed, you find any jTubjefts of any European 
Priecc or State upon anV part of tlie coaifc you 
tti;^ think prbpei" to vifit, ybu >retti>t|tb'difturb 
them, or give thkm any* juft caufe oip dffcncc, 
l>ut,' on the contrary^ tb treat ihan vithxjvili- 
ty'andfHeiidIhip.i ^^^-^^^ 

Up!9n your' krrit^l m ^the eosl^ of New Albir 
oni you are to put into the fir ft conveiiient port 
to recruit yduT Wood and ■^atc^^^/^^nd" procure 
refrelhments, suidf ^tken to -proci^d xtorth^ward 
alon^'the coa(l»Wfar as tbeia^tu^bf^J<», or 
furtlicr, if you ire vbt obftrtwted bj^ ISrids or 
Ice v-takiilg caire itot th liifeany'tifafki ih ejqjidr 
^ing rS?^s or ii^fctt^ brupon ain^btlliW^acCoutit,. 
until you get mtb the before-mentioiied htitott^^ 
^ 6$^ Wtier;f we could wHh yotr to arBye iti'&k 
month rf jiirfe neit! ^Ihto Vbii jgef tlot ifcr^^ 
you arc ^ei'j^'can^fiiHy to feaxth^t^ aiid ip -c^ 
j>lorc, fuch irivdi or iniet$ ai may appear to lie 
of a confid^raljle extent^ "and 'pointing towards 
Hudfon*s or Bafiki*k Ba^; ajid if, ftoro }'our 
£>wn obiervations, or from any information you 
juay receive from the natives, ^who there is rear 
ion to believe are the fame race of people, and 
, ^3 fpcak 



fpeak the (Wqe' lgingt^v»f whicb jisii ire fiu-. ! 
n. (hed( ' if h t e ii^ bularyi as the ffquiinaux), I 
thcfrflidHfll fipp^lir to bcf * a 'e&t^intji or eiren 
a ptobiibtlUvt of u %atef^ lis^age Into the afore- 
mni^dd M7<l'l>riirher of t)iern» youare, in 
ibth^^fe^ tuSiJA^e fiMii'^nMiltlidcavo'irs to pafs 
thi^iigfr>¥^Nvoif6Cui# bbth of tKe^ikbpi^^ unlefs I 
ydH aM iS6^X)ftpt^ioa that i the{ pafiagQ Ttatjbt ! 
effi^H %ittili !ffi/«f<e' eett^tft «r tHtH greater 
prbfe^^^y> bf fhlalld' Vtffii^ ^ili vhioK cafe yotc 
are ttt^ftft uft^lft^irsfkid (tf tmeo^bo^tbeifniatl 
vdR^is'^lf I^Whii^ ^ fiU(<d pfofid^ and^ whtn 
th^ijr€i|)Clt <tOgefhe»;i>«id'^M pfrbpd[r|yi#rrtdJ 
ft6fl;d(<^#/#iiSKl'ilMeyb, t5^ott>itftt'tpri»%itchione| 
or bdttt ^)fy^ ^;£h[if't!&eic#e of froper otffi^ 
cers, '^l^a^iyflfeieHt} mtitarcdf^iif dfficcrsd 
nj^, ^d%6iitsl^-m M^i^^^^iittieiftpt <ihe iiud 
piffsf#lr^H<^Ml^(%rt^%fflra «heii^ rej^. 

piS;e<feffii#^,^tf(^heyiboiif^i^(tttt«d ^ th^ at* 

ni^r^M^ll^/^iPfod^Hddl ilft#iti«ioie«l{gibIe to>| 

itoitca%@kfih of^te^tb txiikwktmih^^f^tu. 

iJottave-ul^lib^l cii«d4e k^Vedt io yoor dif- 
^kJfP¥6 ^u^'mcb^ttiebfiii^ ac<!ordingl7'. 

'In kft'^yiduAidt^fktisfkd that there is no 
p#ag^1itih)ugl(^tb'the Silk>V0i^menilohed bays 
mfficieiitfe^%hcfpdi|k^ of Airrigatidn, yotf are^l 
aft^fe pi^^ feUfdn of (hfeYjrearnorejpair to tbdl 
^ of S^lVtti^dtfd'dt Pirol'm Kamtfchatka, off 
inierJ¥#elft yeti'i&^jddge itioi^ i^i^peri 



to refredi ifoat ^cqfk% aod^piA ihe wijBf 
} and| ill the.fpftog .of the enfuing.y^fir, 
i*j%y to proceed hvm thtineotOftb^ nortbMNP«*(ll« 
£u^ as^'in your>|iiikl€xi€«^ you may^ thinkijPi^ 
r, in farther feflFch> of tt NortJi^Weft prngOt 
>m ihe^Pacift^ lOcean inta the Atl9iit^Qc««lli 
the W«th!849a's ^nd if^ fromiyOHiwofnp^ 
r^on^ ;0]^^ai^y)StifQr^aliiqfi yetlnv^f .'n^filif^ 
re 4»aU tppoar to be n protnihiiti^ ri|f firchri^^ 
iage^ you ure^to proceed 4li at^ovf €Mre6«dn;y 
' thaTingndKboyiene^j fuch -Haii^A, «<1 %ik.4 

« ^ttanj>t|^xiwh«| the b»|k 0fi jigpffiff^raMllR 
[EnglaiMiijhy; iwhf)is«u^« WoJfW tm^jintWik 

fds tht^hoproveiiM^t f»flgftQ^if^c^Min9^\ 

[iAt ¥*h3tpifwt|)l!icc^f«ft maysji^WciftiP^t^T 
rof thcOimlluse^ hi:^|^H|nf9H¥'nc^l(avtJ 

4 Jongiodcftfuth<feJ»rtl»Wni^,(tl¥hJJ«^f^^ 

ihdtM9 9f the\te ; ij Awli?j rpdi, , (|^^ and. 
fo tO'fuifveyi in»fae charts^ and take vieyri pit 
:h bayS) hsurb0imr .and different jMurti; of tfie 
and to make fuch notations thereon,T|^, 
ly be. ufeful either to navig^ttion or comnierce.i 

11 are alfocv'efuUy to obferve the nature o^; 

foil, pjnd the produce thereof $ the'anima^ 
lid fowlsrOiiit inhabit cf ^fr^fiH^ k i.ikc^Qi^ 

.lilii imili)^ IboQd In tht riven at ^tpott 
caiAf andjin what plenty } ^nil, in calc 
^H #07 pccidiar td fuch plac<t, to describe tfaier 
li mintftdy, ond to make as accurate drawingsi 
tlieiti* Mfrni can ( andr If you 'find anf metali 
fi^tieraU) or valuable ftenes^ oit iny extraneout| 
iaffiist you ore to brintt hooac fpecimens of each \ 
«M alio of the ieedtt ot (Uciitreesy llmibt, plants 
fruits^ and grains, peculi^ir to ^ofe phces, 
.you tnay be Able to coUc^ and to tranfmit thei 
Xo Qar<9e€vetapy^ that proper examination ar 
esiperiinenti WH^ be made of them* You artj 
lilMiwiie to obler^e the 'geniuti temper, difpn'^ 
licffif, ' a|id nuniihdr of- th« natives aiid inhal 
tanM^ ^Where ycitt find itif f and^to endoaroi 
^ oil pro^r^mcans^ to cultivate a friendfhii 
^vith^ tfhctn 1 ^makinif tbcm^ient^^^f fuch trk 
ioeif %i70U ha^e on board, and thej may^ 11 
beilj^vi^ngthemtotfaiSie^ und fhewiag (hei 
«!very kind oHf ciiirility kiid risgardi but taldn^ 
€»[ef ntwtrth6\tfy^ not to (h^ yoUrfelf to 
^TpriiM hf ^hettJ, • bi&t^ot' be alwiays on yot 
jg«iard agai})ft-iaxiy 4€GideiitSk ' 
- Tou are alA), trith-the cotWent of theiiative 
ftii4^ pc^^ot), name of the King 
sGreat Britain, of convenient fituations in Aici^ 
46oiMiti^lBS a^'^&u intay difcoter, that have no 
l^^y<^oen 'discovered or viilted by any ot) 
fiumptait povvier.} land to diftribute gmonj 
the l^habitantfi iucK things as will remain 
ftacies and teftknonies of your having beentbc 
ilut if you fkid the countries fb difcovered 
iMlbafaabited^ 7011 «re to take poSsSiovi jsftl 


Bvt IbriifmiiQh iii» ill itaicmliiM of t^ 
. imialteivafeiiciflft cnaj iav^/n«t to be 
(cmif ' Midt ilMMf(»re «ot pwrticultriy to bp 

rovkie4%J7 ix)ibii<ttooftib0forA*hand I VM 

s» iii.«)l fikh cuTttf to praoeMl «•• yoq mM 
je moil advantagoMii to^tbe fcrvicc on wluch 

u are f mplojredL < * !^ r>. 

^Tou arof by tU opportmitiei^tlp ftn4 1^ our 
il«i7»fo,0iir ii^QnnatM|i»,?wouf>ti of your 

yOu, IbfU have ma^e 1 1 and u|Km yo«r arri- 

in Eijolandy you am iinm«diaf«ly to > repair 
[«thi» o&e> ii^jfitVeri«o tlafr befor»«9iarivtt ^ 

itvof^yourkfcotieedUpg^ in ibe ^iw^^iol^ couric 
your voyage It takiiiigifafrei.ibe^coiyoU' leave 

flbQp, f9( idetnMid ifirom i)ae ni&ceni mwl pet- 

I A^kert^ (be leg-baeka abiI jeiiraaia ibey may 

^ve IcBpt^ aiKl to fe^X (bepiiup fair our iofpedti* 

i and enjoining thein> ^ndttbq fubole crev, 

to <Uwige!wlMre ib^'Im^JblBeny until they 
ill have permiffion fb tado^ ;and, you are to 
i9£k CaptBUn Clerke to do theJamc, with fe£> 
to the officers^ and crew of the BiicB» 

WJ** ■ ■ ■ t r 

If any acddcnt (houid happen to the ReTola* 

pn in the fourfe of the voyage, fo as to difaUe 

br from proceeding any further, you are, xtt 

'ch cafe, to remove yourfelf and her crew in^ 

the Oiicovery, and to profecuteyour voyage 

her ; her Commander being hereby flriAly 

quired po receive you on boardj and to obey 



ymujotient the lanu^ in eveiy rtfyddfy 9Mifht 
you ware a^kuUy^^n faoavd thccRdolufiioti t< Andl 
iaiaie of ^70111 ioids^kf^ bjF fickiitt(f}40r otberfj 
.mJiCipW.'Qafry t|ieie>Ini^ni£kkms»jtito«i|etutio)ii{ 
jiMii ate to l» cdicfvtl $to le&veithem w^tililthd iBCi 
vfficer iB^sodamk^dir li^lko is ibembj^ireqiiased 
laMK,i)jte>tkBmlkitdittcb6|^ mannct he cao* : > 

@i¥Ch<.inKiev out l^asd&itke 6idi;'^ii.$'! ih'yh'>;»ji 


By command of their LordOii^^ ,f!»^> n/i 
i^d xrjyfO-jhQ htm a&iUkWlS^aSJSti^a-' 
-^aAOoC'- qC k' biiHCimtoj ndi 1 Ltiiy jtsci ii^^\ i- 
X -^GBVcruiQciiltv' 'ii9v«oh^»rtUyt ikbiCBrneil» nc 
glc£t^i30!£b^^luiili «ight:«i^4to.|WOino^iti^^ 
^j(^'>9ii£ti;kw^>u l^Qi's^ff ai(kiwihad«p0£[ed o{ 
Icriiig a dbi^itfQn^cof). hri(3x>,oem to rihfe-Ji^jkc 

In i^kh hift>M&jt%fti£bips«i)V!erG(iQxciu4;H:d< Ti 
•vasifid« extended' ta as^ Ihip ^eloa^ing to bii 
irfajofty,^dr any of i}|jsjiuhje6t'<, aafsdlthpirefiricj 
^on'toHtidfon'sBay ca^ictiied, bcaqng tfcattl 
•difcoverer i6fa^pEifi8lge. by ica, between the Atj 
tanttcandPacv^cIOceanin mny dire^tpn, or p> 
valid ef^^h^ Nottht^rn<HejnHpb(£ce>«>bpukl 
"Cmtkledji&c. . ; As ailb a rewardof live th^juliuiJ 
pounds,' taany ihip that (liiouid approach to- wij 
thin "^o pf the Nnrth Eokw ^ Xn jtl^^^ntW^^ ' 
'toamer 177^, Captain Picker! gill was appoin^ 


lU h-O i'iJi i ): 

id ordered to^f)rdceed(io< D^vi^s .Straitf^utf 

>te£t the ftrki^ iilhersi; and in> order to &cw 

te Captain Cookls coipedition|f tpt firoteed op 

loin's Bayi and make fuck .ekarts and takV 

:k vie^s o£ the feveral baysy h^bonisi 6tc*;ai 

^ght be 'iilefuL toanavigatocsi ahdiOtkersv and 

oc caret ai to return in the fai^ of the year. 

:kerfgill failed>iA executing his eonmiffions^ 

in March foUowing L«\itens^tirYaung.«ras^ 

\^i»uiitii^i[6 fiieceed hiin. 

As the ohja£k. i>f this voyage is immediately 

^nncdled with that of Captain Cook, we have 

^nexed a fummary of iiis ini):ru£tions, dated 

irch i^th, if^^fi > • rii k^ b^iJiranp (^i 

« Tiiai a« the RofultitiDn and Difcovery had 

|en Tent out under the command of Capt. Cooky 

aii^am^x therdiieovery'of » northornrpttl^e) 

fea, from the Pacific to the Aiiantic Oocah| 

to run as far up asihe;65? of novth. latitude^ 

there^ and as far north as ne jttdged.it4>rof>eii 

;fully\ to learch' for /uch rivcKs int iiilets at 

'ht appear to him pointing tdwards baffinft 

Htidfon's bay, or the north ieas i and to aU 

ipt a paiTage by ti^^ie if poffible : (6t On tbHn 

hand, you arc lo proceed to Baffin's 'B.iy^ 

carefully to explore the weftern (hores there^ 

and kf an inkt or river is difcovered leeming^ 

finting towards the Paciiic Ocean, you are to 

tempt navigating the fame ) and if not, endear 

kur to reiurn to England once this year ** j 

But this expedition was of no lerv^e i Toung 

" ■ ,. wail 


i|^ found ijuorcr calculated to afiift in the gloryl 
pi a Ti^iy, than explore kj mountains. 
.*: On txaminuig thefe inftruflions, it may bel 
qylcftionedy why Captain Cook was not dire^tedl 
to commence his fearcb, before he arrived atl 
65^ ? Why not examine Hudlbfi*s Bay» on owl 
iide of America ? Why was the weftern iea of| 
John de Fuca in latitiKie 47^ and 48*^-; the Ar- 
chipelago of St Lazarus of Admiral de Fontcl 
from 5o<* to 55^ f and the riven and lakes tol 
the north eaJV-ward, ne^e£^ i It may eaiUyl 
heOiewo that thcie pretended difcoverietarel 
mere fictions, and that the Orders, not to b^| 
gin his fearch before the 65* of north latitudel 
was founded upon a thorough knowledge of the| 
cbaft to the fouth-ward of that pointr 

Captain Middletoa, the commander of thd 
expedition in Hudfon's Bay, in 17411 and 4I1I 
had entertained a notion of the probability of I 
difcovering a paffage to the Pacific, and in iearchi 
of it, had proceeded further north than any oil 
his predeceilbrs ; but he found it utterly im-l 
pra^cabie. Mr Dobbs, however, the patron^ 
of;the iiMierpriie, up)n the information of roniq 
of Middleton's officers, ventured to accu(e himl 
of mifreprefenting fa^s, and that from his own] 
accounts of an inlet running weft-ward in lati- 
ttide 65" or 66^ it was evident he had not ta 
ken proper pains. To be at a point upon this, 
he prevailed upon a iociety of merchants and I 
gentlemen to fk out the Dobbs and Califoriiial 
to inveC^igate this very inlet, having previouilyj 
gut the L; 20,000 premium edabliihed. 

' -But! 



But this voyage abundanttyeftablifiiedCaptiiitt 
Kddleton^ optniM;' for the fuppofed ilfaky 

ra* iflBnd to bt a frdh ^ci^. river. ^ Sd high 

lad ea^itiaatidirheen !<alf^4ttiaitotti*^.thii^ft^ 
)ifed^paflage, th^ 'notWkiilhtnrdirig ttie'ftiliikt 
'^ rliis «?^d1tfi«r^, b ^v^sts fHH cdhnd^ as at^ 

linable. v^^o-^phccT #feV<^' rnfeJifibncd is th^ 
>ftjprQbaWei't!ie"drtc tlWibfei-fieldt^ikwdtA's 
Jt^ itt^latiflide 63<»^i^ 6ifK,=tiie^ther Rcfrolfe 
lyttl^kitit^ed^'i^Tliis feft, liliSdoinmltteewho 

^MAc*tiid^rtt*»^rtfi^^deofeftd *^ be inSjffaai- 

I'^e 4bH^fei»^'£4)aiit -fiHli^^eij^lotedv and 

\kmm\ Mother feaJH&'^foT'miS'il ^^''^^i^ 
^' B6lid«s thttfe'lHi V6yagfe,^lHe. matter is-inu<fir 

^affO^t ^^t by th^ fiudfon'^ Bafijotfipany t^ 

ficJ bV«^ hiAI,as£ar'astHe'C#*>'^^^^^^ 
", whieH hid Wch iriudirpb&n of 'b^ Mr 
>bbs And btJfer fe^oi^rs of the'ftlikril^', ; He 
out in Deifember 177 dj from Fbit iPHi^cc of 
''ales, on ChuTiihilFs River Hu 58'* ^6'/ and 
is tranfaftidhs are prcfervcd in His written jour- 
l&L It is miich to ' be wiihed that this jburnal 
\tvz ptiblifhed, as it contains a very diimial ac- 
oiint of the wretched fitbation of the mlferablc 
ihabftknts of that p^it of the globe. |iis ge-^ 
:raV feiirfe was to tlie liorth-weft. In June 
[771, when at a plaice csXi&A Conge Caiha wha 

C Chagaf 




cJ[ thufcEjll Klvei'r 'ini-'iti dgo 46' nortfc 4ati. 
tiidc. drt^e 'i ^th of July, h^rcaflied Copper I 
Mine Riven 5^"" 6bnti-dry to the idea he had | 
-been left to form of it, found it'fiiarcely navi- 
gable for a cahbiei ^ith6ut erttiering particular- 
ly into the accotitit^Mt'Hearne gives of this ri- 
ver, it is fuffitierit foi^'oiir ptirpoft '^ tnentionJ 
tHai he found it' by ho meah^ navigable for thtl 
imalleft veflels, and impofiible to be rtiade fo.| 
On our general chart^ the particular lituation 
this >i ver, as Wetl as the cotlntry in general,! 
through whicli Mr Hearhe pafled, is accurately! 
•laid dpw'n^ In firie, Mr Heafne's traVcllingl 
1300 milM beiTbre^e ah'ivdi at^ the f^^ makal 
i% plcM' that* the continents of North Atherical 
^ftret|^|s frofn^udfo^^^ ieaft ^hat diti 

tance to th(^'nbVth-^^ his moft.wefterf 

ly diilance from Hudfon*s Bay was about 600 
miles ; and the Indians who attended him 
guides were c9nvinced that there exifted a vail 
track of continent, ftretching .on in the famt| 
dire^ion. What we have noV mentioned, 
ing fufiiclently 1 known to the firft Lord of thd 
Admiralty, was a good rcafon for'his ordering 
Captain Cook to commence hi$ inarch in lati- 
tude 65°, and not more to t he fouth-ward. Bull 
-if there are any, we are flill inclined to think 1 
ihould have begun earlier. We beg Ifeavc to re] 
commend to them a pferufal of the Spanif 
voyages, particularly,tKat on the coaft of Amej 
tfica in 1 775, publilhedbyMr Danes Barriogtonj 

. tbc gencml fk^wc hay^ m%$ij;efi of i^ 
pefeat.sind |5rcceidin_g vayag«, a pretty dtftirij( 
lea n^y be forined, o( what v^as intenalpa U 
4one^ and ^^* y^^ rcaUy accQaipl((iiecl.-^ 
?he benefits ariling from ;Jiem inay be .^nunjc^- 

ited as, Allows ;. :f,, „,wt^;v.v a^:- r^^^^ 

3, AWyifionajy fpecuUtOr$ana fthemefsi iucn 

IS Bufan, Campt7t;^^|;^n4/^e p^rpiTes, ;,wiir fiad 
kvE. votaries to lupport their ^\xy, f's^ici^Cil ^reams 
pf treafurcs and paradises in t^etf^fcasi as Cap- 
fain Qjol^has ^vl^d^nUyiiflyeftl^ajted wi>at Is 
^nd what is' not to be founds' tljer^,} ' fo^ ^^f 
|inpra<mcable undertaJsings wKiph wouH pi^oli^- 
liy h^vetakei^ plaf e, yalljx: ^ir^lyrpTcy^^ 
, a^ But unproiitftbW-iear(;lies ;^ili rib^ Oiily hg 
Jifcouraged, butthe di|lre^ and.incoriveni^- 
MCS; attending. the navigation of tnef^ ^,^?f *^ * 
great dieafure prevented. The exatb fitUatiOn 
)f the difierent iflands are properly laid down ;. 
kxKlcy; ihores, perplcxirifir <5i|rrents, dan|;erpus 
^i9^1f, and narrow ftraits accurately didfcribed ; 

e^d^s many otlier advantages, to enumerate 

I'hiciiy Jt .^Oju^d b^ neceflary to tranfcribe .^iBat 
»art of tHfijQUrpals of our feveraijComrtiandefs. 

\j thus le|feri|ng the ganger or thefe' voyages, 

., fcene of <fpninerce comes in view, that in a 
:ourfe of |ears will probably come to fucH a 

jight as is jmpoffible for us at prefent to have 
my conception of fi nay, in our own day, it is 

»ghly prpbable that fome fpeedy advances will 
)e made to fornv fome commercial eftablifhment«f 
^n the fouth Pacific ; at leaft, if we do not, we 

lave taught the Ruffians and Spaniards fome 

C a important 



important leflons in the ikin-4rade» . and other- 
wife^ whkh they will not fail to imprpve. 
. 3. The valuable acceiHons which human I 
knowledge has made by the continued plan of| 
difcovcry carried on in the prefent reign, can- 
not fail to diftinguilh Britain as taking the lead I 
in the mod arduous enterprifes, for the benefit | 
of. mankind. And were no real benefit to ac-^ 
cruc to us, either in this or a future age, as men- 
tioned in the preceding article, certainly no| 
greater fcope was ever given to tlie dignified ex- 
ercife of the powers of the human mind, parti- 
cularly in the ailronomical lines« 

4. It f s commonly obferved, that acquifitions I 
HI one kience, are generally followed by acquifi- 
tions in other branches ; fo here, the difcovery 
of fo many new places in the globe prefents to | 
our view frelh objects of fcience. Upon the re- 
port of any common failor, much information I 
may be obtained j but when we confidcr that 
in thefe voyages, the labours of fome of the | 
moft eminent men of the times are united, we b 
muft be fatisfied that every thing new and va- j 
l.uable throughout the wide extent of* their re- 
fearches are colle«Sl:ed and recorded. It is necef- 
fary here to mention that in his fecond voyage, | 
Captain Cook was accompanied by Sir Jofeph| 
Banks i the obligations wliich (if we may ufe the 
expreffion) fcience lies under to this great man 
cannot^ be better exprefled than in the words of | 
Mr Wallis, which we beg leave to tranfcrib: . 

^* That branch of natural knowledge wiych I 
rnay be called nautical njlrommy^ was undoubtcd- 



\]y in its infancy, <v1ife l^efe voyages' \^efe firft 
undertaken. 13oth rnftrumcnts and obfe'rvers, 
which dcfcrved the ifame, were very rare ; and 
fo late as the year 1770, it was thonpjht necciT- 
fary, in the appendix to Maker's tahlesy pub- 
[Hftied by the l^oard of Longitude, to ftate fafts, 
ijn contrrtdlftioA fo the aHertions of fo celebra- 
ted an Aih-onomcr as the Abbe de la Caillc, that 
the altitude of thfe fun at noon, the eafieft and 
ioft fimpic of all obfervations, could hot be ta- 
ken with certainty to a lefs quantity than five, 
fix, fevcn, or even eight minutes. * But thofe 
^vho will give thcmfelves the trouble to loolc in- 
to the nftromtmcal'ihfervhtms made in Captain 
^oOk*s laft voyage, will. find thlat there were 
tew, even of the^pe^ty officers, wKo could not 
)bferve the diftance of the moon from the fun, 

C 3 ' or 

* The Al>be*s words are. " Si celix qui promcttent 
me fi grande precifum dans ccs fortes de mcthodes, 9- . 
.'oient navi^uc qutlque tenrps, iU auroient vu fbuvent, 
Sue dnns rohfervation la plus fimple de toutes, tj^ui eft 
Fcllc de la hauteur du folell a midi, deux ohfervatii^ns, 
)iun!s de bona quarticrs de reflexion, biens retflifies, dif- 
vrcat entrleux, hcfqu'lis obfervent chacun ^ part, de 
i' 6' 7* & 8.'--Ephciner."i7jr 5.— 1765. Introdiidl, p,3T.'* 
' It mufi be however mentioned, in juftlce to M. de la ^ 
C^aille, that heatter.iptcd f^ Introduce the lunar method 
jf difcovcring the longi.'ude, and propofed a plan of cal- 
?uIatIons of the moon's diflance from the fun and fixied 
lars; but, through the impcrf.'dion of his inftruments, 
lis fuccefs was mtich lefs than that method was capable 
if affording. The bringing it into general ufe was refer- 
Ived fo. Dr Maflcelyne, our Aflronuracr Royal. Spe the 
|Preface to the Tables for correcting the Effc(f>s of F.e- 
fraAion and Parallax, pub'iflied by the Bo^rd of I.ongi- 
tude, under the dirc<flion cf Dr Shepherd, Plumiin Pro- 
feflbr of Aftronomy .ind Experimeatal Philofuphy at 
''aaibrid^e, in 1772. 




or a-ftar, thcmoft delicate of all obfervations, 
with futBcient accuracy. It may be added, that 
the method of making and computing obferva- 
tions for Ending the variation of the compafs 
is better known,.' and more frequently pra^ifed 
by thofe who have been on thefe voyages, than 
by nioft others. Nor is there^ perhaps, a 
perfbn who ranks as an cufiicert and has been 
concerned in them, who would not, whatever 
his real ikiU may be, feel aihamed to have 
it thought that he did not know how to obferve 
for, and compute the time at fea ; though, but 
a (hort while before thefe voyages were fet on 
foot, fuch t: thing was {carcely ever heard of 
amongft feameli ; and even 6rfl-4rate aftrono- 
•mers doubted the pofliblility of doing it with fuf- 
ficicnt exaftnefs^J* / 

* In additiqn to Mr Willis's Rcnaar]k, it.ipay be obfar- 
ved, that the pro6ciency of our naval officers in taking ob- 
fervattons at fea mud ultimately be attributed to the great 
attehtion paid toHhis important objedl by thfe Board of 
Longitude at home ; liberal rewards having been given 
to mathematicians for perfedling (he, Li^nar Tablss, and 
facilitating calculations; and to artifls for con(1ru<fling 
more accurate inftruments for observing, arid watches 
better sfdapted to keeping time at fea. It appears, there- 
fore, that the voyages of difcovery, and the operations 
of the Board of Longitude, went hand in hand ; and they 
muft be combined, in order to form a jufk eflimate cf 
the exteht of the plan carried into execution fince his 
Majefty's acreffion, for improving aftronomy and naviga- 
tion. But, befides the edablifliment of the Board of Lon- 
gitudie; on its prefent footing, which has had ^uch impor- 
tant confequences, it muft alfo ever be acknowledged that 
his prefent MajellV has extended his patronage to every 
branch of theliberalarts and ufefuirciences.Themunifi dent 
prefcntto the royalSociety fordefrayingthe expenceofob- 
Icrving the Tranlit of Venus; — the inftitutioa of the A- 




I «« The number of places at which the rife and 
les of. flowing of tides have been obferved, in 
:fe voyages, is very great v and hence an im- 

^rtant article of ufcful knowledge is afforded, 
thefe obfcrvations, ibme very curious and c- 
unexpected circumllances have oftbrcd then^- 

Ives to our conlideration. It will be fufiicient 

jinftance the exceedingly fmall height ta which 
tide rifes in the middle of the grcatPacific. 
:ean ; where it falls Ihort, two-thirds,iat leaft,. 
what might have been expe<Sled fcom theory 

^d calculation." h - » ^ 

I" The direftion and force of carrentS' at fea,, 
ike alfo an important obje£t.M Thefe . voyages 

111 be found to contain <much ufcjful^ in£ormati« 
on this head^ as well relating to feas nearer 

jme, and which, in confequcnce,- are naviga- 
every day, as to thofe which are more re- 
)te, but where, notwithftanding, the know- 
Ige of thefe things may be of great fervice to 
)fe who are deftined to, navijgate , them here- 

ter. , To this head alio we may refer the greats 

[mber of experijpents which have; been made 

(emy of Pa^ntifxgand Sculptpr^; — rthe rvbagijii^ce^t apart* 
ints allotted 'P^hie Royal and Antiquary Societies, and to 
I Royal Academy, at Somerfet Place; — thcfupport ofthe 
[rdenoCExotfi^A a,t Kew, to improve which, Mr Mafon 

fcnt tothiS^^trei^itieeof Africa; — ^thefubftantialencouo 
jcment afibrdcd^olearnedmenandlcarncd works, in vari- 
9departm^nt8;.And!particularly. that afforded to Mr Her- 
lell, which haij enabled himto devote himfclf entirely lo-, 

improvement of aftronomy ;^f hcfe, and many other in^ 

ices which^migjbtbeenumerated, would iiave greatly dif- 

|guiflicd bi»: Majefly's reign, even if he had not been the 

tronof thofe fuccefsful attempts toperfeifl geography and. 

i^igation by fo many voyages of difcovery. 



for inqitirirrg into the depth of the fca, ks tem- 
perature, irvA faltnefs at diftererit depths, and in| 
a variety.of places and climates.** 

** An cxtcnllve foimdation has alfo been hi<l| 
for improvements in magnetifm^ for difcoveriin 
the caiife and nature of the polarity of the nee-l 
die, and a theory of its variations, by the numJ 
bcr and variety of the obfervations and experi- 
ments which have been made, both on the va{ 
nation and dip, in almofl all parts of the world.l 
Experiments alfo have been made, in coi .eJ 
(Sjucnce of the late voyages, on the efFed\s cfl 
gfaTity, in different and very diflant places, 
■which may (erve to ir>crea(e our ftock of natu4 
ral knowltdge. From the fame fource of infor- 
mation tvc have learned, that the phsenomenonJ 
ilfuiilly calfed the aurora boreaHs^ is not peculiar! 
to high Northern latitudes, but '».t Jongs equal{ 
ly to all cold climates, whether they be Northj 
or South." 

•* But perhaps no part of knowledge hajl 
been fo great a gainer by the late voytiges, nsl 
that of botany. We are told * that, at leaft, 
twelve hundred new plants have been added tol 
the known fyftem j and that very confiderablel 
additions have been made to every other bran, h| 
di natural hiftory, by the great fltill and indui 
try of Sir Jofeph Banks, and the other gentle- 
men f who have accon^panied Captain Cook for| 
that purpofc." ^ 

i Tol 

* See Dr Shepherd's Preface, as above. \' 

fDr.S6landcr,Dr Forfler and hisfon,and Dr SparmaD.| 
"Dt Forfter has given usa fpccimeuof thebotahicaldifcoyc- 
siC8 0fhisvoyageiafhtCi&ara^<rrr/ Centrum rianhirum, Sic. 


. - vw 

To Captain Cook htn^felf, we are indebted 
another improvement, which was the general 
iealth of hi^ crew, during his long voyages, and 
lat may be obiervcd particularly in every paf^ 
ige of the fucceeding volumes. Another good 
Yc£i of thefe voyages, and that not the lead of 
hem, is the opporuinity they have afforded o£ 
luJying human nature in varioits iituat ions both 
iterelting and uncommon. However fecluded 
rom the rci\ of mankind any tribe may appear 

be at this time, yet if any ti^aces remain of a 
|uondam ac(}uaintance with any fe^t or race, by 
iiftory or our own obfervation, there cannot be 
:en imct^kivated nature. And in this ilate 
le Iflands contiguous to the continent of Aiia. 
;em to be. ^,hn% our interpriiing dircoverer 
lad occafiuii to obferve, in the center of the 
pacific Ocean, tribes of fellow creatures hither- 

unknown i their manners, cudoms, reli^;bn, 
iws, their every thing, the produtStion of n». 
are and neceflity* What a foil for philofophi^ 
d enquiry I 

On the one hand, our admiration is raiied, ia 
Ifbferving their fongs, their dances, their games> 
Iheir proceilions, and on the other, our detefbu 
[ion in obferving them feed on human flefh. 

The Scholar and Antiquarian conlider it as 
valuable acquifition to diicover fame rclique of 


id much curioiw phiJofopJiical matter is contained in hi$ 
il'Jervaiioas vuiJe in a Voyage round the Wor'.J. Dr Sparmail, 
111), on hi^ return to Sweden, favoured us with a publics^ 
Ion, in which he expatiates on the advantages accruiYig to 
Utural hiac)ry, to aftronoiny, geography, general phyfics^ 
nd navigation, from our Soulh Sea vovazes. 


RoniiitDsrOredan i«»ofkrtKinfhip) but how mbch 
i^dre ifiinot! cvrieiity awakened) in obfervhig 
tbringenioiM inventions oi' our netrly difdovered | 
friends! m the Sandwich Iflcs ? What ruiVj ooU 
k^on of antiques can vie with the valuable I 
addition made by Cook to Sir Athton Leber's 
Mpolitoiy? And the exponce of alt his three 
visages does not exceed the expencc of digging { 
out the buried contents of Hcrci.laneum. In a 
nation fo far advanced in refinement as this^thaj 
oontrafl niod be very ftriking, and to trace the 
traniltion from barbarifnv^ko civility truly plea»| 

The philoTopher will find a new 'field of dlf-j 
cuffion opened for him, in< what may be termed 
the natural hi^ory of the human fpeotcs. . For I 
example, the queft ion concerning tiscexiflencc 
of giants is now< determined y as iipcm the joint I 
teftimony of Byron, Wallis, and Carteret, we 
are afKired that the inhabitants of a diilrii^f 
bordering'^on the north fide of the ftrait of Ma- 
galhaens, confiderably exceed the bulk of man-^^ 
kind in ftature. ^.i 

No fubjeft can be more entertaining than to I 
trace the various migrations of thofe who firft 
peopled the Globe. It was formerly known,] 
that the Aiiatic nation, called the Malayans, 
traded confiderably in the Indies, not only on | 
the fideof Afia, but alfo on the African coaft, 
particularly to Madagafcar. But we are indebted 
to Captain Cook, for the information, that the 
lame nation,, who are alfo called Phoenicians, ;yi- 
£tedj made fettlements, and founded colonies, 



different i^Mdt and places at vaft diihncet 
from one aiK>ther^ and tin . estendingfffom the 

lit tide of Africa to tbe wett fide ^America, 

la fpaccy including above half tht circumference 

|cf tlie Globe ; this he demonftratcs, by the 

(ureft of all proofs, viz. the affinity of language. 

Connc^cd with this, we fhaU mention a very 

important benefit refulting from <htfi*c difcovc- 

|ries, viz, the effe^ual anfwer.we have now 

to give thofe cavillers againit the Mofaic ac- 

:ount of peopling the carta ; the vicinity of the 

TO continents of Alia and America is fully e- 


When the receifes of the globe are inveAiga- 
ted tn order . to promote general iknoMrledgey 
md not wit^ a ptofpe^t of ^enlarging privaite dio- 

kiniim^ vrhen wetraverfethe globe fto vitit new 
tribes of oar fellow ^creatures, as^ friends ,' MriiK» 
ing to learn their exiftenci', for the ex^irefs pur- 

){c of bringing theni within the pale of the of- 
ices of humanity, and to relieve their wants, 
py communicating to them our fuperior attain- 

lents i the voyages projcftcd by his gracious 

[ajcfty George the Third, and carried into ex- 
ition by Captain Cook, have not, it is prefu- 

icd, been entirely ufelefs. Some ravs of light 
Imuft have been darted on the Friendly Socie- 
[ty, and Sandwich illands, by our repeated inter- 
Iccurfe with them. Their itock o> deas rruft 
laturally be enlarged, and new materials muft 
have been furnifhed them lor the ( xerciic ^ 
their reafon, by the uncommon objects we exhi- 
bited to them. 



Coa^inccd, hf comparing ciiemfelvcs to theirl 
Engliih viiitors, of their extreme inferiority,! 
ithcjirJ'Mtill^baWy enjleaypur k> tfmerge^om it, 
And to rife nearer to a level with thofe w|io leftl 
behind them {o manyproof* of their generpfityj 
and ^ktim^l^yf Th^ uiefiil anirrtaU and tege- 
tal^s intVoduced ainongft them will certaiiilyl 
contribute to the comforts and enjoyments off 

^\^ni€ii«^ Oeat iSritaft ^Yrm-SsA :vifiled by the 
Phoenicians, tiie^iaj^^bitaixts wefe painted fava-l 
^cs, much l#s ciVllIz'^a thari thofi of Tongata*! 
boo, or Otaheite ; and it is not impoAible, butl 
■:^t our J^te voyages may».4A pKqc<^s^gi time, 
Jfprcad ikchf^mW^^^^ ^t\ 

ootTierous iitapdm"o^ tli^ St^iith Tiiti^ Qc^an^ 
and be the me^n$of'^ii(b^i>g thei^liik^klfibld 
c^afis, and 4liirMby^ tflpoimbatilid fd|Ei^i^| 

♦ 1 




i. t 








'AMES COOK was b<3«ni al Mwton, in 

Cleyetanii|l, a village about four milc« froiQ 

rrcat A7toii» in the coujuty^ of Xi>x;k, and was 

fb^ned tWc, s^ appwrs.from the Pa^rifh- 

Liyglfter, Ifcv: t'Tis^*^ f«h^ whofc 

lame was likewise James, was a day^labou^rqr to 

Ntewbum^ a very refj(>e£table farmert an4 

red in a fmalt cottage, the walls chiefly of 

md, as was g^eraHr the caie at that time in 

le northern jpart of the kingdom. In the 

:ar lyto, when our Niivilgator.was about two 

[ears old,, his father, removed with his fapiUy to. 

preat Ayton, and was employed as a., hind by. 

[he late Thomas Sicottow^ Efq; having th^ 

larse of % conflderable farm, in that neighboui^ 

lOcT known by the nameof Airyholm. 

As the £i^ther continued long in that tru(l|> 

L^aptain Cook was employed iti afGfiing^him i^ 

~nous. kinds o£ hufbandry (^ted to his ycarf, 

D - - unti 

( xxxvHi ) 

tint^th^lageof 13. At that period he wa? 
.piit imdet the c^re of Mr PuUen, a fchool-mafter 
tWio "^sA^ht dt ' Ay ton j where he learned arith- 
n^ibi bbo^-keeping, &c. and is faid to have 
flitwti * a very early ^nius for figures. About 
Jahujtry 1745, ^t the age of 17, his Either 
bdttnd him ap{>t>^htice to William Saunderibn 
ft* fibui" years, to Ifeam the grocery and haber- 
dafheiy biifihefsv at Snaith, a populous fifhing- 
town about ten miles from Whitby; but after a 
year and a halTs fervitude, having contra^ed a 
very ftrong propenfity to the fea, (owing proba- 
bly to the maritime ^tuation of the place, aAd 
the great number of ihips almoft conftantly paf 
fing and repaffing within fight, between Lon- 
don, Shields, and Sunderland), Mr Saunder- 
fbn was willing to indulge him in following the 
bent of his inclination, and gave up his inden- 
tures. While he continued at Snaith, by Mr 
3aunder{bh*s account, he difcovered much foli- 
dityjof judgment, and viras remarkably quick in 
accounts. In July, 1746, he was bound ap- 
prentice to Mr J. Walker of Whitby, for the 
term of three years, which time he fcrved to 
his mafier^s lull fatisfa^Hon. He firft (ailed on 
board the (hip Freelove, burthen about 450 
tons, chiefly employed in the coal trade from 
Newcaflle to London. In May,. I74S> Mr 
Walker ordered him home to affift in rigging 
and fitting for Tea a fine new fhip, named The 
Three Brothers, about 600 tons burden. This 
was defigned as a favour to him, as^ it woiild 
greatly contribute to his knowledge in his bu* 


( xxxix ) 

{mefs. In this vdTel he failed from Wbk^ in 
the latter end of June; After two coal ypyag^y 
the ihip was taken into the fervice qf Qpvern- * 
ment, and fent as a transport to Middleburgh 
to carry fome troops from thence to Dub%» 
When thefe were lande^i another co£|^ was 
taken on board,, and brought over to liverpoiol. 
From thence the ihip proceeded to Deptfo]*d, 
where fhe was paid off in April 1749* Tl^etre- 
maining part offliie iea^n th^ ,vf^ W^ ^^^ 
ployed in th^Nprw^ tr^de* jj, 

la the fpring, 1 750, ' Mr Qook fhipped him- 
itlf as a feaman, on board the Maria, belong- 
iog tOi Mr John WiUpibn of ."VVhitby,. under 
the cQmmaml of Captain Ga^t) . In her he 
continued ■. ^ the tyeart j^. thq^altic trade. Mr 
Wajk«^ i^ of fOpinion. hp .left thi* -flup in the 
winter, ai^d failed th^ foUpwing fummer, vi% 
1(751, in a veCel belonging to Stockton ; but 
aeither the ihip*s name, nor that of the owner, 
is now remembered by Mr Walker. IJarly in 
February, 1752* Mr Walker fent for him, and 
made^hi^ ma$^ of pp^c^j^is yeiliels, called The 
Friendihip, ofj^bo^t^optpns burthen. In this 
ftatipn he continued till 'May or June, 17 J3, 
in the coal tradu. At that period Mr Walker 
made liim an offer to go comjnander of that 
Ihip J but he declined it j he foon after left her at 
London, and entered on board his Majefty*s 
Ihip Eagle, a frigate of 28 or 30 guns, " having 
a mind,*' as he exprefled himielf to his mailer, 
" to try his fortune that way." Not long after, 
he applied to Mr Walker for a letter of recom- 
D 2 

( 'I ) 

mendation to the captain of the frigate, which 
was readily granted. On the receipt of this he 
got fome fmall preferment, which he gratefully 
acknowledged, and ever remembered. Some 
time after, the Eagle failed with another frigate 
on a cruife, in which they were very fuccefsful. 
After this Mr Walker heard no more of Mr 
Cook, until Auguft, 1758, when he received 
from him a letter, dated Pembroke, before 
Louifburgh, July 30, 1758, in which he gave 
a difbindt account of our fuccefs in that expedi-. 
tion, but does not fay what ftation he then 

He received a coinmiilion as Lieutenant, on 
the firft day of April, 1760 i — and Toon after 
gave a ipecimen of thofe abilities which recom- 
mended him to the commands which he ^e- 
cuted fo highly to his credit, that his name will 
go down to pofterity as one of the moft flcilful 
navigators which this country hath produced. 

In the year 1765, he was with Sir William 
Burnaby on the Jamaica' ftation ; and that offi- 
cer having occafion to fend difpatchcs to the 
Governor of Jucatan, relative to the Logwood- 
cutters in the Bay of Honduras, Lieutenant Cook 
was fele^ted for that employment ; and he per- 
formed it in a manner which entftled him to 
the approbation of the Admiral. A relation of 
this Voyage and Journey wa« publifhed in the 
year 1709, under the title of " Remarks on a 
Pafiage from the River Balifein the Bay of Hon- 
duras to Merida, the Capital of the province o^f 


( iU ) 

Jucatan in the Spanifli Well-Indies, by l^^utC'- 
nant Cook," in an 8vo pampWet. ,, 

To a pcrfe<Sb knowledge of. all tjie du^es be- 
longing to a fea^life, Mr Cook had added a 
great &iil in aftronomy. In the. year 1 767, 
the Royal Society refolved, tihat it would be 
proper to fend perfons into fome part of the 
South Seas, to obferve the Tranfit of the Planet 
Venus over the Sun's (diflc ; and by a memorial 
delivered to his Majef^y they recommended the 
Iflands of Marquefas de Mendoza, or thofe of 
Rotterdam or Amfterdam, as the propereft place 
then known for making fuch obiervation. To 
this memorial a favourable smfwer was returned, 
aikl The Endeavour, a fhlp built for the coal<- 
trade, was put in comtnlffion, and the command 
of her gi^en to Lieutenant Cook. But before 
the vefTel was ready to fail, Captain WaUis re- 
turned froiti his voyage, and pointed ont Ot»- 
heite as a place more proper for the purpoie jof 
the Expedition, than either of thofe mentioned 
by the Royal Society. This alteration was ap- 
proved of, and our Navigator was appointed by 
that learned Body, With Mr Charles Green, to 
obferve the Tran£t. 

'Oh this occafion Lieutenant Cook was pro- 
moted to be Captain, and his cominiffion bore 
date the a5th6f May, 17^. He immediately 
hoift^d the peiidfint j and to(^ command of the 
ihip, in whieh he failed down the river on tjie 
30th of July. In ,tliis voyage- he was accomp!»- 
niedbyjofeph Banks, £fqj fince Sir Jofeph, 
and Br Sdailder. On the 13th of October he 

D 3 arrived 

( xlii ) 

arrived at Rio de Janeiro, and on the 13th of 
April, 1 769, came to Otaheite,.where the Tran^ 
lit of Venus was oblerved in different parts of the 
iiland. He (laid there until the 1 3th of July, af- 
ter which he went in fearclvof feveral iflands, 
which he difcovered. He then proceeded- to 
New-Zealand, and on the loth of October 
1770, arrived at Batavia, with a veilel almofl 
worn out, and the crew much- fatigued,. and ve- 
ry fickly. The repairs of the fhip obliged him to 
continue at this unhealthy place until the 27thof 
December, in which time he loft, many of hisfea- 
men and pailengers, and more in the pa^ge to 
the Cape, of Good Hope, whi^a place he reached 
on. the i|th of March, 1 771. On the 14th 
of April. he left the Cape, and the ift of May 
anchored at St Helena, from whldice he failed 
on the 4thj aiid .came to anchor in, the Downs 
on the i Cjith of June,, after having been^abfent 
ahuoft^tbree.years, and in that time had experi- 
enced every, dangor^o which a voyage of ftich a 
I^gth. is incident, and in which* he had mad^ 
difcoveries equal to thofe of all the Kavigators 
of this .country, from the time of Columbus to 
the prefent. The narrative of this Expeditiop 
was written by Dr Hawkefworth, which as the 
£a£ls. contained in it have. not be<en- denied,^ nor 
the excellence of the compo^tiph. difputed, ha3 
certainly .been treated with a degree of fevcrity, 
which,, when every thing is. coniidered> muft 
excite the aftoniihment of every it€ader:.of tafte 
and feniibility. . { 

Soon aftor Captain CoOk^s i^eturQ to £|)glan4) 

( xliii ) 

It was refolved to equip two ihips to complete 
tlic difcovery of the Southern Hemifphere. It 
lad long been a prevailing idea, that the unex- 
)lored part contained another continent, and a 
Gentleman, whofe enterprifing fpirit has not 
let with the encouragement he deferved,. had 
;en very firmly perfuaded oi its exiftence. To 
ifcertain the fa£t. was the principal objeft of thi$ 
Expedition ; . and that nothing might be omitted 
lat coid4 tend to facilitate the enterprife, twa 
[ihips were provided, furnipied with every ne-? ^ 
:eilary which could promote the fuccefs of th^ 
[imdertaldng. The firfl of thefe fhips was calr 
lied the Refolution, under the command of 
ICintain Cook.; the other, The Adventure, 
[commanded by Captain Fufneaux. Both of 
[them failed iirom Deptford on the 9th of April, 
11772, and arrived at the Cape of Good Hope 
Ion the 30th of Qftpber.. They departed from 
[thence on the 2 id of November, , and J&oa>tha^ 
|time until the 17th of January, 1773, continued 
endeavouring to diicover the continent, whe^ 
khey were obliged to relinquifh the deiign, obr 
ffirving the whole fea covered with ice from the 
[direction . of fouth-eail, round by the fouth to 
[weft. They then proceeded, into . the Sppth 
Seas, and nmde mapy other difcoveries, anfl re- 
turned to th&Cape of Good Hope on the 21ft 
of Marcb^ i774> and from thence to England, 
op.the I4t^ of July ; having, dicing three years 
and eighteendays (in which time the voyage 


* Alexander Dalrymple* £fq< 

( »l>v ) 

was performed), loft but one * man, by fick- 
nefs, ia Captain Cook's fliip i although he had 
ttaviK^ted through all the climates, from 52" 
norm, to 71° ioath, with a company Of an 
hu|idx;ed aiid eighteen men. 

The relj^tion of this vppge was given to the 
Pobl^c by (J3aptain. Cook himfelf, and by Mr 
GcPfgeForftcrj, fon of IhrFbrfter,who had been 
appoii^ted by Government to accompany him for 
thepurpofe of m^kii^ obf^rvations on (iftch natu- 
ral productions as might be found in the courfe 
of the navigation. Thatpubliifhdd by Captain 
Cook has generally been afcribed to a Gentle- 
man of great emmence in the literary -world ; 
but if the tefttmony of one fwho ^aS on board 
the ihip, and who made an extract from the 
Journal in its rude uncorrected ftate, may be 
relied on, there feems no reafon to afcribe the 
merit of the^ork to any other perfon than he 
"Whofenameiteoes under. 

TOte want of -fuccds-wWehtittehded' Captain 
CookV attempt to xfrfcover a (buthdrn totitinent^ 
did ttot difcourage antyther plan being refdveid 
on, whidi liad been recotnmend^d '^tente ' time 
before. Hiiswas no other than^e finding ^t 
a notlh-weft pafiage, which the' f:!uicy of fdme 
chimerical proj^£bors had conceived to be ti<prac- 
tidible fcheme. !l*he dangers which our JNivi- 


* 'this-frat. a ro^Aami^tioii tetmSnatitai^ ^ a^ -^^ittCy, 
Mr Pattern Sm^geon. of the Refa4«ti9n» obfcrred'tffaat^j 
this man began fo early to complain of a cou^ and p« 
ther confumptive fymptoma which had never left him, 
and his lungs, raoft havebccn^affedied b«/ore he eimc oa 

f Mr Hodges. 

( adv ) 

rator had twice bravedand efcaped from, would 
lavc exempted him from being folicited a third 
time to vcntnre his perfon in unknown couil* 
ies, amongO: defert iflands, inhofpitable cli- 
aics, and in the midfl of favages 5 but, on his 
pinion, being afked concerning the perfon wl|0 
'ould be the moft proper to execute this defigxi) 
e once more relinquifhed the quiets and com- 
brts of domeftic hfe, to engage in foencs of 
urbulence and confuiion, of difficulty and Uan- 
;er. His intrepid ipirit and inquilitive mmd i»- 
luced him again to offer his fervices ; and they 
?ere accepted without hefitation. The manner 
[n which 'he had deported himftlf on former 
)cca<jons, left no room to fupp6ie a fitter moii 
[:ould be fclc^ed. He prepared for his depart 
ture with the utmoft alacrity, and anally' fafleid 
^n the month of July, 1776. 

A few months after his departure from Eng- 
land, notwitbftanding he was then abfent, the 
Loyal Society voted him Sir Godfi-ey Copleys 
loM Medal, as are%vai*d for the Account which 
^le had tranfmittcd to that Body, of the method 
taken to preferve the health of the crew of his 
[ihip ; and Sir John Pringle, in an oration pro- 
nounced on the 30th of November, pbferved 
" how meritorious that perfon muft appear 
who had not only made the moft extenfive, but 
Ithe moft inftru6Hve voyages ; who had not only 
Idifcovcred, but furveyed vaft tracts of new 
Icoafts ; who had difpe^icd the ilJulion ofNa terra 
\attjiralis incognita^ and fixed the bounds of the 
[habitable earth, as well as thofe of the naviga- 
' blc 

( Jhi ) 

bie «cean in the fouthem hcmifpKere $ bat thatj 
hOwcsftr ample » field for praife thefb circuml 
ftances^^cnild afibrd, it was a nobler motivj 
that h9cl prompted the Society^ to notice Cap 
tain Cook in the honourable manner which hadl 
occafioned his then addrefs.' After defcantingl 
on the meant ufedon the voyage to preferve thJ 
lives ofitk^ £ulor8> he- concluded his dircourfel 
iathisCfi terms t ^* Ailow me then» 'Gentlemenj 
to deliver this Mcd^> with his unperi(hing nanvl 
engraven upoji it, into the hands of on^ who! 
will be happy ta receive that truft^ and to heail 
that this refped^table body never more cordiallyJ 
nor more mcritorioufiy, beftowed that faithful] 
fymbol of their ^fleem and afie^on. For 
Rome decreed the Chic Crotvfi to him who fa^l 
ved the life, of ^fing\e citizen, what wreaths are! 
* due to that i)[ian, who, having himfelf faved ma*| 
ny, perpetuates in your Trunla£tions the means! 
by which Britriii may now, on the ipoft- dift^ntl 
v<^ages, fave numbers of her intrepid fons, herl 
Mariners ( Who,, braving* every danger, have fol 
liberally contributed to the fame, td the opuJ 
knee, and to the matitime empire of their coun'l 

It wiU give pain to every feniible mind to re*! 
Qedl, that this honourable teftiinony to the me< 
fit of our gallant Commander never came to hi> 
Iqiowledge. While his friends were waiting] 
with the moft earneft folicitude for tidings con. 
cerning him, and the .whole nation expreflbdj 
an an^iious impatience to be informed, of his iuc* 

( xivii ) 

fefs) advice was received from Captain Qerke*, 
a letter dated at Kamtichatka, the 8th day 

»f Junei 1779; adviiingy that Captain Cook 
killed on the i4tli o£ February, 1779. 
Captain Cook was a married nian, and left 
;eral children behind him. On each of thcfe 

its Majefty has fettled a penfion of 115K per an- 

lum, and 200I. per anoxmi on his Widow. It 

remarkable, if true as reported, that Qiptain 

>k was god-father to hi& wife| and at the 

^ery time flie was chriilened declared that he 
id determined on the union which afterwards 

|ook place between them. 

* Captain Gierke went iMidlhipman with Captain Cook 
his firft Voyage, and was appointed by him a Lieuteo- 
|nt on the death of Mr Hicks, who died about three weeks 
efore the (hip arriTed in England. 




.--< .; ^' 


» r.'»'ifc^/-i • S'"''^^'^^i ^^ ^ifh^iUMi has k\W.J 
1, lO 'i)l» Ma !?rfl kl^i <Wfn{/| _:.-i£|t:;nut| . 

( xTix ") 



The ableft nA moft rcnowscd wnrifator tliu 
or anj other coiintry hath produced. 

H]^ raifed himTclft icdely by his merit, from 
a very obfcurc birthj to the rank of Poft Cap- 
tain hi the royal navy> and was» unfertunatdy> 
kUled by the Savages of the Ifland Owhyhott 
on the 14th of February 17791 whkhlflandy 
he ha4 BjQit Ipffig before diicovered, when pro- 
fecutinii his third voyage round the gjlobe. 

He TpoSlcBed, in an eminent degree, all the 
quali£icatipQ9 r&^jSiie for his profeffion and 
great und^rtaipligs V together unth the amiable 
and worthy dualities ofthe beil men. 

Cool and deUb^rate in judging ; fagacious in 
determiniiig : a^ve in executing: ileady and 
perfevering, in i|itei»rUing from vigilance and 
unremitting cautipti : unfubflded dy labour, dif- ' 
iiculties, ai>q 4V*^I^P9}i^lPCii^s • fertile in expe- 
dients : neve^ wanting^ prefencc of mind : al- 
ways poflTeffing h'liniieu, and the full ufc of a 
found undenia|iduig», ' 

Mild, ivll, but ex^ m di(cfplinc : he was a 
fatHef to his people, ^h|ip \^e attached to l^m 
from ^e£tion, and ol)^di^t frbm confidence. 

*r6 thS T^iUhiii ot 

[is ^HEMirledge, hU expi^i<^hcey his ragacky^ 
If^cd him ft ^unel^ inaf^dr 6{ his fubjea, 



He explored the Sbutherhtiemiiphere to a 
im^(:h^J|xigl^er Igtjiudfs th^had erer b^ioi't^ch- 
cd, ,^nd with , fJ^Ver accidents th^ii 'frcqtiently 
be^tiiore wlionajigatei^he cbafti 6f thi^ ifland. 

By his benevolent and unab^ting attention 
19, ^th§ yij:elfarc of ^lis JfliiD's company, he difco- 
vei;e4! *<f4 in^rp^'jSp^^ aTytem 'fo^ th^pi^ftrva- 
tion q( the health' 9.f ieamen in Ibn^ Vd^^geii, 
wt)ich has prjs^yed'^^'wpriilerfutty efiicdciouis :'f6r 
in, his fecoi^ voyagfe round thfe Wdrld, ^hicH 
continued upw^ds of three years, he Idft only 
one *ntan by diftemper, of 6ne hundi^ and 
eighteen, of which his company coiifiHed'. 

The de^th of this eminent atid valuable ihan 
was a lofs to manki](id in general ; and p^H^ 
hffly to be deplpr^j^b^ Cfery i^atiptl that rd|)cdis 
ufe&l , accompUi^ii^ehts,^ that ho^iirs^^fendi^, 
and lo^es the boM^plent ana abSabl^ i^c^bhs 
/af ,^ jij^t. , ft 1^ M more t|> be dfeplor^dljy 
tl^ cp^nu^^ ,%Hich i^iiy juffiy T)oaft of lia^ng 
'M9^efi,»,m^n hitherto linegualled for nauti- 
€a\ talents i and that forrow b 'fbrther sfggra- 
v^ted by the r^flc;Aiop, that Us country was 
deprived of this ori^ent by theemn^. of a 
peo{^irom whofn^ indeed', itmfglitfaaYdbeen 
dreaded) but £rom whom it^^ri^s not deferved. 
For, aduated alwsiys 1^ the xhOft attentive care 
ami tender compaffioh for the lavages in genera), 




this excellent man was ever afliduouflv,eijidea- 
v^uring, by Jkin,d . trcatineiit, tb' diflJI^^^*^ 
leirs^ and court tfe^ir fr»eii^fiiip j'bve^^ 
their thefts jmd treacheries, indfte^Miy^ttU 
terpofing, at the hazarct of h^S Kf^/ tb' iiro|rf! 
them from^. tlie. fdMcx^ r^feiitrtint o£ mi pwii 
ji^ured people*., , . , < ^ 

The 9bje<$^ of his laft miflibii Ws^^^^ difcovar 
and afcerta^ tSe boui^da^ie^^^^ and Ame^ 

rka^ and to penetrate; Into ;th^ 'Northern 06^spi 
by, t|^ J^drth feft^ --^ J^^ 

e^Hllate this gr^ niafter^ii^hi^pfofi^bdt whbfe 
flcifl^d l>t!pwnlhayc||erd^^d^^^ I«)fei 

p^ havf e;^eptte^ m^ 5 apd^M^ 

duclofiul trnking, coiiceated Wd iifd^iiii^ble ar- 

tfaeu:,lpsculati9n$, for tbe li»i by ttrBich he was 

SPl^M{i%' Wis' Jfe^^aafcov^id B8-. 

. qtjfailm^jr jijaiv 'feM'Ha WcoVeifed'fc' ti*r 
worU, jfl^ey;; ftaye '^ifc«Vsi^a'*ftl^,' ' mi4i;^awd 
HOd vnk^wn, (before; ''TK^ hiwjf'iaddl'Us s(t- 

ouaJRted with Utahds,' Otopi iM lArdateftiM*, 

"7^ '^^ ■ '■'•"■ •^fi-im-'M-v h .of 


TO THE MfiMOUT} &£. 

of which we had no conception. And if he. has 
not been fo fortunate as Americus to give his 
name to a continent, his pretenfions to ftfch a 
diftiniftion remain nnrivalled; and h,e will be re- 
vered, while there remains a page of his own 
modeft account of his voyages, and as long as 
mariners and geographers fhall be intruded, by 
his new map of the Southern Hemifpherc, to 
trace the various coiuries and dBcoveries he has 

If public fervices merit public acknowledge- 
ments } if the man who adorned and railed die 
^me of his country is ddlerving-of honours, 
thee Captain Cook deierves to have a monu- 
ment railed to his memory, by a generous and 
grated natipii^ 

Vhhdu uherrittiUm aUnutUum t^ hems, 

Val. Maximusi lib. 2* Cap. 6. 




OK I. 

T E N T 8. 

vlf * 

Cfaptains (^dox andT'C^tKRirk appointed Co thcRefolatibn 
and llnfcvvenr-^Pw^fiartitiont fortJi« Vo]racf-<-0ccur- 
reiicc» pr«c«4iog tMir fettiag SaU««'ll(|k«rtai3e. of the 
Refolution— Proceeds to TencrifTe— <Soaie accoilbt of 
tlieI0andj Inhabitants, &c.r*XnnaibB with tke Dif-^ 
coyery «» the Cape of OoM Nttitoe*«-Baff;^ JthrougK 
Prince lE4iiirar4'9 I4a«iBli»-^Arriv4 lit Chriflmas Har- 
bour-T-The ^oaitof K£i|guel«i*t, Land Explored-^ Ar« 
rivat at Van Diemen** L^nd-^)nierview with ^thc iia« 
tive»— Their Peribns, I>rcrt; fichaviour, and'llkfaita- 
tions-^ Arrival at <^ucen. ChariOtte't Soiind-rfnter. 
courfe with the Native«^Particitlars of the. Horrid 
Maflacre of the Adventure's Boat Crew— Ciii'ibua Re-^ 
marks' oii the IshabitaAts, <^ountr]r, ts'ii^-DejMirtiire 
from New-2^alaiidi 

ON the fofhr of February, 1776, Capfain 
Codk went on board his Ms^il/s doo^ 
the Refolution, and hoiO;cd.the pencUtttj hK?in^ 
received a commifiion to command h#f't|||U&|ire^ 
ceding day. The Difcovery, pf three'fajwiirctl 

E 3 tbi>:» 

2 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

ton5> was, at the fame time, prepared for the 
fervice, and Captain Qerke appointed to the 
command of her. It may be neceipSury to ob- 
ferye, that Captain Clerke had been Captain 
Cool^s Second Lieutenant on board the Refo- 
lution, in his fecond voyage round the world. 
„ Thefe two fhips were then equipping in the 
dock at Deptford, for a voyage to make farther 
difcoveries in the Pacific Ocean, under the di- 
-refkion of Captain Cook. 

The Reiblution was hauled into the river on 
the 9th of March to complete her rigging, and 
take in ftores and provifions for the voyage.. 
Both ibipsi indeed, were abandantly fupplied 
with every tMng requifite for a>Toyaffe of fuch 
daration. We iailed on the 19th of May, and 
arrived the next day at Leng ^each, where our 
powdef and (hot j \ and other ordnance ftores 
were received* «,.. ■ ' \' ' •'■•^'i'^ . ■• 

On the Sth of June, while We tay In Long 
It^ch, weliad the fattsfa£Hon of a vifit from the 
Bar) of Sandwich, Sir Hugh Pallifer„ and others 
o#tK^ Board of Admiralty^ to exaapie whether 
eve^^^ng had been totnpleted pumiant to their 
orderi^iJitta to the convenience of thofb who were 
to euril^k. They honoured Capt.Cook with their 
company to dinner on that day v and were fain- 
ted on their coming on board, and on |keir go- 
ing afhore, with feveiiteen guns and^hrt^diedrs. 

To convey ibme perm-^ent benefit to ^e in- 
haMtants of Otaheite, and of the other iflands 
which we might happen^to viiit, his Majefly com- 
manded fomenfeful animals to be taken out. On 


A Vo^ge to the Pacific Ocean. 3 

the loth we took on board a bull, two cows with 
their calves, and fonr (heep ; with hay and com 
for their fupport^ We were alfo furnilhed with a 
fufficMnt quantity of our valuable European gar- 
den feeds, which might add freih fupplies of 
food to the vegetable produ^ons of our newly 
difcovered iilands. 

Both the fhips, by order of the board of Ad- 
miralty, were amply fupplied with an extenfiye 
aflbrtment of iron tools and trinkets, to fiicili- 
tate a friendly commerce and intercoux*fe with 
the inhabitanu of fuch new countries as we 
might difcover. With refpe^ to our wants, 
nothing was refuied us that might be conduciiie 
to health, comfbet,. or convenience. 

Thofe at the head of the naval departme^it 
were equally folicitous to rendet our vom^of 
public utility } accordingly we recdved os^^ird, 
the next day,, variety ofaftronomieal and Qaiiti- 
cal inftruments, which the Board of Lon^pi4e 
intrufied to Captain Cook and Mr King, hii^- 
cond Lieutenant ^they having engaged to fupply 
the place of a profefled obfervator. The Board, 
Hkewife, put into their poflefiion the tim<^-keep. 
er, which Captain Cook had carried out in his 
laft voyage, and which had performed fo well. 
It was conftru^d by Mr Kendal, . and wiis a co- 
py of Mr Harrifon's. Another tiime4:eeper, and 
the fame affi>rtment of agronomical and other 
iaftruments, were put. on board the Difcovery^; 
for the uie of-Mr Willam Bailey, a diligent and 
flulfiil obfervator, who was engaged to embark 
with Captain Clerke. 

^ Mr 

'oydge to the Pagijic Ciftatt, 

f -Nf "V > 


Mr Ati^WwiiStii^Sf ttf iffip^ 
dedtp hSA proft^ffiptialaMties ^ 4*<eat pf dUcU 
ency in natural kiftory. He had ali'cad^f vidted 
tlxc 3piith-^a lilands in the &me (hiji, an^ en- 
ableq the Captain ib enrich his relatiion of the 
preceding voyage With remarks of ufe and vahie. 
Tho' feveral youiw inenji among the'feiik^ffi- 
c^rs, Wereeapable'M^being eini^loyed in cbn- 
ftfu£Ung charts, drawing plans, and taking views 
>^the cbskftsand head-lands, Mr Webber Was en- 
gaged to embark with Caplafai Cook, for the pur- 
pofe of iupf^ying the d^fts of writtoa accounts, 
bytsJcing; accurate and mafter^y drawings df the 
mofi .n^^norabie Iceiies of our <Tsaiia£tioils^ 

The hecc^ary ^repsuratibnii fieiiig completed, 

Captain Cb<% i4ceived^d|r8 tb^j^ocecdto Pfy^ 

moath, and to take the JDifcovery qndei' his 

< command . In coniequence of whioiylie ord^- 

^4 Gs^pl^ Clerke to carry his (hip al(b round 

to Ptytiieaith. 

1^ Rei^utibn^with tle^l)ircovery itt^e^ 
ny, failed £rpm^iQng, Reach on the i ^h bf June, 
and anchored at fne Nore the fame evening. 
The i)ifcovery proceeded the hiixt day in bbe- 
(Kence to Captain Cook's order, and the Re(o- 
lutfon remained at the^Kqre,^ till Captaiii Cook, 
who was then in London, (hbuld join har« ''' 

)t being oiir intention to touch at uta1^i|e 
and t^e i^bctetv Iflands, it had been ^deterianKmsd 
' to carry pk)ai back to his native cotiii^i^:s!ic-\ 
^cbrdingly Captain Cook and he fet but firom 
-' iiondon^tir^ on the 24t|i> and reached' Chat-^ 
p^m between ten and eleven o*clo(i, Where they 
^ . dined 

A Vvfagt to the Pasific Ocean, 

dined with commiffioner Proby, who afterwards 
>rdered kis yacht to convey them to Sheeroefs, 
rhere the Captain's boat was waiting to take 
them on board the Reiblution. 

Though Omai left London with fome degree 
of regret, whenhe reflected upon the favours and 
indulgences he had received, yet, when mention 
was made of his own iilands, his eyes fparkkd 
with joy. He entertained the hf'vfaeft ideas df 
this country and its inhabitants; but theplcadii^ 
profpe^ of returning home, loaded with. whsR 
would be deemed invaluable tresAires there, and 
of' obtaining a difUnguiflied Tuperiority among 
his countrymen, operated fb (ar as to iupjpre^ '»• 
very uneafy feniation \ s|nd when he got mibbard 
the fhip, he appeared to be quite happy. ' 

Omai was fumiihed, by his majefiv,*' vfyQk 
quantities qftverj article that were fuppofedto 
be in eftimation at Otaheite. He alio receb«)l 
feveral prcfentsfrom I^crd Sandwich, MrBai|ki^ ' 
and many others. Every m et hod had, iad&lsd, 
been employed, during ills abode in Engl^nd^ 
and at his departure, to make him the m/bru- 
ment of conveying to his coimtrymen, ahjexsmi* 
ed opinion of Britifli greafnefs and gener(im]f. 

About noon on the 2 5 th we weighed anc&r, 
andmadefail for the Downs, with a gentle bi^ceze 
at north-weft by weft. At nine the fame dajTwc 
anchored, with the North Foreland bearingltbntli 
by eaft, and Margate Point fouth-weft by foul4. 

On the 26th, at two o'clock, we weighed, at^ 
ftood rofand the Foreland ; and at eight o'ciod; 
the 0me morning anchored in theDowns. H^ / 


if'^f^JK^\^f^- 9^^^^ 

mo peen Duut tpr mm^tueai; a^a m^roextday, 
at twof d*dpttt littfftflafft^^ 
(ail, butMl]^!^ ^(b^ ()ida'ai^3f, ^nd;^<^ ah. 
cbor^ agaftff " atii5^^^^ thd fam6 Ai^t we 
wdghed aea^'atia pf^eeded'dqi^tit|ief ^^ 
vWc anchored at Bfiiioiulh'l^uh^^^^ 6^ 
3bth at three Q^do(C»t M t^^i^^nu" Tl^e 
Bifcovcry hadWl^fedA^'i^e thi^jfe ddys befc' 


flying on bo^d ihfe Qticari, and he returned 

the ^mpi^tr^^^'^ r"^ '^' ^"'^ ^^? ^''^! ^ :: 

in replacibgm Wat^^hii i^Vi&)ns we iisia oc- 

port wM-'''<*i<(te *Hrfc^a^i^tf't<^4^^ 
h!s inftruaS^lw ihe'y*^^, \il^d liito^Sr tp 
proceed t^fib Ca]^ ofxS^J^ 
Refolufioh ; w|th dire^ib^ a^f^ t<^ ;l^iiVe an or- 
,der, fbr Captaiti'Cferke to fottbV^uii^ ^ ip^ a$ 
he fhouM join. his ihip^.he bejnffiitthikituneuL 
London. ■ ''T''V^^'*3' ' ^;"^ ^^SjbH ^ 
. TheoflScd^'andmendiibbar^'j^^^^ l^cPs- 
tion (including iharines) were' bhe 'h^nchM^^ 
twelve^, and thofib on boar'tf ih^Siitovm^,^were 

On the ioth of JW tiii^|^ci^ j^i^rfJiin* a^ 
on boards and paid the officers and c£ew^ti]^ tb 
the 30th of iaft Qfioiith. " The petty, o^k:«^^ 
ieamen received alfo two mont^ wagpi^ini ad- 
vance. Such indul^cc to thej Mh^ ][^ <?nflioA 
mary; but the payment of "v^^^^l^^ 
fupcrior officers, was m tohfideratic^ri -bf dlirpe- 


A Pvfdge to the'Piieifit Octan* j 

' cullar iltyation, to enable us to cleiVf^y t^c ex* 
pence of furniHung ourfeivei with neced^ies for 
a voyage "of fuch uncommon ^un^on, . 

In the mottling of the 1 1 th>. Captain. G}pk de- 
livered* ihto the hand$ of Mr Burn^y^'Firft !(Jeu- 
tenant of the Difcoveryi Qaptain 9!^^c*& bailing * 
orders ; a copy of which he 9Jifo jefj; ,with the 
commanding officer of his Majeiiy fhips at Plyv' 
mouth, td be delivered to the Captaip 9^^is afw 
rival. In the afternoon we weighed with thie 
ebb, and got out beyond all the dipping in th^ 
Sound^ where we were detained m<A of the fbl- 
lowiiig da^. At eight p*clock in the evening, .we 
weighed again| and 'ftood out of the .Sound^ 
with si gentle breeze at north-wei^ by w^. 

Soon ^^er we ca|ne l^Jyinouth Sbund* 
the wind came »ioipe wefterly,^' and blew frefli, 
which obliged us to ply doiwn the chani^el ^ and 
we were nqt off tfl^e Lizar4 tiHthff-^^th at eight 
intheev<^ng.^^'^'' ,; .^V ; ;., ^.'^^' ■'..■■, - •'^■ 

On the i 6tH^ ki noon, ' the light-hoiife of St 
Agnesj on , t^e , iiles of S^l^> , bgjrc ,p<M:thrweft 
by wefiy ailiant^abolit l^^yen prfighMP^^p 5, and 
on the 1 7th and i ^t|\, we yrexk oflfjljjtaiat. .» 

On the 19th we ftood weftward till -ejght 
o' the morning, when the ^ind n:\ift6d, 
and we.ts^ckiet^ and ftretched to the.fouthvYar^l: 
^er^.wA^he(4 nine fail of large f^ip$^,^which 
we fuppoCed to be French men of war., ^ ^ 
29d»^ at ten in the morning, we faivr J^aj 
g^l about four li^agues diffant. > V"^ 

We had calm weather on the 2 2d and 23d, 
and on the afternoon of the 24th, we paffed Cap- 


MQ>Fk9^^ faW Tene- 








and fcnt 

waited i^ii 
officers ; and 

db.v^m ymd'iiii fMite^ 


1M r^^^iS fis fh!^, be- 

■3'? -A" ■•'■■ 

. of wiii<e, and idadi! ip ^ 
' of water. . ., 

The road of Sant^ Crt z b' Abated oil the 
fouth-cafl fide of tlie iftand, befiire the town of 
the fame name. It is faid to be th< ptiix#al 
road of Tcneriffc for ihcltcr, capacity,, and the 


4 Ffiydfgetrt^ Pacific Ocean. f 

gcA^Miv^f i^^bpttond. T^c w^t^ fupply the 
^MPrai* ^44^ ^^ tt^ ^ ^ ifil^o^tants of 
SfV^^^^^, ii 4erlyeiMi?^ %r»T^lct that runs 
(jpVf^Ai^ iiiU3> vhich is€clnvc>]r^^ iipitp the town 
iQ,w«>q4en ti^ughs. A9 thcjJB, jrpughs were at 
tUU.tioiq i^epalc^i^ frelh Y^tQi' w<(s extremely 
icarcc^, ■'.^^:/,.^^ .;;■,;, . . \ 

Mpim thf a{i;^(^ai|^ce of tAC country about 
Sant^i C^z».it mij^t ^tur^y be cpnicluded th^at 
Ten^ciff^is a{tnurrcn Qjpt.» we were convinced, 
however, from the ample fupplies -^t received, 
Ui^tfij^noft onlf^^l^l^fufi<jienjjE}^ fupply its 
own inhabitafits,\^t.^rQ,e>^£^ to fpare for 
vifitorf, , Tto^ w^lfe il^in^ of 

th^ iiUn4>g^|a?«fefeh^ lt#^;5^rcerP?nce 
ft^ling a,poj^tfa,p^eiy h^^ 

tiy,,i;t^y fec,J^ Qp^i»f fgvaTI^i^fona^le. A 
great y*rl^ty^^f,j|i^ ar?; to 1^ h;^ in plenty, 

<8cc. b<5<i4i?f ,p4i^V^*l»i vf«»^^ not tMn in i^fion. 
The.PHi9ipfrl>9^^;^a af^4 j>i^oij|Vhichgrow; 

fold.ait ab^t..f|)irj^^(|]|jUiifg^ and fix pcn^e per 
buflil : thf 4^t9 an<c| y^gc^t>V^ V«> jn gcnW 
rai, ve^ cnc^i^* Tho^ t^(^9 ^il^bitants are but 
iudi^ercptly fjip^ied with £ih ^^^ic adjoining^ 
Teas, they are engaged in a cbniulerable iiiherj 
00, t^e cpad p£. B^rb^y, apd the produce of it 
fcU$ at a Vjer^ jwidfirate j^^^ 

, T-oacriffe IS certainly amore eligible place than 
l^^delra, fpr fhips £o touch at which are boUnd 

Vol. I. F .on 


A Viyag^fd)heP&cific Oc^ah. 

imW ru;^ior tb Wi^'oi M f^ttti^i the 

WM foicl^ for tv ?We''i)6linds si pWi^, 'wHircas'^ 
pipe of tBc bert Mitl^ira v^as Vfdnli'tbtifidcrably 
more thani double that fiim/ ' .' «>^ 

l^-Bcl^ind the town of San'tji (>us(, tTi^'tiutjtry 
ri^^es gradually to a nibd^ite h^Jgbt 5 aft^n^jrrds 
It; cpiitinues to rHe fouth-weft-vard towards i he 
^e^ebrated pic of 'I'enerifft. But we were much 
dilappoipted m o6r ckp^^fatfons jdth rdbedtto 
Jtfi «|ca^nc6^';;';f:;^^ '!' ''■' *'^. ^^;''^-w^ 
irHfl^id; eail-wa]*d of Santa Crtiz^ appears 
pertec!^ barren. ^'!Ridges of high hills run to- fea, b^'weeh , vvhith are deep vallies, 
icrinii^atn)g.,at mountains th^t rfm acrofs and'are 
^ighei^than^hcibhridpr - %^x ' «> ,-i 
<Jn th^^ i.ft of' Aiiguft m'M^emoon; m 
Anderfon (Gaptaiifi Cook's furgeon) wcrtt'on 
, -fhore to p9c; of thefe^^ vallies, intending to reach 
|i^£|e.^9p pri^e rexiiptbr hiltsV but time wofild not 
,p(^lt.hiin tp; get farttier than their fobt; l^e 
iower Mils pi^oduce great quantities of the euphr- 
Ma canarienjii. The people on the {J>ot imagine 
its juice to be'fo caufHc as to efpde the fkin; btUt 
Mr ^nderfpn convinced, them to the contrary, 
by thruiling his finger into a plant full of it. The 
inhabitants dry the bufhes of the euphorbiay and 

* In Sparto*« Hiftory of the Royal Society, page tchfdcc. 
' is sia accquntof a journey to the top of the pic of Teneriffe. 

A modern traveller, viz. the Chevalier de Borda, who ipea- 
' fared the height of this mountain in Auguft 1776, makes 

It 12340 £ngU£h feet. ' 

* A Vpyagi Mhe Pacific Ocean,, 1 1 

carry $h^m httin? i»r fucl^ SantaCruz, though 
not largpp ?$ a,wel|i.ln»iH city, tl^ir dl»|re&» 
have ao^ ^ nagf^Ocei^t apppuaiifp^i^houh Jia^ 
they aff 4ec^<»ii4 tfrf«#*> fcfpdfon)^^^ withhr 
Almoft fcchw the ft^Pj^ pier, w^kh. niM toW 
the fea,lro|i(» th||tow», w jtapifijpbjc cWuflop^ mte- 
lycrcftcd, cnrk W with i^wn^, f ^[uife^ wh^ 
rcflca honour w fl^p, Ai^^iot. 

tween nve and nx m the evening^ put thd ngnt 

of it did not,rawa)DdiU%forpMr troufil^''^ 

roads w/jtc: very .bad, j|p^ ^r caWc huj^dmc- 
rent. j-----^-^— ^-— •- -^^^^^ -•- - 

There is {oriie good hb^f^sj^ '^^ujt||tf<fe^^ . , 
9f th^i^rffftts i?jje^ ^f^gl^^^' jC^a^ 


up a ftecp b^wrilvll^ te,J<}wCT 
foii^e ^gitrees ihd' corp-lietds.^ ^ tTne' %r|ij| ^ iidw- 
ever, ii ngt prpducted herefWitnovt grefat ai« 
pour, , |h^ ground ,bemg greatly cncuii>b<*rC'' 
with iibncsi ^Nothing clfc pri^fcme '' itftl^, »!;:- 
ij^frvingnQtipe, cj^cept a. few aloe j>lants m flow- 
er on the,'fidc9f|he^oad^, 

The labbfious work. in this ifl^nd is chiefiy 
performed by mules, horfcs being fcarce^ ,tind 
fcierved for the ufe of the officers. Oxen 
are alfo much employed here. Some hawks 

f 2 and 

I a A Fejage to the Pmjic Ocean^ 

and parrots were^^een, ^hich were natives of 
Hie iOa^^s «?. ^^\h> ^^ ifear%%^^v ftj^gqlis, 

bircfo* T&of are al^ ]iauup^S|r^^w^$>, [^^ iqr^ 
driMir forts of chragen-ik^^,^^^^" tnv-u ^^v^'^^ 
Mb* Anderfon wat B)fi}rii]kC^| l^ a, gei^Kipf^ 
of tielmowte^^edf "veradtyj tkot a teua is ledm- 
mon here, agreeing exa^lyiii^! tliQ de^ipUqa 
giTtn fe^ {iniMiiis of the tea-i&niby gs gro^tflng 
III Chi&a aEBd japaii. It is q>s04^4aSvCi^fBd^ 
and lar^e ^|iian|i)^ aire rtK)||d]put ojf t;^^Y|ii^ 
yards ev;^^ jmr.^ TJS» . tjp^iai^^ 
who ii^^^t th^ifl»oid» ipioe^imesjQiake me of 
it, a^daftrij^rich itriaft t^ .^uaWti^jc^ J^^ 

derfqn^ anot^r .j»ie^ni€j^^^ .v^'l^^ 

called 1^ ip^f^tffieitfd, len^ , It i$!#;di<ru^M^ 
peiMjc jemoji^ iniqIo£&^ ??^9^^« v ^ 

, A c»rtaip» fort pI grsp;? i aiij)irii^' :^(prer is 
deemed *ft exccHeiftt wfli^j |n phtj^w^^ 

UeriiiTtt<dii(tC9i?^)if4ntfy Jijr^ 
. heights ^i^r^Jflw4 1^ ^^Wjpay^^ 
one tq j^ociire; %h a tempof^f^ao^ ^fTrT^ m9^ 
he heil fuite4 to Jtns (p|i|iiM^^v^ Hi^rmi^, con- 
tinue whpi'e it ,is,mil4jaa4 |^nt^u% br ji^^ri;^ 
afcen4|in tlw>>cpl4, b?9om<;s^ j^pk^ ^ 

pcrfonj/Mvis f^ti f^n Jjlvfixorofpi^abjjr ^^{t|^iij[^> 
mile of the perpendicular height otthe, pij;^^' 
♦cr thc.isiftoniihvpf jAuguft- w Sfl(Xolw,,cQi)tu^ny 
^ ifluesl^^lthcrt^.Df :%-.,pi^,jl^4^ 


A Vosagijo the Paiifio-'paau, l% 

wh^n the port of feanfachit^^aiileilti^ci^/b*!. 
ing filled up by the rivers df bv\hithg tava tha^ 
flowed into it \ and hottfei iin^ tto\» wiiil:, ^1\tr* 
ibips formerly lay at anchor. ' ^ ' ^'^ 

The trade of Ttneri^yc is \ci*j'^c6rtfi(lerable; 
forty thoufand I\ipes cf \vine'behig anntfaUy 
made there } wiufch^ris comiii-nfed -ih the ifT:| 4^ 
or inadc into brandy, and fentM^o tlieS|>kCfh 
Weft-Indies,.' Indeed the wine is the only con- 
fidtrable artide bf^tne foreign ^^mnicrce of Tc- 
njeriflfe, unlcfs ivc'itifcon th^lar^fe qtikiHities of 
jiltcriig ftoncs brbiigbi from OrailllfCimaiy. 

The jrace of inhabitants ioimu here wN'n ihe 
Spaniards difqpvcred theCanarie% are»*io tenger 
a diftinfV pedple^ having iritfernrarried wi^ the 
Spaniih fcttlers \ tbeir^ defcendartts, fedwwer, 
may be knowii, from their being remarkably 
tally ftrong, and large boned. The men are 
ta^sitiy, and the women are pale. 'Fhe inhabi- 
tancy ip general, of Tencrifi^, are decent, grave,, 
anci civil y retaining that folemn caft which di« 
Ainguifhes fchofe of their country from others. 
'JThough we are not ofopinion that our manners 
ar« fimilar \.p thofc of the Spaniards, yet Omni 
declared^ he did not think there was much dif-* 
f^ence^ |)e i&id, indeed, that they did not ap- 
pear to be fo friendly as the Englim 5 and that 
their perfons ne^ly refembled thofe of Jb^s cqi|n- 

H^'ving got ovir water and other articles oii 
t^saird, we weighed a^hor on the 4th of Au^ft| 
quitted Tcp^ri^e, ?sd proceeded on our "v^^yage^ 

F 3 On 


A Voyagt to the Pacifie Ocean, 

w&^w't^e ifi^d bl* Bondrifta! bearing foutb, 
di(hiijt'«b6utii bsflgue; efa(oughl«rb then thought 
ourfeWes much farther off, but it foon appeared' 
wct!!Br^e iMftaken^;^ler^^aftef^'hbaling^to 
wai^' to )cte«r Yheifiiii^lEeii'^ ropki thatllie;near 
the^<]&urli^{V |)«^iiit 6itiks iflo^,^o found cmr- 
feltDs cibfe«|Mtti«tHem^and< biar^ wc^hered the' 
breaks. '^ Out^fi«ua(tioti waif ior fbme minutesy - 
^o ^ittf ailiiimilig^ that e€apta[ii»i€ook did not r 
ch«iJ(^n«o^>(biui#ia» Th^tiirdgWhav^iocitaiedr 
the'd^n^i^^iiftl^tfliiiytpombiiit]^ «tf teileiiing M. i 
'BtM\^cle»t&htkit^t6tksiisiH^ ll(s^red?betweeiin 
BodCa^^^iVa'^&iidrl^elifland^of Maiyo> i|itendjog)to 
looli^ki^i?bi^iPlrkya ibv^thei Jliico^iy^ ^jSi^ 
tain Cook had told Captaih Cter)eethat>ln!ihoQ}d 
toa^^ck^flf^'^ 'A\ oheb'doclqtifie'fani^the'rocks 
ibafh^^^ll^oF iiohav1(l»>i^t»nng^&udx^ft^ dl-^ 
fta»*iyee(W^-fmiiJ'Usa^e»ii:vft; pi^t^v^tioy-j-i v>t. 

. #fpMoifidaf'fh«^i^h,vti8 ^ 6*iilddB^m the 
rodntfi^, >l!hev1(k< of^ Mft^ro^borc' ibatb^bttth* 
cafl^ * (ftftiarifow^^ei? five l€lagiics;; i -Wo'^ou^d-o 
ed.^tthd< fsMiiH^bfOUWdaY^fi^fathomii ^At^ei^ 
di6§ai<<« D^ttli^ brfouc miles^froih this iOand, 
wd'l^# liot the leiii^ appetarance of vegetation y < 
ndthitSjI^pr^n ed ttfelf io our i^icw^ hst that 
Ii^l^'biri>Wn| lb comtnon in unwoodtd coun- 
trfeS'uttdb^ the; WJitttd J56ne..4tc» ^f/ r^i^^ u i^ii . \\ i i; 

^Du¥ing duri^]ltih!ua»ce^a^ 
weiiia^jgenite^eedof^ririd^ varySng from the 
fottth-^ft^ to «aft, ' iind #iise esdos. / €>itthe 
1 j|th, W liiiie' ^^clotk in the momiBg^ ne arrS^ 
vai tM^^r^ IMiya^ in the iihoid oiHSt Jago^ 

X»v oIg ■■■ ' ": where 



AVoyiagiio the Pacific O^ean^ 


Q'JX^i r^fV. 

where two Dutch Eaftwlnclia fbips and a fmall 
briganttne^ >wer& at anchorl^ The JDilcovery not 
beings thfitc^i we dhl.iiot go ioy <)m(f ftood io the 


. i I 


We loft; the north«-eai> - tra^:.ii^kid» * ^^ day 
after we kft the Qipe de >¥firdeir HItnds v and^ 
on the \ 3oth» got 'tiiajli > wMeh MiKf $ irotir. the 
fouthv^aft. Ther wbidi! duriqg; this, InfenrjEili was 
principaUy ia the ^buth^'weft 'QUMteiViO It Aeoe- 
rallf blew a genitle br(^i^^tbIlt iJ^jQti«{9 imby. 
end ia fquaUs. WehAd^&t^ ei^9i£j|f|dolbore 
of 0iQrt duration. \ BdEtrecuv^^e JtHki^if^nllt^r 

andi%fiueBtly vm^X inibinUfih).iildt^Wje:^iwere 
enabled to iavrasitatichiiral^ 99 i6l|c^ttl9:(3ns¥-^ 
efiijitrt^crfloijuriem^ «ail»::r^"'b'o,t bi,/! ^^00^) 

Every bad «6n&qileiu;e is to ^ appiM^ieiid* 
ed frcim thde; raiiks^i'iimd the filof^ fiilfiy'wea* 
ther accompanying them;; €oitiinai)derS'4)miips 
ought carefuUy taii^urify theair(lbe{ii!fef9^ 
with firealaiid^ fmoldei) mM to^ obli^en^c .pm^e. 
to change vtheir Q^th^3> ^ e¥eryf(<|pp9ftM^ity. 
Thdfe fiecel&ryi r pr^eautioiis weoe j AiiS^ oKer- 
vcd OS boai^d the Reiblutioit) and IllMcjpi^i. and 
we «ijoyed thd.advantage of tt> having' fewer 
lick than ^on either of Captasn i C^c's former 
voyages. Onr ihipi, hoK^ever, was very leaky 
in all her upper works«i The fultrynf eath^iT had 
opekiediiheriftamf fo wide^^that the rain-water 
pai&drthit)«ig^ as it^ leli : Thi& olicePSs in the. 
guB^fHAIi were doivenriroto .their cabinsij^y the 
waiter chatcamethrc^ the iitkd^ audi hsifdiy a,, 
mao^r ./i^itierdi^iin his hc^^ The iwsfiatf9i «nsie 
?d- employed 



A Voyage to tbi Paiific Oceatf^, 

..< ) ! ! : 


^ ^4 

cmploytd to re^r the(^ liefttfbs', as fb^lj '^i ■i'i 
got inta fair #ttl^d i««^ier i btit Ghptiiti^ Cdok 
would iiti?< tr'rfft i'^niti over the "fides -whae Wc 
wcreat iear. "it""' ^'^* "'''^ ■' -^^y^^ ^Hyy-yin^' 

diT th^ ift ot S^teihbe*^ '\»tr' crbfled tK(5= e^ 
quatory lb thii Idftgitrtide of *a?7*» 3,8*^efl! ahtl 
pafTed-the Aft€»i«)6rt'M perfortnihgthe old: cc- 
remonf df dtik^ibg^hcrf^^ ^i^^tije hail hot crofTed 
th^^^ifiatdl'befoi^^Ctt the 8thV we \xtitk lit- 
tle td the fotithwaifd oif Cape'St Avguftine; We 
pro««ed*!a^iltt'^«**v«i^(i?; Vkhbut any reniirfii^ 
aWe ^cc3»*«icfesi' titf tfti^tK i6f G<EfeBef . Beitt^ 
thcn^irf»^et lktkye'*e/^^3^« ^i 5'J^th ten^tidfe 
7<» 4f 4^^i^^^i^i<etm.t^ m^ ^Hh lighf mii 
snd calms for thfee fucceflive <^^. Fqr ^i|ie 
day* IS«fdr« Wh^'fewn^MiWifei and pinta-, 
d<^ atid' We theiv fa#<^thite ^pi^tiiiis. In (ztin- 
iequcn^ of thw we ibtihd^, but found n6 
ground *i^itli aliiie-of^ehtnidred ^nd fifty al- 
thoni9» We iliot a fe# brrdii, ohc^of whicl>' was 
a black petrd^ abo«it the fiite bfii' crow. 

In the evenihg <<f the Btli, a bh-d; whkH the 
fatloFsr call •& tioddf, fettled on oui" rigging, and 
was taken. 'It' was larger than a common £ng« 
Hfh blackbird, and nearly of the iame ^oloui^ 
except the upper part of the heitdy which was 
white/ k was web^footed, had blaick legs^ and 
a kmg black bilh Tbdugh it is fatd thefe birds 
never venture 'far from knd, we knew of done 
nearer our i^tion than GbughPs of Riditnpiid 
iflandy Which icould not be Id&itl^n biie Jtiindi^ 
iit, as the Atlantic Oceaiw ioath*^ 


ward of ui > has been but littk frequttnted^' there 

ii' ^ may 

may p< 
A frcfl 
tfte ai 




with th 

tai<) jUdi 

for the 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 1 7 

may poffibly be m6rc iflinds tRari wc know of. 
A frcflv^ fron^'^^noprJl^weft fucccfdqd this 

^^^"fff^AimMim^^ )^% lM»jte, about 
twenty^foiir hours, vrhen the nortb-i><^i^!vvt|id 
murncdy #i>4.btewA*r, .Oto^iiTOiJwtiftwr 
the apc,qn?5od-jpop9r;f«l4?c»itfeetl«tl^^^ 

fter^teii4?n>, wttd th^ S»r«eQi»» lQ»pti»tjQ9cil[r 
ftjit m^xffiicw, l?B> fttt5^J?mt|ie»lwgh,.f te Go^ 

After Hvir^gif^^d, CaptfOuiQ^lf^ffl^ #»ir 
ih<^e» accQiyip^niK^dbyibnm^^Ml^^^ 9ii4- 
wolfed oa th^.r43ovqpR<^^ |he l^fW^slUMftMSoi* 

vof^c^ ^9 |]ftaJi,,a«d,aitf^C<>mt^^ ^iiSm 

with the g^e!^ti;lb«vj%if«n4<^ Q««ppffi^d^ 
taip p^\ m}^^ on bpa*M oideredJfcA 

90 the (2?4 !W€s4i?i:ciciw^««iils ai»d|lb&iW 

^?S?i,^^. J^*^^^ wejbugwf to .pbfiwfe«»nial 

"?^?(?%.^^ Wrk to c^^^^ the ihifVi and Cap^ 

-■(■-■(f"' '.■,.«9i{»:>str' ''^i: *b'--rHhl w^'v' :r<iu ■...•■i.i '.both. 

1 8 A V^i^fOf^' U^ihtx^^Kifii Oilfatt, 

both < (hapvr witbifticb ^dtriiioM as nvetei ntanted) 
and^) ij^tke Ifef^iirticles c£6i the iRefohltidn 

■cdjbB.'botocki:)/^!!,^!/ 'iili lit- lyJih/.i c|i-:;ilt f.'fiij.: 

Eurdpeon thtt<ia6ti)9 ar^l bfiierr we :£ent letters 
to£ttglikndi/ll^heiiextila3f tW HaaaplbireEaft- 
IncUa^ilnpy^xiltBcncoddit^jaitdhorcd/m the*b»]f» 
- QoiOke^^ftidflt^itjfakwiexcefoidfhtnrd at 
fouth-eaiV, and continuedfor thiee tiajflri 'lh& 
Refeliitkm ipaiihe oiilyr j£bl|> iti U^baj that rode 

Thd iharxkiloearodiOn: thlsrrj4^ ^^^ ^^^ i^^ 
the tflh^ thocfiimp&atc {aakd<^riEn%\wdy in 

whidKvjG!apt«iit(LJfioliiiEoi;'honM Qf> 

iii4heba^£ffi]iM^!McdJrp)£lFl)|iqmutb/on \htiii(^ 
Ql^v^gHtti>:aibi'yfQi4d ^^he^/wthiMirft iW<$c^ 

o^lh*! c^ftKK)i^ta^ Qtevl(4:.d»ajhi^< . 

over: boA^«£i^N«ok]»9t|c0t|efigi)iftpppQ^^ 
hit peo{tlc^o£iiiii^^i^(iSf^if«4 J» p«rJVi^^%H^ 

CaptaUi^QOoteii^t 4}^l»i{i(ii;^i»$fi«Li^^|d^«ri 
and ie»fef iii^7ll|th?5i»fli^l«P«i Jfetli^lC^ptaj^ 


our cattle on fliorc^ipn^ith^ »Ji^fFW<^^« <^^ 
1 4th9 fbxne dogs got In amongft theibfiep^ fiprcetl 
them out fii' the pen, killedfoury and di^erfed 
the reft. We recovered fix of them the next 
day J but among thofe which were miffing were 

- two 

tain's a 
fo mifei 
he Wou 
fent £9r 




taild^ ^ 


cuddh 0^ 



A l^agi i9 thi I^acifie Ocean. -ip 

two7 1 rams^ and t<vo i iof IJjie* fiAeft ^^wes in the 
whidld filddkw' ^ ThoBg^ (hetlhitdiMfiretiuently 
boaftiof .the ipcdtce at tlxeCapey'lyvtithe Cap- 
tain's fheep evade.d all the vigilancd>ol'','the Fif^ 
ca^sl^officei^ ^!id peoplci At lengtb^nft^r much 
trotibi& and expence, by; employing;, fometif the 
lowdl^fefio^nrs ilf tte pkice^ «re netoveredi jnUbut 
the tti«b ewJeiitoi Qnei»f)^ iaitts>ihc)twqvdt-,» was 
fo miferablfitopn-i>ythet)ddg$^id&ati we bought 
■he wouki-:Aevcr'rccotrdr;:f''fV-';i f.Msr. .fi-.;:-:' ■ ■ 

' 'Mi; Jlentmfy^the 'LtitiiitenantvOoveiaK}V9^a^^ 
obligingly ^ii&rsd itom^ke ^pftii£s[li0f»^<l:^^Ting 
G^ptaiin Goak ii S^antih ram^out)o£:fof]ii h<i had 
fentifor ^oimiifbon j bntltJjwrO^talii declined 

' tK(^ ofiW^thtiiJaBg>4«I^Mttdd(e4iilsdlfjq^lW 
j^l^p0fe t<»^td4rxti^Mii^rona«nof^«i0eiC^jiearifxi8 : 
WtWki hdv6!6vcvp0k^€bp(Jabbf«k$n&(b)|6di>/]Mr 
J^^^m^^hiBrnxteafl^iMH^ t^atr^duce fiuioj^ii^an 
^eep^t >t&^^api(| bitt^H^ hijt 4tteittptcu«ilevc:fi^ 
ttated iby ihe<bb^itey^ of thc^outltff > people, 
who ^lli Al^*^ttedm iiheir <3mnkitt9^^^fk$ ouicoimt 
^ thi!$r?ltfgQqu^«(|^tlie >f^)^>wMcblfo 
produces idoi>lf Iilbii6y4tuin'ffa4t\^lttae4i»i9fsii|be- 
M^* ' Iiid^i^ theotu^ t^^aiHbb^rilhilif in the 
Capie Cheep'ifi^llyi'tegth and(Hklk^idf><^^dbeir 
tdh^ ^ii^h wdgh from'ten to ifteeii pdiind^ 

Whik'the' ^hi^ #i6re trailing for the' profe- 
cuddh of ^^^"t^d^ge^ M^ Aifdet^Toni aad(<»^ of 
ddi* ^^cei«rix^de &ff ^xc^fn^, to dike difurvey 
of theB6!gt&>dtiriflg'i&d^lltf^o14ir Ai^ re* 

. l^^«hd^^oee^ing» 16 the><olk>^tig ^fie£^: 
' Ih «ki fok^hbbn of 'SliWiirday the ^'<5th of No- 

' y£ihbier> !he,' and five 0theps,fet ^t ia& Waiggon^ 

20 A'Vofogtio tht Facifie Ocean. 

td filAeea Viet^^F thd e^nMUy; Thtf^r clX)fl*ed the 
larg^ptiMtcil'iMeaiftWiu^ofthe tovi«, "wiikh is 
istmeif^ inStki ranJd;>itf6thblkigthit^ w is 
«^mtenlt'i«e^nd»6A besickifidV'> At fiv^ in thaaf- 
terHIMii ^ktief fitkii a lii^tt iaMi^houfe; ibme 
corn-fields and vine-yards, iituated beyond the 
j[>1adll, Wl^etheitoilaj^r6d^iidrdi cuHlilFMing. 
Atlbveti fh^ idlrived tt SteUeilbbflii » colony, 
fti^^t of itlijpdtiillC(S'lieJd:>co tluit^'the Cape. 
The villag^'Dttkldti'aft th^fbbtof^the^ range pf 
tdlEy'iitOtimg^yiabottt^t^diity^it^ to ^e caft- 
#M of GiijjitifoWK^ did conflftB •£ about 4hirw 
tf hxmfefty wydhiai^iMiit 'and^tenti : >tii^det, 
and^Hte-^ftreli^k-^feti^l^g^ daiciinplii^M at 
its' #fft'fetftt6gi £i«iti'a rural profpodl in this 
ddfert ^d«tiii«^!« 'ffhtttorki^ ibnie^lhiiviii^ 
y^xls '»imd^'^0rfln»di^<tflKiii« «^ |xkMe| xirUlch 
l«e«r*^ faiditac^ *iin ^«iiAkttr>ibil| ^thbti^t^er^ 
iiflptt' iittKh marf Ixiiolriiig %o^ thf imdainnM^tfe. 
rojfey ^«fhe»afef ••■'■)•;; •;•>/' ? ./i),„n./. ^r,<j} rH-u^. 

At tthk4eafi>tyof ishdyearf^ Aadtrte^oiild 
find bttt few plintsrln flower^ iahdiiuife£t»^Were 
v^ feorat. 'He>atad hb idonipuiims le^'^1- 
%iibofiE?thef«n9tt niomingv'aini'iboaiiarivad at 
thftohRNili! tHtyivfaad -j^iamdijdn JS^tiir i Mr 
iCloeder^ M owner of^^faich^lhaiqiig&BttheQk 
4kn iRvhatidn to vUh hkn^^tfaey iM^ientsrtained 
by thts^ gvmleinaii'^piik gieat foiitnie& Olid' ho- 
fpitality. They were received with«>haad of 
mnfic, which continued ploying-wiiile ^ley iimere^ 
at dinner ;. which, in that iituation^ mi^;ht . be 
reckoned elegant. In the aftomoon they crof- ^ 
fed the country, and pa^d^fbtne Igi^ l^anta^ 

^^, ■. •^.. . -tions. 

^,- r. 



lotr hill 


north p 

it^ malm 


from the 
pif&i th 
Tyger E 


I th&af- 

md the 


: in this 


If I Mr 


nd of 

_ht be 
if crof- 

ti6wi^nrift^M!Pvei^j^yrfM^v^,a(t.s^ farm- 
va||^{U:i$)l^9ij^ril^}ii^alsl^r:rl^ a 

cpiiiitii^i, Hwhi9h(;lcq^|i% ^^1 }l^ &r9i8 or 
^fPiJwWtWV^iljif^U^Wf^rafioli^ at 

ihf3ii>%r^^(iMV fptefiiiuV9i;i||»My>|iK((^«4 jihan ». 

jti0iibni?u$f4aifi|jb^ :A0h>3i9)($]^9 i#9rnftor), they »' 

^ifim ilQ)leetii jUmwK^^ 49rg6lftt^fi!^ Qsdied by 

|4iftiiiliwb»!ta«W'*liftiIViwib^i!l»iv the 

BeinkiCH«|in«Aid» }|^i^iiiHiw-Hi#^I^|h9^ Tome 
lotf hiU#»-ji^^ Oftdo t»b}Q«^ Q;^n^4;dunded on 
tiati|(9iiiMHll^ni9^«>Rl)»iwl^ ao^iQfiirtb.i i The 
ijiftiWi4 ^Kd^ w»B aRfri4iaH^iH)iti^dhniiiant>The 
i«ii|]ti^ndil9 |[|<i<)eqnf^3AoQp»tbi}tiNI«i rgreoteft 
h^ighti ia thaw f liirbfliifttfitcdedtpe^gidMili]^^ torthe 
north part, which they afcendodiianil had a 

v^'ihcl^Biiicuinferqice* m i^ir jA6neM»^afoout/hal£ 
ajjnl^ riU thi y^w p fflhatfCitohQMirl walking round' 
it^ dncl«(^|lg^t4lllraal9!Ce6if«I^tftof^^ a bad' 
rtttld^ vit^ili^ghV;l£ii]ftSf,tp JSQ^al^ftHt dotne of St 
BuilWohJu)icjlw^j£)(06^'A}mele«r Mures, it is 
one.ttliinternipied:<t]ar»«£iton6^ iFhe-ftone is 
of Tthat fort which mineralogifts caJI^£la««ln Cm- 

On.the 2ofh, incite doming, ^I^^ Kt ortt 
from the Pearl, and; ^oing a di&rent road, 
pafie^ through an uncultivated equhtry^ to the 
Tyger HiUs> where they beheld fome tbler^.bAe m 

V9L. I. G . corn-field 

>a A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 

corn-fields. About noon they flopped in a val» 
lev for fefirefhment» where they were plagued 
with a vaft numljer of mun^uitoes } and, in the 
evening, arrived at Cape-Town. 
, PfiSaturday th^ sisd, we got the obfervatory, 
clock, &c. on board. From the refult of fevend 
calculations and obfervations, we had reafon to 
conclude, that the , watch, or time-piece, had 
performed weU all the way from England. 

Captain Cook fearing a fecond difafter, got 
his fheep and other cattle on board as foon as 
poifible. Hcjalfo increafed his ftock by pur- 
.chaiing two bulls, two heifers, two ftone-horfes, 
two iiiares, two rams, fome ewes and goats, fome 
poultry, and fome rabbits. ^ 

Both flups being fuppUed with provifions and 
mux fufficient for two years and upwards, and 
every other neceflary. article, and Captain Ccok 
having given Captaia Qerke a copy of his in- 
ftru^Uqns, we repaired on board in the morning 
of the 30th. A breeze fprung up at fouth-eaft, 
at 5 iii the afternoon, with which we weighed 
and ftood out of the Bay \ at nine it, fell calm, 
and we anchored. At three o^clock the next 
morning w« weij^ed and put to fea, with a 
light bneeze at fouth, but cUd not get clear of 
land till the 3d of Siecember in the -morning. 

On Thurfday the 5th, a fquall of wind e^ff- 
ried away the mizzen top-maft of th^ Refolution, 
but we had another to replace it. Om the even- 
ing of the 6th, boiig then in the latitude of 
39®. 14' fouth, and in the longitude of 33® 56* 
ead^, we obferved fever^l fpo>ts of wattr of a fi^- 


AFiyage to the Pacific Oceans ^ 2$ 

difh hue. Upon ekamihing fdme of this water 
thjit tras taken' up^ we perceived a number of 
fmall anikials, lirhieh the tdcrofcope difcovered 
to rcfemble cray-fWhv -'^^ '''■ ^^^^^^^ .;an • 
We continued io the fouth^ft, followed Jby 
a mountainous Tea, which occafioned the (hip 
to rdll excecdiftglf, and reridered our cattte 
trouW^fclthe. SeVeral goats, efpccialfy the 
males, dfedj arid fome fheep. We now biegan 
tofeel-the lc<>ldM avopy fenfiblt dcferie. . 
On Thurfday the i ?th, at nObtij'iKfe (fifddvcr- 
Und cxt^irfg fj^tn fouth^ft b^ fouth, to 
ithi^aft bjf m. l¥^^ ^ lerigiffil dlfcdV^iW 

the fouth, appeared MHH'^cmmitii^ m^pcs 
hWctLmixidkm 4iV6*i^dW«JlJMd^,^afeut 

ifltodSi attd' ibtild hk^»SlW^W'dthfet'k«id or 

^iM; ^ rMfetf 'dP%an^fett%idtfh^5i' whblViidci 
aiid'iliriirfiitS iitm hoveUA i*^ftibiVJ ^ '^ • 
Thdfei t^^^^^andi) inl^four> 6«Nifff 'mb^e^t^' 
the'tdft, Were? "dJft6v^;t*d ^t^' CS^lJit^fis fifeHori 
du RjCftie stad* Ck)i^et; French' navfeatJ^s, M^ 
Janasriy r^iiV dh fheiir jpW^gc froni t^k Cape 
of Godd Hi^ife to the Bidltppine filatids. As 
theylft^e fio iam^s iii the Fr€hch cha^df thfe; 
Southeifik Hetnifphere, Captain Cook uotS* 
two#e now faw Prince Edward's Jflamt^f 
|he other four by the name of Marion s 'imd 
Crozet's lilands. 

Gz W&x 


A Vtyagf t9 thi Pacific Ocean, 

We had now, in general, (Irong galei, and 
very indifferent wcatiier. After leaving Prince 
Edward's lilands, we fhaped our cou'rfe to paft 
to the fouthward of the four others, to get into 
the latitude of the bnd difcovered by MoAfieur 
de Kerguelen. 

Captain Cook had received inftru^tions to ex* 
amine this illand, and endeavour to difcovcr a 
good harbour. On the i6th we faw numbers 
of penguins and divers, and rock-weed floating 
in the Tea \ and on the, 21ft we faw a very kirge 
feal. The weather was now very foggy, and 
we hourly expected to hSi in with the landi 
navigation was both 4ai^erous anii t«4iotis* 

On the 24th, at (U.ia the morning, the fo 
cle^ms away a little, we ixm land| hottrin^ 
fottth^muth-eaO:, which we af^rward^foun^hito 
be ah ifland of conHder-ible im^g ^lA Wmit 
three leagues in circuit. We iooiv A^er disco- 
vered another of equal magoitude, abcmt oiie 
league to the eaft ward | dnd, beiwefa thi^ two, 
foine in^allet ones. In the dire^ioa of jRiutK 
h/6aft, axiother high ifland wasicen^ ^ We^d 
|mt juft weather the iiland laft mentiofied: it 
was a high round rock, named Bligli^^ Cape. 
Captain Cook fuppofed tliis tp be th&fai^ tlHat 
Monileur de Kerguelen called the Ifle.of Rei»- 
dezvous Vbut he knew nothing thaj^c^^iU) ren- 
dezvous at it byt the fowls of the ^rt>f<W i<^ was 
certainly inacceflible to every other, animaU 

The weather beginning to clear i^ ah^ut elep 
ven, we tacked, and fteered in for the land. 4K 

of f 

noon we w^re enabled to determine thetlatk) 

A Foyagi to the Pacific Ocean. ^^ 

, and 
) pafli 
!t into 



t it 





of ^ 

of BIigh*s Cape to be 4d<» !(/ foutH, and its lon- 
gitude 68" 40'. We pafled it at three o'clock, 
with a fre(h gale at weft. 

Preibntlyafter we clearly faw the land, and at 
four o'clock it extended frbmfouth-eafl to fouth- 
weft by fouth, drftant about four miles. The left 
extreme, which Captain Cook judged to be the 
northern point of this laAd, called in the French 
chart of the fouthern hemifphere Cape Francois, 
terminated in a high perpendicular rock; and the 
right one in a high indented point. 
\ Tbwaadfe the middle of the land there appeal- 
t# be an inlet *, but, on our approaching it, 
^e faw it was only a bending on the coaft ; we, 
therefore, bore up to gO round Cape Francois. 
Having got offthe Cape, we obfervedthe coaft 
to the fouthws^, much indented by points and 
ba^, and, therefore, folly expeAedto find a good 
hai4Mr.. Wefoondifcovered one, into which we 
ht^aPio ply } but it prefently fell calm, and vrt 
anchored in fortyifive fathoms water : the iMl^ 
covery alfo anchored there fdOn after. Mr Bli^, 
the mafter, was ordered to found the harbour ^ 
who reported it to be fafe and commodious* 

Early in the morning of the 2^th we wei^ed^ 
d^ hating wrought into the harbour, we an- 
chored m eight fathoms water. The Difcovery 
got ki itt two o'clock in the aft;ernOon ; when 
C^^tatn £lerk6 informed lis, that he had with ; 
jjlfficuicy efcapcd being driven on the feuth point 
Wthehai'1x>|ir, his anchor having ftarted before 
hif'^uld (horten in the cable* Theyiwcre, thVre- 
fbw^ obUged tb fet fail, and dr. ig the anchor af- 

G 3 ' ' ter 

rt^ A Voyage to the Pacifie Ocean* 

ter th^m', till they had ro6m ' to heave it iip, 
when iixey percdvi^d that one of its palms was 

brol^noflfv . ■■,^;;:;'^-^'''-r;'-^;' ■ "^ ^v--,.- „ 

Imrj>ediately after tv^^'fiad anchored, Ca^aih 
Cook oridered all the boats to be hoiflcd out, and 
the ecppty water<<aiks to be got ready. In the 
meiin time he landed, to fearch Fof a cotiVeniient 
fpot where they might be filled, and toobferve 
what the place afforded. . 

He foimd yafl qtiantitiesbf penguins, ando- 
ther birds, smd feals, 6xi the (hore. The latter 
were not niim<i^6US, biit'^fb ItffcttfiM* ti fear/ 
that wc Idlled as many as we chofe, ahd vns 
ufe f)f t|\ei»: Cat and blubber to make oil for oi? 
l;^mps,> and'Qther pitrpofes. Frefh Watei^ 
excee4iag|[y ^enti^ul } biit nolt a finglc tree oi 
Ihrub W3§ tp be difcdvered, iiild! bn^ litt^ 
age of 9ny^^d J though we &td flattei^ed buiP- 
ielves with the hope bftaeeting with fomethtng 
confiderable growing hqre, having bbfel'libd the 
fides of fbme of the hills tf be of a, lively green. 
Before Captain Coolc,,retwned to his (hip, he ai^ 
, cended a ridge ef rQc]|c$, rifing one above ano- 
ther, expe^ing, by that npieanSj to obtain a view 
of the coimtry ; but before he had reached the 
top, {o thick a fog came oui that it w^s #ith 
di^ctlky he could find hjsFay dqwn again. % To- 
wards the evening we hauled, the fciftc at tthe 
hesd of .tb§ hairbopr, hut cs^ught nni more ii& 
half a 4m|^ finall 6fh v npr had v^e any be] 
lliccefi ^ next day, when we trietj'^ith 
and fine. . lOiir only refpurce, ^herefqre, fori 
provifiohs, was birds, which were inhtiinei 


A ray»ge to th Pacific Oaan, ^| 

Though it was both foggy and rainy, on 
Thurfday the 26th, we began to fill water, and 
to cut grafs for our cattle, which we found near 
the head of the harbour. The rivulets were 
fwelled to fuch a degree, by the rain that fell, 
that the fides of the hills, bounding the harbour, 
appeared to bp covered with a (heet of water. 

. The people having laboured hard for two fuc- 
cefliive days, and nearly completed our water. 
Captain Cook allowed them the 27th of De- 
cember as a day 9f reft^to celebrate Chriftmas. 
Jn coniequefice;qf wKich» ipany of them went 
y^ (hore, and made, eii^curfions into tlie conntry, 
which they found defolate and barren in the ex- 
treme.. In jthc evening one of them prefented 
a quart bQtrt<9 %o C^ptam Cbok> which he had 
i^pund on th/e nprth-iid? of the harbourj faftcn- 
f4 with ioiife,:w;ire to ^.proje^ing rock. This 
^ttk^on^inied,* fiejCf of par<;hri>ent, with the 
feWpyrij^il^rJiglipn: v. 

,1 .^^ X^tddvtco .^V, Gdiliarum 

It IS eVide^i^ frpto this mlcription, that wc 
^^iCe T^pi me iSrft.feuropeaiis who had vlfitcd this 
li^mii^n Csipta^ Cook fuppofes it to have been 
l^li l^y Jl^on^&ur 3^^ who went 

<Dii^JObc^c^tM^ 1772, thedjQT 

that "Mpijfieur (ife Kerguelen diftovered this 

fj ?^i;.;t* land.; 

' c tf is probably a contra(5bion of the word Dominu 





jiVsyagt 10 thi ^ae^ OAan, 

Istnd ; bat the Otptain i^pe^rs to be for Once 
ffiiHaken ; for how could Mohfieur de Boifgue- 
benneti, in the beginning of 17729 leave an in- 
icription which comitiemorates a tafanfa^tion of 
the following year ? 

Cstptain Cook, as a n^iemorial of our having 
been in this harbour, wrote on the other fide of 
the parchment as follows : 

■ ''■' Naves Refolutim 

et Difii6i)erf 
di Rege Magrnt JBtiianm^f 
Decembrii 1,776. 

He then put it again into the bbttle, accom- 
panied with a filver two-penny piec^ of 1 772, 
covered the mouth of the bottle with a leaden 
cap, and placed it the next morning in a pile of 
iiones, cjre6bed for that purpofe on an eiiiineDce, 
near the place where it Was firft fciciiid. Here 
Captain Cook difpiayed the Britiih flag, and 
named the place Chrijimds Harhsitfy it being on 
that feftival we arrived in it. 

It is the firft inlet that we ttieet whh on the 
fouth-eaft fide of Cape Francoi?, whlth forms 
the north fide of the harboor, and is the north- 
ern point of this land. The iituation fufficient- 
Ijjr diftinguilhes it from any of t^t other infer?. ; 
and, to make it flKll moj^ r^arkabife, its ibuth 
point tcfininates in a hi^ rxjdt, perforated quite 
tltrougii, forming an ajipWf ;mce Ito the arch 
of a bridtec. f he head of tiir harbour Wks o- 
pen to oiiiy two points of the cOinpjrf^, afrrd thcfe 
sire covered by iflands in the offing, fo tl\i*t a 




■or 6nce 
e an in- 
dtion df 



• haltmg 
t fide of 



I kaden 
a pile of 
ig, and 
eing on 

on the 


: north- 


s ibuth 
d qtiHe 
le arth 
lids o- 
tl^t a 

J 1 








'4 ■ '' 

. 'u^ — ■ 

A foya^ $0 tht Pacific Oceem 3^ 

fea tftnnot fall in to hurt a fhip. It is high ws* 
ter here about ten o'clock at the full and change 
days, and the tide rifes about four feet. 

In the afternoon, Captain Cook, accompa- 
nied by Mr King, his Second Lieutenant, werrt 
upon Cape Francois •, expe<Sting from this ele- 
vation to have had a view of the fea-coaft, and 
the Iflands lying off it. But they found every 
diilant object below them; hid in a thick fog. 
The land even with them, or of a greater height 
was vifible enoTigh, and appeared exceedingly 
naked and defoiate ; except fbme hills to the 
fouthward, which were covered with fno^. 
When they returned to the fhip, thty fbuiid 
her unmoored, and ready to put to iea ; but we 
did not weigh anchor till five o'clock tlte ntfi^t 

As foon as the fhips cleared Chriftmcs Har- 
bour, which was on funday the 29th, we fteere4 
along the coafl in a fouth-ead dire<Stion } ^4 
notwith (landing for fpme time paft, fogs had 
prevailed more or I fs every dayj we had a fine 
breeze at north-weft, and clear weather. Tho' 
we kept the lead conftantly going, we feldoiA 
ftruck the ground with a fixty fathom line. 

About eight o'clock, we were off a promon- 
tory, which Captain Cook named Cape Cum- 
berland. It is lituated about a league and a half 
from the fouth-moft point of Chrifimas Har- 
bour ; and between them is a bay with two 
urms. OiF Cape Cumberland, is a f»nall • but 
hit. h ifland, on the top of which, is a rock fome- 
what like a fentry-box, which occaiiui^cd our 


3© A Fayagt to the Pacific Oeeatu 

giving it that name. Two miles farther to the 
c^il/iiacd A»e a group of other fmall iflands be« 
tvecinr.whl^ ai|d Sentry-box Ifljsnd #e ikikd, 
th(P/4^?mKd being a full mile broad, and forty 
fathoms deep> having founded tirith a line of 
that length. ■ . ...%• .^<^i...i;;,'«^^«"--' 

Having paflcd through this channct> w^ diC 
covered a bay running in 'three leagues to the 
wfftvard, which is formed by Cape Cumber^ 
•wnd to the north, and a jir^omdry to the 
fouth/ This tlie Captain named FointWngle, 
m compliment to Sir John Prnigte, Freiident of 
the Royal Society* The bottiam t^ the bay is 
named Cumherland^s Bay/tf^Hiii ^ 

To the fouthward of this a fifth bay is form- 
ed, which was named White bay, on account of 
fome white fands or rocfcs in thebottom. TherjB 
are alfo fcverallefe' bky« or covesj whicf* ap^ 
pearcd to be Iheltered from ail winds, (iff the 
^th point, ibverai rocks raife their heads a- 
bcpe water, and probs^ly t^itrayemainy^thers 
that do not. ■ ^^^^ ■'-' '■ '■ "'^^ 

Thmiar ^wc had fteei^d in a diye6lion paral- 
Id to the coa^, and at no time more than two 
miles from it. We obferved the beach to be 
fandy, and freqi tmXy i warming with binis, but 
all al6ng retaining the fame barren ^nd naked 
ap^ranee.' ■ --^^^^ i:'^v:ia . /-, 

Having kept on our larttd«i^ bSxl*«, the land 
which we firft difcovered off Gape Francois, in 
the dire£lion of fouth 53° eau, we took for an 
iflahJ, and expedtecl to find a paflage between 
it ^nd the main ; but we found it to be a penin'- 

' ilila 

fula, jo 



&^n. poii 


On 01 

ber of r( 

the caft 

one. A 

the char 

and the 

to be 48 


and of a 

ferved uj 




fible wen 

of water i 


nearly toi 

makes it ( 


them, by 

they were 

as a mill-j 

a line of 
manner fo 
even with 
was fuffici^ 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


to the 

I forty 
line of 

■ «<^? 

to the 
to the 
bay is 

count of 
j There 
liclr a j»- 
icads a- 


lan two 

to be 
lis, but 



:oisi in 

for an 


I penia- 

fula, joined to the reft of the coaft by a low 
ifthmus. The bay formed by this peninfulfti' 
Captain Cook named Repulfe Bay. The- north- 
ern point of the peninfula was named Howe's - 
Foreland, in honour of Lord Howe. 

On>ur approach to it, we diicovered a num^ 
her of rocks and breakers, and two iflands to 
the eaftward of it, which at firft feemed but 
one. A^ut noon, we were in the middle of 
the channel| Jilting fteered betwixt the ifland 
and the forela^ when our latitude we found 
to be 48° 51 ibuth. The coad is but low and 
crowded with fea-birds. The land is pretty high 
and of a rocky fubllance. feals were di)>. 
ferved upon the beaches. 

Having cleared the rocks and iilands before 
mentioned, we found the Tea before us, to be 
checquered with fea-weeds, which we were fen- 
fible were faft to the bottom. A great depth 
of water is ibmetimes found on Aich ihoals \ not- 
withftanding, of which, the tops of fome rocks 
nearly touched the furface of the watcri This 
makes it dangerous to iail oyer them without 
examining them. We endeavoured to avoid 
them, by failing through the channels whereby 
they were feparated. The f(?a was as fmooth 
as a mill-pond, and we kept the lead continual- 
ly going, yet never ftruck the ground, even with 
a line of fixty fathoms. Having run in tHis 
manner for an hour, we difcovcred a large rock 
even with the water, amidft a bed of weeds : this 
was fufficiently alarming, to make ustajce every 
precaution to avoid danger. 




31^ ^«v AJTviagtiio ihi Sfae^^tm* 

^aiWt^ wiMirluiwcabcluli dgfat :iiiil» to dw^^^atli- 
lpiid'6£tio^d1si BoiMaUd^ aanii^ iMt fiidltth. of 

iilM^t anid beds of feaHweed»>/bulnth»iii ifyc ir- 
^ to be windkig chan^b beunjesh '«lu)iii»:;t'*'We 
i«|ro: ftr OEKKh ' cu^sanSStA . «r^j |f|tf«q<lhbals, 
tlwt ,mhatUfid<offito^thib e^iftwM^^iir^iiratt of 
fi]ilficatMig»'Oiikfeh/ies>fi»mi our djf^dultiefi^'bat 
thiS' plMigisd Inaotor grcatee^ ImkI weicland it 
7^S&(is^bd$'}ttssf^fX&i£^xm i£|Hif- 

iGhk ]if&i?e(fiigbl^iei{MciBUK aHito«pcaj^ was 

^ijAifdBiing^ihiiM; ^iik69;t<^i4db« /ontk-'wti^ of 
|iUlii»£4pt9iiidSl«ikqiwaft ^kedemiito lcsd< p for 
t^^iihore,^ totic&l dttnnlefs #«tfn tbai the 
J^MiMMFl} lbUjkc^60i^to4 bjr nmning over 

Pfi^^ Jw iiad;iu)> ^itiu^,< .«» «li«!<dKpiii of jB^^ 
£a^i9i«»< ^^bO|ife> fivo. o^dock. ^^ ^ifc^ < cvctiing, 
Q)|)tfiia QI»Blti made<;lke <figpd}ibr?diifloivcniig 

lif^f^tiikie ih6r<»^»,4t alomit liatii> ipiil&djAattt 

vwy (iroi^>i it ha^v£ver<onttf)iiGdfaii^JMrfljbie 
fc^s bting iliiperf^d, we got ^^g^qpl' iklt^tof '^ 
Cj^u^py iQUQiJ : Mr Bligh the: Mafter^of Caplibi 
Qcok's vefTd) W£Ls ordered a&ore wil^tW(M>cots, 
tQ Airvey the ut)|>cr part of tiie kwtboni^^jaiid 
look oMi for wood. ; > '^-^I'-t-^^ ^^^v ■ 

H« yifo dclircd Captain Clerk 3, to fend his 
Maimer, to found the channel foutk cf the imall 



on the 

be ma 

>j Froi 

had a' 

as Hoi 


it, w^tl 



ai anch 

A ^rtm 

the ioni 
faw noi 
. ^wby 
a hill, v; 

boat wa 
barn^ a 
fort, and 

thofb bir 
freih wat 



itod it 

tudy was 

dp for 
that the 


fend his 





ifles^ABd went himfijlf in hilownboaty accom- 
panied bj Mr Gore and Mr Bailey^ and landed 
on the north pointy to fee what difcavcrycopld 
be made from thenoe* -r & tti riCiuo i n 

From the htgheft hill over the point, the^ 
had aprettjp gTOd view of the fea-coaft» as fair 
as Hcywe's Foreland. It is much indented, and 
ieveral rocky points (eemed to fhoot out from 
it, w^th coves and inlets of unequal extent* One 
of 'the latter, thecnd of which they eould not fee^ 
was diqoincKl >from that in whkti the ihipiB wtre 
ai anchor, by ehepohitchef tl^n ftood upon, 
A ^|rcait many ikall iilanda^ rocks^ md break- 
€9% appeat^d fcattered along the cbafi, as weH to 
the feuthward as ta'^e .northward \ and they* 
faw^no'better channel to get out cf th« haHtonr, 
tibanxby^the one thro^ilirbkhth^ had entered it. 
^> i While Ca^tain^ Gookand Mr BaDey^wtre ma« 
Mbg ttfade- dbfervaitons^' life Gore-eneompaiTed 
a.hill, V and ijoiiiedt them at> thtf .place wh«re the 
boat was atte»diiig for' tKeak There' was no^ 
thingitoobftwAthcbrwalk, except fome craggy 
ptedj^c^^^ the cotn<|fy being if poffible more 
barren and defolate than that about- Chriftmo^ 
iia»bouv.>^ ¥Pith tegttrheobferved^ that there 
wal neitheir fbod^nor Govcringfor' cattle di anyt 
fort, andt i§ fae'lud left any^ they muft have pe<^ 
nBiosU Inthelidtkico^ whe^ their boat war 
waitings for them^. (i^ith Captain Cook called 
Fenguki 'Cove, frofir the bnnienre number of^ 
thole birds appearitig^^ there), is a fine river o^ 
freih water, which we could apprdteh without 
difficulty. Some large feals, ffaags, and a fe^ 

VdL. I. H ducks. 

■- /y-. 


)'lit>^t^-' J^VT->> 


j4 "^ Voyagt to the Pacific Oaan, 

fkR^'Wtre ^fhmhttt'f and) Mr Bailey had a 
|l«ihc^i^sl<verysfiiiaU>lsiid'4}ird»(b\«i« flew..;^ 
Wftf ooMMifithf tocks a^udildbey:)cit&it«^'! , ,. ,v^ 
f) They gbt on board »t niflfei andMrBl^hr^v 
f«n>e4 foon after :* he in;portiod that he lud bsen 
foiir miles up the h^bour probabljinear the top 
of it ; he found its dire^on to be fouth-weii^i ,i(f 
bMsKitb iiiearithei Attps* about ra fn^e> buC par/Dw- 
etriahher lip. riHeiomid the cotintvy)veiyTQcJcy» 
«iid(Vcffy ihttkuvetdovefof anyr kitid. Penguin^ 
knd'-JCiAisr'hmrdfi) litfdre< foen in gineat . i) wmbers. 
'j**^NnaLt}!Ssaaia6lmg^^et pat to /fea^ Captain Copk 
Jflilngiiained the iharboxii'; Fort O^ail^^ '. It is 
filiated J 4^^<7f ^th btikude, and 69^ r 3 7 ' eaft 
knmitnlc^ uidtiet^^ above fiveleaguesfouth^aft 

te&How6Is%ISkBd. i^/ )/,f;rr ,T/-f>Vi|rJ^.^ 

At four leagues diftance, they perceived a 
noiiikblltillillkci avfi^i^r ituig ; ^hich was na^ed 
Maiab^ GaitipbeU ^ a. low point* beyond which 
iio» ! ki^d^ • waritdi uei ifeei^ . bore ibuth^aft^aib ar 
%6l)it^twentyi«iiles)diEfta9ce^ ife)inRerQ then^wD 
1e$^giii«s irdm ihofeu llhe land jakr^ and levejj^ 
^e i nAlmitfins'eqdTaboilt ifive^leaguQsiroi]^ the 
iMi^foiikg' >le9^in|[ a ^oat ffxtcht !«f i^w kuid, 
o^ i^llfeiiciEidliit JQan^pbdl vis fitntated* > Thefe 
motmtains feem to beeompofedoftnakedrocksy 
lirhoibii&bxBfitiS'were covem ivkh foow^ and 
nothing hut Aei^ity vvsas to bcfeen ift tiie va^Ues. 
^4} 'Aft noon' ^e perceived kxvi^laiidy c^Kning/off 
^6^ iovri pointijuft metitionod»> in tMidif!Q£y0n of 
Amtliuroiit^^eaft^i' Itppsotvodi toi bet the. eaftem' 
^eztkcniity? of this bnd»> andifRMcuaiRed €ape 
Bfgby*^ Thf ^iorefortnsone great bay.£rom 



.I'.f.; «*♦' 

had a 

the top 
eft ^ ill 


I Cook 
r* i It is 
37' caft 

fcived a 

i nc^ed 


ft .at ar 

w land, 
my and 


^ gape 

^ A. 

Cape l^gV tdl^^^s Fordand ) wliich^MW* 
^ico) a Tftft quantity otf fea-^wte^i of th;tt ioM 
which Mr Btoiks dimiHgaiOies by the name of 
finM gigoHteuf* TiMMigh the i\cm of this weed 
h not much thicker than a tnan's thumb, foiiae 
of it grows to the ai»azin{[ tengtki of ii^y fa- 
thoms, -xl ^^^ «'.ijJ.V.wlMt> !ifirrf.< \*i 

' We obierved a fmi^ benniing in the toaft, 
about one o'clock,^ on the ao#& -fiiie of Cape 
Digbf, for which we Heered mtending^to'aiir 
chor, which, finding impoffiblov we Aifefeched 
&>rward, to make what further tiibforvatieiitf' we 
could that night. tThie^coaft, ifrorariGape Oi^ 
bv, trends nearly fijuth^weft; fay fout^^tba low 
point, to which Captain Caok,i > an (titeiKii^ .of 
her Majefty, gave the nameijtf JBointlC&Mft 

i^^^Six leagues from Cape Digby^ m^th«Ijdine£boB 
of fouth^^fenth-weft 4 weft, is a pretty^ bigh^piip^ 
jecting point, which was called Princ&of) W^lesff^ 
Foreland '^ and fix 4eague& ibeyond ^thaty / in . tht 
iame dire^tbn, and hi latitude 1 of 70?) • ,54' 
ibuth, and^thelongitnde Jof 70*^-1/3^ ea&i i&the 
moft foutherly point of the whole xoa£b, wycil^ 
he diftdifgutfhed byithe.nafneofrCapeGeorgQy 
in honour o£ hid \MajeAy. ,i< • ■ > t 

^'^ Between point Qiarlotte and the Prince of 
Wales's Foveiandy we difcovercd a deep inlet, 
which wa^calkd Royal Sound ;j and, advai*cing' 
to the A>uihy me faw atiotbcr i^^t into the Royw 
al Sounds' ^ndtlsr foutfh-weft fide of ^he PHnct 
of W^s^ l^oreland. On the foiith-weft fide of 
the Royal Sound, all the land t© Cape George, 

H 2 roniiiis 





bilM |25 
■tt lii 12.2 
L& 12.0 


L25 III 1.4 









(716) 872-4503 














ib ■iliit thrlr fiMinmili MKAwHtk 

T7rro-;T?^;riWfci tiff fi " rf^^^'' Sfft^'i'^- '^ 

i^:M^ iboiitl^nt cxiA-s^ ' anf th^ ^he li^-k 














meeting with a Uttte%i!^tyi& 

turfi^ #!lidh^ if drlif,^^t^ 
#{w thiirtlly tMft|ibcW lilr<^t- 

another f y)t,^#hlti^ m^t<^Mr 

GftrnMi, w^^^^'^itStimtcir^ 

h^ t^trali^* a<irtd4il#'0fm Ji 

the New S^leahnd fcurvy-grafe : but wi 
ed, itdi^ijiifr^iritiik'fif^^;' Ai. 

Ron^ i^s f^sfed* w^ Mdtnoi^ to be fc 

ki^^md iiifti^bdtfdii^ 

^ i^h ti^i#¥df mild V't!^^ip^S'a c^i 
hs^g not only ttm m^MiliM^mTi^ 

H J drogynus 


fMs grew pfcttj 

3#? 4 Fii!fdgH» fhi' J^i 

^«g|Mf^ H^^mimmf^^ . 

11^06 feaU They ciamelbn jftMMt to i^e^poi€[«iid 
^^teiliil^^^ttilUlig^fliei^ iiii^omd ^ mm 

ina the fi^iWiyii 4ti»?g' bi^ 

. ycUew 

yellow de&enA£riMirtfajB. 1)0^^ ^^tbc bitiift i 

in, tbti oiker.lbolib 'litibch j(W<m4 fi»tei% 4ilMm^ 
haiCilKjfiReliC Uyliiyli»^3o^iiitjtfiili#ift 

with a bbckifiv bfwik3ih4«ii^H(l^#f^B^^ 
and wliit^|g»t|'iiiim««Riiti«ifiliftt}s«gflrft^ 

withfopw, though aiif\it«|pgj|^if|iir,j!!i^^ 


^ ?r' 

4$ ' AM^gf P^OtPatifig Omm- 

laicrocMstoiifift ftrincipirtlf of a tek blue 
and #fl0f hita^'^nt^^iimmaisLiA^^^^ 
•f glimnier or ^aitz. Some con&dtrtkie roeli* 

ijbfiie#i ji^49f Miorth iiftioi^doir ^f^ firoc^Kl^ti^ 

fiod& WM Qair^coofldanibiPMdateidi' Th&3fift 

tlMBl4iMi>flfid ttio9ii^(«vs^7fl«f 3 1^56" <ttft^; i«nct 
CjU't^ M^ day of tthe yWif I «i?7 y^v^ \vere in the 
lBitiiii4k>«f ^4«^l<Myi^ lotfgltUdrT^ft $0^ €a!ft. 
TUiliie^lfd ei(^imaiyuthe nc^attier \^» tote- 

offders to Captain Gierke, fixing their P6bdfem^ 
vottt^^r 'ilaii«M»re Ba^p;^ In Van Diein^'g L^ftd, 
IF«lli^ip#&ioiy^ happen to %ilt<^ti^b^irt ^b€f 
airiv«il^tli«»e4 lioveter, we had the got^d ibr-^ 
finte 4Mt «o^loil5 ciMnpaiiy ^ith eaehotfeii^i ^ 
S«itid<^<^^4^^ the northerly winds #^1)^^ 
cceded'l^ >a taihn, trhioh was (h&/k follow^ b^ 
»^thiR4y P/ind* Oiir latitude was noii^4^ 40 ^ 
fouth» lon^tuie iioo 26* eaft. 11i« nOnd l^ 
'■''"■ frbm 

^ yifj0gfi§tbt PaafieOmm^ 


immi!^6»^'%^''\i>^ thon veeringt 

;to ,tl^^w«^ and northiNiK^i J^roiiaht ini iwm 

withoiit intemiptiony tUl tbc nineteenth^ wehen 

lKMur4»^iin4 n^nMotlMr in«mrto|t*giJmH^ 
ideiir^j.rln thejio€Ci»iM«fl£^ot^ wnt^tyfto^ 

or il.0ilKy mvmsf^myW^'S^i&f^t^ 
ih4tfif4 *>i^^ ^^^^' W»i%U»«l(6i%j«i»i« 

^^m <lt«b9»fethrft^,qtt3»rtw»of««mac» - , 



-^ly ^^k lipt^ nor dat jkh 

-^niuKSfn iy 

it,v«^as,to be e^Cen, meyi^'either returned n^tx 
aln refujea lome Em., bota raw.aiva JKpfd^iL 

of ivpo^,$i9 a ipjujk, an4 JJir^v Ji^j^ tf^if^ 

IH^t|i^^rt^.hismirfqu^,at k j^whk^:^nfcj 
^ mem^^ nmch, that t^^y flea u|tp|^ wpo% 
wllfefNs^;pfC>ci|tttatk>n. ./ ^ , 



•v^Mi^i)^ tj^fiomii^M jibMfi«9lMk 

cMd not have remained ^^v^S4^C)99|p4!i,9'<9fl^ 




A nfi%t inbi->P m^fk out* 





biiHlf tff tMdl^ Mki^iiSiM^H^l^feaiHli^'' E«likfbt 

bi^^MMMid^^tHittiy^m^'yUhd^ftie iHMrfes of 
d(P l|ibm^'M»te#4dubkH)^ ij^Vfioft'lKfal^Hfej ^^ 

went to the gitift eutten» and liavW^^m'tfae 

Mltt^CtHMflRn VBDOMPCll^ ' WtO wObC* liMfCfl«llCO|l^Cl 

t«^. '''"iWe^Afyiist^JNSieBi'^i^ 

iipFffi'fliii^ «f tiyt ilMMd iheca JottOr, hmka^ a 

circle of Ju|ir aU rotnid, fivaethittg.filBe Che tcM» 

(urc o£ thei&Mmti SnMsf^iCi. Many of the 

Voi,.1. I '• cliildrcii 

I X 


r Wi^ tttMlgfit 

w^vtVi] fom i feiifbbf VlrrutJi or fear 6f dHt 
i#p«rW their, meA, is' n<yt ctt-tjihi.' /Fhat tlrt 

firom thriir ISeha^'ibui'-onr tbt o'eW^lan.' CajitkJM 
QqqWm lefkaion&on this 'eh*cti^ftni)^e ix^' Ihtfll 

gfeii fes (^^^ wwi: '* «k'd)Aait«4»f 1^0. 

^la^^f^P'i ^^'it; ^F^^tei kj^h^iy iinh^ nidi, 
to the §^&''<^m'^bbil^on'^n^t%ii^,^ i^ 


rAim WgShm'6bi«^ 6r Uis w»h^. 
[»'f ^s^ t^^^l^^iiffi^ fodn4 atnotyg titi- 


in sto^^ht ffrfttii oS^'^tktti^ 






M(tm6^ the 1^ dihlie fduth 

|)iuW^ < Van "^mtnen*! 

It ihe lUi^W Ys£i l>kiacii?i IL^oid. C^^ 


WkW» . Tl¥^ only ^^^i^ij tp ifRkh iWif- 



reimrlu on t^^ab^ 

acred4mo(t inap^able bybrakes 9? fern^ (hi^hL 
^c. The foil on the flatlaii(i, a^^pii thie lo^w^ 
p^^p^*)i? 1^, is Xan^d^^ prf 9ofifts ofa yej^ow^v 
^^4:5*, ,^ m fomifins ^f a re4dijC cTay x> 

*^' >5j¥?/8HP^?yii^po«* the 5Y^pl€., beMin^, 
'^fWlf oCt>#g!vcry 4ry^andiii»e |ieai;ai>pf ;^ . 





Cmnrffutr! uKT Heir CIBICcf 9 6lr TERUI 

wi^;i''i|]^^'bf oii^ifi4''^i^ lIM^'M^^ 

ethel' fti^ff ^ $ ahd Bp^h th« t>dtck #e Ibattd 



4^4? i^e W-^f iwfiii^^f^^ mmmm9P 

witd littjc ofJ^iztm^^^ 

trivjausrce ^in. their, . |»f5t^^ <^ ; ^ntt i^£ th^ipj^f 
^d bodicsia Kx^csiqC dj^ 

ference for piu; prdfeaf^ tl^ .gj^gr^^j 

dics^ as .wc. OiRpo^ jfrpm 

perfcaiy woolly^ ^,%c|(^^^v^h;)?^ j^^im^ 

iioii?8; ve br^ and fi^^V ?^ ^^^^^ F^.^ 

of a ipodexate fiz^i and tngugji tbcy a^^fJU^f |fjf- 
ry quick or piercing, they give tH^.,C!qim^c.- 
nance a. fraAk, ckea^t^i a^ pli^^^c^^ A'^hefr 
teetbmnot very whi^e, luw^^i^ ^^^pfj tibgir 
moufhsi ?yrie totfi^ mdp; t^tyr -sfresLi^'i^^^iki^j^ 
loRg^«^ clp^c^ with p^int. , , TCe^r 4?«t^ i^^ 

iy isiijfiliiej: prot^ibeyaatf . >T|^ir fasfpvijW^ ^t^ 
tade irto fknd wkh one ificfs for^^^ifd^v^^pr^pi^ 

]L3 hana 


b;^k|pli^i|il^^c fcemi^4 1» Wc^lKen only lem* 
porary, and they had converted many , of their 
kurgeft trees into more con^fp^abk an4>i30innio-. 
<|i0us habitations. The ,trmi}c9\of th<^ -^^vere 
hollowed out, to the height ^f.iUt or fevdviii^ty 
by means qf.^e^ T^ thfy f^iiietiitiestiln^ 
ii|>t;!3|.c^^fps mai^iftlfef C^ i^xt hewtfesaa^the 
middle made of ^clay, round wjbich fottfjOrdSbre- • 
peribns might fit. Thefe places of 0i£ltar,are 
rendeitd idurf^e^; 4>y th^if\^ kftyimg fm^Ms^oi 
the tree fq^|iJ,/<^^t^it,fiq»iittA]«8;gW^^ 
great luxuriance. < 


their diffimilai^ty may.l^tie^fQQ^^yaciiHwftte^d 
for^fi^^^j ^n^fti(c;p«lfid€fa^ns f^ diftitfute 
oX.^^^ Vjij|^t;9ftlii?ip, >««ai foj«l«rtioh*iSMid 
diyi?^^}dfvf l^^i^iW^Hi c)©?.- -> 'x;^J. t)U\i&rM)h -i no 

^4^{i^)iabif^pM^^w?^llaitd feon 
hayi^ ijt^Qg ^i^ ,<m^)Q<3mf!l^Q» iottrce^ tiseoe is 
nolh^gr^;^ f|^Mli»r i^ thfi«a.j :ftn\;Hi«yjcea(t- 
ly i^ij^bi: ^Sv^^JSpB, of Jhc iH^tids^ of fTamga 

fiW^^»fii itfot Afyiin^y iQ|igwftHyJia»»Tfccim« 
firom &e fame place with all the natigneib^«luthe 
Faeific Pecan : fpr»i of a^ujtitei^iiipfjd^itKhich 

^ucoveiys marines fell over- 



ltftew|Gii^riiie)dBibri^ it^coolkflif 1^^ 

Charlotte's Sound. We foon after landed many 
iSffiptflwrfitercaflii, wid kteincd « plsoiirliif <t^o 
emrVaterl^o: ta itemen* tUmtifeffm^tUmKS 
tiifliJ^ akaog^i^ f»f ourj{bip9|>ihiit!V«tr|t ItiP^of 
^ofe^wluKiKidroiin tttsni vg<iidive<iturlBO|i bmird. 

^ Gaptainr€Q(^i#ai wcUrkndWii tt» all of ^honi; 
axid asion)einiini.'inpaxttciila]raniang the^^raient 
grmifk^bsitHMei^ tinted %sthkn'wkk4ifi»^^ 
«d JcvkliMAt df^aigtalformariToyage; ;1Fhit?iitaet 
faiovii^ver^ cduldriiidt b^raiiy" means, jbe prevailed 
<m lW^!onM{taiiQGtftU'>>'>li^e oduldr Oilty-a^cciBnt 

fjttfthmfiwi^fobittc^ei^^ifg iJ^ide^tibrpf Cii|)- 
(ifiill%riMmiac?i^p«0f^ here. 

Btil^ 'ii({ioi»lOq>caiaD Gtoki^ «flSir»githemi>f tfae 
cioiiiiMpiieb«fc>l&#limdihii:»i^:a^ tksm lie ^flftonkl 
aift ittscMi^^diMbn om&atia^cfiuii^ they .i^^ 

Wh^p|Ji3iliQbi5^iiitfefi(^^ tw& feM, laiiii o^t^d 

t^f fcertttnciu»djthtfir #iki)D»omi- 

^:^tlitw^g? ijf]h!ficsrlKet.itdi<hikb'4idMf^ 

andi)[^i;^«itfbdi. Thofewbo rem^«t^«^l9||ird 
iiq»i;K«MCii)^ in repaiHnf lhe4ri^ii||^ lulA^- 

■■yr: :.. ■ \ ^ igm^g 



led mao^f 

came fram ^»irious ports o£«i)Aicosift^ and «ivo* 
ied^tli^)r^lMrtli<dlaArjMi4d|tteidKaiiipmciit«> -(the 

buiU4t>vUb%tf(|#>tlik{kiiHki k^SfaiJ|tfhac^tt»I^MHi^ 
er'4l!it^i^i*(«he Gidilbes»i^iftBiik«licf )ieve up 
the Wlifa«^iMklr^iatti^fitoipT«kf ^[^^ 


the fotn and tfiiuTi ^hftlfidi^ taribclory iivii8^ 
hcrwa«ei^taf^e^|^n«kaHy^ai^c|ater^ ifa^^ 404 
g8th«rv:^ro thiitt tikeiptotms attdirHliiigils«4i«4ii^ 

We ndstv^ donfiderabk' adf!ui|^||e infnittil^ 
vmSHm «d«ihi| tii%ei«^itt$ ;. te^ evnog^^t 
fotnedoitlieitifvraM ocbii^! & eatduo^^^ # 

»-?*• ex.changes« 

14 Af^oyi^t M tke^Pa^^tuft* 

wil^ 3394 f^ $ «i€^-w«? had fpruce l|ccr for 
oiii 4irli^ I Such a teginoen Ti^Q removed all 
((|<kp|rv|hi| C<3vur^)t?£r<^4onr peQpIei H anji ^ 
them had contracted it. But iiideed, ^on our 
aH^^ hciiey w^ jhad 4]Q^. ti^ inyaiid^ il^ b0th 

r ,We were occafionaKy vifit^l^ ot^ 
b^kbsi^lhore who iified ctofetom . Thcii^iarti- 
c)ci ol^^fiic were fiil^ C5««jii«?oai€iB j 
th«;tifo lirft of whwii |ii«r®#eedi%^ii«ftipfc4 of^ 
Iwiltlf^dteifqrlflid i)0ii>oixie^^«#^ p^mkfi^ 

ii^iMiMiiiH!^ Iis^ «? ^iSfifee?^rt0 .^Msw. 

QijptfiaQi0lK ipbto'^i i^niiii^qcaifi^i^^ that 
461 ^c^HMiltQd ^ '9r' com^im : w»th women, ^ 
(p]%hjB eopkl HW* lM?fvent it | but that he never 

Wiri.dtoi!»»i;iW.:|)i)Bj^ mikmi ,wa9 a -tefeief 

time e:li^pf!^Q»iig tlieif ^^probatjcmof 

og^HP^jIfl^ I ifor the kh^l?^3jW^^ie5icii ^il- 

l«ge«|!gbt^^^ dc'- 

tp Jl^^ lor graif y and vi^tcd the ^^l^^^ot* 

le^Mied^ v%g6, ai -Mi^^outk^^we^lfiqi^ 


v,vA,0 ..AVi-vA iA\yk 


^rfjf uiTAf, ,yfch '^i;iy3j h'jifcx! 3X07/ ,r{ijui ;^{df;l=ioq 

■ MucT na ,;- uiiu .JuH if l>j|^inino-) r-i;/^ ffaprfj 
ivX/ m ibtUvm ovS •^ifm bfirf bw ^uTjii iiivini 

- ^ .cqi(f> 

Uij-ts^'ii'if^i' , ,20 t»J»ltol> ljr>yil orlv/ 5y>i'ii ?,?btj(*<"; 

{<■ biifaqjib Ylib'jrx;} ^iTjW dxiPf/ lo fhri ovil 'jili 
,.^;.;7Km .Mooy Ji 03 3rnoj Ion bib rjiliA o.dl 1ii(': 

ai'jjfil o;{, aiitiiib r, boviij^mo .bi>fi •'frjio luo ;u: 
JKUJ t«d'ib.j::)u ai/h iirx{if ^.^vrjldo :^ooD nifilqiiD 

ti> 3f|i. V*t«j. ?./ib3bf:3ib:*fi e>iui;jgd ,): b*3^R^^Jd^^/^^ 
.7ixi:i ^-t^i ?n.6iiw^ hn^iufoiiO lup gnorriA ; .r;. 
.ijMub /-^'iKq 3f{] btibeD/1 oiIW eU'ioodfiji b^Il': 
ao'a^fji dKv '.^-I .3iqo3q ?^)fiiuryinis% nisJqfrO'f-s 
oiorii //l:p^rriol ,n'>nr/*r?iitJo:)>irf'v€i b^)7olpd gni'j 
ij ,rniii Ut^. ui;iiucO i'xkiqi.O L'monoqrui.'n'^'^- 
lonsiiii^ liailr^imhiqjcg ^rrrlr 3j:«xi} ia 

• ab oj 'yrobo/riiHoO 'njol:)^ti5;'(il.<«f!t«l vd t^^^^ 
i^ f*.vqqi4:.^dl" U^-'i^iKi'*l^:«'^^''^ "^^ 4x1^6* ■••-. 


f;^ JiL" . 

z:'-- b'n>^-: 

t* ■ v*V- 


. i|iJr_»^;<i,f.t.. 


,■■ A Voyagf to the Pacific Ocean* 5 J* 

illand of ]|totiiara. He obferved no inhabitattits 
at this village, though there were evident marks 
of its hilving betn lately occupied^ t|ie boitfes 
and j^fades being in a ftate o#^ggiiA*rjepair. 
Noft the fmalleft veftige remainediDB||lc EngliiH 
gaUden-feeds which had been plante^^i^his hip* 
pah in 1 773, during Captain Cook's fecond voy« 
age. They h^ probably been all rooted out to 
make room for buildings ; for, at the other '|ar- 
dens then planted, we found radifhes, onionsi 
leeks, cabbages, purflain, potatoes, ^c» Tha** 
ti^e natives of I|ew>Zealand are fond of theiaft* 
mentioned root:^ they had not planted a finj 
one, hiuch XeXi any of the other articles w« V 
introdtfeedamong them. '-^i 

Early in the morning of the i6th, the ' 
tains Cook and Clerke', and feveral of th^ ol^» 
cers and Tailors, accompanied by Omai and two 
New-'Zealanders, fet out, in £ve boats, tocoU 
Ie6t fodder for the cattle. Having opoceedcNi 
about three leagues up the Sound, they land^ 
ed on the eaft tide, where th(?y cut a ^iHici- 
enr quantity of grafs to load the two larches. 
On their return down the Sound, Aey paid a vi» 
fit to Grafs Cove, t]ie place where Captain Fmw 
neaiiK's pcbple had been maffacred. They h^' 
met iirith Captain Cook*s old fig^end Pedro, who 
is mentioned by him imtwhiftory of his fecond 
voyage. He, and anotHer New-Zciikland^i re- 
ceived them on the beach, armed with the fpear 
and patoo, though not without manifei^ ^gifft^^ 
of fear. Their apprehenfions, however, were 
quickly diinpated by a few prefents, which 



j| ^$Ji^ M ty 


Ivomlbk doim t» tlr SafiHt two or 4Me othfirs 

|ilio» tliig |fl|wHMMlM»» bdug 4immm mi 

/fpnfMig MM9nfpiVtB1IIV4MaiiMHHMepl!iqiUI^^ 

Omaiaiatlnterpfcier ^^hAtrmirpofty m his 
linyi^t WM a dblcft of tJMH rf nffygerfaad. 
Benro» Mid eke other iMtiiti wlio wore owfaiHt 
IMBeef whooB had hcfp «oiieei«ed in ^ tiMifc >im- 
fattimte tr«nfii£tioti» ; m hrnvwi entf ^fiMan 
wiuiflttt ietei'vc*> Xhcif nwrailMioii- Jmpoftedi 
llnl while oar people were at dkifier« feme of the 
iillifii 'ftok^ or fnaiched from thein^' fome BQa 
liiMready for which ofience they foeekped (bme 
liMir: a qmcnel hoinediately «med» and two 
« the Avaoet were fliot dead» bf the only two 
flfwlMeti mt were fired ( lor^ bifore a third 
wos im;faai|^^he npci^ fiukiMilf ii- 

ppm mat pecfle, end being fuperior in mimer, 
d e lhoyeJ them alL P^dro and his eompanions 
alil^lpottted out the very 4*pot where the /racM 
hxpptutAfmd the place f^iere die boat bf « in 
mhih a falad^Jferfaat of C>i^tahi fMroeam had 
been left totsd» otft of it* 
: Acoor«&ig to another alicoipnty ^t negro 
|*aa ^ OQ^^ of the qwrreli Ibi^ one of 
ndtivca ftealmg ftmething ool of the boat, 
Mode g^ve hkn a-vSolent blow with a ftick. 

cottntrynen heariitt his ^lies at iboM ^i^ 

ianoe, hnapned he was kiUed» and iiMiediate^ 
ntaachod onr peefile» who» bcfere «hey couU 
Jeadi the hoi^ or prepare ;thanlbl«et 






AM^dfi^^the^i^ai^^tf^K ^ 


fit tWi 
I •! cn- 

t •«•»*» 


*fome fiOk 

i, tttd two 
only two 
« tl^rd 




r,«ne of 

. thebw*! 

Ubey <o«^i 

tb«taxMii|isaodqiAoMblldl filNtt»#nr'0ilp1l&^ 

ry of the exafperated favagea. -xlim^^ uH io 

oitoU^flCina |[ii;ftippoiH^qdMVoQliHd^f«lfMI<<«f 

dUngtteriin|t«4fl)<!ic^ «ilk'd»)pfof«rtf «f^i^ 
ptnl^liiMloowltetalP {|»^t*>3yi «ll<a|S(ie^ili4t 
, i dite < y f«ai»<jilwtao<itttcA^^«a4tf %te<y^^ 
aiidiJtli»tiif itlffttlisfo ^iM(4bRtii«o)» balllly 

htdobBBib^lkdii hd«piDDtrjii|i9l»^asM^ i 4i^iv^ 
^jonfAcfttd^tlnoll liaMlobiidiiQitftefVdff^ii^t^^ 

^p«i^9ftttonfHii.dDnd1k> ri^i/iw lol (bsi^d bi(i& 


\boa^ drft iMt4itiriicqTi^«koii»ilifa)bfiill^<^^ 
ilk jgfai Iiai)r9l9stini«e9ddii^ tHt}f>igD|bofl»i(f^ 

Towards the evenu:^lu9»i8oe9|itheAvl(Hi<vi9Br-^ 
ting .10 tbb e$%MHmig|btljsBeifair? foaCrht^/AOn 
iS^uoTdax ^^ ididb|r^eiiix> tmdttib::v»iioki famtty 
,iHuadetti»}«ikfideiY);e»iinm T|^ Ip^ 
lbi^l(^itfr^ai(>laabdtfouBh |nbiit^€cgn)i oS^'^ft^ 

tiioBiiB & Be li l a uii , b!liin£iffiv.vofb^i^i|pSft ^h^^^ 
ltine'kaMA<>i:i>>^^9™'i? offiif^'i^iiBilM^lbbM 
^^itttr|!ibiii^;]VMft<e^irif^t pciiv>ttodfa[|irefibi^ ^Ixf 
'< VOL.I. K Arliich, 


3^8 *A tvfagt to iht Pacific Oetmi, 

which, botik' our ihipi ftnick their yards and 
to(>>inafts. Thefe tempefts are ^'equent here ( 
and the nearer the ihore, tlie more fenfible 9tt 
their efle^. 

On Friday the 2 ift, a tribe or heAWj of about 
thkty perfont came from the upper part of the 
Sound to viflt us* Their chief was nanled To- 
matongeauooranuc : he was about the age of for- 
ty-five, and hadoa franlc, cheerful countenance | 
and, indeed, the refl of his tribe were, upon 
the whole, the handfomed of all the.New-Zca- 
lahders that Captain Cook had ever feen. By 
this time upwards of two-thirds of the natives 
of Queen Charlotte's Sound had fettled near us, 
numbers of whom daily reforted to the (hips, 
and our encampment oh (hore ; but the latter 
was^ moft frequented, during the time when our 
people there were making feal blubber ; for the 
ravages were fofond of train oil, that they re- 
liflied the very dregs of the caiksj and ikim- 
nungs of the kettle } and confidered the pure 
(linking oil as a moil delightful feaft. 

When, we had procured a cdmpetent fupply 
of hay, wood, and water, we llruck our tents, 
and the next morning; nnhich was the 24th, 
weighed out of the Cove. But the wind not 
being To fair as we could have wiOied, we were 
obliged to ca({l anchor again near the lile of ]^f o- 
' tuara. While we were getting under fail, To- 
matongeauooranuc, Matahouah, and many mo- 
thers of the natives, came to take leave of Us. 
Thef&two chiefs having reqyefted Captain Cook 
^0 prefent them with lome hogs and goat^ .he 

AJToyigi to tkf PadJU tmtm. 


Is and 

f about 
of the 
enance i 
e, upon 

«n. By 
c natives 
1 near us, 
the (hips, 
the lattifr 
when out 
•, for the 
they re- 
kd (kiin- 
the pure 

gave to Tomatongeauoofanuc two jHgt^ a boar 
and a fow) and to Mj^ahouoh two goatf^ a male 
and female,, after they had promUed not to de- 
ftroy them*. As for. the aoimals, whipjii Cap- 
tain Furneauxhad left hcre^ Captain Cook S^as 
now told, that they were all dead ) but he was 
afterwards informec}, by t^e two New-21calan<i 
youths who went away with us, that Tiratou, a 
popular chief, ,Kad in his pofleiBon many cocks 
and hens,.befides afow. 
Before we had been Ions at anchor near Mo- 

2ara»' (everal canoes, filled with ^ativps, came 
wards us, .and we carrieil on a briflc trade with 
them for the cnrioiities of this place* in one of 
theie canoes was Kahoosa, whom Omar ixame- 
diately pointed out to Captain Cock, and iblir 
cited him to flioot that chief: he alfo threatened 
to be himfclf his executioner, if he ihould c^er 
prefume to pay us another vifit. Thefe menaces 
ofOmai had fo little influence upon Kahopra, 
that he returned to us the next morning, ijf*^, 
companied with his whole family. Omai, htk& 
ving obtained Captain Cook's permiflion to afi^ 
him to come on board, introduced him Into the 
cabin, faying, * There is JQhoora; difpatchhim.' 
But, fearing perhaps that he fhould be called 
upon to put his former threats in execution, he 
inftantly retired. He foon, however, retufned$ 
and perceiving that the chief was unhurt, he 
earneflly remonflrated to Captain Cook on the 
fubjefV, faying, that if a man killed another in 
Hnglahd, he was hanged for itj but that Ka- 
hoora h^d killed ten, and therefore juilly de- 

K 2 ferved 


' V:, 

do A Voyage to the Pacifi: Octaiu 

ferved death. Thcfc arguments, however plau- 
iible, had no wtight with our Commodore, who 
"defired Omai to alk the New^Zealand chiefs why 
he had deftroycd Captain Furneaux's people ? 
Kahoora, confounded at this queilionj hung 
down his head, folded his arms, and feemed in 
expectation of immediate death : but, as ibon 
as he was aflured of fafety, he became chearfiil. 
He appeared, however, unwilling to anfwcr the 
queftion which had been put to him» till after 
repeated promifcs that no violence ihoald be 
o^ered to him. Hd then ventured to inform us, 
tliat one of the natives having brotight a ftoae- 
hatchet for the purpofe bf traffic, the perfimto 
"whom it was offered took it, and refufejd either 
to return it, or give any thing in exchange ; 
upon which the owner of it feized fome bread 
by way of an equivalent ; and this gave rife to 
the quarrel that enfued. He akb mentioned, 
that he htmfetf, during the difturbance, had a 
harrow efcape ; for a mufqu^ was levelled at 
himj which he found means to avoid by flctilk- 
fng bdiind the boat 5 and another man, who 
happened to ftalid clofs to him, was (hot dead : 
upon which Kahoora attacked Mr Rowe, the 
officer who commanded the party, who defend- 
ed himfelf with his hanger, with which he gave 
the chief a wound in the arm, till he was over- 
powered by fuperiorky of numbers. Mr Bur- 
ney, whom Captain Furneaux difpatched next 
day with an armed party in fearch of his people 
who were miffing, had, lipon difcoverihg the 
melancholy proofs of this cataftrophe, fired fe- 



■* < 


A Vvfage to the Pacific Octan, tfl 

^cr plau- 
)re> who 
people ? 
m^ hung 
eertted in 
, as foon 
nfwcr the 
^ tiH after 
ihoald be 
5 perfoa to 

exchange i 
Fomc bread 

gave rife to 
Lnce, had a 
levelled at 
I by iktilk- 
mati, who 
(hot dead: 
Rowe, the 
/ho defend- 
ich he gave 
|e was over- 
Mr Bur- 
Itched next 
his pe®pl- 
[overitig the 
lc, fired fe- 

veral vollies among the natives who were ilill on 
the fpot, and were probably partaking of the hor- 
rid banquet of human fledi. It was reafoiiable to 
fuppofe that this firing was not inefic^hral ; but 
upon enquiry it appe*ared, that not a (ingle p^r- 
fon had been killed, or even hurt,* by the (hot 
which Mr Burney*s people had dilcharged. 

Moft of tlie natives we had met with, ex- 
pe(Sted that Captain Cook would take vengeance 
ICahoora ibr his concern in the mauacre ; 


and many of them not only wiflied it, but tc- 
ilified their furprize at the Captain's forbearance 
and moderation. As the chief muft have known 
this, it was a matter of aftonifliment that he fo 
often put himfelf in the power of our Commo- 
dore. His two laft vifits, in particular, were 
made under fuch circumftances, that he could 
not have flattered4iimfelf with a profpeft of c- 
fcaping, had the Captain been inclined to detam 
him : and yet, when his firft fears, on being 
queftioned, had fubiided, fo far was he from 
entertaining uneafy fenfations, that, on feeing 
in the cabin a portrait of a New-Zealander, he 
deiired that his own likenefs might be taken, 
and fat till Mr Webber had finifhed his portrait, 
without t he fmalleft'token of impatience. Cap- 
tain Cook admired his courage, and was pleafed 
with the confidence which he repofed in him ; 
for he placed his whole fafety in the uniform 
declarations of the Captain, that he had always 
been a friend to the natives, and would conti- 
nue in the fame fentiments till they gave him 
reafon to behave otherwife: that he flioulJ 

K3 thinfe 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean » 


think no more of their barbarous treatment of 
our countrymen, as th^t tranfa<E):ion had hap- 
pened long ago i but that, if they fhould ever 
venture to make afecond attempt of that kind, 
they miglit reft aflured of meeting with an ad- 
equate piiniihment. 

Before our arrival in New-Zealand, Omai had 
exprefled a defire of taking one of the natives 
with him to his own cbuntry. He foon had an 
Opportunity of gratifying his inclination, for a 
youth named Taweiharooa, the only fon of a 
deceafed chief, ofiered to accompany him, and 
took up his refidence on board. Captain Cook to be made known to him and all his 
friends, that if the youth departed with us, he 
would never return. This declaration, howe- 
ver, had no effe<St. The day before we quitted 
the Cove, Tiratoutou, his .mother, came to re- 
ceive her lad prefent from Qmai} and the fame 
evening (he and her fon parted, with all the 
marks of the tendered affection. But fhe faid 
ihe would weep no more, and faithfully kept 
her word ; for the next morning, when fhe re- 
turned to take her laft farewel of Taweiharooa 
ihe was quite cheer&l all the time fhe remained 
on bpa^rd, and departed with great unconcern. 
A. S|i|y ^of about ten years of age accompanied 
'Xli#eiharooa as a fervant} his name was Kq|;pa. 
He was prefented to Captain Cook by his o*n 
father, who parted with him with fuch indlffinr- 1 
cnce, as to fbrip him, and leave him entirely na- 
ked. The Captain having in vain endeavoured 
to convince •thefe people of the great impjroba- 


Au'Foyage to the Pacific Ocean. 63 

tnent of 
ad hap- 
ultl ever 
lat kind, 
;h an ad- 

3mai had 

ic natives 

)n had an 

ion, for a 

r fonof a 

hitn, and 

)tain Cook 

and all his 

nth us, he 

ion, howe- 

we quitted 

:amc to re- 

td the fame 

rith all the 

Jut (he faid 

fifully kept 

rhen ftie re- 


^e remained 



was Ko>;pa. 

by his 00^ 
ich m^«r- ' 

entirely na- , 



bility of thefe youths ever^ returning home, ^t 
length confented to their going. . 

The inhabitants of New^Zealand feem to live 
under continual apprehenfions of being deflroy- 
ed by each other ; moft of their tribes having, 
as they think, fuftained injuries from fome other 
tribe, #hich they are ever eager to revenge : and 
it is not improbable, that the defire of a good 
meal is frequently a great incitement. They ge- 
nerally {leal upon the adverfe party in the night, 
and if they chance to find them unguarded, 
which is feldom the cafc> they kill every one, 
without diftin^on, without fparing even the 
women and children : when thfey have complet- 
ed the inhuman maiSacre, they either gorgp 
themfelves on the ipot, or carry off as many 
dead bodies as they can, and feaft on them at 
home, with the moft horrid a^l^of brutality. 
If they are difcovered before they have time to 
execute their fanguinary purpofe, they ufually 
fteal off again, and fometimes they are purfued 
and attacked by the adverfe party, in their turn. 
They never give quarter, or take prifoners, fo 
that the vanquifhed muil truil to flight alone for 
fafety. From this ftate ©f perpetual hofUlity, 
and this deftrudtive mode of carrying it on, a 
New-Zealander derives fuch habitual vigilance 
and circumfpe<f)ion, that he is fcarce ever off his 
guard : and, indeed, thefc people have the moft 
powerful motives to be vigilant, as the preser- 
vation of both (bul and body depends on it : 
for it is a part of their creed, that the foul of 
the man whofe flelh is devoured by his enemies, 


B4 A Voyage U the P€uifkOeta.n*~ 

IS cbttdemned to dn inceflant 6t^ ; while the 
foiil of him whofe body haj been refcucd from 
thofe that flew him, as Well as the fouls of tiiofe 
whp die a natural death, afcend to the manfions 
of the gods. Captain Cook having aiked them, 
whether they eat the -flefh of fuch friends as 
had loft their lives in war, but whofe bodies had 
been prevented from falling into the enemy's 
hands, they anfwered in the negative, and ex- 
prefled their abhorrence of the idea. 

Their ordinary method of difpoling of their 
dead is to commit their bodies to the earth ; but 
when they have more of their flain enemies 
than they can conveniently eat, they throw 
them into the fea. There are no iwomx, or o- 
ther places of public worfhip amonp^ them \ but 
they have priefts, whp pray to the gods for the 
^ccefs of their temporal affairs; The princi- 
ples of their religion, of which we know but 
little, are ftrongly inftilled into them from their 
infancy. "We obferved a remarkable inftance 
of this in a youth, who abftained from eating 
during the greateft part of the day, merely on 
account of his hair being cut, though every 
method was pradlifed that could induce him to 
clrange his rcfolution. He faid that the eatooa^ 
or deity, would kill him if he eat any thing on 
that day. Towards the evening, however, his re- 
ligious fcruples gave way to the importunate cra- 
vings of appetite, arid he eat, though fparif gly. 

Notwithftanding the divided ftate in which 
thefe people live, travelling ftrangers, whofe 
defigns are honourable, are well received and 


A V-dyagt to the P^cffie (heath, ^6^ 

entertained J but it is.expe^ed that they* wiH 
remain no longer than their bufinefs reqaifesr.- 
It is thus that a trade for green talc, which th^ 
c2\\poenamtHoot is carried on. They informied 
us, that none of this i^one is to be found, except 
at a place which bears its name, near the head « 
of Queen Charlotte's Sound. We Were tctfd 
many fabulous and improbable dories concern- 
ing this ftone, one of which W, that it is original* 
ly a filh, which they ilriicc with a gig in the 
water^ and haying tied a rope to 'it, m^g it td 
<thc ihore, to which they faften it, and it sfter^ 
wards hardens tnto a ftone. As it is fiflied tiilt 
of a large lake, it is probable that it may bt 
brought 6rOm the mount»ns, and depofittd i^ 
the water, by mesms of the torrents. This hkt 
\s cidled by the inhabitaiits TttVM Pienammoo^ at 
the water of greeii talc. 

The New^Zeal^ders have adopted pdlyguny 
among them ; and it is common for one man ^16 
have two or three wives. The wom«i-are rtpelbir 
.marriage at an early age ; and thole who areun^ 
married, find difficulty in procming Tabfiftence. 

Tliefe people leem perfectly contented with 
the fmall degree of knowledge they poflefs, for 
tliey make no attempts to improve it. They 
are not remarkably curious, nor do new obje£bs 
ftrikc them with much iurprifc, for they fcarce 
fix theh* attention for a moment. Omai, indeed 
being a great favourite with them, would (bmc- 
t'lmes attratH: a circle about him.; but they lif^ 
tened to his fpeeches with very little eagernefs. 
On our enquiring of Taweiharooa, how many 



06 ^ Vvpge to the Pacific ^aiin. ^ 

ihips, refemblingours, had everarriv^d in Queen 
Charlotte's Sound, or in its neighbourhood, he 
gave us an accbunt oi one entirely unknown to 
us. Thi3 veilel, he faid, had put into a harbour 
on the north-wtft coaft of Teerawitte, a few 
years before Captain Cook arrived in the Sound 
in the £ndeavour. He further informed us, 
that the Captain of her, during his continuance 
here, had cohabited with a female of the coun- 
try, who had born him a Ton that was ilill li- 
ving. He alio mentioned, that this iliip firil in- 
troduced the venereal difeaie among the natives 
of N. w-Zealand. This dreadful diiorder is now 
but too common among them, The only me- 
thod they put in practice as a remedy, is to .gi\e 
Uie patient the ufe of a kind of hot bath, pro* 
duced by the fleam of certain green plants placed . 
over hot ftones. 

Taweiharooa's intelligence induced us to hc- 
l^C^^t t|iat a fhip had really been at Teerawitte 
previous to Captain Cook's arrival in the En- 
deavour, as it correTponded with. what the Cap- 
tain^had formerly heard .$^ for> towards the lat- 
ter end of 1774, fome of the natives informed 
him of a fhip's having put into, a port .on tlis 
coaft of Teerawitte. 

We had another piece of information fromTa- 
weiharooa, importing that there arejierefnakes 
and lizards of an enormous fize. . The latter 
were defcribed by him. as being eight feci long, 
and equal to a^ man *S: body in circumferente. 
He faid that tji^y burrow in the ground j that 
they fometimes f?ize anii devour men,"an4 are 


A Voyage to the Pacific Otean, 



kkI, he 
lowft to 
» a few 
c Sound 

med us, 
he coyii- 
as ftiU li- 
tie natives 
leri8 0ow 

is to ^^e 
>ath, pro- 
mts v>laced. 

killed by making fires at the tnouths of their 
holes. We could not mlfunderil^nd him with 
refpe^l ta the animal ; for, in order to (how us 
what he meant, he drew, with his own hand, 
very good reprefentations of a lizard and fnake 
on a piece of paper. 

The longitude of Ship Cove, by lunar obfer- 
vations, is 174° 25' 15'' eaft ; its latitude 41* 
6* fouth. . 

Though much has been faid concerning this 
country and its inhabitants, in the accounts ot 
Captain Cook's two former voyages, yet there- 
marks of Mr Anderfon, being the reftilt of at- 
curate obfefvations, niuftMidt be confidered ai 
altogether fuperfluous. They are as follow : 

About Queen Charlotte's Sound, the land id 
uncommonly mountainous, riiing immediately 
from the fea into lai*ge hills. At remote dii- 
tances are vallies, tefminating each towards the 
fea in a fmall cove, with a pebbly or Tandy beach, 
behind which are flat places, where the natives 
ufually build their huts. Tlsis fituation is th€ 
more convenient, as a brook of fine water runs 
through every cove, and empties itfelf into the 
fea. ^ ^ 

The bafes of thefe mountains, towards the 
fhore, are conftituted of a brittle yellow ifh fan- 
dy ilone, which acquires ^ bluifli caft where it 
is laved by the fea. At fome places it runs in 
horizontal, and, at others, in oblique ftrata. 
The motild or foil by which it is_ covered re- 
feflfibles inarle, and is, in general, a foot or two 
in thicknefs. * 

■ The 




bciis^ fuffinentlyi iiidMiatci» ith&vqi^lil^r of -^lie 

aw ^aguilb |)roifped <(^ i * thb hdmiretii^ of ^tl^''' fb- 
^ilfmajnlibeWti^vwok^ksoiF'^tMi^ tri ,:. 

.0 ';piiisr«x«nio)cetimt/3fti-e^^tfai iD^^v^Mtmiofi^i^, 
doubtlefs, greatly affifted by the agre5al)le' tlttl- 

.4wi i|6|pm> vachn^ s» <oiQ|; Iktifafiiteattle V' tm ^^ 

our December, the meroutfi'wsi^db^r >l$p#%r 
|;ll$a^4JB«;'th!ttJ«rM| tifidie ^^ttMH^mt^^iifcttMng 

btf i^ lj3iiHig^45y tJie fuc<pe^g%av4d. i ' - ^ ' • 

fometimcs windv, with heavy rain \ which, hcftn- 

af.diafvoitgriih6rtj'«ki9 iit'<^ 
cOiiim?iei5?it)ft^^a^f% wfereUt^^iidiiAfe^ ^jitr^ttidly 
>liy^ wiiic^f {%tp6^g t^d'vidc£d4 t$d(be"i!kar>' 
ed/iaw^K m>i^l<*-l^a)a^ k lersv^i^ik^'^ibr yailut- 
age fhaii^at )knd^:^ ^»d $n£ntr^}y<MTfd,4^cu!^ 

LThe largs tre^sf ©n thii' Mk ^l« ]^ 
of ^A ^orfes. ; One of theihv ' W" t]i^'llis# 
largeft firsi i gttms meiSsl^> ^<m t|)«Jr 



^ r<8#«<S4 to 

A f^oyage to the Pmtific OeetM, 6^ 

This fttpfSied the place o^ fpruce Hi mtVitigp 
beer \ wlud^ we did^ wkh a decoction of if t 
leaves fe w iie n t ef d wish Aigar or treacle) uid tl^ 
liquor was acknowledged to be little infenov to 
American fpruce-heer. iThe other fort oi tree 
is like a maple; a^ often grows very largei but 
is fit only tor fiiel i the wood of thal» and of 
the preceding^ being too heavy for mailsy or 
yardsy ^c, 

Agreater variety of trees g^row on the flats be^ 
l|ind the beaches : two of thcfe bear a k|n4 of 
{iAum> of the fize of prunes ; the one, wKi^ 
is yelloWy ts^ called ]urraca> and the other, whicU 
is black, called maitao ( but neither of them 
had a pleafant tafte, though eaten both by oar 
people and the natives. . ^ 

On the eminences v^kk jut out into the (k»^ 
grows a fpecie^ of philadelphus, and a ttee bear- 
ing flowers aloioft like myrtle. We tM the 
leaves of the philadelphus as tea, an4 ^nd 
them an exceUoit fubftitute for the oriental 

A kind of wild cdery, which grows plemi* - 
fully in almoft every cove, mav be reckoned *- 
mong the plants that were uienxl to wi} and a- 
nothertluit we iifed to call icurvy-gna^ Both 
ions i(«re boiled daily with wheat ground in a 
mili, for the people's breakfeft, and witli i^elr 
peafe*#^tt^lor dinner. Sometimes a^ they wete 
tifeda«lliad, or drefied as greens, InaUwhieli 
1^ i%iDre excettent $ and, together witt 
j fiie ili^^li whkh Wwei^ a^ 

«lbts||^ a tnoft defitiiMc refrelhnient. 
I; . L The 

Vfi^l5L^?»4 ff P^»4»el I |)ut the fpccif ? qt each 
jlif^jfipr^i^ frpopi apy wc have in Eur^^pe. _ 
, J j ^Tt^ttf rf; , ar?; a great'niimber of other plai)t$,jp|4t 
lM||C^lii;i jpar^M^W .4<?ieryes,t;o be ncjtice^ h^v^ ?s. 
Wii'^S^^'^^l p( ^C, ^tives' ar? made j^oi» k. 

appearance to ,^i^ iji^,w^j\aye jn tj^ 9pwn?y» 
Wh^M^ ^ r#e^in?e» * cpnad,eraj)l? yf^ 

r The biraji^^i^Aich U^cre 13 a, tolerable «^U 

^ it ^^j|d bR qS0M ai^feti|ruipg ^ofvjl W them, 
(QD ,fi(CCpVf^;f^i the quantity of underwood,^ and 
4^e^mh(ng!pJ^^^s > yet Wy pCTJLon, by, coriti- 
jlj^^Ui^^ 11^ epiq plaqe^ may ihc?ot .as oxany ii^ a day , 

j^yfp^i, ferye; jj^yjen or ^agljit pqrtops. The 
:|iri|iieffial l^ipd? ajr^ Jarge^ bf Ofn pajrgts, with 
^r«y hc^dsi >:c^p j^iK|uet5| la^i;^ jw^oj^-pif 
^ji9, .s^)dtw9,l^rt>pf c^ck^^ . ^IP^l^bcak. 
about the fize of j^ .tferiifliA if ^^qu^^ ai^ M 

plants?, ,1>U5t 

tpart p?*« 
paring ki^f; 


A:' ^iyagk' h^ the Pian/ttf 6cMn. 7V- 

fwtt^, and hU iiotek (b vaHedi tifeit 'm 6iit 
would Imaging hrihiVliF fuii'o^a^4 iifiiivk)!^ 
area direfTh!^ i^rti 'of \^^Sy wh>h tHc llttfe 
warbler is excrthiE; tiiittfelf. Froiir tfi(?rf cii^ii?- 
flancc It was fiaflfSd tile frt<K;kiii|;-'5irifl T^trt 
arc atfo thitcbffduf Tofts <jffijfiraHet'blr4i,«fe^^ 
among tlic ioekid-fe fSuficr Mafclk l^^l^:>?^ith 
red bffll, aiid crdlccl'fli^gs ;«r^1<f^ddi' ifblour. 
About the ihbrc, VK<ire ^sU% « 'feW^^ifeiiigiVIg, 
^mebtueh<iroh^^ wild'^cib, ^^i^^W^i&M: 

iahdwTarks; A^ fi^ibc wks^ M ififci "^Uh: ds; 

ferity mic rrdmmt^^'EA^^ j- ( li .>*i (*. 

led c^tc-fiifh bf tli^t<a^,'feSit^4ittfef L„ ^.„- 
ry from that bf^tlii I^^VmiViii^ki^ti?.^ 

iifd ^dri fcih^dir fi^K ratoi^6^;^ci|aiyar45^, 

aria h^riit^k ^^hfe-fefeVifciiii?^^^ 

mackaret,' and l^atfe^cfri^'i^keis^' lifi44 atidtfil^, 
whiclr is ^tVefit^cIf ifc^^ df ^hcf ^gtirie of a 
dolphin, i'UUtk 'col\iui*i ifi^ ftl^ottg^ bbnf jaws, 
tliefe, i^ jgederat, lire cii^eeltent to i?at j bdt the 

rtoi- r$\l^^cft. ' dmt?<j«fet1#ieS of c* 
4j:^ufcli(i4 '4ii1iabit ' atobrig thfc' toscfci; oifw; fbft< of 
' 'lSfhtdi'c)biieii)(J^"dfebt Ift Many ebckles 

te *i^a Wi^d in' tht fand'bf the finall bcai^h- 

L 2 est 

'7a -^ Voyap 119 thi Pacyk Ocum, 

cs; andi'ln (bmt places, oyfters, which, though 
very imall, ' have an eMelktit flovcwk TWe 
are alfo perlwinkl^^, limpets^ witkti fea-leg^, 
ftaf-fifi^, artdiibmf heatttihil A»i^ar§, viatiy^f 
whkh ai^e peculiar f o^ Che place; . The natives 
alfo furnlfhed 119 M^ith fomc excellent cray^fifli. 

Iiift^s herd ard not < very numdroui : . we faw 
fome b6tt<»^il^sv;^vro forts ci (Crsigon flies, feme 
rman^jgni(]Mi«p04^tisr<r^eral forts of fpkters,fom€ 
bladt^itltty^fld^rGttypiotwfiies innumorable, with 
trb^ <ihfi^|<the in»od» fdbikiwlecU Th« Tand- 
i!}^, 4fh{rh' if thie onlf AOkleos one, it verf u- 
mei^oti^ here^ 11114' 4s'aiBloft as lUTagreeablf ' as 
thie^nitil^tiH^i^ rfht oiily repti^s wo £iw itfrc, 
werf! if«%<^fhiW fortif of innoflfcnih* In^^rdi^ 

Ift thUpes^tafidve la»d, it iiYemnaykabk that 
Ihere (bbc^tiot e^^^ the traces of any qva- 
ani^c^4;"^xcdpi'%'le^^ts, ahda^ldod of fox- 
dog, #h$tft^it^lBi^t hy^lfe natii^ o»»d«iD^ftk 
'anlm^U-'i «X'«{'^ >''' ,.■■■■• ^^'^--^ •■>-\ -i 'v.'^^rJ•^•.■ 
6 ^fF^ Imdi^ M^ imf iMhierd'dclerviDgiBotiice, 
btit a greeh'^afpev or. ref^4mt^ftoiiei ^(i wl«kh 
.the te6)$^<anda}(n^ments ^fUhr {' hihi^Skoiilff ^arc 
maidei^' Th^is held in high^eftimatioii among 
thefh;'and 'they entertain fome fiipeHlitioiis no* 
tidnlS ' abcN^ the inodc of its generation, which 
we could hot comprehend : they fsly it is taken 
from a large tivei^for to the^ward^ it is 
difpofed in the eart4> in detached' pieces like 
^ints, and, like them, «ha edge* a»e ^co^eted 
with it whitifli cruft. * 

The nath^s, in general su*e not fo well fonh- 
ed» efpecially about the limbs, as the Europeans, 


^ V^fogt tttth^Pmi/k C^ikM. 


, thdugh 

e natives 
i; we i*^ 
aies, fomc 
tiers, fomc 
rablci with 

5, lizard*; 
«k^)k that 

of any ^- 
dnd of fost- 

' - <» 


trftitioaa no- 
latioii^, which 
r it is taicen 
*twd*, it is 
t ^^eOeff' hkc 

Ifo ielV form- 
ic Eur9l?c«J'»» 

. for 

liag fo nmckk on thmr^hfiwnti aiKi b^i^g 4^i^i;<i> 
l)^.the iaounUHnout 4ilQpolkioii -offlfOtciiynu^, 
of afing tJbac kand of OMnrcifff wbith woild ren- 
der the body ftrMsht md weU^ ^prsfiofftioiwd* is 
probably the occafion of fthe waat of duf |>ro- 
partion* . Many of <iUiCBif ipdcod^ «re fMrwftly 
^med» tndTaine are ireiry l«gebfMiiKi;anKMiiiii- 
ciUar t hu^ferf kw ntnongthiemmvtiB&rpvAmX. 
: Their ieatoret' ave vatioiMft. > fbme rmiuhMiig 
£llropcs^l8^ aMlAheir colour i»>i)€itiytrK|i|'cafti» 
from r deept^h bkck tOran oUMe;.pir-;)itttov|& 
tingCii In. ;gfnera)^ howev(t». :their>, t fiEKtes are 
roi^^ I timr iipa ratJier liiUi and >th|sk'i . nofin, 
(though not dat) largo. tow6rd»^the(poii«l> rr An . 
aoqui&ie^ noie wad aoti tch be ifon tfnQOgtthfin '• 
thein efHt . arei iargOi i ;wtcl< itbauRstc^ ^Mie o^om- 
mcnlx brotfd^ wfa«tc!)vaiid/reguli^% XhpsJ^» 
in gcndralfx^is Uaok^ drong^naald rftrWghc ;; itjis 
commonly cut ihort on thr hinder pafti land 
the mil ^ lOit the orOwn of tho brad* , 39tne, 
indbed^ hspKO bvQwa hair,;f)n4>0U»tnrA« ^n^ that 
it natiRJiUy difporad Uitmfk l^t fomHepMioe 
of the young is generaU^ ft*ee and^i<|^iT{^b|it| 
in many «f the men, it has a ferleus or ApUtn r 
caft». The men a»e barges than- the^rvroni^ ; 
and the. latter a«e nort! d&ingui(hed .by. peculiar 
graceS|t£ither of form, or f<eaH>rBs. . , . r:* • 

Both ifcxeS' are tclqihed sUike i they h^l^^ ^ K 
garmcnfejnaili^oCthejiilky fiax already fnqn^^^ 
cd, about file feet m lengthy and iburija breadth. 
This appears to be their prinoipalmanufafbre, 
whifih^ is ^formed by knotting^ Two corners 

L3 of 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

of tHis 'gairment' pa(& over) tbe ihouldersj and 
they hmn tk «n^he breaft'livkK thit wbich co^' 
vers thebody^t^ii|?'i6^.<j|g^'faftened about the 
beily with a g^hileimsoeoi^ aiat. Sotnetimes 
they 'coirer Itwith (log»>ikiii or krge feathers. 
Mafij' of theoi ' wear coats over this garment, 
ext^ing Ir6i]ft the llraiukliBn to theheeb. The 
nidft'tqlknifOiii^KJMarin^'howeverji i&a quantity 
ftf thifcdg/ {ilhnt'Ubov^wnichtiiiiid badly ma- 
ruife<fttiredv '^^ened ta a^ firing^, and thrown 
over thi^ ftieiild«i^> wh^e ittfallsvdbwnjon all 
lii?*^ td'ihe ittiddl€*of.tfeetiMghsfc nWhen they 
iat d6wn' in tlti$ >hai^t^ot||^f &}sM liard^r be di(^ 
tingttiihdd ?from la^gr gM3r^onesy. iftthrdr black 
heids dkT'hot pmjt^ hefna^ ttftir cdfetings. 

TOey jkibrn^ <lieii^li€8ids ^itb icathcrs,i*onibs 
of honie'^r wodd; wkh'tMari^lIy and the in« 
ner '&Ltti of leaves*' B6tii mei!i and women have 
their eari.flitV m. which- are hun^> heads> pieces 
of jafper,"or bitsjbfdbtht Some have the ^J-^^- 
tum of*theM6re "bored in. ffisUowep party but we 
never faw 4tii^ oi*nakttent iwirc in that pasrt 5 tho* 
iXmi^inA ^dflM through it iby one (dk6 ihem^ 
to iUew that it' \lras(.b^isiionaliy ufedifor that 
purpbfe; ^ : 

'Many'are flaincd in the face wath euxdou&£-. 
gure*i qf a U»ck or dark bkie.eblaur^ but it is. 
not certain whether this is intended to be. orna-. 
nieittd)^^ <»r ae ii 'milk, ibf particular diftrsk^^ion : 
tlic womttti are marked, only* 'Ons^Aeirv lips aad> 
chins I a^d both fex^s befmear their/hca^s a^d^ 
iaC(f8? with a gi-eafy rcddJfh paint. The. wo^ 
men alfo wear necklaces of Ihark's teeth^ oft 

' bunches 

r , 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 75 

fSj and 
licli co^ 
>ut ^c 

L The 
idly ma- 

vajon all 
hen they 
ly bedi^- 
t(&t black 

tjd the in- 
ipftcn ha«e 
^dsj pieces 

t^ but we 

di lor that 
r^ but it is- 

iift'naiSkion • 


The woji 

teethe o* 


bonches txf long bead&i; and a few of them have 
fmall-tirtangaUr aproniit adorned t with feathers 
or pieces of pearl ihells^>£»fteBed ab^ut^hft waifi 
with A double or jbrdale ibtrof :09rds. 

They live In. the fmajft covrs already m«ntion^ 
ed, fomc^tinies in finglefamilk^ and loni^ime^ 
in compaaier.ofj perhaps ^Qiily or lifty^^ tlUi^ 
huts^ jTiljkich arje jn geners^fni^ tp^^Si^ \q4^ 
ging plates, are) buiHiContiglipiist to> eai^l^ ot^^. 
The befl w^^fa^iir^as buihinthQflfia9nerj,of^one 
of our country -barns, oad^was.abou^ 4l^r^t i^ 
h^ghtf^fifben )n;|)i:«a4lb» %ndhthii^ty*^ee in 
length* The^iniSiie wasjQbrong^aildiFegular, well 
faftemid by fnean$fof^)i^thgs»7isV«'i'aqd paint;ed 
red aodil^cl^. « :^^ One 9n4 ithad $1 l^^le ferytng 
as^ afdoor to ; tsm^ \ out dt^tind mR\\^f^ ^opfi- 
derably rsnaller,:>feeming^y ioX' the purpofe of 
letting out ;the fmc^e.' ilTl^, hpweiiqr, <^ug}it 
to be; cpnfidered ^dneof't^^' palaces, fornut- 
ny of their huts are not of half the fize, and 
ieldom are more than four ^et v^ heighf^ v 

Th^y have no other furniture thaOi^few 
foiall ln)gs or bafk^tsj in which they diepcEfit 
their fiihing-hooka and .oth^r trifles.. They fit 
down in,' the middle round a fmall £re, and^ 
probably ileep, in the iame iituation,, without 
any other coverixig thah what they £avQ won^ 
inthe:day« ..: .. ■ /cii'^' :.. : j ., ,, • 
~ lilhinglis their principal fup^port, in wliich 
vhey u£(;tdit^r«pt |;inds qf ne$^y or wooden fifh-, 
hooks pointed with bone.; but made in fo ex- 
traordmary a manner, that it appear^ ailoniihing^ 
how they can anfwer fuch^a purpofe. 



^6 ^A'-^(^':dWf4iap>^fkitn» 

f^'tftc^iskw §lry>f(Nst!f^lott«f/ <^idiii^k«»^ vliei;^ 

They <lrer» their fiik by #0dft^,;^ ts/^v 

«f 1M»Uihgi>'<1t^4si£^d'thci^ t^ it«6^ the: 1^ 
iU^I^ ft^HiJi^ £Mii lMteii^ptfir6die»>tlkat 
pc%^^^WhlHi ttliei^di tlseyt^CiiViaiid fitod 
irf aiefiftm£f(liftij^e«%i%hifi^lbi^^ 

i&ef^^ftiteH^ for {M(f«(l^^^^ 
ri^y^k%kl^^% ta^^W witHi grttat^qoan- 

i:^'fef}giihil», li^li^^ a^ enable 

f^ theii^ dogi? are ftlfo bred for food^ but they 
d^pd^ ' ^riticipEtf)^ ^0^ the fen: fof 4^eir fiibfift. 
enoei %^kh ^ef ;tfe imo^-iiei^ 

TK^ art'^ mtSiy lii tke^ibtcM^g af U^tv 
pjerfon8> iviu^k often eimt a very ofitniive ef- 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


and J5-o«a i^^ 9mm m^^mg^f^pi^^^ 
their_h(^f sure ^pleniifull)! iftpc^ Wll^. I'f^Ti^M'y 
which they foine^imes a»|. I^rg|^<i|i^|iue§)9l' 
Aing tFdin Q^)» a^^vblufe^HJiPjpf {^^^^^^(^Id 
eagerly 4jsv<9|r.« u ,Wlite».^p bo^d ||>)ef|l^f%l^ 
not only ^isvpeio^ i^ l»A«i?r+uM#iM^?ftlii» 

lowed .tfe(CC9rtaii wiih;^q(iiN4 liSfi^ci^ynaSSw 

the inhajMttnlftt o£,?^w.iPKP3ie,%'#jj|^.j|i^ 
not ^veo. tefl;tiPMg{b;rg^*-j}Mre/i^iPPicjdflpifqi 
it with the grcuM^ ^gerA^|,JFi(9fi||0fl|>a$ 
i-o|t€i| and ,ijw#dj& v*d ifHl ii'ir!'^ zisfib^^^:' - 

any tincitilif^ ^NI>eB^^ti^|^,^Ua^«pipE^ 

tools, >dt^|ii^lktfr5fj:ty»g l^/ilph^i^;;^^ 

like wi^9ponfv wi^ Qe»M^2 ^9)gt)¥>{m^^ 
venien6e#>^Wii$iryi)pr^ftM ii^i^^kkmit^mi^ 

of tha &tr|pQ^-ftp9|C(<9i^<i9l^inUll 

gouge a^e £iuiiiiked from the hai^^xffif§/fj^ij(^ 

thoughihcy Ire. fiH3K;(liiH!93lfi!|i^^ 

things: the oriv>i)Qe»m- oq |]^e. Jii<^4^ 4^^ 
canoes^ n$$ 01% dUjf»lay ia!ucjii,de4gi()»>iit,e3fer 
cutioiiM' Their c9i:^ge fpi^fiCbj^g, i^ned'i/B not 
inferior ta that <^ this country, :)|^,fheir ^ets 
are equalfy \good4 • A iW^ ^WA^^mt^Aa 
jafper, is their fubftitute for a knife i ^d a 
fliark's toothy ^x^ \n the end of a piece of 
woody i9 their augeiv s ']^h<!y h^ve a faw made 


'^ir«M»i,«)keA7'4tu^e<t¥l>^t thfe lis ilsft^d for na^ *b- 
thdr piir|)Olh tilttii Id ickt^tip the bddidj of thbfifc 
Iflioto tbcj^ km ia^bartlif; rr s^^tti><^iia*i 

fi^^boDgh no pe6{^le arthldfe pcddf ^6'r^^€^ 
m^'ha^S yet tji^y liik* ^leiy dp^uMty 6f 
biiitg iniftilent^^^^^^ 'mtitt' is 

iil» Idanger 5o£ •piiii!#irflk$lit ; ^ 'WHetSif^ it b:iy be 

li r«Mr ao! effaa «r » fu^i<6t(s id%>fit$Dik' tbfain 
g«lliaP brater^^ ¥he^^ ^jittiraliy ifyfti^fl- 

if^^^M ioiil^diatdy 'td^¥i0t oui' * Ihtt^,* « ^it 

^Ib^ioilf^ a|l(ii»idlti»rn^ Wlie^ief tht^fhould 

d^gfffiMiilittneai iiAd ikiil eT%^bSih^^%!thin 
Oidkr^Httcli^ 4f <iib49]^>r^^ tSt)^ (fito^^^'de- 
j^dac^edyou in a bargaiflpfi^' 'J*^^ t)a«i^i^i*^ 
'4 Sttck<lohdwaMCcd1s«teoe^(l^rli«g^^^en 
\% IS; c<mfidered< that thdl^^iteirr^ (^ b^lSiit %tle 
fuborditia^idtiy and fewy* #iteif^ laili^s for the 
pumihment iotxtin(^^f^i^ H(^lfiitiii'ra«tho^ 
rity extends beyond his o^n family \ and'when 
they join^' at any $ime^ foi- Mite^l ^l^^ce or 
M^atfy thofe /among them wb6 a#e^moft eitmnent 
Ibr valjCHir. and prtident condttft, ar^ cSrdEEbts. 
Their puUic eontenf ionr a#e^l^ne^6f^ perpclual} 
for war is their ^jncipal |^dfeffit)fi/ ^^^[Jipeaps 

. from 

^ril are from fiveToW^ST'*^'*' ^te 
^^ m^lySS, mo a kind nf S*^ ' Tf^^<fc», 

■ :#. ' ' " i -' ■ -and 





A y^yage to the Pacijie Ocean, 

and mbtes iHth their li^rs. They aMbleaire a 
rdemblxnte of an human iignre, and hang it 
about their necka^ ^ a isftw^zlxf thofe who 
%cre dear to them. *rhcy aflo perform riirte- 
t^mony of lamenting and cutting fbrjoy, atthe 
- return oi a friend ^h(^ has been fome time ab- 

Thepraftices of the laiheri Wh^fegood 
or bad. their children are, at an early age, in- 
JR^Ahi; fo thaV^tfu'l^ini chUd of either 

ba^ t 

fex,|PFthe age of nvc^c^m. ^en years, al^ to 
imitate the frightful motrons ivod geftures of the 
men; They mo fing, ^ i«|. wjth foniede^c of 
mdbdy, the traditions and atVions of dieik* fore- 
fathers, with which they are tmmodmtelv^ de- 
lighted, and pafs mnch of their timr)ki<4here 
aittdTcmems, :|c<;ompa^lcd r^ft6^^^|^ 

Tlfieir Mguage k ndtfaier barflir ifidir dSftgtce^ 
idble. Whatever <^alitks;srrr ^^fi^'topit^ 
a Yai^ka^ig^ moGcal, obtj^n tdk i(^£$dcr^^^ '^t- 
gree in-tius, if we may judge' £iDm^llMf»niei«d)r^ 
of their iongp. ^ It is not^ indeed, fyxmskf^Mx^ 
five ^Ottr Europe^ languayif,^ #j^i :|N w ft |jfeir 

„!<•;. ■..■ 




y carve a 
d hang it 

; tunc «D- 

nter good 
fWagc, Jn- 
1 of cither 

,rs. tWc to 




■jYt(i%ihi6i t4^'- ■ ' !**•* '^»&^i^ rfJJ''* WJrimJWlSr 



act, sad 4)>d«rfoii. '#itb Omai^AaM itm 

! trom K^Ot^QOtail or 

Interttimiaitf esbUMtp4 



i— Mode of Shavi^ig, &e. — ^Vti^f Potilaho, tiie Kiog 
— PottUho's inan'mate Viceroy-— Offering to depfeca^e 
death— -Mouroiiig Ceremonies— Sentiments edacinkHi 
^m M^' vikvtnStt.ti.'^Thtm Language, 4l«^4br.. 


I _ .V - ^ V 

TN tb« monuiig of tibe a5th of Febmaiy^ itk 
1 l^^ef lad, and nude fail through Cook's 
|S£ait8. On the 271!^ Cap9^PaUi^ he^g wefi; 
Vol. I. M about 

Ba A Voyage to tht Pacifid t)cean. 

aboiitieyeii leagues dil^sint, we naj^'a ntie gate^ 
jm4ifte?redtowsirds the Pj^rtlk^eaC^* As toon )k^ 
'Mt haAXoSt ighy of U^^^^up^wo y^ung Kc#- 
•ZeaUnders heartily repented oTthe adventurdus 
ilepthey had taken, /rhpugti we endeavoured, 
atifar as lay in our p0wcr^to, {both themi tliey 
wept, bo$h In publiQ^nd^pri^'atei and ^ave vent 
tf^ their Anrows ill:, a kind pf ipng, whith feemr 
e<l tQejjmrefs their praifes of ^ tlieir coiintiy smd 
fte^pj^Apfii wl|ich t|ii^ we^e nQW, in all pro- 
bahH^Ppo \3(t ipr lever ; Ijepstrat^d • 'They conti. 
nued vk t]U$;^^fE;>Forieyc^al.'jdau^, tiil, at length, 
thea^tq^io^ <4'othei;ri^p^s peg^ tp fpbfidc, 
-W^^ jtfcfijf fta-tificknetej^hich h^4 aggravated 
dieir grief, t^ic4 oi^„ Their lamentatidns'thcsi 
'^Bcam^iefs ju^d Jisfs^equent \ their native cpun- 
t^yj^ thiii^^Adred iipd it}ixm» were jpadvally 
Ibi^m^ anduAi^ appcaijed, to lie firmly at- 

>ttptoft>e tilth, a^npqnj^^gi^ in ttcUititi^di^.of 
^i|ai1I.'7' fouth, ai^^^p thelongjtudi^ j;^7> ii 
f*tftj wfc ta<aBeji3^ut|^4n4 ftpbd fo'ljic fotith- 
«aiftin!|rf]<^ a gj?i?tle 1»:eeze at cart4prtJlTeift» 
lii^ij^bihifteFWar^s yei^n^ t6 norrfi-caffin ;^ch 
pokit'the wind remained two days, fom^ilbes 
Uoini^^'f>'^l^ PJIft^!^^ f<|ualls and iiiii^. ^^ 
thdadDfMircCPhifted to ^nor^^-^eff,, and 
aftervteards ^ fQutliffWeft, jbetween^, wliich.point 
andhtfaenei^ it cpii^ued \p 1i>low, fometimes 
▼ery mod«rs|^y> and it other tinD^e* f^^ ftrong 
gsdei . WliMl^is wind we Jleered aorth^^il ^ 
eaft .und eaft, wttii all the fail we could cfarry, 
fill Tucfday the i ith^ when it veered to nor^- 


mc gaie. 

;avc— , , 
jm, tlicy 
gave vijat 
S:h feicmr 
lintry aiiid 

in aU pr^ 

hey conti- 

at length, 

atidns then 
e jMcadually 
; firnoly at- 

r»n' '2 1 

\.^t fontn- < 


I, fomctifees 

,d nH|«. On 

W-wetf ». an<* 
■■wWcix point 

y^ fotnetitnes 

ted to nwth- 
» eaft 

-^ ^^Z\ t^ fhff^ifi^ Ocean. 83 

eaft and.fouthHenil ;.we then ftood to the north 

and tKe Wuttikr^i'ftf as'rai wind would permit, 

>., . .r. hc'.j * ... A.;, v. f^^^ thenorth, 

diiy ^c proceed*- 
' thic Wind fre^ 
^^yen^ly v'eeJ-e J'to e'aiit And eafti-ndrth-eaft, we 
bft'cn/mad!^ ttb better tHfaii a lio^therly courfe. 
The IiOpes, HoweV^ri.* ^of the wiiid doming more 
i^uthet! J^, 'bt froii^^it' yeftward, a little with- 
out ^e Tropic 6f fe^citiri^,' cncoutofied the 
Sdinnnioclore t6 ki^p thTii'i^iirfe. 'It ^uiJHndeeti 
icdSB^ ihitwil^tAik^tiiA ^U'hdsat^N our 
p^dpcflhg tb'th^hfeh ftii^'ftlmbca^j' i» ^t-ofe- 

ctitldii'^dJ'tl^e pHnci^a^bljfeilt of the e3fci[kditioH, 

'eiiip!^^epcndea^ttVpii?'having a (^tfiik paf. 

m W^ftjAfeftf^i b^'theSdeiletylflesi 11; it' 

'^Smfla^ ifie iViWrld'iri 'the z^tti, Ihc windl. 

'thi^ ruHj^ wp ol7rerve4 nothing that ^^uldinduee 

■- V)(^ tife*^ -^ci^fi^ feilM near kby ' land,"^ cx- 

cetii[<Jcb^oi^^^ tropic bird. In thd latitUfle 

1 ^ M . rT. .. . r. x. ']^ij;p^^ . 4^ jx^gd the trunk • 

»^d inuth 'weattevbcat'. 
WWe^ teh'bai^fedts.^ Gu the 
jjiStS ,' as,Wr%^Bf *{feriaing td' th* nbrth-ea^, 
the Dlfcovcs^ &!^*i 'ih<i flgnal' of feeing lahd. 
';vreim i6m ^^to be a^flnali iiland, and flood 
f6rk^tUithej^\H^riitig,' when it was at^tiie dif- 
Ui^ottyi^i^ three leajgjies. Thenexttinom- 
'^'msp slit A&f V^a^l wi; bdre up for the weft fide 
^ Oofef iJIafcl?'^^^ ffevctal people wadlng»to 
'/* Vh^re, as ^cfcobte^red the fliip leanu 

04 ^ Voyige to tie Pcuifc 0cm;/, 

ing them quickly thw remained. But others, 
itho foon appeared, followed her cp^rfe > and 
fomtof them aflembl^d Jn fipaU bodici, making 
great fjiouts. ' . , 

Upon our nearer approach to the (kprc, we 
faw many of the natives running along the beach, 
aftd, by the aflxftance of our glaflcs, co«J4 per- 
ceive that they .were trjawA with long Ipcjirii and 
ctub^, which ttier bratBdiihcd in the ^wlth 
figni^threatcnfcg, oi-, af fome of us iiip^. 
^d| «| ihvitfttiote tpiani^. Moft of thciti 
KifMWkcd, ej^oept haymg a kind oif drdle, 
WKch was bJ-Oujht np^i^wc^ their t%hs } 
^ Ibmc ^tlsi^m wjore ^Wt t^eir ,ihMdprs 
l^tced' of <lothf;flf TariottS qolours, . Wiiij^^ ,&p- 
cd5:-cm,fji^tic?5d i ?«id aifflipfj^lin roif/jihlw^ 
dibtifetiidwf heads -51 ithiieWfaiipier, it^ fonji; dc- 
|r*etefeiiibfiQg^tftrban. Tiieyw^Cfbfatawny 
c^B^lexiiin, r^buft, .^nd jkbcrut tike miijdle ^ze. 
"^ M theiam^ xmon a/m|ll :canoc m^ lau^^ihed 
frdmi^feiffiai^tiCF en^ o£thp bea<;h j a^^^ aRian 
get^i% ififc It, , p^ i9ff ja? witJi a v^eMf to ;^ach 
Ihi^ ^*^' fCki;|tii!S,ithe Optaipi,^ to, 

t^f^e>tjnght rccdye jihe viiit^jb^t%^n^i)*s 
4«fdftitlo» toilliig,: he foOn rc^ijrnc4 towai;4% the 
bfeach, ivtee, aft^ fome tui^c, ?9lot%r .man 
joined ^ittii |p the canoe ; and then their both 
paddled itV^ds; the, fliip. 'ftey j^op^ ifhort, 
h^ct#, i^ ^y t0 ;ipprp34i,;ii^Ofnai, 
w»6 ai^fei^ilB them ji^ the tt^hdti?' ^^^^ge, 
ih iii^ iixealure tib^lraj^cy^fe 

t^ jtl»sn' itame iiiif ^pugfi to t%;^e 
headi^rfnd tiails, whlehV^rc ticdfe a ipJecc of 


A,*-^> .',, 

wood, Knd throwa Vte the l«i. "' m. 

«1 »ft.W eo touch tW..r*' ^Wiiem- 

piece of wood ^«*j^hmg», and pw ths 

Om?i ftW. th.tX, .fe* fi-P^onj for 

q«*ftion to. tb2f^^t^ P-" *•« 
human fleft? which ri^^Lr'^**'* «»' »» 
fi«ivti with a m^^Tu^^S "J^""" «"«^ "«- 
ho^ence. One"? ^ 1'"?' ^ion and ,b. 

rooa, bang aifced h„n *"* "^^mtMou. 
Pteof M iii.«, ^i^ ?«g''t'ag-_«rttb Ae peo. 

however, they y,^ to« ,£* '"P^- Still, 
but told Omri. tSHf.-- ^'""* OB. boj,^ 

ven them thi?'caS«f aTrr'^'"'" *'<» 8*" 
«%«*» to «Hi„i^'^,*^*«.^ time dirL 

'hei»irt«of fte^e,^^f'^*« A'PCMM, and 
!«» called OrdoaeS Vtif ^'='"«<» thejrftid, 

"«g, <wi, iBofe*. "^ 'fWetWipi added, 

»A»eofta„,^^^*^808d n^^^ «Kl 

"ords x.;tb , devout ^4f "f*"^^"^ 
, , J vout an^ before he *«,t(n«d to 

96 A V^oyagtu iSt FMtfyOetan, 

lai^ %ioW ^ tW'roper which wot ^bablf to< 
reeomiiiend Ithnfltlf w^ tht ^oteQabn oHotot 
dhrtHity. lii* colour wai fsoaxkp ol the ifame 
caft ivith that common ^to the mote fbuthcra 
Eiirop^ansi The other nan wM^not fohand«' 
foiM. '^Hothi of them ^had ilrong^ ftrak hair; 
of a jet colouTi tied together on the crown of 
fh!Hi«iidi^ildi<!bit of cloth. They wore gii^dlcs, 
vAkh w<»t a fuhftahco^nade firom the monap^ 
fjfii^di in rhofaame mannei^ at at the other iilands 
itk'^ihii^^mTii'^ '^ li was ghoed lilse the fort dfed' 
b)»'lb6*]fttttetfg^<itthe iFVieneMflflandsv but the 
ctMh 0)^ 'Chiiif«4icads(Hiirast wkitf4< tike that which 
wti*lto<itldiAt^OtftiiiHtcui<rh0jfi had 3011 a<kind of 
ftiiirtihd^madaMDf a^'grifly fobilance lotetwowm^ 
aiMl'i^dbbll^lmqnded^'to^tidbui' thw a-^ 
g^i>tM 'bo^h tfomlrocb/ ^ ! Ilwir beards were 
lorigV'Ml iftrtrHnfidftf^ tlMaP^arimv fiwm the 
ihoitiid^ fO<^ifltt vlbow^/iiid fcmi/ other^paitv> 
wtiii' fMiAw^d i ot^taUitifuifftet thB madnev^af 
the'bati^«i^timo# <alhtbe fotbcr iflanfiA^lirthe 
Tovith'llil'^t^e^tobe ttSL^itmrivnmipmon^ 
or iNi^ flit} and^toifuch i»ikti^ii|hiir one. <yf 
theiih IhicktthcM'e svitiBigfeiibd fonio lkid%» whkh 
liad be^^giten 'td^tiitim^^ adid tlie ^ftrnw^pinrfoa 
had two polifhed pearl ihell«^< and a bameh^of 
lMitiatt^llai».lo«fftlf 4wii)^ hitnginflvabonf/^is 
neek* ^lTh« oaadeii»y itanMi h» wi» qo» ^wk 
t(lttf£Mil4bhg^ ifkl' voty w»Mw«.fNiipd»thiili^ 
aikljM^t!ii^^ei( ^EhiJiM'ps^'had^ 
fii^^liddtf#«r itj' a»dt j;iiO|a££iii§voiii;^ to frotot 
the iea ^getting in or.plmiging. The'ilo'm^aFt 
w^ oB yfkk$ wood i biit the OppeT' . part was 


itt thebB 


AVi^gt U' thi P^iJ^j O^A* S7 

black^utikiit|h«'ii^1>aAcUe» were maile (^ wood of 
the iWi^ 9 <»\oKtr i iksSH were broiMl m OMtiBndi 
and blurilked, snuLabout three feet lon^. li h^A . 
an upright ftern, ^ Hve feet highi which > tevmir 
natcd at the top in a kind of. fork. Xhej^^psMlr 
dlcd incUffereiitlyy I either cimI of Ahe^apoe ^» 
wardiv,'.; ;jj-.;;, ijf 'iur.):! .^^ut k,i.j ■/: . . i\ii^ 
As ioon j&t}Bfr'lhips.1;reivlin»»iprQpjar ftattotiii 
Captain Cook fent out^two i)0«ib9 to vskdjf^cim 
to find a QOi^venientiplace;f«r ia«4m|> InoA^ 
of them ihe weol Hinfeif, and Ihad . nooipQfier 
piit off from, the {hi6^^\ikAti the im^iWfSfk in^lhe 
cjiboe>{>addled' to^miiid* hisr;boal|i tuid whm tW 
werb cbiiie .^kija^G^f MouroOi^c ^ilhowlc J»ift* 
tadon^vdkpt uMOilitirk v tOoiai^ ^.wki»> wa3 nrilli 
the Captaifti wtefibfirod to!0itq»ire ^tfn^ i^uiA- 

ted us'ittHifFQrjpUeeftL) Butlvrcttiom iOllp!£»r¥iBd> 
with (segttttk that Ihe jAt^iA^ Aft nlAM^i^mkm^ 
impnu^&able^ ; 00 :liccoitiit of :tli^> iiijrf»( jWJlc^^ 
tki infqiieiQf ihftvfagcoiuri j^^ ?Nor 

weroirepBOoe Ittcedwiilt in ovnifeailtl^ fo}^a|k«|iiQr-> 
age» AS weicpuWiriStid ata jbottom: ^llli v^^ a 
caU^r leitgtb o^ the ; hreabei-^ r?^«bl^jf# rin«t 
witkiiiKHBrf fdnkytM. twejaty Jitbomfti^l$py^ pv$r 
fharp xodks 6£'Coralwx[! i:f(i.i»v JjDaho^j ro>9f. ti(,> • 
IVMei wiiirlhtMi TOfiiiHvioittt^f the£J9iQi« of 
Mangetap thcrnAtib!ea.thrfi»ge4idbMmi lipoiitj^ 

itt thfikditiiithr'Ckptftin jb^k^ttbliil^^ .p(»h 

fi:oig|^4aadiBg»rcominaiu|i»d>tbem^^ A^ 

i^aoTrtif thmn.ooinpliedi.. we.im9gijiHs4i. th$it hie 



A J^<f^^ U 4h* Pocifif Oceati, 

tOtlMt ktsg of the Hland* Be^«)ral of thdo^, aiv^ 
iligattd bv cttriofityi fiv<am Stom thi'fh^re^o the 
^iM^j^Atiia G9i>it>lod b^flwc^tfadihi^ reibrVe. 
Wi^ei^i found ifone €Uffioiilty'mkeB{)itig t&cbh 
out, . aiid could icarctf^^eveHt their p3ferkig 
wbotev^ tbey coubiday itheilr hftbd)^ opoh. * At 
lengdi) «0ii<ti they obrfeii^tr$ I'etkihifng td tl£e 
ihi]^. thejr tillilelt^ii& exetlpt^ MourooaV ;^ha, 
though VLoti wf^kout DfiSnt^eft faidkati6ni of fear, 
iii^tomf^aiiMi'thttsCofrimtKi^ oh board the Ee- 
fotiltioiu #4 The eactie and' mthet \ievt objects that 
, k» li^^ttee-^did "not Mfce him wiili much 
fdfftt'iiei hfi fffiiilid, * perhapt, being too much 
detupied abotit his own fafetj, to 2iow hitn to 
a^«^d tb ^Usr things; He feented very uAeafy, 
^ild ^t ttft but li^k new intelligence $ and 
'«heiqJif<ef >^ef he had contimi^ a fhort time 
^n lMWi«d|(iC^}»aiiQ'€doko]!def«d a boat to carry 
fali^ towanh^e kmid. cln hts M^y otft of the 
tft^f hji^^^iigiio '^Qxilble met «ne of the 
gostii h^ Aop|»0d^ looked jit rile animal^ and 
alked^i9ia»>wbarbiikl irwai^ but ncyt receiving 
an imtiiiei^te smfwttr flmn hifflRk> he put the lame 
queftion to fome of the peO^^ who were upon 
de^^'I^e boat having) toi^yed^himiiii^ 
iiii^>lMi4eii^d itttq thrtracei^' ondl^i^f^^re. 
Hid 40ti9kiryhi«» jj eiger^to learii Mm Id^ ithat 
he hadtitei flo«keJycmiid%iai iir £b^ he 
had landed ; in whi<^ iit^Mioii ^t^ rtaain^d 
^en tre loft light of them. We bsifted in 
tie boated foon as ihe retiirfted^ and ni^e fail 


iHt f^^fdge t9\hePadJk (j^^ 


iijl tlicii^ 
jon«' '' At 

ns of fear, 

rik tnncH 
too m^ch 
ow hitn to 
cry uAcafy, 
ncc; and 
fhort time 
aat to carry 
o.>t of the 
one of the 
limal, and 
[rt receiving 

smtt Upon 

fiM^aS he 
sy rto«tt*^ 

id inaiic fau 

to the northward. ' Thus werti ^e obliged to 
liave thi^ fin^ iflan4'tiii»ii^ed^ #hkb it%ti{e«l ia<< ' 
pable of fappl^irig all <>ur iieoelileies;^ * 'li^ fe Si- 
tuate in the longitude of 201° 53*^ eaft, an^i^- 
thc latitijdfi*o£*2|0 5^7'fouth;' ' •' rts liiV 

Thofe paits df «h^ 4oa[ft of Mofigek'^FhS^ 
fall under Oi^- o^feF<vati()nj are guiadtt^bf s( irgc^ 
of coral rock| agaioi^ ^whtch^'heavy^if^ii C4dii^' 
tinuaily breakl^ :: ^ Thxf AMttd^ iribdVlt ''Mf' 
ieague8jil«irc4im£e|!eti€«y>tmd though^ >of #jfiil^ 
derate ahi pjr<«t^ ^ual hqighf, ni^ ttt< ft^ri'M' 
cleir weaither at fJN! 4i[|iltnoe< >c^it^ 
In the.oi^rior rpartmM idiiniiSno6' §as&iW^ 
whence thicre,i^,att wfjf (dcftcot itt tlie#*EJW^ 

not v^ry high^ ij^l^rfifv^l^iisfli^ekb^^w ' 

by tite dalhi^ of tW^avca^«^fl^rlirM|Wi'' 
fandy-fh^Qt, ^^hl<H 14 coti6ftft{> ^itl9 d^K^ast' 
hei^ abounds with creeft^of idi<|j^pi gr^m, iflllelk 
feeaa to b© aH of ;:Ot^ ioti^ric36dept^tieartrtl^^l^ 
fhore;, where^ 0ljCdh«dd>«hddilii^{|»f>thM#|i*^ 
cksjoi Jra^tna ^undjn tht wookisbf iis«^'&ik;< 
lan^. The ftOWi oiirtHe;'liortlvw€tVfBrt> tl*^- 
minates in -^^ ^ndyy 1>eaeh^' ■' bcyteid^ fthkh thfe 
land isbrokea into imall thfliVns,' ^ftMd hhs k 
broad boMer of tr^* which rcfenibte ifaU wll*. 
lows. Farther tip^ on the afcent, the txet^ 
were of the dqep green above^nientiotiefd, which 
fdoie of us imagined to* bs the rima) inwifirtii i ed 
with coco»*p46m» i^od a few other fortf.^ ' Soitt6 
trees of aidgher fert were thinly fc4%i9efeci OH 
the hillsj the Other parts of which were dthel*^ 
covered with ibmething like fern, or were barfe, 


f o A Voyage to tke ^^cifit^^^am, 

,,wf^|«i,; #^,hlg%, pr«^ fwch 

.. . ^. BHfg«jg|^ t^tato^^j^w^ 

ftrved pi|p Imi^fe ne^ |f^, J>«(A^,i^ch,, iji its 

oi Qt^itp. , ft ^^^zJ^^}pMS^fff^, ^, dgUt 
|(pc| hj|rh,^ixd al^ut^JEywjm)^]^^ an 

open ,cpd, which jrepref^fit<?4^ cl]lJpfe^,iM» dy^, 
tranArerf^iy, divided.' Jt,yra|^,p)f<^??tlj; fttj^atcd 

^ m 


fome forc^ njK^ their mouth and nofe, "fi^^ 

'm.^i«^ l^aii|^a%i^(h^'^i^grft{^ 

thin fouT- \ K *es of it. It now tivfkiSrt^^ to' Vis 

%hm C»ch 

to %(W^i-c^v dp'imoek th^Mtif^&iiil^ m^^ 

Jng. ^'tM tWnlifioref fiJBA' ifitf ,^ttiPr^^d 
t^c tiM^gi bBai»*,^ilnteHMf^^oift^^ ^ 


no^$ dbmtetr'trti&' A<iSib^fe, WjAqhi^te 

Not Iftog iftfei^, three of thcfe atoofes' *^ach cpiji 
dufted by 6ne man^ came alohg-fide of the Re- 


92 ^ ^^y^^ *o the J^iic^SictaH, 

jo|tttiQn.» '{'hfij^ use (long and marrowy ^»o4 ^re 
^ifKffilcd b)i^ oiKMraggers^ the hc;ad it^at af^e, 
b|Mtpri9iir4UuBM0W| ahd tbi^ fl^Wis Aboitt^r. 

^nhoQf, beads* ^umI other trjfle&j 'ind ^tiey-fave 
u^ibinexQcoiiaMiiutV'in confe^^besee ^-our ha- 
^i^aiked for>th«m; but they 4iN not {>ait frilh 
theiDr'% way of exchange, as tiiey leciiijiid to 
haAre npidea of baf^r or traJBif?; ' C^^. ^tl^, 
al^« a litUe..perfua|ioii^ catoic* on bctflitjbi vfC^ 
t]U^other^tworoonjMo«red4idi'e3(aiD ^llfey 
appeared to be penfe^y «i|'6afo^< and |F«e f f#ti\ 
a|i appsrehfiofiont < iMtci{:«^ir CM|pari«n-«^ 4(^^ 
^Wed m.aoother catioe, Abriogi^ijig^ a^ 1$]^^1)f 
plaBtaiiyn a^ a pripfoit tpi^ptam Co!»l^^ii^^Ve 
h^iii inxctucn^^ piepe oif ^ced cfeth an^iii|ir^jMM. 
^^e were aftetw^a jiiffAQbi!;^ MfQm^i^x. 
tlus preient^hadubeeiiiiici^^ 
jj^uxU < %on aW^ a^ dd«tbte> c)atioe^f«^lS9|a^^ 
tiirelve ofithCiilbnjJNirsi ca^ mmwm. 1^ 4lJfi 
aj^oachiiigfthe ihip,^.t2M7 i;eoit^d.^^ wends 
in conr£rt| by wajs of Glioro%.jone^tMW firil 
giving the wovdbcfore'cachiiq>0tttioii^'^^:!iiaii4bg 
finiib<ed this £Dlcinn^c}>aiin^ilhejUanfeaitilig^de 
9adaih8dfortheithief^;iU4b9n aajOaptai^iaiok 
]bB|di^m|^ his appearancey^a.iHgandmM cocoa* 
outs. Were conveyed into thi^^^ip^ wadthr Cap- 
tain was alio prefented wid»«a piece of matlingi 
fay the principal perfon. in the ca^(oe* when he 
aiid Us companions had got^on board;^ - 
j . Theie new > v iiitors^ wcm introdiiccd 4ntai (^ 
tabini; andcondu^ked touihef pavts^#ie?fiiipi 
Tiipii^ ibme ^ibje^b feened , t^ fi»pi^ theoi) 


^Feyt^iJl^it^ Paci/Sc Ocean, 93 

^^wr ha- 

£^flf«f cocoa- 

thff Cap- 

o£ mailting) 

^tien he 

>i^ thetn, 

a^^ j^KjPQtHCC Acsur. .tlb^.«ow«> a^ Imi^^ of 
wbpjT^ jQ^Itu^ I^W^u'Miild /(MTncnoiCOBoe^ioii. 

d/^99dj l^t tli«]i^]Eiieiri Ahcmito^ be ibi^of/f^^t 
is a m9^W ^y9&iPS0imen^ kasam iguo^ 
t^QSqxM. «ifCX( mko^ (6, ndtcnkMULaini^^, 

i|iil|ce, ^ 9(l7:>ot]l^^ tei^iibialt.aBinialv^ii^ 
hmM i^Nl^AP^^/bir^ If ^AB^ 4U Jkhcgr }fa» «^ 
QBifjP|i%#W**^«^#w» iBiry diffimiqt fir^iiitiif . 

Immi^^ma^pttiiymBief o(ifpedes. ( Tho' 

pgM»i|«B( ^^CfpMct ^i^^ idifii^pouitdd.. y 
%^ Cla#ts^4ini afijcrw^jnri&Hiiiibnncd 'th^ he 

^i9mid»^lmi&ii^wu dd^te^tbouglilbc 
i^9|J^iiMM CMB eaLillQdaii.otbfir i^nds 

rv^ ,wpB ;|9 ^^eraL of the inid<^|^' ibturey aiu| , 
not un&fi^ khci 14ismg^sai& llilbew either 

%re(it jboleljis cQvep« their dfhoulden, or wa» tie4: . 
o|}tbe^fgN)«rn of tWhttaid^ and though inioM 
iti ^m, fr»4(«4> fCt >tliat#a»> inf H^as^tbf #$dght 
"" I. ' N '^ fortr--- 



A^ Voyage ^ the Facifo Ocean, 

forfc/iras kmg.' Some of the young ^nen vrerf 
bondfome. like the inhabitants of Jtfangep, 
t^ief trore girdles ^ glazed dothy^r fine nj^rt- 
ting^ the ends of which were broi^ht between 
their thighs. Their ears were boredy apd thqr 
wore about their necks| by way of ornsun^, a 
fe»t 'of broad grafsry Ibfned with red, ^^^/ftfl^g 
with berries €lthe'night-&ade. ManyoCthem 
were curiouily marked or /d/aof^/ from the mid- 
dle downwards, particularly upon their Ufgi^ 
which made them appear a^ if they wore boots. 
Their beards were long> and they ba^ a kind 
of «iahd^ o^ their feet. .T^ey were-^nli iBSd 
cheerful in their deportment, and very fiMdly 
alkct^dodnatured.^ i- 

lieutenant Gore returned from his cxciirSon 
in the aft:ertioon^ and* informed Qiptain €^k> 
that he h^d ^^anilned the weft fide^^he^dd^d, 
without being* able to find ii plaee where tibe 
ihlps could -fide in fafety, or a boat could hnc^ 
the 'fliobe being botmded by ti fteep coral rock, 
agaielt whidi a continue finrf broke with ex- 
traordinary Tidence. But as l^ jhhabituits 
ieemfid extremely firiendlyi and ar defirous of 
our landing as we ourfekes wete^ Mr Gore was 
of o|>inion^ that they might be prevailed upon 
to bring off to the boats beyond the lurf, iuch 
aiticle^ as we#ere moft in tieed of* ^ we^ad 
little or no ^ind, the delay of a day or two was 
of fiiM coniideration ; and theref<H« the Com- 
modore refblved to try the dqperinieift the neyt 
morning. We obierved, fbon after day-break, 
fome i^itnoes coming towards the ihipa; one ^f 

^ntih ill 

A Voyage 'to the Pacific Ocean, 95: 



s ■ ■ 

lin #olc, 

: the next 

rj one 9^ 

wh^di directed its eourfef towards the Refolu- 
tioiw /tliere ^n^e in it ibtne cocoa&nu^J and 
pTa6taliiii» and a Hog, for i^ich the nativei de- 
maifdeii a dog[ iirom^^s,' refiiiiiig every other 
th%tMt¥N^bffered byway of jcxiihsuge. Tho' 
OncRbf ^iF geiitteiften on board had a dog and 
a bitd^^'%hich wore great mutocei in th« H^ 
Sin^^<ik itiight haveftrved td propagate a Itice 
df lb 'tifeful in animal ^ this iilaad» yerha 
cdkild iid<^bd^pr0vaUe#«p^'tofart ^dr^hca^ 
H^^vi^;- td MHfy iheie pec^y Oantiggve 
^&tMmwoMH doit he had brovghbfimb Qreat 
]^^]flii£yj(^d. , .'■.':■ f^'^-^W. 'H> l-^j|-»- I, ■< . v--^.- 

The fame momingy which^wai^the 3d oFA* 
^lr#,f€a|^h Cook di^taela^ M^Gor&withtbrte 
^h^M mk&^ triad 1[»f the expeiiment which 
tllfil^ibffiit^ faad'[i^0cr^. ' ^woof thenittivesy 
wko%id'bdE j^it Oil bd^ aecomiyaiiiedf' hiih: ^ * and 
4)i^i^lbrved^^ an lnreir{treter. 5i^he fliips her 
411^ a ftdl k^tgtiij Irom the i^cmd^hen theboats 
p^t ofi^' a«kl !thi^'#iiid bdng inccmfiderable) it 
^ttit^it d^iock before we cbvild woii^ up to 
it. W«' then perceived* lOur three bolts jyft 
Vrithockt t^h^^rl^ and^m amazing number ctf the 
ifl^inllcrs on the flioif e ai^breaft ^dhenn • Gon- 
i^lttdiiigf^otti thiflf lh?it Jbieuteaant Gore, and 
otKerl^of^ur 'p«.c»pie, had* landed, we were im- 
patittit to know the eveht, 1 With a view dfob- 
l^nrihgthe^ motions^ ^and «being iready to affi^rd 
%»tci AwM a0iftance ai they m%ht occaiion^ly 
wqiHrei'the Cbmmodoie kept as iifear the ihore 
^^ ednfi^em w^h prtrdence. He^wascOn- 
r^i^ N 2 ■ vinccd, 

^p6 A F^yagi to the Pacific Ocean. 

fince4t;liow£V4r» that tbt reef was>a veiyef- 
£ei£^^ai t^urwr between us vad our ^itods who 
had landed, and put themtcom^tely ^out ef 
Hhf^ re^^ j^;f9iif pHQte^lom But the natives, 
ii^,a1lproh^hili|y» were not io feniible <tf this 
cJMuinillan^ ail wai were«». ;Somc pf them^ now 
iW UM9Ar?»'oi»ht affw 4Spce!ii«ut& to the^^fB, 
91^4, ^cib«pg^/thiQin4lbr whateiigv <^^ofiiMd 
. tliiiiaft^i^ t^,^jjh^edfcp9^ -diouniflied &e 

laiipipfC^^I^^ ,.i;cid4n]^aEreinQFin- 

^l|gPBcei^<^ pvri viQtor^ 7(t< ilifaF^vaitflrkig 
c^4bQAi^ ^{soqpicd to itaiplfv tha^tlMir< country- 
men on ihore hadMaado no iiBpropeili^ of the 
^fMM(is^^jl(9i«^^;(r^^ thcn^v. Atrdcngtl^ to- 

^^ir^i^,^y&mg'*\ 'W^ h^dithe fgtiiMBpn of 
t %^$rJ3os|t9)>te(tM^n^' ! Whoi^ our peoplefot 
f)n,|^i^,ve ffpncVith^t,]^ pare»^.Ai*l^- 
4i!p» |#^3ii^ey,,i^^ thic;on^^. 

iGg^ jvj^^^h^^ laq^Qi^i,«{£he««eciirrcnces ofithe 
th^, ij^^^F full^il^«tedr(«tbe €^ominodore 
>|^«ii4^|G^C^ .1^' A94<»^on'Siiy^Qant« of their 
.t^i^li^n%^|^h,M»f ViCry 
ji?(;l^^e4 fpii@i^)p{3(eBivF9$l9iis on/the inanc)^4ixMi its 
lnlw^^i:^i'?W>f«^^iW)foUi>wingipi^^ ::>';* 

jXhe^s^Elpwed^^t^wgrds^^a fjmdy Jpe^ 
great nuinb^ of t^ii^ii^^F^ hdci aflemhfed, aod 
.caii;te (o> a^ ;^|;i^9r ialt.i^ diftpoHe: of a^^ 
yards^ifr^n the fcef^nrvSeivjeralj olnthc ifikndirs 
lV7#p(^O^J]|ri||^!^4i(ipi)a-n^ wiizh thccni'iand 
Omai gEiyf |h^ iiQiunderftand, that. our ife^ 
werjC 4c#rciifusf of tadf^. Socm. after^ tfro^ca- 
noes carne off) and toinfpire the.nativeft wnki"^ 


^uout "of 
K natives, 



,v,AlF«Jt^f*U''Paeillti Ocean, ^^j 

groiitcr C0iificl6ttc6, Mr Gdre and' fiircx^^- 
om ttCph^ t(y ga tuiarined^ atnd «o ttin 'm Ha- 
aand^i^^bdnc^tieajtod well «r UL • -> .'* ^ 

«;Qnsff<m&£h>rsi' &^ MrAndrffoir^ ^^Mriiclh- 
iog attentively the motimtt of (ho'^l^f landed 
MriBorneyt ^uiA m^rielff Hrho^ watt UrtMe'firft 
cantiieyfii^j upon ^eired^^ An iBjiaSef'ttltlk. 
hosld 0^ eacti of u^ '•bfiioii% vwitjb Hdi inteiitibn 
to fvtpfKnt usJni^Utingf oi'ihr t^e M^gbd Mdc, 
to the heacb^ where feyefitl of the- othfetn 7^ 
iiS| hpldiBg the g^eoAf litoi^hs'^ of a' Tpeder n^f 
iM^»^ ioi^ir faoiddsi ^and "t^lutbdtB 'hf JbM- 
ing thoir nofel'io^r«w.f l(lr? ^M^ ie^ Oti^ 
wcto bmMJEpoaei the^iieeood^ ^eahod. » • *- • !<^ 

<,Ji^«Mtat trowd^dekx^ tr^h eag^ink-itfoty 
to kx^ at Us I (and) wolfld> have prev^nt^d - 6lir 
proceednig,rhad not fome^who it^mihi'tb-S^avc 
authoritj^deidt bte!iirs» with little diftteaito: li- 
mongfX^i^i to fcec{h thcim <fff* We- were then 
led up an avjoniia^^cotoa^palms ; aiid foon catfte 
to j^rnnfohir' 4if mien^^ Pranged in twdT roW^^ acttd 
ariixed with- clubi^ whiish they hold -on their 
fhoulderifVmuch in fihe^ame manner a# we reft 
a mi^r^uet. Aft» waikibga littlo w:^ amon|r 
diefe» w«r found ai-pi^n w4io feemed a chiet^ 
&tingp[/Qia<iJi6i|^'t>and: oreMt^^c^i^lbie hhn- 
felf mtkimrfivti o^ trtangol^if«^|Ma^ ' ft^ k 
leaft«|*|||^#iii:oa^f«^4 ii^th t^cdtJlIM han^e 

wert;liige ^^M«di«8 ;c^ vbeai^l li^ 

which p^feoi' kfmnt&k But be had nq oth^r 

iD«rkf.«»^oiBaniettf,; to dl(|iQgui& hl4 frdm 
the reft 0f4he people 1 though they all obeyed 
i N 3 him 

A fhtfUp to ih Pacific Octatu 

^V^MkiktWff<6ax^mtiktf^ H^i^itheriuilunil- 
Wlidi^lM fhiitiiM6*pitt«iii'a Mitm^Yfat not 
m(fi^eblm«$iiitie0| md ifiitt«wl»<e'd«fii^(l tvfa. 

■ W^iifdiii^iiiSKJ^^^'-*' *''^"^-^ Amttv ti^T: •<■ ,- -m 

^^^aibl/Mr^ailii^d r()fe^ aUdl'/#h0fat 
"Miild^ 'MriliHf, iMi'drtllMiietitidi Affile Arft. 

laa^lh)^ tKbi|ir «b tffi^e^te not alove 

#i^ iT I" Ia^cr>^6;^^}r« '^ib^'<%a#'«i^iigii mid 

'leaded' <i^tM-%^ fliilhei«'i^«»tkl ttfrtr iQittting 

1^4 ^ «iiid^£kAi(i'lt1se ailhctffl, >bfi d«fiMd us 

1:MBl id M'^iJi^^^WikiM^^Ht i«iHing 

4li^^kli^'i 2k|^%f^f«l^%t tkeidUMliiee^thir. 

!iy^^^^ i^hk^^'i^^^M^Mtk^^ in 

!%%ii^l^l»^<dlJ^|i«»lbliWc^ Ibwr^tM fe- 

Ml^t^^MliP(P^^H)^ V^NIe^^ their 

;i#flg1fi#bi^|^^%tt^ iiidii Motion | 

feet were ncrt artefti^his «^i5»ttfe cdii^ftcdP«we | 

.. . in| 








as fen 


ther ii 

in vin| 


than 1 

much 4 





only of 




•^ Voyim/f'U thi Fm^ Otean, 


in motinft.lh^ fingers vvrj niviblyy at tlie hfM 
tim»« himMg thwt liands inra proi;c p^lf^n 
tmt ikoirfMM^^aad nbv ai)4flU«a aUb cbpf^g 
them togethMw^v Their joiocwmi'aiid ffopg ,w*i'c 
perfonncd in fuch exa^ concott thyfe it 4liM^ 
icem*dMy htodbotoiaughl wUl^^gjV^ c^ and 
probably tliCftvvtereXel^sUd fortCfa^'CCN^moBy, 
as fewxM thpfe'WhoiM^eiffiw ini^l^ 9row4^f)£ial- 
kd them in^ beautf . 'la f^eneralj . A^ wem fa- 
ther ileut than^ilender^ i*^ J^ick hair ^w|ng 
in ringlett4<i^#n thejie^l^v^kiid oian oliyCrCon^- 
f lexien* Their fesuuires^ ^ei^, «ather . lif iter, 
than ivliat ««e iaUow to porfei^ b^aM$i«S| .^nd 
muchaUke>| <4>ttt tbeiii^yes^ere o(«a deep b]^, 
and (tachreountenance eqi^e^ aj^egi^eeff f Om- 
plaeoncy andmodeftyfi pe^uHar (^ ^ j^sf^in e- 
very purtof^the woripsL^lbut^perimipa n^recon- 
fpicuoiB hei^ wh«t; nat^^preicialiqd 119 nith 
her prodiidlkHU^ in tM: 4ull^ pe>fisi£Upfiy mibi- 
afTed hi fentimenl»iby c^oniy -or ;^l^eftrainod in 
maimer fa^ art*^ ,#Thcir fi^^^ audJin^ba Were c- ^ 
fe^mtijr'ronaed^ Fer* ; as wthejr di;e^ oonfi^eed ^ 
oniy of > |ACce of ,glaz^n clp^^^ft^d, about 
the waift, and fcacce^ reachhfig^ fo jow^ 39 the 
kneesif in nuyiy >we had. ^i^^pport^nity of ,ob. 
>fenring«very part.* TliU dance; .:i|na&^ finiih- 
eidy whe» > we^ ifanardar noi^, aa if ionie. horfes 
had been ^»U^ing^.tpwardi^ \a~\ and on looking 
t^iii weJ^F ^i ^op^ arnifE^d width f^ubs^ who 
had beei^ dcfiredy SIS y^.i&pppf^^^^ cntertam us 
fith the fight ofttheir^maiii^ of fitting. This 
^ih^new^didi one paityrpigCui^^&anot^r who 


1 00 . ,iid( Fo^c fy the ^Pik'ijk Ocian, 

/:>(f A»w^ <iippgfc4 ? itfae c a e mon ^ o£.b«iiig ill-' 
tfl4iwe(iliiMhe3cliief»]ii(ai now at funrOMl, wt ht- 
gMi Wi«Ok jdMulitir Mr^Gore md Onuit r;juidl, 
tJW/ ^ )Clrf Airdi w<iiiUl hardly AiHer ^^.to/ioBOiK, 
Wt4l Iratntli iamid ^them xomitig iif»> m. miMh 
ifl^fSlBooiJ li]rthejpiciplcdtt>iir!6ihiKl lMai»«id 
teo^bKfd in tliiB!>»me maaiiflr'io thcithnee 
f:hjle^ Each of theib expelled irpttifent^' and 
l^stGorftcg^vcithciii iuchf.ithMlgft as ht had 
bmiight/Wtw ^itmsfrom tfl^ jfor^tkat fi^. 
ptfi^ V Ai^ervthg^fnaluigiift om^tain ttfthiaitn- 
WfK<sim> he Mbnncdj^ichiflii flkrttk what in- 
t«ntkin,<afeJiadi]iiiiie.oB flioia^i biit»iagtieiito 
undrHi^BlMl^ilhati bciinulk wlut ttU the^HextJihiy, 
and W9t iMij^oidd ha¥e whal vas wanted. . 
• f J'he9E n<iir Ibemed to taibe £Dtbo^m»ito&- 
par«^Q'ji» 6iNi|fiachiothe||^^Aiid'e«b^ 
h«d hilfe%e(^e circle»^^ fVirmod aiKLl;gaze 
aljliQ^ For my parl» ^ JrajgjXj jfetifaae^ above 

tl|«7«l4o(i tKith whttkn I &» that Lli^aoled to 
(f^ ip^Qinidt^.hei peren^itoJrBvii«i^ my re- 
qnp^i' At >the >ii^iBejtime, I<toiiiidthe« people 
began Hk ite»l ftxcfal trifling things .which 1 had 
in toy, fiAchettc and when I oompbined to the 
iliiel c^ihis treatinent» i he juAified it. From 
thiie firc^nkilajnces, I nom entertAiacd . appre- 
hftm^npy that :they had a defigii 49 detain lis 
amonglft lhein« %Biey did noty indeedt^ieem 
to he'wiim difpofitioii fo faYagei:a» to/iiK^e^us 
anouoiia for the fafety ofour perfons j but klwtiS) 
neves^elefsy vexing to thinky w(: had haatrded 
beini^ detained by their coricMQty. In thisiJSto- 
, ation, 

,,wii tttmh 
xhMt th«ec 
at hft bad 

rUs given to 

jf^'pS us 

d «iMljgaz€ 

tiiDOe* above 

LiFtnied to 

the, people 
ined ta the 
i it. From 
to 4etsun tis 
, tO'tnake^us 

I b«tili?i'^«» 



A Fiyagfti th* Pacifit Qtiftn. loi 

atioity'I'aiked for ibmethingr to mtV 4|yd^th»y 
readily bvou^t me fomt cocpa-miti|''l||iMMl'> 
fruit, andiii^ libvt of fcwif pttddingi mhiA mu 
pDcfoited by a iwoor^. AiMl on nty ^ttl^f^- 
ingmiMh df the beat oocafidnod by lhO'4^row<l> 
the cfaael hknM ooiMlcf(pci;idc4 ^ Hn mifi >M|d 
gave rod^fmiiL piece o^ dotbj;^ ii^4i li(eykid 
roundiliiMP»ift^- .>i>^'ix;:fpnf:j;ii^^jj;^^j ,. .i.viJ* 

f B8r Biiniey iia|p^ingi|oiconieA04^pI|I(e 
wbere I wa^i I^itefito»i^liediriy4i^<^a%ljjl|^ 
andi to^.^Oi ihe,toft| %MlMr tlM^ <^^ 

wdU fbiiQdcdi'^rattoiaptedtio git l|^ tte'b«i4u 
But- we «cr« ftq^i^hvii >iibo9t<|lfM»%^^ 
fooiie meD|»^lUiJt<fli^ iH^ithati m^^^ietlfk^ tw&k 
to th^ t j^m ^ bad/lefe %f >do9iiiig- ttfti^ 
fount! On»sQ<fm/Biftiim)»^:«brf^^ 
fions. Biitiio iMwI^at be!£m«ie4 iif KrtdHJiWP 
al reaibn 'Ibr} beiog »frj4di^> Jbr }|ieir^M «|)il^^ 
ved, tlyat tbef) had chi^ 4 hoie igi>;t%e gp^||d 
for all pfieii||:i|4fic&tl)ierx^f^ 119^ llnKtin||,#fid 

heci«Mv«iigmQ0othter(^M^^^f(Sr Ui^ tlMiln 
that they: mamiUi^tsa^fit^m t»^^ li pi^«- 
tiH bf the^liatklt of Keif«jtc2]^'' N^t ? 
went fo far jm' Jo aife them ^ MlllWI a 
which they wore (^^tiytljt<prifed,;a&^ 
torn^ whtother: i^t ^nras a aifto^ftipit^' |ii r lifr 
Bvroeyiaiid jL^weiv rather cabgryt^ttltir' imiix 
be thus^lufpedM by4)iWif^ ih^ro ltfNriiMj«|^<^ 
beeil tioi^^aeamicei^ iRcthisir '!!tincMCt %iiinu^s 
us, of theirlbetii^i^blib ei^w^ h^^Mff^y 

< In this jmnner «o>^»<ere detaitied^tb#||fOii« 
eft}pkn^of^)4ayi heme! fometimeg? tc^|8^er, 
and ibnhetiines Separated ;%at alwayiin ^ towd $ 



i02 A Voy0% the I^0ftkeim, 

]^uriiti# ofadmiratW.. ■ jkiihthmcilt^ti they 
IJCH^^ ^ ahdjj 2^ 1^> 4:^ of tlietti 'pitched a 
' * ^ » ^j^^ iTOi was reb^$i<ml^d to the 

;^ hi; air MpB&yf ^ <^n 
~ *wom^^ fide,, inite ^fflM maii- 




iteiti I 
ikh th«r ^ad ^€|)^ed, and hesrti^ ieie^ved 
ll^^4ppt^<> p^^&#^^^ but 

I'x iTfi- 

po^ : I 


of coraI| 
again j '^ 

cd fbm^ 


wrong in 


to fbrsm^i 


^ng thcni 

' Findii 

better trifa 


ftould hav 
after w? ha 
prepared ft 

ftool of afc^ 
and dir^^ 


iii^ tjie 

ilched a 

;rifii>ttS in 







arrived) fouiid^ourfelyes \^tched by peopl^^ wba 
feeioied to H^ye bi:eiij)la^t^ thdre &ribat I^r- 
pof^: £>r) ^^^^ 1^,^ W ¥^de ill up^ die 
re^ &hei^yi^t&iiiH^ clotMis, imi 

dragge<X me back. '' 1 picked tip fome HnsS pl^^p$> 
of cora;!, which they remilred trie to thrdw dowi^ 

again ; "^liii^ ^ri W t'^j^^x i^7 ri?s4ein<> i^ijiple 
to takjK tllem j^rcibiy frorii nie. * Ihad gather- 
ed fom^ rmill:^ah|:sj^ htit jchpfc s^lfo I could not 
be perinif tii^ i;o Jt^^ii s and they iDdok a'^in ^n^ •. 
Mi|Burj^yi W|kich hk kkd recT^ii^cd ap a prefe/ti^:' 
ontcoiriing* J^bjfei ;i^^ laid^^ ^e had doniJi, 
wrong in taiQ|j^ .^lii^ fai^^ foi* it jvtfjsk' itoC^f 

the cui^pm^1i^<do 1^1^ <^ti^)d|lJ| 

to ftrangenli^^^ J^n ':!ihey 1i^, hi tonie nieai^ir^i 
naturalize^ tf^' W ; thie <WuiM W by eirt^hftaii^ 
ing thcitti^Jith j^ti^i^tty twci^w 4?^t^e' ,! t> v- 

< Finding chat tt^'KCjIity aietliod of p^(^i&ln|^* 
better tr€^inent w^ td yield jrhpltdt obedi^d 
to thear wiil,'>vfi WiSh| vp agahi to ^b^ |4^ ?>% i 
had lel^ i zni " i^ey inow; ipromiredj) that ^' 
fhould hiivt a can0^ tO'ciuiFy ti8'(^0 €^^ 
after w^ had eaten olf ^ i'fi|^^ '^^ch'Jda^^b^^ 
preparei'for;iis.,r", ^, '.' .. ■"• ■ ,\ ., .,.rj '. 1-jV 

* Acc^rding^y^ t^^ iV:ond c^ief bd^re-kit 
tloned> havuAg ^ted hiipaielf upon a Idw hri 
ftoolof bla^kilh Kard wood) tblerably.pSfiihed^ 
and dir^^iting tl^\ multitiide to malie a pretty 
large rin^, ttia^f^ Usui c^own by hiia. A confi- 
derable n^^u^ii^ of cocoa-nuts' were now br^uglity 
and| Jhdrtly a^r^ai long| grefn bkiket, wi|t!l nfio^, 
6cie6ti]^ahtiry olMk#d ptan^aihs to hay<^ iq^ved 
I adpzeiv^HbiUH 'i^ 6|^the youi>ghiQig Upap 



A Vvjagd to the, Pmfo Qc^, 

bad J)een dreffsd^ m9» then fct bdfore ci^ch of 
1^1 ' of wikh wc wetc dcfircd to c»t. Onr ap- 
pBtitn Jiowever» Jiad failed, from the fttigji^e 
o^tbe day (. and thcw^h ite did eat a litUe to 
^eale tbianyit was indthoat fatUfa£UQifi.U( 9jar- 

'« It tjciag npw nes^r Tun-fef,, vc tqld thpm it 

. was tioae to go on board* This they aUoififed } 

and< ftnt doesm to the be^ich, the remain^ of 

the^ Yi^U that had been fii'diM* to ^ psm^d 

wsfchifis to the ibip* , W«£oMfi4$.,cfnof r^y 

to put OS oixto9)DrbQat9» whichxhe ni^iyisikdid 
9nm theiaine cui^iprt ^ wh^«.ifire|9V»dcd«, /jiyey 
put us pii board di« boa|^, iritb. ^^co^i^a-ivts, 
plantains^ and p^or |(rovifions> whiqh tliey ^d 
bKOim^;},>ai|d ^ rowed to^^ the ftdl»s, If Wjrell 
pleafedthai^lwe, ^ UA hadj^r^ of ,^^ Jn^ 
o£our.tsQuh^{^e,flW$(Bf9*V/r . 

lite ri^Mn^.fitoittfon.of ihef^ 
gitee them ver^ lUtle .oppo^nity of^obi^^ 
the country : for ^ey wffre feldoai » ^Ul|^ 
y9)c«|B^lroin.the place wherediey had bc^^o<- 
duood to the cbie&, aadconftquoilty lyierecQn- 
fined to the/wcrounding obje£b* .Tlierj^ft thing 
that attrn^ th^ notke w4> thi^ ni«inber of 
peoi Ic^ winch muft have been «atjeaft two jthov-^ 
filbcL. IqBcept a £ew, thofe who had cptn^.on 
beafd the ihips were all of an : inferior i^fi i for 
a^prcat lumber of thofe Ihat our gjsml^i^ me^ { 
n^ :0b fboKr had n Aquedor. <Mpiyu ^4^ 
meanoifr^and thdr complexion wa^^ipui^hii^nit- 
e#. &«ener3l» they had their hi»r^w!Mfb was j 
lQ»g^i^black,\ied, on the ci^owil of.lhiyicad. 

old n 


oufly 1 

tji^ V 





thers ar 



a pieced 
W hci^'h 
after Hitf 

<^hfef ir^ 


e cfich of 



idPpyt^g to the Ftic^c Ocean, 1tt)5 

Mtirt J of t^B' y«J"/»g i^ieh Were y<iffeift inodcls 
ill fHkpe,^ aifttf of a cleKcatcr ^omt>fe?Hb1ft.^ Th^ 
old itteAw^ire, ntatrjr 6f tHfcm 6bi-iiiflint;: i^<i 
they," ai well ^^ thfejrdurig, hid a'remaife^le 
fmdotlihefs of ikin. Their general drefs tbft.- 
lifted of a piece of cloth wrapped abpuj t^C 
waiA, biit {'pttiz jiiad pieces of ttiats^'iiiOft curl- 
oiiflt^ v^riegjited Mth b(ack and ifeKltei Tptnted 
into i'kiiidofjaipket AvlthotA lleBci^J While'd* 
thdrt W6fe cdtiic^l eaps^ade^pf t!ic cOrfe' of' a 
ectoa-iiiit, intel^i^o\^eii iv^ith.bbdsv Iti tkefr ears, 
which Were p?ei*ted, thtf Mi\^' pi^cfe^ .of »the 
mtsmbrarife(^^ {iart btfottte'tilte bi^itiJcii AifcM 
forttidddrffei^du^^fliafwef; ^^ Tft6 thiefs/a^hd^ther 
p(*foris-bf 'liiti^, chfidWb^ttl^ Ijkllki ' w!^ 
MirtdlHelf tel^^^Wifti ^all'c#t^^^^Rfed^ 
thcrs are here confided' ^s^'i'^^i^fiK^r^ felt 

bfdifHii<fHprii'fo^'h8ii^»ikit^tiieefilee; ak&^hc 
yBtAig vibrAitri Wl*6 ddi(ifed,'kifiin[iedthei«! ' SdilW 
df^hc men i^cH^ puhl^uifcid' all^ove^ thfe* Ijtfti 
Wbadci* iftd fowSe df^ffe ^^rwii^had^tHe'^iht 
brnarhehl: (if Jt 'dfeftifv«"that hamc^' bn^ tfteir 
kgii ^TheeMefiyt«r6ft^hhaid their liab* c*bp- 
jied (htirtv ai^ Maftjr of iifteih 4ti^<jdt' afH ovfcr 
thii ibr« part 6f M^bbdV !rt oblique Ihife^/-' The 
wife'ofa' ciWtf ^peai'erf'witli heHthjJft/ laid in 
ipiecebf i^ ddth^^hic1\ had bedn prcrertWd 
ttf hei^' hufbattdt' ftte fuckWd the inf^t thoeh 
after thd (tt^Je mirtrt«^*bf 6ur trbmenr. • ■ Anotlio^ 
fchfef it^W^6t!hit(cd hJ#t3alt)B(htfci*, % 

H ,> 4e»6' dM>jrV^%^ tithtr feXf CflK3ep*«a imt 
v%. I O individuals 

fi^ A J^gfMfkc Pacific OceatU 

HHlll'Idii^Uh.who had fears o^ brpad, ulcers^ ,|^ 
ixi$4?7i9>g on ^t^ic face and other parts« ^, 

7 ^.^ny, of; the natives were, armed with fpc^^ 
^pdcli^^. latter pf which were generally z- 
^imt fix feet longi made of a hard black wood, 
neatly poliihed. The fpears were formed of the 
lame wood, fimply pointed, and were in general 
twelve fc;et long; but fome were fo fhort as to 
leem intended for darts; 

They preferved their canoes from the fun un- 
deir the fhade ot various trees. Our gentlemen 
faw eight or ten of them, all double ojies i that 
1% two fingle ones faftened together by rafters 
iaflbed acrois. They were about four feet deep, 
«iid in length about twenty feet^ and the fides 
inrere rounded with a plank raifed upon (hem. 
'Two of thefe candes were curioufly flained all 
l>ver with bl^cl^,, i|i) inumerable fmall figures, 
9& triangles, Jqu;^'es>, (5^^* and were farfuperior 
to any thing of the l^d Mr Anderfon had ever 
'feen at any other iJlUuidv in the Soufih Sea. The 
paddlest were alou^ft elUptical» and about four 

..Moft of the trees oWerved by Mr Anderfon, 
were£Qco»<fialmiS, ^ome fpecies oihibi/cus, a fort 
of euph^ia, and many of the f^me kind he had 
feen at lylangeea*. The latter are tall and ilen- 
dor, refcmaling a cyprefe } and are called by the 
natives «/0a. He alfo faw a fpecies of cowuolvu' 
/itf, and. fome treacle-mufls^rd ; befides whi^b, 
there ^ doiibtlefl^ other plants and &uit-trees 
which' h»\ had nt)t an opportunity of feeing. 
1^ ioiiii towards jthefeai is |\<;>tj^g more than a 

"... ■'■■'■;. ^'-V^' ■ .. ' bank 

ccrs X^ 

■ ..''!- 

K fpeW5 

lerally ?- 
n general 
lort as to 

AC fun un- 
>jies*, that 
by rafters 
^ feet deep, 
[ the fides 
pon them, 
ftained all 
all figures, 
on had ever 
Sea. The 
about four 

^j/c«j, afort 
cind he had 
ill and ficn- 
of convohu" 
fides whiqb, 
id Mt-trecs 
y of feeing' 


ATeytagi'toihePati/teOeeam i&f 

bainkof coral, generally fteej^^d fagged, i^leh 
though it has profbably been tot tramy ctoturifit 
expoied to th<: wdath)er, hasfuffered liafbrther 
change than becoming black on its (tirface. The 
reef or rock, With which the (hore is lined, rutli 
to different breadths inUb thfc fca, t^herc it re- 
ibmbles a high' ^tcp "^Hl : it is' bf a brown^ 
colour^ aiid neai-Iy eVenWith thie'ftirfaceof the 
water; and though its tekti^i^i^hkther'j^roiisi 
it is capable df withil^ndingthirwialhin^' 6f ^t^ 
fUrf Wtiith irdriftantlf br^kfe ujbn b * ' 

Though the ikiidintf '6# owi^^nnletheti nh^ 
the ineikiis of ehrlchi^-'the^^ 1^^^ ^ ^ 
vofi^ with th^ ]^^ai^g|>tiil!iculs^, th^ pt^i 
cij^ (%^ln vle#>^$']^lj^'in^tti{i^ 
we'&a^^ifroei^a athy'^hhi^^rtfiy^iHttiolfiill 

It ^^ mehtibt)bd;''th^ 0M>^ iim\ip6fk 

tUfe <^p«fditi6tfV ' 4<** l^>'*«^{*s^^'^'^ ^'**$^^ 
Got-if 4 iiiterprttfr.'lj^ iKSt thfe ibta^ ftTvice^ M 
performed thiis day; Re ^i aiiil by thr lifc 
tivCi k*^eat diiny qii^i8hs^(f<yhtterhlhg 0^ 
pie, our fh|ps, our country, and tli Ibrt of 
i^ms wi^ uffea : andj 4^dfdihg ' to' the a<?cdunt 
ht gave to Cdptaih Cook^ hi» sinfrtriers were not 
a little upon the mstfvelldiis. Ottrcbuntry, he 
told theth, had fhips as large as their iflahd; on 
board Which' were hiftruments of war (defcrib- 
ing our g^s) of fuch dimenfions, that fevcral 
jpeopilc nilght fit Witbtn them ; and that' tone of 
thetri wte fhfficito to criifh the whole iflattd at 
^neflidt. This lisd them'tb afk what fort of 
g^ttii we^ on bb^^d C«ptain Cook's fhips; He 

O^ faid, 


^ V^^i^Miihe P^nsf/k Ooah. 

iiitdjif %hat thougb tihej a^crt but fmaU in donipii* 
(ito with tfegje he had defcribed, y«t, wttli 
Infih as fthey werci^' tKcy could, 'Wich the great>- 
^ ciife> and at tk« diftance the fhips were from 
Dbftrihoref deiVr^ the iiland, and kiU every 
. iM in it. They then inquired hj what means 
^is cfmld he done^ and Omai explained it as 
well as he ceNiId^ He happened luckily Jto have 
9 few cartridges in his pocketb Thefe he pro- 
duced I the IxkUsy ^d the gun*powder ^at was 
to fet them In motion^ were fubmitted to in- 
^m^lica} (: ind^to fup^lj the defe% df his de- 
^nptli»i»' aorsippeal was xnade to the Anfes of 
Uie fpe^tors. vThe nuidtitiide had been form- 
edy as be^Diyc mentionedy into a cirde*^ Tbis 
lorntftLed Qma* with a convenient ibkgc for hki 
exhibition* In the centre of this, the fni»M 
quantitydf gim^powdereolle^^ &HHn his c^r- 
lildges^ was {^'cip^riy dAfpoled ufk>n the ground, 
aiEHdiet oo i^ by ft pleceipf biiffiisg.9f!Q9dfrc2zn 
^ oven. ' The fndden blaft*, and'lsi^ report, 
the minted flame and fmoke,"tlrat inihmtiy 
&cce^d, filled the whole afiembly with afto- 
nifliment. They no longer doubted the -trc- 
n»nduons powcrof our weapons, and gave full 
credit to a^l that Omai had iaidac 

If it had not been for the terrible idea they 
conceived of the fliijps guns, from the ^cimcn 
ef their mode of operation, k w*as thought they 
^jmonld have detained the gentlemen all nighf. 
For Gmai aflured them, that if he and his coni- 
panionS^did not return on board the fame* dayi 
they might cxpeft that the Captain^ would fire 



A Voyage to the Bae^ Ocecw. th^^ 

X fro«i 
I every 
, means 

d it «8 

to have 
he pro* 

I to Jn- 

his dc- 

ilfifes of 


|C^r hj« 

He fm»W 

.h» cftr- 


_ report, 
\\th afto- 
thc tre- 
I gave full 

ttpon the ifland. And, as the -flups ftoad ki 
nearer the land in the evening, than they, had 
done any time before, of which they were obfer* 
ved to take great notice, they probably thought 
that thisibrmidable attack was meditating^ and 
therefore they fuffered their gueils to depart ; 
' in the expe^ation, however, of feeing them a- 
gain on ihore next morning. But Captain Cook 
was too fenlible of the riik they had already run, 
to think of repeating the experimenti* 
ii This iflaiid, though never before vifited by 
Buropeans, had a<Shially other ftisangers refiding 
in it. Omai, when he landed with Mr Gore, 
fgund amongft the crowd, three of his own 
countrymen, natives of the Society Iflands. At 
the diftance of about 200 leagues frOm thofe 
iflands, an immenfe unknown ocean interveU'* 
ing, with fuch wretched fea^boats as their inha^K 
bitants are known to make ufe of, and fiit only 
for a pafiage where fight of land is fcarcely e»ey 
loiir, fuch a meeting, at fuch a place, €0 acci» 
dcntly vifited by Captain Cook*» people, ma;|^ 
well be looked upOn as one of thofe unexpe£l;ed 
fituations, whh^ which the . writers of feigned 
adventures love to furprife their readers, and 
which when they really happen in coipmon life^ 
deferve to be recorded for their fingularity. 

It may be imagined, with what furprife and 
fatisfadion Omai and his countrymen .en gaged 
in converfation. Their ftory isvery aJS^^ting. 
Twenty perfons of both fexes, had embarked cm 
board a canoe &t Otabeite, tO.crofs over to the 
{Neighbouring iiland Ulietea. A violent con<*- 
; ' O 3 ' trary 

ito A f^cyage to the Pacific. (ktHiit. 

tuiy Wind artfing^ they could ndtker reach 'the 
Immii JiQCigot \mk' to the formeir. > Their ^iiD^ 
tciMlQd>pa£gc^ being ayery.lhbFt obc^ their 
ftcM^i^f pisQviiions was . icantf^. and fooni ok* 
h^ffJM., :liTh«^hardflups:rhe3ri fufiered^ white 
d^VQR by the ftorm they kncMr not whither^ are 
nut -to he rconceivedt ; vThey pafled many days 
mSt^MMCt any thirfg to eat or drink. Worn out 
byt (GamipB^ apdia,tigue»i stheir numbers gradually 
<umi|aiO)Usl« iiifoiur^nienrondiyiurvived^ w the 
cande overfet; and then^the perdkionvof thefe 
fcetned iinevitablo. > ^However,^ they kept barig- 
ingihyf its fidc^t during fome o£ ithe lai^ days, till 
Providence brcwg^t: thetxi in ttight -ot the people 
of^.thi«-«fland> wholinunedisifiely fent out canoes, 
andibixmghii ttheinr!aihoit.ii .>Of the four tthus 
favfC^ )Oxle wa» finse dead^ ^The; other thuee, 
v(^ lived! 10 give!/?thia account of ixtheirj nhnofV 
^niitraiculous. tiiaa^ntation> ^fpoke highly ^t the 
yad^ treMment. dieyvhene met with;; tod they 
jlrcrcfo weU^itisfied withlheir prefem iitua- 
tioi^ ^att theyirefoicdothe oSkr made to them 
al>j(>oa«i'9 i(idqueftro^^^vlng them atpafiage to 
thfinnafcive; iflaads. ^Theihnilarity of imasmers 
a|iilfjhui|)i9ag&'had ;more than natfucaiized them 
toi 1^^ ipoit% nidw'thefrefh connections they had 
hettjtam^ .and ^which it would^ kive been 
pfttnfbl to h»¥e broken t>£F> after fuch a length 
o£ jthne» iy&iieiKly acpount foi^r thift tefufal. 
Thej had aiartved ^ upon this ifland ajfc rle^ft 
twdvfryear».agoi>dj .,:;,'...■.' 

v#\rhe7hin(dnlg,V fays^Captain Cook, « of ouir 
gattlanoi on this iilandy' cannot but be confix 




Jedge s 


tive is ( 

than a 


and in j 

Sea» m 


nent or 




thod'Qif I 



ligious c< 


it is incjjii 



5, tlicir 
on> OK* 
(, whilo 
letf are 
ny idays 
'"orn out 
f hen the 
of thcfe 

;pt baiig- 
^gX" tbnee J 

fcni fitua- 

_ imaiWiers 
ized them 
U they had 

hiivB been 
Ih a length 

Id alt .leaCt 

« 06 OUT 

It be confix 

yf Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 111* 

dereti as ia Veryvfortunate ciraimilaiiee. >Ic iKas 
proved tl^e means of thus bringing tOi>uv kno«r* 
ledgei a fya^ not^nly very cnrious^jbut verf i»- 
ftrudtivcii The application of thei above fiarra« 
tive is obviouvw It will ferve to expiiin> better 
than a thoofand conje^hiresi of fpectflative'tsa^ 
Toners, how the detached parts' ofi the^ earthy 
and in particular, how the ifi^nds of che S^onth^ 
Sea» may have been> firft peoplell |: e%ecia£liy 
thoje'thatvlie remote ^from^ any^ inhabited CimiK 
nenVorifrbmeachjOthcr/ui; .u:-a. i,ri::yj/>,^ u:>.}<- 

According to Omai's itcouiit'oC"^wfatenh^ 
learned in conva^fation with his three country** 
men, the ^manners )f thofe iflahders^ theirme- 
thodiof treating ilrangers, and theis? 'general <ha- 
bits'of iife^ are miich like thoie 'that prevail st 
Qtaheite^and its i neighbouring; iAes.^' ^flheii^'re* 
ligious ceremonies and opinions* are Mib>n^surly 
the t fame. ; ikom< every circumitance^' ihdeed, 
it is indubitable, that the natives of' : Watetoa 
fprang cnriginally, fi^om the fame IVockj which 
has fpnrcad 'itfelf fb wonderfully all over the im« 
menfe extent of the South^^Sesi.iOne would 
fuppo^ ihoiwever, that they put libt theiv^ claim 
tea more illuftrious'extra^on ^for 0vnai>faid» 
that they dignified theii* ifland'\<ntk the^api^l*; 
lation oiWenooa no te Eatooa, that,ts,va'iatod^of 
gods) ^fteemiAg! themfelves i fort of ^ divinities^: 
and pofleiled' with the fpirit^ of Esitooa* ' This' 
wiki enthufiaftk notion Oqiai Teemed much td 
approve of : obTcrving, that there were in{^aii«> 
ces oft its being entertained at Otahdite v but 
I that it was univerfally prevalent among the 

^ V'' inhabitants 

Tia -^ Voyagi to tht Pacific Oeeen. 

' *•■■■■■■ 

mliabitants of Mataia> or. Oihabnrgh ifland. 
Qmai, and our two New-Zealanders perfectly 
underftood their language, which was pretty 
much the fame as at the other iilands. Any 
peculiarities in it cannot be pointed out, as the 
Memorandum Book, in which Mr Anderfon 
had [nit down a fpecimen of it was iVolen by the 
natives. > 

V Having failed in procuring any fupplies of 
confequencc in Watecoo, and the eafterly fwell 
having carried, the (hips to fome diflancc from 
the ifland, on the night of the 3d of April} early 
next morning Captain Cook fleered for the iflatid 
which he had diicovered three days before. 

About ten o'clock next morning they got up 
to it, and Mr Gore was immediately djfpaichcd 
with' two boats, to look out a landing place, and 
prociire provender for the cattle. Though a 
reef furrounded the land here, is at WaUeoo^ 
and a rtmfiderablc furf broke againi^ the rocks, 
our boats no fooner reached the weft iide of the 
tiland but they ventured in, and Mr Gore and 
his attendants arrived fafe on ihore. Captain 
Cook feeing they had fo far Aicceeded, fcnt a 
fmall boat to know if further afliftance was rc- 
quked. She waited to take in a lading of the 
produce of the ifland, and did not return till 
three o'clock in the afternoon r being cleared, 
fhe was f nt again for another cargo \ the Jolly 
boat was alfo difpatched upon the fame bufinfeft* 
with orders for Mr Gore to return with the 
boats before night, which orders were punftu- 
atty obferved. 

■ The 


dred 4 




from / 


and th( 

pofcd I 



there, iC 

grejit qi 

T|iere n 

a fcw> 


catoi by 
landed m 

A bea 


, a fmali {A 

^ome eggf 

One o] 

opa trecl 

Hing afpel 

fccn. h ■ 


ptiier /b 

A f^cytgi to thi Pacific Oeiafh 


1 iiland. 
'as pretty 
ds. Any 
ut, a* the 
lien by the 

applies of 
Icrly iwell 
tance from 
\pril yearly 
hey got up 
r difpaichcd 
r place, and 
"Though a 
at WaUeoOy 
\ the rocks, 
a fide of the 
Ir Gore and 
'c. Captain 
jdcd, fcnt a 
ancc was re- 
idiiig of the 
return till 
ing cleared, 
TO-, the Jolly 
ame bufmfeft* 
irn with the 
•were punftu- 


The fupply obtained here was about two hun- 
dred cocos^nuts for ourfelves, and for our cattle 
foine grafs, and a quantity of the leaves and 
branches of young cocoa*trec8, andthepandaaut* 

This ifland lies about three or four leagues 
from WaieeoOi the inhabitants of which call it 
Otakfotaut. It is in the latitude of 1 5^^^ 15' feuth 
and the longitude of 201^ 37' eafV, and is fup^ 
pofed not to exceed thrt-e miles in circuk. 

Tihis iibnd as entirely de(Vitute of watcifr 
Coc6a-pAnii were the only comnion trees found 
thQfe,!of which there were fcveral clttileits» and 
great qunmities of the nubamt^ or pmndtmuM. 
There were aHb thtf eattopbitimm^ /uria/u, wi/Ai 
a few other ihrubs i alfo a ibrt of Inn^-^imcit 
treack»mu/iardy a fpecies o£ J^rgt^ and the mot^ 
mAl :»tf^9im ; the A*ttit oi wktchli' fometiaies 
eaten by the natives of Otaheite. Oasai^twho^ 
landed wHh the party, dreiled ifMne of «t for 
tkeir dinncfy but they thought it ver^ndi^lereiils» 

A beautiftll tuckoo, of a chefnut brown, va«» 
negated with black, was the only bird (een a^ 
mongd the trees ; but, upon the ihore, wer6 
I fmall fort of curlew, li^ue and wiiite herons, 
fome egg>birds« and great numbers of'Qoddie& 

One of the coilipany caught a lizard runnin|; 
I up a tree ; though Anall, it had a mofl forbid-^ 
ding afpe^. Many of another fort were alfo 
fcen. Infinite numbers of a kind of moth, e^ 
legantly fpeckled with black, white and red, 
frequented the buihes towards the fee. Some 
[other forts of moths and pretty butterflies were 



A Voytigtto the Paeifie Oeean, 

* ^''A't thii time there were no fixed inhabittnU 
jkpon the ifland \ but we difcovered a few emp- 
tf huts, which convinced us of its being, at 
leaft, occafionally viiited. Monuments, coniift- 
ing of feveral large ftones, iftrere alfo ere£led un- 
der'/ the (hade of feme trees : there were alfo 
i|>ine fmaller ones, with which feveral places 
^eit Shcidfed, where we fuppofed th^ir dead 
h^ been buried. We found in one placeaereat 
rUMi^ 'cock|e-(hdls,^ of a particular f(Ht, finely 
grdoVed, and larger thiinthie ^ I from which 
at w^ t6njd!hired,:that the ifland had been viiit- 
ed^peHbns who forndtinies feed on fl\dl 0ih« 
ttk^'Gtf^ ii^fbme hails and a hatchet fai one of 

fik^ huf^;f ^ ih^'uib cir kihofe ifhp i^ght vint 


W(^ I^t$'lc^'g1ibm^ b/ Wf a- 

gUlUf lo|M iibr^wsii^;>efoWh^g to try Olir 1^- 
t^^c^lV^ir^i^i iKlana; #hUh v^ diicov^d 
fej^tk]^i^iCro^ ill f j^^,diirteg lUiiliiVvOTige. 

^^^^ ^B^^^^^^^^^^^-^^''^^ the ihorn- 
lng^^t%^(^ti^ it the ^ij^nce ol* abdiit three 
Icf^gui^: Weatypro':iched it, abbut eight o'clock, 
ind dbftr^ctf Yev^rar dahc^ cOming -frbm the 
ihJoW/toWirdSthefhihs. Ww^c rather fur- 
prifcd at this circiimfiahce, ds iio tcice^ or figns 
of ihnabitants were feen whi^n the Ifland was 
" firft difcovered r'thi^y indeed, might be owing 
to a briik ^ind that then blew, imd prevented 
their cahoes Veiltui'iiig out. 

Advahcihg fliill towards the ifland, * flx ok ^fe- 

venxloubie canoes immediately came |l)^r us, 

witkiirbm' three to fix men in each of them. 

■ , At: 


■ m 

'idei^but they couU nJ £? • *■ ""?« »'«'«- 

■^iM-viou, dM Kdi^e rdV^"'^ *«*""'? 
"». or to treat u, well ^ ''"'pofition to truA 

fomeoara outofthenlfrl? ^.'"^'""P*''' '° «"! 

-nan for cnd^^:^^'^:^^:}, "^ «^"* 
alft cut away a net confoi^ir ' """"• They 
over the ftern o" that ft- ^ ?''*' ''^'^k hung 

'0 purchafe it 4m Thenf ^^r' ^""'*'^ ^ 
bout the Refolution h^K ■ 1^°^* *''<' "'ewa- 
ly and dari„g7fo°"' "^ ^^^'i '''"/"y '«'"'>^<'<^ 
of a long fticic .^ ot^k f^^ °' '""'^ "''•^'^ 

longing to one o/'^„r^-«/«''f ^#ock,bo: 

ttey bad a knowledge o^?«' ^ 'PP'S^J *at 
changed fomcfiflj7«;°^^^ 

of which thiy weret^^ ""f -'?^l "^ 
called them W toi4'7?''?eaptl7 W, a^ 

Aer triflingi^. ,^^«/ P^per »• »yT 
'hey caught with the or^n'^^? *° «^em. 
what was thrown fell iS / "^'J^ '''"*' ^ 
diajely ph.„ged i Jo S*'^i'='i t%iW«. 

»^ feeSri^,^-^™ #e^^^ rfla„4 
"'■^greatly from ea,?o^h?'' <!^', "''"''itants 

' ^ Their 

Vi6 ^ P'd^age to tht Pacific Oc^n, 

Thcfr ftift-Va^lbiig anil' feMicfei ekhei* hanging 
k>of6 about 'thdf^fliOuM^r*, or Hcd' iif^* bdAch 
dh tbte \6f%i tfieyh^adJ «bme're#«,' in^feted, 
h^ditf ti^bppe^d ihbrtj' aiid, itt twa 5r Ihrcd'of 
thfem, it^was 6f attd'or browtiifh ebldut. f*«*ir 
doathing^ 'w^s a iiJ^o^ jbiede of init, bomui'ie- 
veraltimes round the lower |)artof^the 4!»ody, 
and pafflng brtwiert the thighs; We faw^'fine 
cap of red*feattifers lyittg itt otiie of ttife dtfffbes, 
and {mTi6 among ths^m Waf^^^WiaiWented with 
the flieH of a pfe^toyftcr^' pbllfted and bong 
about-"th6 ritfdt.'''' ' • v-^W' n-;>-ff^^ -::^^:*j n. 

The fi^o^e bf <>r*iaftifefit fe |>n^ateirt annong 
the natiteS'bf tUb'tSee^^, of jnin^cring or ta- 
toofft^thd* bddtes^ tiot Otie df them had adop- 
ted 5 biit^hotl^h,'th«y Were firigular^ih: this re- 
fpeft, thfcir 4)c^of' the fame JeomittOli haoc- is 
riot to l#^dotrbted-. Their language moi-i re- 
fembted t}x6"^\e^' erf *0taWeifefth^< that t)f 
Mailgeesl otf Watt^ocy. 'Lifee the natives of thofe 
iflandu thdyen^ult-^d from whence we cime, 
whithefiboui^dv the Ihips banie,''thd?^mc' of 
dwrchiffi %i4d%Ke liamber of i^eii'>«ti l>oard. 
StKh <pJiel\!ioi^5i^ W« ptoi[K>fed>to theBfnr^ ^y 
very tcaUHy an^?efedv Thd^jf^; in^oriAed uj, a- 
mong other things, that ^hey^ had befiqrefeen 
two l^t^isi ll^ip.<<, likb oCirs, bttt hi^ noiripoken 
to them as they pa£^ Tiie% t^ete^'?doubt- 
kfs, the* Refolution and AdttntarCiKfi^iwy 
acquainted us ih»t tto& iKime cf- tbcir ifljifiii 
was Terouggemou Atooa 5"i alid'dikqvfMfc^ i 4h4t 

they were fubjq^ to > l\»nrato«csiv«£l^l^ ^^1 

Wateeoo. *' .» : r f 

/ ' ■'• , Their I 

Their ibod, they faid, coniifted of codosNnuts, 
aOii and turtk i being dcftitute of dogs .and 
hags, and the iiland not producing bread4fruit 
OF plantainsi Their canoes (near thirty of which 
appeared one time in iight) are tolerably large, 
and w^l buik, and bear ioine refemblance to 
thofe of Wateeoo. • , 

We drew near tO' the' north^weft part of the 
ifland about one o'clock* This feeimed to be 
the only part where we could expetSt to find an- 
chorage^ or a landing<i>place £or our boats. Cap- 
tein Cook imipediately diipatched Lieutenant 
l^ing, with two armed boats, to found aad re* 
connokre the coail. The boats were no fooner 
hoiiied out, 'than our new vititors fuipended 
their traflic with us#r puihing ifor fliore as faft 
as ^p<^blc^ < and caniev no more ; nesr us» 

The boats returned lit t hijee 4>*clock, and ^Mr 
King inforn^^d Captain Cook, that he xould 
find no anchorage for the ihips; and that the 
boats couldadvance no f^»rther than the outer 
cilge erf the rctf^ which was almoil a quarter of 
amik ft^m theory Jaod« That a numbt^r of 
tke natives came upon the reef, arnted with 
dubs and long pikes, meaning,, as he fuppofed, 
to Oppofe lus landing.} though, at the fame 
time, they threw cocoa-nuts to our people, and 
requetfled them to cbfne onfherej and, not- 
with^uiding i;his ieeming friendly treatment, 
the women were very aiSlive in bringing doum a 
irdh lupf^y of darts and fpeais. 

Qiptaiik Cook coniidered that, -aa we cotdd 
not bring the ihips to. an. anchor, the Rttempt 

Vol. I. P to 

r8 'A Voyage tathe Pacifa^ Ocean... 

^^ytXitvm^rTSt' vheib^. irnqtldi be tkttf3ftde4 With 

aD^the iflttnds a£Un? oxnrf leatmiMlL Nown^eftlKad, 
^slihdiiittkigv from variety^>o£^iraroutaAanQ(i(s,.b^i»i 
'^iJaVMdably' retardiisd m oumpc^d&^^vit livas rin 
^aih t6 th^ik of d«>idg aiiy>itbingi<thi»fye£HP^iin 
^he high' tathudes of the ucMtthsm hiemirptec, 

^Wa!»7 tJ^H che^ feafoni ifos? our. operations iihti^. 
'*#hU&' fisajated, it wasf urceflary to vpu^fue; libch 
meafures as 'appeared; belbft^ioalatfid. to pref<?rve 
our^^&tti^ky aiid ^ve )thv ih>res ancipfeivUioiis of 
thi fhips*, the better to enable iiiSilo jirofecute 
our Aomhern^difcoveries, which codid ikOf^ qo^ 
commence till a year later tbanriwas int«Ekdcd<' 

' If wd could fortunately have! procured f»;fup- 
ply of water and grafs, at- any of xht iilands we 
had lately viiited, Captain Cook intended to 
have f^ood back to the ibuth, ttU heJhiad got a 
wefterly wind. Buti without iiidi a fupply,? the 
certahi confequence of dcHDg this» would have 
been the lofs of the cattle,, before it wafrpoffifole 

^ for tis t?0 reach Otaheite^ vrithout gaining a iin- 
gle point of advantage refpe^ng the grand ob-j 

r jeft of our voyagCr j, , 

The Captain, therefore, determined to bear I 
away for the Friendly Iflands, where he knew 
he could be well fupplied with c^ery thing hel 
wanted: and, it being neceflary to run night 
atid' day^ he ordered Captain Clerke jto keep a 
league a-licad of the Refolution ; becaufe his 
ihipcouM beft daw of the land, which wcamightj 
poflibiy fall in with, in our paiTage. , 






next d 







derfed e] 


the votl 


ti»e nextl 
weft, aj 
^eeth, ai 
fimJ th« 

of about 

(0iviiibQns of 
> |jro|ecute 

e jflands we 
lintendetl to 
le had got a 
would have 
aining a fin- 
ifi g^and ob- 

lined to bear 
ery tWng hcl 
to run nightl 

f ;b«caufe his] 
rich wc^ig^^l 

A Fii/age to the Pueifif Qctan. i:kfr 

Weibeered. weft hy^ti^linthii^ fine bre^ae. 
Captain<l^k f3ffO{k!>fcdr xo procsed firft to Mid- 
dlcdMUigli^ o^ Bo«% vthhndcitigiMv«f >«night^ pcr<* 
haplyhmieifsovifioii enough Car the c»ttk> to 
laft>tiU ^c ibcNikl^imveait that ifland. But^^e 
rtts^ day^ about' noon, thofit launt; iMfeezes .that 
had fd long tetai'ded^ ^ us,;: agaia returned $ and ^ 
we found it neoefiasy tto; got into the imkude of 
Palmerfkon's and &t«ageii)andsy which Captain 
Co6b«diicovcre4 iar' .1774 $ vthat, > m jQai^ of< . ne- 
ceffity^ reedurfefnighrbeituidtoith 1. - >, 
' m4»der^d'£ive»ouit vatesy tCtptnin) Go^k or- 
dered the ftilktoih&ikept Mtwdrkia wholftday ; 
during w^h- tiime^.v;rj|ii}oouredii»b0iii|)0leen 

galkH^:OTjS^*!waterSi/.;i.:ii!'iv /: Hi Jb')nt*'mnie-^ , 
^Dhlfe Uglif broBics! xontibmtdliitt Thv^day 
the votiii, #h(kn t^ iiriivi^U^/Qme h^)|9)£|p^ 
from %h&tkov^^nAxiax3itih*pi9Sf!^^ 
aftorttoon^ehadibim ifiery^heairy if aln^ attended 
with th"nda:f<%m]lfo W'i colMtedY>*i,imi(;h 
rain-water as fiUed&ve of <w«vpui)fiheei»s«v When 
tlneie fqusdls h .d Wqwhiov^j the 'J^iad <^a6 vjpfy 
unfet3^tedv Jjothiniftrpngth/^rtM i» po^^ippr tilk 
the next day ^tiaJiiBfl^j . vv^hfifti* fctisd ;^t: n<Hit^h- 
weft, and north-north-weft> .i\ad bkvv^ia frefh 
tirceze. 'wmty?:j[>. ,:^*iobi^:' , ■ k rrj-KC)- sifT - 

We<\o!eiJ€thus!ped^ci*6e<iiifit^ ai wind ia our 
teeth, apd had the ;ad(litionil morti^cjjtion to 
fir^ thoft yery Windsher^j wkacil wc had reafon 
tp cxpedk ^rther kf\\\h* \ At d*y hreai^ hpwe- 
vcp^ 'onctl^Mjthy vsie perceived P^Jmstfton's 
i^iBhd, beaming we(l by Ibuth^ jat the distance 
of about fiv^ffeagues i but, did i>ot get up with 

9 z it 

I ao A Vb^gtf t9 the Pactfic Ofiak, 


trnty and oac 6fOtikf tW Bifodiv^Ki^, vkM^ sr« pk>*- 
p«ro^dtt9 kfe^eaob^ %|f£ear(^k fbp a coBvenieiit 
laki«Mttgaplace'V ■'■'*ie^ behig now udier '^n abi&hite 
itsediir^i <^-p]?octi^mg here fome provender ior 
otircaulcy of we muii oertainl^rbWriofii l^ietm 
Vi^iM tt eaH&d Fa^sdsertcni'sr Blan<^ cbniifts 
oi # gtakip'Gi irniaH ifia^i s«^«it rtine ot ten in 
i]«ii*b«r/^coiiiic£ted togeuhet ' y krecf al d)ral 
rocks, andlj^irig'iii'ii drciii^r dii-efdon. TfefC 
bdatsf^firft^^ex^Hhidiid tfcc rtwft fomli-cafkcrly iflct ; 
andi, no« ^ceeiimg' there, #aii dc^n to 1£h6 fe- 

Cook %heii bore; d»wii ^^^h' thfe fljijifg, m Wc 

lug^ff •an«l on, t%d)^i^ bdrftg ho'ltotto^i to be 
foitoJ* to aiict*orlj^ft.' ^' ^'JPhis^ hoiv'e'fferj was of 
I*© mat«pi^ com^qwen»fei :tts the^e were no Itu- 
iiiia«i bclrigs wpon tlfc Mand, ejtcept tiic,ipart5r 
\<5bo-had-'-knded from -eyair boats;- '^•■''^^'^- ^^•'-■/■■'•''•■ 
M ^mi^o'eioik oc^*''^f -tiitJ'bbfiil* tcttirned, 

which was, >*« tfet^ time, a mx)(l*'cjcfccfltent'^pafl 
i'Cft our aif^imals on boatd, 'A'in^d^ge was alfo 
brought from Mr Gofe?,' wild -commanded the 
i)a#«y-up©n this expcsditibn^' atqtiaintittg tis that 
xhe jlktid abounded with (uch ^todiice'^* and al- 
Ib witi'i the whari»i-tree and cocoa-nuts. In 
confe^uenec of f Hs information, ' Cap^aiti Gook 
reibH?ed to get a fufficicnt fap^^f ici thele ar- 
tictes before he^uktedthtsftatioh,':kid' accord- 
ingly went ctfii lliore bi a fmall bciatj accompU'^ 

■^ f^oyaf^f to the pacific O^af: 



r tew in 
6l c6ral 
*i: The 
, the fe*- 

>{ri to tc 

•etia Itu- 
hc party 

i;iied. by Jtjje, Captain of J^h^ i^i^covery/, 'JTha 
il}j^ud,^oi;ji;n0Vcx^^^ ^ niilcin circiniif^rtmcc, 
^a4 is j|Qjt ,elqy^ed abpve three feet beygn(J,tli<; 
levejl pCi the fe<i. It cp^ififtecj alfnoft entirely of 
9 cdrai ^hcj^ with a fmal J, mixture of blaciiiflx 
i[\j9i^l<i, yWe^ appjearecl . tp be. produced from 
rott^ vegetables; 

I'bl^ Ppor foil, is, howcvcf,, covered with the 
jfai^^e kinds of ihrubs and buihes as we had ^en 
at Otakoptaia or Wehpoa-ette, though QO^in 
^o great variety, Wc perceived a great num- 
ber of man of war birds, jtropic birds> and two 
il)rts of boobies', which were then laying their 
e^gs, aijd {oi exceedingly ta^ne^ toperm^'tis 
to take them off their 'nefts,' whi:ch confij^ only 
of a few fticks loofelj put . together. Thefc 
tropic birds differ, efl^ntially from the common 
fort, ming pf a beautiful white, ilightly tinged 
witli red, and^h^ving two long tail' feathers of 
a deepifh crimfon. ■ Q\xf people killed a conii- 
derable number of each fort, which, though 
not the mqft delicate kind ■of' food j were bjgh- 
iy acceptable to us, who had been a long tune 
. confined , to a fait diet. We {aw \ plenty of X^d 
crabs creeping about among the trees ;> -^^'* 
caught feveral fi{}i, which, when U^ 
treated,. jEj^diejen left in hqles lipcmt!^ 

At one p^t of tbe retf, which' bound* the 
lake witbJn,*alpQ(l even wjth. the fui:facc,thei:e 
was a large, bed of coral, which afforded a mo^t 
enchanting profpe^t. Ixi bafe, which was fix- 
ed to the Ihore, e^^t^ndedjo far that it.q^iild 
not be fcenj fb that jt appeared tc be fufpcndcd 

3 "^ 

a tp- 

"■*; -J 


the lESf^^^f mmt^cdhf^^ki^pl the 


(daips, w^fittfcflea":m* eteif wffe." lattti' mit 

M^tf^FlfcFi^^ ^"^^^eatf it^6Ve4' bf the 


^*^'^ ifMuffllfe <fMi^et( in a place fb i^ldom 

"^cp'^i ■|!&<i)f f diioc that #ik fotiftd u- 

Jptpf KSfmaCiftcd from foiM ^her 
,i||i2ii ' #8' A^c^fe' ftj-jiriwd, liowever, at per- 

/^ cft^ufniy^^^^ p«rH^^, not ca% *cdiytited 

7pr,^Pf1|- w^d ^nM^'Ae ^poffibility' b^ 4e|r be- 

M linp&tqdltf the' caiiroi; df \^lM**k ^ 'fi^ the 

^^ mc boaiii>ein^ladCTi;^e^ 
^eSfd^'Sdat^, Ifeavihg^r G^e'iwx^ Kli ps^ to 
*'" oafs 

ji royigr U the Pacific Ocean, i a» 

c«t«d fey tin-fti, C^aftljCi^^^^^ 
purpo^, ve kept p^xx^ii^^A^^^^ '' ' 

h^x iJ| -wa* II t«^«li^ )>pecqitlqfi' ^b tqnvjiy^neiii fb 

with rf^ociprff^ ^|s ma^y. M| j^/ujMer tlie 
party Qn,fkf>t^}fqi( d^^^^^t^^^l^ «^"mW 
(liiiaptitf to ^^ flttP. Mqn of^ar;; ahi^W 
birds, wer^ Igpto i^rc An aDundsK?fi?'j fo 

to -^c iitiiiiJi^pitied iflnpi^s, 0^» ;^i c^ the 

country, with a datt«rltf 
and^iijKM?ftilw^^ tlif t didbira h^npiM"* !'ft^rc 
.f!^% i^e bo»ts rqx!erlwoirip$| axi^ wer^eadi 



^ 4 y^oyage to ihe Pacific Qcfatf, 
returned on |x)ard, leaving. hi^ Tt^iirq |^icute- 

j»l^t ■&»»; o'filQck, ;an.d, .by j^jj^j^ tl^ey. f^turn- 
4Mj4wil^ ^ dfihj v|9 PHde ii^ l|nf jpg .them 

.1)9. ^ , 1*0^4 . hjf iw^fct. Thef? vrdejs tieing 

jpp4IM6^lyjP^y<?4j we hoiftci i^^ the j)9ats, and 

.^i]^4 V^fi^ we|tward> with a light air from the 

pprth, , 

? ' ,']Phft4to 5w:^iMft c^WC Apmjs Xprne^jipt ,lar- 

(g^i^tfewi the Pjjigr, ai?d almpft ,j^9ver^d ,\yith 

.^pCQSinfiad^is.. Thp pther pro4ii^>ons yfer^ the at ^he .fir ft illet. On the beach were 

/9H^ji tjiTO pieces pf bo^d, obe of >vhi?h was 

rudely jcarved., and ^n elliptical pjiddle. Thefe 

ryf^^i pcrJt»ap^ a pATt of the fame canoe, the fc- 

,MW^'9^y^U(^W'ii94f^^ on^^ic otii^er beqch, 

jt^two iilets, beujig withiip^Jialf a mi\ft of each 

.<2|thqr. Theyjc wcce oot fp j;nany crios here as at 

flhc Jsift, plaf ^ , bvt we fqund fon^ fcorpipns^^d 

.qljber p^(5^ and a much .grj^^ter mj^mber pf 

:P^ iipon the req^fe, -AnjQl^g the ^eil ;^cre focrve 

fbeat#i»l l?>i;ge fpotted,eej9i whjcJ^ wiPjuld x^^^^^ 

<theii^eiv^S put of the w^ter, ^p4 ;^.wilWW; *° 

tbite .^ir pvrfmrs; inhere w^re.lajjrp !fnapp<rs, 

.p»riipt*^|b, ^hd ,a brpwr fppted rpcjlt-JtHH ,;npt 

,k|g«r4b#n.a feaddo^:, k ^ip^, .!^M.y^{yj^ 

,««m?^n ^ed, and ga»e a' .v^. If wc )^ b?l9" 

jmfi^lj «i wr^t, a fi^qieu fiipply ip'^l^jifily 

^ ..V • nave 

upon 1 
by our 

on (hot 
and fftw 
t^t cut 

aud j^3i 
iilandi o 
weft, in 
liad vari: 
and muc 
ou^ we : 

andi as V 
hourj hy 

more troj 

ti'eiiie .^, 




A Voyage to the Pacific Oceari* 1^5 ) 

pats, m^ 
{ro^ri the 

. .'^ 

r^d ;vyith 
ach were 
hich was 
.,. Thefe 
j^er beqcli, 
g of each 
here as at 

pjuld j:^i^ 
J^^ayqvf to 




hoive i^ecto. 1^;. Cor tbott^iids ol the <l9ii;» 
upon the retfi many of which weighed twQ or 
thiferpotiiMb. There ^rero-lMlbiAeoDherfims 
of fiiett fiihr ani^) when the tldb fjmtt^ fev^nUf 
(haeka came with it> feme of which were klQed 
bjroMr people;, hut their jfreiebae i?<mdeFe4 it» . 
at th^^t time, xvtiMt to waUK lathe ws^to^' 

Mr WiUiMfbn and hia paiftyi wi&o were^lsl^ 
on dtdre^ w^re' Much pe(is#ed in ^lU^^ Mights witjii 
mui<)iiitoe$; \^ta^ of themi ' ihet two curkwe^ 
and ^ flj|iQ^ j^oi^ ut>«tk the'ihore } ^tte'OiP 
ivr^ cuckoos, likie thbfe at Wc^ooa^ettf^ y»V6 
alfofecn. /tn' 

The ifiets^ compreh^mted^ iii<4flr th^aairie^ of 

mits ^ a reef ^ cora^ ifo^i ^o^ei?ed< oi% iwit^^ 
a thih cO|^ dF iandf though ^Oathbd #it^t99esi 
and j^anty, like the ipt^ gpoand^iol the high 
iilanth of thirOceari*'r' ;' ••'• -■:'••- .t)M^'^'> ,^^^k*^:■' 
wdV, in order to proceed W ^nki^^moi^^ W« 
bad variahie wind$>%ith^^u?fe <bi»e>thi»«dflri 
and much rain^ . ^h^ ihdii^eM'hekligiAiii^y copi^ 
ous^ vtre^^ed «x^dhlldersSb4e quantityof voters 
and) a^ we could jrOtnrea greater ri^>ply in o^^ 
hour^ bythe'rai%ii)an by dii^iUation ki a ii^^th, 
we laid the iliU afide, asbein^ attended Wkh 
more trouble than advantage. 

Hie heat^'whith had continued |n the ex- 
treme fck abOul? a-DAOathr ^<>ain6^ rnueh mpi^ 
difagr^l^ In this-clofe riiiny weather, and ure 
apprehiendifid it would ibo<| bo noxious* It 
ij, htm^OBerj ren^arkable'' that there ws^s no^ 


2i|tli:iii^< itfVh % ^fudi 6n' the a>8thi^ ab<Mt ten 
o^Iock in the morning, we ^W t^ iflatttifito 
^Uli'eaKklMli d#QAii«tftilifiM>kiS,/ t»etiriilg> vkt^ by 

the^lbiitlt'^4ttil<th^<liaui«diljpfo# l^mliii^ioolca. 

thdiks^ll^teFiC'^^^ 1XSH 'nofii rr.'il bLilJfao-^(^;i>fl• 
' ^t|> ha^^ifeai^i:^ aitt^bsed^ ^b«n «Wo> canoes 
]Md^lbd%i«nNi8«^/^bid wiilKMttltfifitKliimt oamc 


Towards eveiilli|^»<«^^Hd'sl flidittJiyifitiltfferiiifi.^ 
floti4r'CjAibe?fe«ftgk"wti«^efl tm^x.^^^t'S:' 

ik^fkiMSmiedt\i%'1^y^ pad). 

dtii^'ifrQtii^J^^^dMKHgts^iati i\ssttiifSmki&tmak& 

ttM»fi)ifi6fi^y^i^a)n#toi> foftflddkijiUeateiiaat ' 
Kui^ jwab rwiy^^it«hed <1^3riKDap|fiii e;!€<i6k,iiwith 
im^il^lbac^ilt bH^r ^6t p^rao^e^reftiofhiiiflntsv 
aifttlMte'^Bc;^ iignart i©? \v4gfcatrj|iv^ uti) pro- 

tt At )ddyi4)i?^H ^wci hdki> a^^flfil>ifirimir fiv ctfi^t- 
tP^ miioiiip #hiieh>/bi^4»^ht?>fRkh/ tliu^i^M^ 
fdWisi two pigs, , fevcral large wbod^p^toils, 

fiiuiti' aad roots o£.^'arious kinds, for which w'c 

*-. '....•■. :. / ■ '■ I -^ gave- 

^ Voyage to the Pacific Ociott.- 



> -canoes < 

tenant ' 

»tb pro- 


i<cc. 'JTliey had various other alticles o£. ffotn- 
m«rce|i , but; Capt^^la Coq)CilM: givea [|^4i<9#lar 
orders* thfttwjaihouidpurfhafej i*^ mnifffilit*, 
tillrth^ ihips were i'a|)plie(Jk^,wit^i ip!i^ifipB% in- 
cept' by ^his^peropiifiios). •;.r;irf; ,;.-,.. /rt .,■.; -:>:■,!. V-- 

Mr Kiing's p^y.Tetufi^4 ^li>put nooo, havia^ 
bajp. iiroat^d / wi^i .gjrmt civiJiRy . at l^^afigo, 
Th« chief af (h^ ri0jn4t>r'X]oob(||iliiqgee» «<)d;iii- 
nothprjt^amed Taifv*, «SMfni^ ,oi>^bQW?4f.w^<> Hf 
|Ciug4 ^Tbey fprciipnted 51 hog to tiiio Cfipit;»ip, 
fnd promifed him more next day*^: Jiitr; King 
prootred ^ii«iv hogsi ibune ^>yls» atnid 9 <|iiaiiti- 
ty of fruits aad roote ^ Vfi|h i^0|e^.gr»ts; i^r <fHir 
auimaUt They reponcd, thu^iifc^ *t\f okfor* 
vations they* jcould make, the; inhabilant^were 
uol nume/ousi their huts were very ii^ifiereat» 
and -almoCl joined to one another* 

The boats being aboard^ we ftood.fbr Anoa- 
mooka 1 jmd, having little wind, wp i jntendied 
to go between Aniiainookii-ette'^t andthe bimcdk- 
ers at the fouth<«ail ^r.byt, oci<draiwing near^ we 
met with very irregular ibiin(liags>iwliichobliged 
us to tbtiAqjLiifli the de<]g%,a]M go to thQ;ib<ith- 
ward. Tl^s ajurskdHis. to lc»i^rd» and we ^uod 
k neceifary tO'fpend ; the night undor MU It 
was dark and Taioy^ and we^ hzd the wind £rom 
every direction. The next morning, at day- 
ligkt we werefarther off than we hdd been the 
i precedin^ev^zung fiatnd^e wind wa» naw x^t 
in ©nr^i&^i; ■ i:5"fd ;,. '■■ . -fcgiq. ■ ■ , 

Vy^ Gontiniiedrjtdtplyt) to very little purpofc, 

tiMiVfi ri-jt ii;c-ji:;i tJw ! I'j c. .. '. ' . -.the' 

* Little Annamookjk 





■so ^^" 

IL25 iU 











WEBSTER, N.Y. 14S«0 













: >K 

'■i1r|i|jpiiij|rii'i _ 

^4i^e4^fli»it7 ol#iik. It is iriBiiiiii«fei|3l^ «]iBt 

^^Smif^^^i^^iktni^m^Bptm. the pa»df| «ii#|mt 

4%t ibr«^ flia»t a^iitiR^€si|ife^ pidkm' ^ 

11^ t^at the ]^ccwmerf m9V^^0i^6M§nm 
^mM^ik^tilmm^Bie&^'iKmi^m^ but 

-i>0mKf-km»'tsdk}m> fAtm^hm^f&mA^ Wot 

^i«i|Jsich. Several women toQ affcnie#li(it&c 
^ * - csjooef^ 

2 ^ ■ 


4 l/f>} 

^^W j^^.-^ 


•" '^^P(p1^^^Pt^^*** 





f^ !.#«!;' 

- l-r,-^ -f-*-.v., 


r J *.■ 




r ■ ■ ■'. ■ ■■? , >t^ r<- . ■ y 

;Mi ii.M-.i u.q-jtq sih r irjifb ,vEb iHojfir ?i''l 

vt :i ^lrbi.i:t ;jmywi i:5/iKt» a^tr;ii«3l'tOJ.J 


,\ , ■ » 

■ . <lV^ -ns/ 

the u 

eaft to 




^. I. 

"■'<■. - 


t .--i' 

cani^eiy JK^^ perbk^ bjr cufiofitf to vific 
ttif thiui^ thfBf wore as eanicft hop l^ricritig if 
the nm, md u&d-^tb^ padcOe «i|h c^i»l a&L 
and^eMwritf. V^e «ulie to in pitfclutr jniiei^ 
teen Mioms vpster, tbeifl^ndcaMiiilii^irom 
eaft to foiiti^wefty about three qnartera of n 
mUediftant. 13ittt Gaptam Cook reiiuned the 
ftatkwiy whkh he had occupied vhen he vificed 
Aonamooka three yean hf»»c $t and probablfF 
where Tafiiiaii» who fiifft difirovcreil ihm ifiandf 
abchore4 In id43« ^ 

^vTh^^tiait^di^^^diiniig the frejparatioiis £m^ 
wateiiii^- Captain Cook went a&of^ In tho 
fereiioo% necompanied % Captam Clertne* ati4 
others, to fix on a pla^ for fe^big up the ohir 
icrvatoriesf the naitbes having res^lf-gtaiited 
us ^eiivuffion. T-ie^r fliencd us every ijoark ol 
ehrftt^ and ie^mnioflhited tnr wkh Jihoati^keii^ 
whii^[^aiiO"!fi«d the ]iur|i^(e of % teht*. Iboboo^ 
die ekief i| tbt iiandi eonduaed ^Saptaii 
Coel^ mA llRKii lohk hoide, lituattd on axpb*a-' 
AaitJl|!0| hi th« ceiitis (^ his plantation. It 
wa» #«roiimideii ivith a gmia f^y m^hichhe laid 
«ra8 IJMP the^fwiTPore of i^eantng their leet^ W 
kre^ tilC3f <»it<teo his l»9dt|S«atio»; Such an^ at**' 
tealioii^^ i^eanliiieA^ we^d iieveir observed hi&a 
ibt^, lilteeie w wc lioid/vhStJed 1^ this oee^ |i^ 
tkon^ipe alterwj^ilkyiii^^ to he terjr cooi. 
moo at the Friendljr i^^ds. No carpet in •an 
B|^i^dr«#h^<itibm^^he kept'oesi^vtiiiMSL 
tke mtttt^nrhtch covered tl»^ floor^ Toblili^ 

houfc^: .-■../.'■ .^^V'M^ 

liMe ^i«« i»«f8 !p-^M}t«, we h^i^tered for" 
^,1. / Q^ fomc 

kmtdt^A d^yt^re crowcUd^ iiatii^« 

^^filn^iQ aiterziQon, Captain Cook i^mcled a- 
gailiv) wtlth a party of m^rineif f am} fjitch of t^ie 
-'«fttikle<6u^wore;i9;a weakly Aate, wjcre ft^nt.on 
01^ ^w«th bicn. * Having fett\$d every thing to 
Jiii» fatisfa^ion, he returned to the fhip in the 
^Qoingy .(leaving Mr King in command upon 
the. iiland* Taipa was nov becomeour trufiy 
firicndy.andy in oprder to he near our party> had 
a houfe carried a quarter of a mile> on. men'9 
ihoulders, and placed by the iide of the ihed 
which our party occupied. , 

Our various operations on ihore began the 
Ifext day. Some were buiied in making hay^ 
•others in 61ling.our water-caikS| and a thiixl par- 
^,in cutting wood. On the fame 4ay» Meflrs 
jQpig and Bailey began ^o obferve equal altitudes 
•of the^fun, in order, to get the rate of our time- 
keepers. In the eve|iing, Taipa harangued the 
natives Tor fomQ time \ Init we could only guefs 
4it the. fubjeity and fuppofed he was inftnicting- 
Uiemhow to treat uf, and advifing the«i to 
bring ^ke^produce of the iHisN^ to market. His 
4}oquencei h^d the c^^ed efiedt, ai^d occaiioned 
tvl tf^iTfxm^Si plc^tiful^fuppljr o^|N^yt(jU)^ 
next fls^* i ' < ' .■ . > ; ■' ii-^.v«'i>ri t^^^^ ,?. .■ 

i ,0a the 4th of Msiy, th^^Hpj^Jspii^fppft J^ 
fnwU^wver anchor, the caWe heiiig^fi»^i^.tW0 
by the rocks." -^y ■ . >^- .■,-.■ I 

Cl^ the 6th, a chiffwiiigisnaiile iniilKN^ 




bej|ny 1 



»m m 


4ea »- 

d^ing to 
id upon 
at trufty 
rty, li^d 
>a men's 
the (hed 

legan the 

ting i>»y* 

third par- 

y, Meflrs 


our time- 

igued the 

?nly gueft 

thei^ to 
fl^et* His 





mit^'^^Bmc/lMwitlibocf i^iptf fotrddtftoii 

it^'hi^'iMdi'iiifcd mi^auHidt bad bean lA^ 
medl^ iffif|>^«cfif<^ 'H^'^lk%Mb«d^ •ii4(jli lis 

fhbi^^kb^ihforMett Hii'&ktt ail «h(^1itt«if«s:¥^t^fr 
d^dt^M oiltf tb tot yH^'iihbiedia«M3iittt*<^^ 
MVd; Who '6toie<$ Mi^l^ bbwiAf iiii^liaM 

if '^h^^h<^'j|i»l^of ^iiclit^lfatil^:^^ ikt^ta^i 
ph tl^'lMicftf'iKiH*/^ H^:4ia4^lil^iH^ti>%r^«tg^ 
£^'fiai^oa^%ofin^ iWUMli^Mieh^Mf #c^ 

be 3^7 thing l6& thaR^«»te^ ^-^f^irMag^iili^t 

m^lk'slit»fim^i^ iw^moi« 

tli^'f^iM^^lfef. iAs e^tMn Cook'j^cetved 
fi^wa^ ridt'tti^ itikh%h6m' he tieoiiemlliaxd td 
liii^te iis^dilHng^'til^/ifot^Vi^ Vti^age in the chal^ 
l^i^^^<^<^'l^g,'i^iliN5r th^^SHl'falutdtiW^ ^^ 
queftson^ him on that point j when TatpSk ^th 
i%^^^^iV¥i^]ie4 thik^he Was the ibvei^n 

In a^l^Mt time» our grand vifitort aorompimted 

it^i^^fillHi, iK^iid^' by five or iiK lei^aHts. 

-M Qj Ca^rtain 

I3t A Vkjd^^ «^ Pmi^mtiii. 

i^M^iii Coo^ tnidv 'tlMBi'fl Am widfrnJat 
pifbi^^sapji^ tMttrtalu^ tbem hi Aidv « iMaii* 
Il#,'li^ tiidi^^ #«ttid 1MB ntoftr ite«eaA)ir. 
lli<f€MftaiM letMd^ ifiidi% krtis 

»y M'Mk ;'^tt>#ftiriis 4imiiil|^ when fidfcik>« «r. 

an a iMif^for^tiil ^ftMi Me liad i«:ehned. 

MHit^ M^td^^dCMv^ Itoib idfttr^fitbe 'vnbomfd- 
dt yihpri^ WiaiHf1h^dt)«4k tiwiUfir «fv<r the 
mse^ Miii'^iff^m^Wk^ Vmim^/hm on 

in toiivttlfiiMiis. The^pa^y^il^ifi^^jin^i^ btow> 
^«tt^^t]|i% if^^l^ 1^ ^ttMini^ H«^ feilM^ the 
«asiii»%mlf ^}fi^Nl^^>Ml th^ictirodOillamceT fend, 

mmA^9imdB^^Mtp^^ the poor 

#cry iid^f amd ttii^etf^ tC[ftpttuit!^ia^ <^pr- 

■f.-:-..-:: •■■■■ ■■" ''^'-ihip's 

t ■ 

the bbit) 


kiWRJ the 

meet -*nd, 

tt* tlie poor 

Ailf^ crnipMt^ 'vrw VM afile to poye^^ 1^ «l«e 

«ftble ktoviiig get Ibul of a r0|tlit^^tliB|f c^ii^^ 

tHilMe W8t«r, when «he ^{m «^c^ ^^f^^ 

the*elib tide, ^nd^ probably ^W lr# bttt>«^^ 1^^ 

"vei* the ciibAe ptm^A* The i^^covery o^<t)^«^ 

ble, casibd MI infmite deal of troiibie» A«)it hjid 

got' in 'a hole between die rocks, and coiikl cm. 

ly be feen when the water was perfe^y iillp9j|}k ; 

but at kft^ alter a number of uafujcce^l tru^> 

t^0f wenjliidcy enoiigh to weig^ iti ; '0m$ <% 

and the next' i^fo, -'Feenou 4liied^ with Captahi 

Codkv >«ft)hded by Taipa^ vrooboti,^ and;^>«ie 

other chie^« None W Taipai however^ was 

permitted to ^ at table or • even to eat in his 

prdcncc. This etiquette greatly pleafedGipta^i 

Cdoki Ibr before Feenou arrived, he h^tCidfn- 

monly fnore vilitol^tlian he iiiclinod } ai^^l cable 

frequently ovdr'Howed^ With people of both ^:|e». 

J^or the women €^f the Fi*iendlf Hies h«v«;^c 

privilege of editing with the men, ^hieh it »t 

the C5«fc at Otthftitei «4 

We had frequeiit occdfions to obfoK^e ft^c 

dexterity which thefe peopk j[}&fl^^^t pilferin|: 

the Vetf chiefs at times pra^ttfed tt kittle; i^- 

▼iilig^ hdlcm the arrival of ^Feevnm^:* hid a hW|k; 

junk axe ftolen out of the ^fi^, wl^dfei^iswe coiwi 

imptite tto none but the <n^tw«^Hhe> G^^ain 

corn|daiiied'to himy 9ml |9<|)»iredihi Woiild i^ 

'h^^atitH6)*ity to \{;et it re^ored^ he ift^ifie^ia'tviy 

^1g^ Of^erii for th^t pi»*pore^ j^ 

Wat ^mihdtly it win* hiN»ught ns^ aboftt^^^^i 

Ht^ei^e^expH<:iit^bed|ence pdid to hi9^i;i[^anci(f . 

Ontlie^i^^Mii^/one of them wa» d)st«£lM:l 

- ' ;Q^3 carrying. 


1JI4 -^ Vtf^0 tt^iie Pm^fMk, 

caiif|inf4Mitii^lieihip, the boU lyeloogingitatbe 
fflmtmrn i«riMiy<^hkbihtiad»cmfiillf ootk- 

fi^k^diditofaef cxmfiiMd:tiU Itf <paidi a hog #or hk 
Igbmpi Thtn^Mkar. thit' ck^tioldUuice, we 
«dciDe4|iMibleditaitlL> nb^ move times : of rank, 
tlieur fenrants or ilavei were conftautly eaiploy- 

flifgiiig ^ititbiatfvvyobibeiniag 'tmdiSkrttkctf aa 
\£k Iia^ibcta,^4ip9wtb9'0)«id^aft^i iWhen any 
qf^titofritofeicaugiitiaii lifae^afk vo^ chieviitgyt in- 
ftoKl^ilf<iiiM«h!ttdi^4n;4dicir^>behalfi' ih maf- 
t«vto#dtid xiiiefcuiadvifct^tiit <o Mll^bbem^ > i <Tfais 

tai|||pitli«y iiAHitt^K^fcafiidii^itji^ ai»y iiin4 o^ 
fiiiaipiiBient«>v^p^itJiif»e alttdi^ iofenfikfev of the 
ieaifdk49Pi«ir^09ipbra^h^><tife <(At 

'■vfff' MNuium^> jvhiphi wr ili|>poM' had 

Wikai^tfattilrilMids.'M tici cbmplttely ifhaved, 

timhue^nvefkula^vniiw^ tbeir 

eNl|»ti^'dif|iJMb «^im<iDfc#jf(l»re' iB|iB i ^ 

-^^N Uitii W i ^joail fi^foo^^ffj^urbojinaiiiy^'^faBit lie 
■^Ifid^ii bo^d every dayY^^ho^^ liMtxUd not 

y«Hiit,| cocoa-nut liquor had beentiM^jitod 
<ff^#sfC^iitt whktrtlM fiihiM liciaikiiM^d or 



but, t 
it was 
Hiovf Jt 
that wi 
)o ^roe 
fion tof 


cvseti c^ 

In 'conic 


ekaat va 



nctf !we 
jS rank, 
ECOiMeti a 
rencei as 
ihen any 


ncpti. a At 
otiiW a 

yi QKnrcd, 
•tdiclUe to 

^ itk* 


lMt>dld not 

ii^tb^ ki& 


ftcwcdi (pcrhap* in 4i wooden viflehi^tiic'lMt 
ftonet) andiit was carried on boardon nfi^Biilll 
IcaO Captain Oook>tafted of themeft^niiiiwit 
To I wcU pleafed with k* that ]ift3ifteriMkiQ»i 
dcred fome ${h to be dicflediin thefame^rofi 
but, thoiigli his cook rttcdee4ad>*flfeirabl]|W«l|4 
it was mnck inferior to the diihhe atn^mptedto 
imitaie. ^ .^jj .(jy/ //jvtli/o 8;ti«/oi i<^rt- 

Hai?4ng» X ifi! 'a^grea^c flaneaikre^^^pihaitfted! the 
iflandof-aknoft cveryE^aitkicc^l^ifood^ 9ncSi^|- 
d4y <he vA-ith. ofiMay^iwe }XMmf»/od»'iilaak ihe 
ihocfiitbeofarervitoriefti hodlep^and adiar(thingp 
that we Jia4ilandedviritimdj|ngiiiit>fail[iasj£bon as 
the ibifbovctoy (hou^^ba^e foand^her bdi bower 
anclnr.i<ikreoo%>heafiia9tha6thA (Qapt^ lOeaaC 
to proaeed* totTongatlibpoii ea^teftly ^entrq^itqd 
houiito aiten his pbina expneil^i|^as;aBtidbiRV!er* 
^n tiKit^ asii£i((bgF {dijaorting/ib^aftinraait^Vi^ 
wilbadi ti»jproriu)ie> fame j cpiiif%tciilav/<int<9(t£l of 
hi8o#n4>M ^fc warmly ^recommended] aigroilppf 
iiknds^ ) called Hapaeic, • lying tOi the noiSh-eaft i 
whereof hejaili^%d:> t», wei?)60iiild^,eafi(y4nd 
plenti^lly fttpphe^iwithxTecy rdMhfneuA i and 
even o0eredcfa^accoinpsm^tiiStthi^piiiffNar(^ 
In (ooa^MHieBce .o£ bis^ advicn, rMaf^^wa^ nia^f 
choke ofi and as^h^iadAotrbeen/wtfitf^vby an)r 
£ttn^)ioa|Viihip%<thsifiirveying '^ becaoa^ an>0l^ 
j^ tOi.-Captain:Cdok.^ ^.>/'^> i-jiij.xl ao b^.<».i^ ' 

QniTnefdayiOie i^tl^,^Capl»isbiCkffce'f ^Mlr 

ohor waft happiliy icciomrerQditBqd^onttfMrf inori(|> 

iag Qf{^thte,!ti4th^* ifo goluiwder )iiVil|i(f4ld lli^ 

. lAiaiAvQiooka«i>'D <<i <• i; f..'mj>i1 jif-v-i-mon' ^a-i-^^' 

n l^bniigh«hy»,iiiin4^49 Mmftwhal highcrlhiii 

.b'*vr*:»>' the 



' wkoRMWC^DIII^O^'S ntOoCMrtS IMNnlt* '^^'^nlb UIOlKi 

-iMi^iiS^tferihipi^ lay9'eoilfi(l»«f a #iS|i, fvgged, 

^ HM^i ^ tU i mhout Abie or teti feet M^ eiieept 

'Hrdfimd^ beachcg^ ♦idikh ai^ dc -i mi i d fmm 

. Htbt'^^^'B reef f>f the famefnt of rock» In 

the centre of the iiland there is a fair-water hike» 

'Hbmiltinffrile and a half in breadth^ rowiyd which 

'IhCirgrouiid rMes with a gradual afeent, ami we 

eeijkln^t trace*its having any -coinmtmication 

Wkh ^he fea^ Oti the riiinj; parts of the ifland , 

indelp^iaily towards the iea, the ibil is either 

t>f a^ hnldtifh loe(e mould, or a jwddifli clay *, 

^hlit there ^iiot a ib^am of *frefh water to be 

^ found in any part of the iflandi »* 5St.» 

The land here is well cult!ivated, except in a 

ffew places $ and, though forne parts appeaf to 

*fie-wailei they are bnly left to tecover the 

^ftlh£i^h exhaufted by coofVant ciilture V for we 

dfttSl "few the native* at work upon thefe fpots, 

HitM^tev^^^ them again. Yam* and plan- 

*t«h»fornft'i;heir principal plantations ) many ot' 

*%hfch are very«xtcnftvc, and InekHcd wtth fen- 

%^^t9fr^ed about fax feet high. Pencei of lefs 

l^ira^nls Hftre biten <feetl withifi thefef ^monnd- 

•fng^thehtjittfc^of the principatpe^^ter The 

breajd-lruit and cocoa^ut tree* <fti«'interfperfdd 

•^without any tegular order, hut p rtn cip rf lf hear 

fh^lia^atlmMt>f the natives, llie Ofther ps^s 

-tifihe ifljmd,efjpecially toward* thefeaf^ and 

found fh^ hke, are covered \^dth ItfUfHriam WeH 

-%^ hi^esj'tmitm^wh^h theretii«^a^^ 


are to 




parlf t^ 

the ni 


hie* i,, 
be arei 

' 'leeasi wj 

ny j pi gi #p ft MWMl £liitittoo»ifito AU tlM i^lltt 
aB<NloiKt«boB|iilMr iflaa4 nt ^Btxmt^^ CMMt 

wiie»e^^<i«it • iiock(i0f (tboMt fiireiiijMrio &tt 

lowi0i w^mm bnk» cfcftlwrey fenrUvgt iiieoM 
ar« toi bft &eiir^£}ah0 f«|ii«<-€lHnl •rock^asitiiil 
wkidh^CQtiipcKet^ht ihore. \ t^ \ 

We lb wwt i ni o i),aiiitt|baii<Hirftlticr ito^^wdfc^ 
um tbc coUfMTy mdjaM)0tlag«iiriki»dttc4BH neffli^ 
bliiig«im wMifOooir wlndi rarc^iiery jaubmnIiI «n 
the fiilt^fl^^tt/proBiii wltaivpootiiwiifettiiNii 
procured oiir waters . rWie>lMiod,7ll»4lM||(l ^kip 
cnHioMi^tiiili <he{«MMCa»c»>£m^^i4iilly/4«ftit. 
ed iik^ikmiiafymit0 l«piiriD'tlie ^owmiydfiMfi 
without flntenaiMg^rtte'lniiVf<fii^ioiib«lMit 
ftnrtigifDmvKMrt^lilite Mn^ or 4eftHp|r<4nf ^^l^ 
portf tbot; htft o wyd ^ tAUkwAi. J firon-iia* ctt^ 
ciiRidftftiiQ«'^kv«aiglar.l^ iMft #£ 

the fiiisivft r«M9ra teciinick 1 edUofiM HN|a ti« 
iioMhi .9iNk Ihtlj tlieoerirottki ibe no- gneit d^* 
cu)^r ai^ioinsl^g MirvfiourBtc eomptttiMatm o£ 
theif. iHiii^ijV ittl«tti^tJsO/.«oiii^u«l'> tfciM of t 'ti* 
4itort| lintKtii; o^hAf iillim4% ^pendei^ k k^p^ 
ble* i^JioivHMnr, iis>tye««ttvop»f«v.r|iiof«>'2tlMmi!rli 
thouAioct ^piQ(fi|litrt(Ooti«aoi at one laflMy it jimi|r 
be irei^«i^li|f)^t^ppoM|( ^hat there ^ate^l^^ 
^kc tliiirinisibw iipon tJbp ifland^ i m I 

woi^ hoitmNmI^^ the aorch uid nortfafieall^ 
Annaa»k)l^ riiiipt nun^^ laMOl lfle#. are 
^eesy ^ aArWlliwiltKrlBlBd ihoals 
this g^fiM^^iiitrviitidQ^fadiili^^ there ¥ra» 

^St^f^£R^giiot^Mpi of fu<^iliftgii(Kaclea80tlrs; 
^blMgbJhe EORivci^dUod thFoulih «{ie inlietirab 
in^tbeir «m!9W ^^fhfiNiftMtCti wh^ we weighed' 
9mihofSkm)Anmm'0okk^ iv^* Peered tb g6 to 
th« wcil-ward of the abOtf*e illAndsi'/attd tio^h- 
iravtfi44Kd^owtifds iKab, sihd /Fooib9^ Vwoiflands 
itpiaDkable Ibf ^ihelr igre^ height^ aiid ^thenvoil 
weftorlf of thGTr bk fighHii ¥V<eifiOii^ ^th' Kis skt- 
tendantsi Jiems^editt^ the R^sfbkiiliOn^ till kbout 
nmpit andf4)l]l«itentet«dlhi$'llu^ failing c:lnoe» 
tvhkh had' brought iiitfi^li^otti l^iigataboo^ and 
ft«iodiii^amoiigft<ihe>dtfft<^6f ifland^^ of #hich 
W*-^»)ewqio«^abrctt|hV'>. V' '^^^'^^ .. ,mou .>^v^^> 
l>Wltt]r we fea^eMt^«t iil^aal difta^e^^^'iind 
iiwA i^jdMOi^atiCi a» hi^ as A^naottooka. Sotrie 
ol^hei^^ise two o» ttl^^ olilcis' in ll^gth,^ - asid 
ote^»Qnt|('^tl£ taufiiilet uMiiiyc^ 

iUSEp«Qck^ifli»nl^ likii jfttiiMliiOokfiV^fonle hkV^e 
r«iittaiiciki% aftid othevs hive ^iyii^'ba^ei» 
exteiKiting afioioftithcb whtikiaigtli^' 'tEngdne^ 
ral, th^ are entirely chthed '#kKti^be»i^ikni6ng 
yirhkh i are x nan^r oido^'p^itaif etHth'hkntig the 
apfieainneevof >akic»utM^ tfardenr |>lsic«d ^in the 
fe«i.v$Thc ferenewdMher Hii^eh6# had/tontri^ 
biHed. greatly ' ' to^>he^hlen the ' foBiii i ' ^d the 
ivWi^nughtieonvc^p^ideiof thtf i^alizaHon of 
ioplf fiuTjr land. ' ItTappearsi that knnt of thefe 
ifWls liavebeen fortn^ s^'P^macft^s liknd 
wmJu^ioiedio havis beenv foi!»^6i(<( of them is 
tummititt^ fsmd^ «iid anoth£t»4itk»'bi[t^ * tingle 
buAi -or tree upoW'itwf'- '•"•>'■'' •■''^ t,.;djui ->_.,, .^ 
&:k(beafternooni about fcfot^^of^^^^wt tteet* 
e^tQ the- aort^ leaiving'Toofea^and Ka» oik ouf 


hrfHwd,! ,,i«r« jn(<,nd«4 to. We an^.^^ m 

"PPait. 0/ which Sie„dTX:^"°''=»»° 
tain fome fnperftition.^ „„• '■™*"«'«" "iteri 

w^re informed, that itC^l- <'"™'«r- We 
fhrge ftonev and luZT'^'^^'^Vyc- 
'he fize of 8 fmall M« ^S !f '"npared to 
faoking in the rr^^ o^^he^tbr ^"'■«' 

i'^. -» « AnSt>£"'tt';r"°'^« 

le^ft ten leagues W« ^ *^ediftanceof it 

--butthf^i^haStdr'^t'tt^ '^'^ 
Pon « was excellent. ^ *« *»'«• U. 

f">m K^^i^h'T,*;:ii'tror'-'^ 

S«re , we fteeted to the £V^ u*^ ' coni«.fi. 



..: Ml 






!• .\ 


^ yifgfUff io tie Pacifif Oceatt. 141 

^Tljip^ark, ' , , . , ••,,. ,..,^,^ ., ' , .',,.., 

in| tfeii dwjjn wi|)i Foa^, w% percehred i| Was 
law^M^qoJitoj, ^y^ Avt* ili^ «u3kc oT the 

% 4I^l^g«l,##,l*:pr5P<^ pla^WaJ^fou]^4, a- 
bfjca^pCfk r«tf ifmi^l)^ jqips l^cfbdgai to.F^a;^ ha- 

terf f^a^ilc fi^;j| Jji? Jhjre, j ,aiYi., ^^^^«i^|^ 

rojjj^5lf^.;f>3f^a jwtillJti^oS ca^qs, ^ 4f^d L„ 
i;<^^,.4l|^|^t v^k ^W h^ fym)^ J-oit, 

iRg> W*oj4«i;,^Q infiro^WBt Oll^ain^p^k tot^ 
]^p^ J» lii^ijObHid} liQ fcsH^ Sbcomp^oled them 
an ib^re fyr thatt pufpQ^^. , : v 

QoQllj^j ^iqQP, j^itQ^i^ 1. 'fhe 0^1^ <^0ft, aiid^lie 
iWltilMki flfyaMmi Arootifig then) «» the out* 

i; * R fide; 


tJ^i^ A J^oyitgt>.to ' the Padjmjl^i^ 


pld r He ^tilmiigaedtiiftinn^in^wcfrdviibiirly 

tifao^moaHBilBil diJhtinus tirith JrlMni»iinfb# (%$^ 

ftit Aesd any tibtfigifrciin hnbyibi^^oi^iKtfiiiM in 
any i>tlidrVfii«iii]iefyi'(4i<fc HifoRiM3(ttHiei!i,tthitUt 

lKei6ei«d>|ii^ei«kiaitg6{ AiefaiiqrtitiesrsiSilfeftiiuitie* 
^tedP ^BooD sKfiidir fa^ hadrjisliimfed) hkcfdi 

if^ikh^ OiqptAin j€ofaki wws ihlbniii^ \kff^i1ki^ 
that it was neceflary toflidaU inakktf'ia p#dam 
|o Earonpa^ the ohiel ofithe iflin^^i ^The^p- 
ta&i being ]Mt^qal|pi«pareaK for cliiSiybi|^vc him 
fiid^ alleles as firtr ^neecfled) Jias^^xiiie^tion) 
;Tys lUierality o'eiledtfitn&Hrtdemaoikilroiii tw« 
■chiefs of other iile» (who wore pcefent^^nd-even 
£rom Ta^ hitnfellLi^' Soon after he hidthi&t 
the laft of thefe prefents^ Feenoo rctumed,^ and 
exprefled his difpleaiure witbTaifa for fuffering 
inc to be fo laviih of my fiivours. But this was, 
dbttbtk69 a fincfiey as he certainly a6IM4&con« 
cert with the- othfvsj- >xd^Miiij.i<:i-Xj )n. u.) •ivxr^ 
losaon now refnmed Bit ftaty * omiwiHg ta^ 
fol^ to Bt by.hiiny i and'ha^9Bgiie4die people 
at {^aipa had done^ ubidi he md naa^owt 

> fame 









Ate^^vftigig^ M thi Pacific Ocian^ 143: 

ornedf ^^ 


.^o the 

fiiokti^ieppAv Thgkjdtnaumia i»var« the chiefi^ 
a|)the>jC4^ui^iro|U#«)ixMPMlu£bed hkn^M three 
Asigmntifoah ofr.whAf.he caUe4Mh «at€»tiiB 
oiiftj ^? wfatch the. wMer waylftdeed tolerable^ 
andthe :filiu(iQxi>ceiiytnkQ(bllr6Uiiig o«t caflcs. 
On hii cetnml^ hit-formeri Hatlon. he ibiind. >m 
I^Qd*h0g 8lnd>fome yaints» finfliUii9(h<»ty .ready 
to; betcottv^TtdJ)!!. bof|rd fon ltts4ioiier. Jikk m* 
vil;ed £qmou;aitd hkifriemls/ieopartikeiofotfap 
Q0ne!(tHit:hMnid^ fat down withv^ut ht Mblew 
Diiiner^heuig.ovei) the Oapaincondn^ied f^them 
o«i.vflK>]re|vand»' before h^ retiiirniBd^yrecei^^ 
l$ia)])refet)t;ffom^e chic^iA line latge turtk» 
andi^ ^tMhtity iftf f rptmsi > i '^ rkid >% ipkBtiful 
ffip^ ctf jptdftifiont^i fiqy;1hithft cKNMefe of the 
duXf^^Maget/iitjr laoteriog iviidb llie>inatyves!,. a- 
JMfll tivdlt^fiiiallrhogiyf tdgethentM«|dOa{ krge 
qf^tH7i.o€iniitiiMk)idatxtYiiuH^j:>!>n :i»v/ .ii mr«:. 
-q!On''Siltida|Mthii ftttip eaii$( b' il^Tnffrtilng;, 
JT^etnott fnd.Oiiai^iirho-iM|«r<^bpti^ ^'Ofieiiitith 
ihej3hkf|xea^ on^tboMd^ id jseqiiefiiitGapttlfi 
l^liil>|ta«irQB0(^iip8^(th^;iflaitd.v nuorjajcomil* 
paQteti{d!ifni/»w^».ii^ii)!ibniHbg$ >fln9s ioooduc- 
ItdrtPlthe pticrilheK)(he ha^bocd &ff»ted ^the 
prec<d^t^a)r^)<aiBl)'khcFerhq ibehcld) i-latge 
^9A«^i»rfQ;«f4f^o|Ud alread]^^ 
fitcit«ogUMd thatufboKetht^ extnior4ii|iapy was 
4i(ag^Hfcifni'i ^J;ret;>he£<^l^di3^tlco^jc£tBt«Mhe^» 
nor could/Omai give himaBy^^rsbationu! n: 
'K3BGpt°4lb«e h^iw^$iftaiied^uaboat:>im!iwndled 
f^(tift^ ndbi^Kfciafipttkrbd^ ani ad/vitaoedi doc^ 
^vffh)ryjinisyi |M^ttdteii^bvead^fn^^!/4cbcQa-iiuts, 
Mifc^^ R 2 ' and 


144 . A Vo^t i^ tk Piltijk (kmHk 

1^ iliefe imt Ijfttfiei two p^taaid hsA( k do^ 
ifOk^hi and t^ thoib Ufxm ih$ kh^ fix pigs 
0b tvm turtiit. Efliimq;^ i^MtA hiatfdlf be^ 
Ml^o srtkites^ tiM left fidd, «tfd moito' 
•^Hbf >b«fot«« tbdfe on^Ubci^f^l^ } tliejr idiig k 
1 |> a r< fttoy^ l dllfe f#<i» chlcli iHiO haidfriwtt|«d 
•tftiil ly Wddr <fi Famouy whd Was at iftij^iu 
lfr<^e>«d lieve» aa h^ had bei» at. Axmstttfocki, 
Md wh^ Uid pHAtMfy laid this ttx: tip«^ the 
«liidb of iiaipiet ibr ^ ^reibit oecftfimii v 

IVlMm thli ihiliilficeiit «(aile£Hdtt of ffN^'l^ns 
n^^sMbisd Id oir^i^ a^fd adf fttfttig«iu% |Kl%»w 
^ th«%iiiiH^itf^ Id^n^^c multiliidi^ ^ 
§i^ii^eA$t^chmmd ^ ivtiii^'viMnttdilttd 
alter, a number of aam^ ai<i»0d Wl^ d^t en" 

«lidutM^a4fl#iiteit«9^ »^^ tlMiii ont^littlf of 
i^itaa fttlned teone ide^ and the 0thcir<liGiif id 

^leiSbftdrs; Pitilntiy ailter> they foceffi vdy 
iHteirtftkued itf wi^ fingle^coMbatsi «^ 6ham^ 
fHoa f^iti one iidi chaUe&giog-thore «ff die 0^ 
liier i4cf f^^yhf Krordt/ biat more b^ ekpref" 
^ fffijlpl^rtd fen4 one of their j^ai% to op 
^ni^Maa, T he thaltelsge was, ^gniiei^i ac- 
ceptdd I the two cOBxbataiits plstdsd tlMfehrei 
Id fioper attkodes, and the €n^effiiM*iite^n, 
f&li^fi^intiwd «yi Q»b^^^^ yielded^ «r till 
lh<& i9ieii|)0Bi iNsre hrok^/ }^ the co&thifibn 


TKTi'iV) '.i 

«p0ii the 

ll^deil the 

»tti?^to op- 

' n, 




o//* 4^«li 


'iUW -iMi-H 

T- Jio /(j.m-jr 


Oqhi) , }£ vjOj^nJflft/t 


njj|;.;frr^:^^bprfOt ♦■ v|p •'ti'-U .'^' -'iit 




>4X«ot -^ t 






>re him* The 
'cepted } the two <oi 
in proper attitudes, and 
whtfch continued till one of 
their weapons were broken. 

up i 
ry i 


, Tij 
&r a 

« Ota 
^ thel 
of flwi 

tlw ocJa< 

k^id n{ 



'* ^'m-ic tic Pacijic 0,^„, 

tWfeon U« fide of d^J^'*'"*^' ''P^cially 
^ glory he had aco^T^"°'°'' «'e»»«ed 
huzza*. »=q»w«l in two «• three loud 

« Oufeite, a^S^^*f."«^ P«^ifcd 
fi»m t<» ELttfe^r!^ *«««» very ;li„fc 

•»»^ rome^fX^I^ ^"'»»»' OnaU fide, J 

R» ^ "**^ ^^^feit «i^ 

146 ^AV^ai^ U th$ Fa(^%h9an^ 

pr^<»M^ ^Pm^liiiMkl ^hfHilMeiifniOtir kft 
tjrVi«)9«,iiiHii49i^i,fqr IwivilHlitlwfc ^Q «nigbt 

iuppofed were moft valuable io hit eiHmatfloiifi 
Fecn0«>wiMl^£liii^|N;fibMfed witi iiMmrearifttr 



flcoiioiMilwvwg<«fifncfibd:ii^ qettiQMM fipic'tte 

i^k »jexlifti«a6tKatidldiii ffiifsiitt^ 

>«on; . £ i gaged J 


theft a 

lines, ai 
cane if] 






A Foyag* h tht Pacific Ocean* 147 



5; r ■ ■'' 



gsgedi each having an inftrument in his handt^ 
rc&nbling m ^pdddtoi two feet and a half ]onjgy 
with avfhitt biade^ and a fraall handle, '^ith 
theft inflriiineiit»if urtous fl^uriihes were ihadei 
eackof(«rhid)ifwai»ac6oinpflnied with a diibtnt' 
movement; or a 4ifit:rent attitude of the iMkl^ 
At.firft^ the jdiiwer»>faRge4«liemlelf ei hi^-tiyrelB 
lines, and fo changed their ftations \rf difieff«!ttt ' 
evoltttioM|ithaiitlM)^who-had heto in the^#dur 
came ifito thdtont^ • At •ond {liN^of •Ihtt^-i ' 
formanec^i tinsf extccidedithemiMviS'ift «btf nlf^,^ 
afbvwaMsi they i(#med>il^iAMtiiei ^iftto tt^ftft^** 
cirde; (andtthettJiitbltwo %aQie«^!l^«(i^Bli^'^ 
ring>ih^r|AAinio«eilie(|ii^ otte^^ithliktf i^^ fm¥''^ 
w9^; «nd jpdrlbnnednanialttte^diinM ^Mdiw 
Capitiiiii?€obhy I with ^ iivhidi' < thii^'|ttif(iMalttlitdbl^< 

iiili&tmifit tJhar aU»}oiiifaiii^^ihi>^dliittei'W«» ^ 
pilodiived Imi^w6» ^niiMi, ^^ w0iSitkt>h>iMkm lo^ ' 
ol'^foo^di^ :#om iwhidfa|^4h«5ui^«diiftiM: MniiM'' 
nottK bjr iiepftito^iQn^tlMmi' "Vk^sihM*^ 
dan^ecsfl Iterwewri^ did>^io«(aipp^|(|i Wbe*iliiidk 
affiftod ov dlvelted^by^«lfeitt^>fbkiioiiq^nb^^ 
cfaoeteil^f ifoeilittofildydtt wliiil»i&the>dtfimi^ 

ti^nMI coiTd)K>Mii^ iflnKMi9ifiPi«Mibv:|Q <ikil# ^ 
lil^'miwtediuthiit^tlM^^ote^^ "^ 

apfKaredt-«iimi0^ retuhi mac^M;;' ifclcli U' |p«N J 
foiminiei^wfuiflfir havei)Keiiid{l|Mdddf4fv«iti «n« 

an^^ikifcttb iiiLeaim^^^4dlsti(«xxted6d^;ai^^^ 
teB^itvtinr«f«tmdiiiikieitoiim(»^ hui^^ 

ibMOie^^-y^rn^e^wqdf^ ^ ti w iiifei i m )^ 

<Hi Acigi^i hgw i to i Jii i B»i fcil >q»> i'^li^'^eeiHfttiv' 
, . iwg^'i, ■ ■ . acne 


1^ AJek)tgH»dk]^tici^(k0m r 

^^txwJokmiM^'.iffi^,i T£^ !i^ ^$^f 

but oar water and iky-rocketSt iid partlcu)^. 


A i 

i;':'iii ■^:>:\ ' ro' 

ttkimeiitk iiegjBM? A^Jw^ript aw^ w chorus 

Jm rwMgt IV* wDi Flttip§ 'CAVHIfc 



IdiMh; w liktf WM i <J iii tcilirftml iy i i ' p u f g n tilio 
ftmidf MoiMf « fACfee'Of >ih#>iftiq«.iiMiiio% 
rpiir^'^ tncl lying i^Mi* thc^ growd) it— liihfaM 
a tone at acvte, as the others wcni'fMivftdM 
fdeiiiii^.' i^THe%hdi< of ufliv tauMi (iwifudttig 
thrtfe^wHb l^ MA^mi ^m^ «tetflwboos>ifiiiif 

hjMd' ^ *(kef ^"ttf ( tlMi4iii||MineittHi/tlh|t oiht 

<^^ ci ! < »i d to g r tt » t % 4MiKlMle#0teai9dii|Mft». 
iih%f4ti^KW, «fi^tt«f#c5ilkif«ift0M)tM>cMfel 
Mofft'^ them had Apon their hcids^ garlaads^^ 

Vi^W4i^^t»tii»it k^.|A« tatteai 


^ wwjlt^ Up* fw Wkt^f -'wWMii* 

i .. 


klM^ *tiHli' wti idiniciilrftiii iy ii 'jwifaa «4o 

fpiiti' tiMi lying vfM* the' gr«i«»l^ ftiniihiBg 
a tone at acstc, ts the others weni^frttveilM 
fbleOkfif.' ^^Thfe^^holi' of tJfke iHUMi (iMffudfiig 
tilde »^ 'fu ft ak h H A '^m %l» Uwbliai) i<iaig 


Moft'qf tfaem htd ilfion tbeir heftdt^ garlaai^^ 




^t^.^ii.^^ii^aiid p9ifiQg;«ftch^her jmr^e 

^ef cakpe td,|he tp^ On fwhiphj.iwoia4van- 
<^ 6roti|;5^ajch ii4e^. two of wliQm>airp pi^d 
each other, aitd returned as the former ; but 
th$i Qti^^^Q r^fnain(»i^and tto^tholr cteae lolne, 
j^to^iacl^jB^ itp^NjfViJsjitm the wholkiram* 
fejb^^ ^ii^^5(fi^4#;«iir$tei about jthe dkmis, 
^^^^l^m^itf^^^pf^ 49k|l««ngtln^af7noir ichangcd 
^^}^^ m^i^imPa tn^ whkh Ithejp mads a 
lf,^if^h^ lining, jtmiclaffiHig their 
IS, ^i^ftisgq^^^m^i^^firt, ^fepitingifomc 
^Pi?*f^i!^WW?M^ vTowtard 

the«nd, as the quicknefs of the.i»ltik>:!iiicrba« 
i^tl^id^;^^ wuve i»f iedi^th 

^04^r]^^a9ȴ>ii^ aridr fgmciof 

tVelpjj^^t^ia?, jRcrh|i|ij,,«i*Ul^iK*!ithx tisiiDe rcci- 


Pffl#'^^i!%Ri^'*8^'Wie|)itrirf *liBfefiii)veih€3fitSi 

rlet^ gf Qt|Ie^5i{i^W5e%*P?<^^ach^jfh« ifjeaWe a 
pf^ijOfips^p^irt. in fome of thefe, the dancers 
if^f^a/f 4':th^H'.:ii»otionfii to^^T^prodigicilii^ ^ick- 
nefsi^iiiakiiig thtiif h^^s frbth Ilic^^^f to'lhoul- 

0m^$;jQih'^^^ ran a 


*« .upon Ae bUeaft. "tw r^.""*"' h* ftrucfc 
fcn inftamjy rifinf^J^ ^^^S AJs, a per- 

Jii f h« kr ^1. w ' 

I .-k:!?!*«'»'«^d tWfc. ftCrhii B^,!°'iI^?J^^ "^ the Nprth i>a. 

f5S ^ Vo$9gt t9 ibe Pacifig Ottm. 

Imwi^ttMAm down with a Uow en the l|f»d, 
uA h^mtn ^Mf carried away. But Unt^kl 
afH exciiie the otiier five wiMiicn fron Ibcailva'' 
ordniMry » di&tpliiie i for t\»ej were trtated in 
tlici ftinc manner bf^j^pcrfon who fucceeded 
kkp> When thd*e nine rwonoen dancedy their 
performance was twice difapproved pi^i and they 
were obliged t» repeat it^again. /iWrc wat no 
great difference between this dance aixl that of 
Sie iiriV WQinen» except that tbefe ibmetimes 
raiied the body upon one kg^ and then upon 
the other, ahemately, by »ibft of double no- 
tion. ♦ 

Scon affter, a perfononexpe^dly entered* ma- 
iling ioim iudicroui remarks on the firc<i«orks 
that had been exbikMted, which esuorted a burft 
of laughter froin the crowd. We had then a 
dance by the attendants of Feenou ^ they lorm- 
ed a doiiUe circle of twenty-*£otir each rowod the 
(hofVMN and joined in a gentle foothing foog, 
HOi^QiBpanied with the.inotiona of the head and 
hinds. They alfo began with flow movements, 
whtdl gradually became mQf« and mote r^picl) 
and finally elofed with fcveral vei^ 'mifgtMaxm 
tranfpoii^ions of the two circles. 

The two laft dances were univcrially apprO' 
ed by aU tiie fpe^btors. They were pcrfe^Iy 
in time, and fome of theh* geftures were^fo ex* 
preffive, that it jq^ht juftly be fak), they fpoke 
the language that accompanied them. TlHingh 
the concourfe of people was pretty lar|p^i their 
ntimber w^ much inferior to that afiemMed la 
the forenoon* whco the marimsi pei^Hnaed their 






parts of 

dian com 


A^f^oyO^ to the Pae^ OheOn. r 15^ 

lie )|f»(i» 

pcated in 
«dy their 
tfc waf no 
^ that of 

then upon 

Btercdf ma- 

had then a 

krovod the 

thing ^'^S' 
jc head and 


}r« rapi<^) 

iVy appro* 


wcrt/o o 



fe$i«Mat ^ iNr rafNT afl)exa||gk9«iieil ocvmom^'' 
Hl!he(»iielit^da[3^ iNf^ilih 0a^^^ 

<ifiLcfbogK «i(iv<hbt^c^liicatftiefr|b^ 

itiCtN^«lttetiSWk^«Maiq^>|iart^t^^ ihiiiitf^^, 
jW «flii'f^sar«lim^afte'|>^c»<^ pcMibpn^CO 
th<» ^dklfciiPdfit'ibfe ibil» 't^^ti '4i]p thi^lbcenitl 
parts of the.ifland, the foil b better ; and^^ib 
nitHti^^l^^^MlflAMAitt^^ib^^ an 

€vmk hukiffS^ thill*th«>f(9l[^e^>fdMitekf«lrki. 
k^i^ Cd^»d(f^^'t4>n|i^x||JM}^ labile tMd^ 

IN^ m^B^'^PiiM^ ;« aiad^liff^^phimatilMl^ ill 
^^^ #^^'atbttlidlilltly' f^MAce^H^i^^^i^ 

pMlti'^dl»i #iJk4N!(^^ *llieKia)|iKCtpre^iim 

dian com, £cc. -"^^biir^bbHraM'ttilibttfk'^ 

vith^m>!ilf»ifi^We»"<^ gtoil befoiPi} it, ^o 
♦Mt^ thi!»][y(k»j^ irolMblf rdbtt on fonor ^b^ 
Kfc t(cta^itl^^^ l<S^ai''^thdlaMti%*^Hite^'^ 
fitted a mbtrfi^tVb«()r|hre« fe^htgi^ bn whkk 
M rfttt^^ot'^^l^le %^irh6i^^the bo-^ 
HR^^IblSte )p^otk^ of ^ttl^dbtt h^d b^h in- 
M^^^^i1|s|rif^^^ miles in length*, 

^mi$,th S and 

154 ^ ^^^S^ ^0 the Pacific Octafu 

and its breadth, in fome places, is not above 
three miles. The eaft fide has a reef, prbjec-. 
tiikg confiderably, againft which the fea breaks 
with great violence. It is a continuation of this 
reef that joins Lefooga to Foa, which k but 
haflF a mile diftant ; and, at low-water, the na- 
tives can walk upon this reef firom one iiland to 
the other. The ihore is either a fandy-beach, 
■€ir a coral rock. 

When the Captain returned from -his excur- 
fion, and went on board, he found a large {ail- 
ing canoe faftened to the ftem of the Refolu- 
tion. In this canoe was Latooliboula, whom 
the Commodore had (een, during his laft voyage, 
at Tongataboo, and who was then fuppofed by 
him to be the king of that iiiand*. He coulU 
not be prevailed upon to come on board, but 
continued fitting in his canoe with an air of un- 
common gravity. The ifianders called him 
Areekecy which fignifies King ; a title which we 
had not heard any of thesti give to Feenou, how- 
ever extenfive his authority over them had ap- 
peared to be. Latooliboula remained under the 
ftem tiH the evening, and then departed. Fee- 
nou was on board the Refolution at that time; 
but neither of thefe chiei& took the fmalleft no- 
tice of the other. 

. The next day, fome of the natives fieaUng a 
tarpaiilin and other things, Captain Cook ap- 

. * In Captaia Cook's narrativ« of tjiat voyageii'tfae nanie 
•f this chief is faid to be JCota-gee»h» FaUaKgou, which Is 
totally different from LatooUhuia. TiU« va^j perhaps be 
aecoiihtcid for by fuppofing one to be ^e ^alCM of «h< per- j 
Iba, and the other the defcription 6f his naX or tttlf • 

pliedfto ] 
thoeityy : 
red J but 
the 23d, I 
Feenou ai 
raid, aix>u 
their voya 
defired us 
would be i 
nou would 
tain Cook < 
Lthea4th, , 
bout by fo 

fembied ou 
we left it, 
was alio re 
fiiat ifland, 
^Me new \ 
appeared, t 
Pwrpofc the 
unleis we fi 
0^ getting 

to a houfe 
of a child, 

A Voyage^ Wthe Pacific Ocean, i^^ 

s cxcur- 
urgc iail- 
i, whom 
t voyage, 
ie couW 
jard, but 
alrof un- 
lled Wm 
wluch wc 
lou, how- 
[\ had ap- 
under the 
ed. Fee- 
hat time i 
lallcft no- 

piledrto Feenoti, defiring him to exeit his aur 
thontyiy for the purpoie of getting thepn reOp^ 
red } but this appHeatioiv was of no e0ie£^. Qn 
tiie 23d9 as we were prep^ing to leave tlieifland, 
Feenou and his prime-Q>inifter Taipa, came a- 
long-fide in a canoe^ and informed us that they 
vrere going to Vavitoo, an iHand fituate, asthqr 
faid> about two dafs failing to the nbrthward of 
Hapaee. They aflbred us, that the obje£t of 
their voyage was to procure for us an additional 
luj^ply of hogs, bcfides fome red-feathered caps 
for Omai to carry with him to Qtahcite; ,aTid 
defired us hot to fail till their return, which 
would be in faur or five days ; after which 'ftKr 
nou would accompany us to Tongatabpo. Cap- 
tain Cook confented^to wait- the r-eturn of this 
chie^ who immediately isX, out for Vavaoo. Oo 
I the 24th, a report was induibriouily fpread a- 
bout by fome of the iflanJers, that a ihip re- 
fembled ours had arrived at Annamooka iince 
we left it, and was now at anchor there.. It 
was alio reported, that Toobou, ,the chief of 
that ifland, was hadening thither to receive 
thefe new visitors. After enquiry, however, it 
appeared, lhs(t tliis report was totally void of 
foundation. It is diiHcuIt to conje^ure, what 
purpofe the invention of this tale could anfwer ; 
imlefs we fuppofe it was contrived with a view 
of getting us removed from one iiland to the 

On Sunday the :25th, Captain Cook went in- 
to a houfe wlicrc a womaffwas dreffing the eyes 
of a child, who icemed blind. The irftruments 
• - S 2 ufed 

156 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean.. 

ufed by this female oculift were two, ilender 
wooden probes, with which ilie brufhed.tbe 
ey^<^ fo as to make them bleed. In the fame 
lioufe he found another woman (having a child's 
head with a fhark's tooth, {lu£k bto tSe end of 
a Aick: ihefirii wetted the hair with a rag dip- 
ped in water, and then making ufe of her in- 
itrument, took offthe hair as clofe as if a razor 
had been eniplojred. Captain Cook foon after 
tried upon hinlifelf one or theie remarkable in- 
flrutnents, ' which he found to be an excellent 
iubilitute. Hie natiVes of thefe iilaods, how- 
ever, have a diderent xnethbd of paying their 
beards, which operation the^ peiform with two 
/uuls \ ovk€ of whijch they place undc^a part 
olP the' beard,' and with the other, applied, above, 
the^ (Irijp^ bffthat |>art: in this laanner the./ 
ca^ 0)iVe vdry ctofe, though the procef^ is ra- 
ther tedious. There are among them.fpme men 
whq.^feini to profefs this trade : forUifras as 
comitioh'fcr otli*^ failors to go afliore to have 
theiir biifdsfcraped off after the mode of I la- 
pace, as it 1^'as'for tHdr chiefs to come on board 
to be fliaved by our' barbers. , 

Cap^aiii took finding little or n6thing*of what 
thelfland produced was now brought tot^fliips, 
detex*mint:d to change his ftation, and to wait 
Ftienou's return in fome other anchoring-place, 
where we might ftill meet wit ■ , rcfremmcits. 
We accrbfdingly, on the 26th, uiade fail to ^he 
fouthward along the reef of the ifland, and ha- 
ving pail^d feveral ihoals, hauled into a bay, that 
lies between, the north end of Hoolaiva, apd 


the foutJ 

had nof 

fter of t 

bay whci 

Cook, ao 

ed on the 

frcfli Watt 

weft fide 

cial moun 


ohc diamei 

this mQiini 

and a half 

coral rock 


'^as feen al 

Ai Areekee* 

the mount 

kings. Or 

and Mr Gc 

came back : 

found from 

with a bottc 

Lefooga j 

other by a 1 

ter. Some 

the laft men 

eft mark of 

except a fmi 

to catch fifh 

We that it fh 

A Voyage to the Pacijic Ocean, 



id of 


r in- 

the fouth of Lefbogai and there anchored. We 
had no fooner ca(t anchor, than Mr Bligh, Ma- 
iler of the Refblution, was ient to found the 
bay where we were now ibitioned ; and Captain 
Cdok, accompanied by Lieutenant Gore, land- 
ed on the fouthern part of Lefooga, to look for 
frefh water, and examine the country. On the 
weft fide of the Ifland, they obferved an artifi- 
cial mount of condderable antiquity, about for- 
ty feet liigh, and meafuring about fif^ feet in 
mt diameter of its fummit. At the bottom of 
this mount was a ilone fourteen feet high, two 
and a half thick, and four broad, hewm out of 
coral rock; and /they were informed by the 
iflanders, that not more than half its length 
was fecn abcJvc ground. They called 'tt.Tanga' 
ta Areekee* \ and he (aid it had been fet up, a;nd 
the niount raifed, in memory of one of their 
kings. On t2>e approach of nighty the Captain 
and Mr Gor« returned on board, and Mr Bligh 
came back from (bunding the bay, in which he 
found from fourteen to twenty fathoms water, 
with a bottom principally of fand. 

Lefooga and Hoolaiva are feparated from each 
otheir by a reef of coral rocks, dry at low wa- 
ter. Some of our gentlemen, who landed in 
the laft mentioned iiland, found not the fmall- 
efl: mark of cultivation, or habitation, upon it, 
except a (ingle hut, in which a man employed 
to catch fi(h and turtle refided. It is remarka- 
ble that it (hould remain in this defclate condi- 

S 3 tion, 

•" Tangata^ in the language of thefc people i* man ; J/w- 
ier^ktng. • 

J58 A Voyage (o. the Paeifie Ocean, 

tion, {ihce it communicated fo immediately* ^whh 
Lefo(^ga, vhieh M fdwell cultivated. T^t weft 
lidb of it has a betiding, where there ieems to 
be good anchorage ; sihd the eaft fide hais a reef, 
\\% well as Lefooga. UAinhabited as Hoolaivais, 
an drtifidal mdunt has 'been raifed upon it, e- 
cjual in height tofome of the Airrounding trees. 

Dn Tuefdsiy'the 27th, at break of day, the 
Coilimodoi-e made the fignal to weigh ; and as 
he intended'to^ttifempt,? in his way to Tonga- 
tab6o,'a jgl^lTag^ to AntiamobkaV by the fouth- 
weft,' an^bng-thie irkerihediate ifles, he lent Mr 
Bligh ir^^ boat td Ibuhd isefore t^efhips; But 
befee* we gbt unddr <^i>, the wind became fo va- 
ri^Ie atidf ui^^l^J, as to render it utlfafe to 'at- 
tempt tjfteiifl&j^e with whkh* wfe were fo little ac- 
quainted f'^i^fe '^tfiei'e&re lay fatt and made the 
Ijgnal for ^fi^^Mafter to return. 

CaptamfPook: had laow an'Oj>porttonity of djf- 

coverlfag^^kat Pcenou was not the King of the 

Fric^dlf lilands, but only af fubordinate chief* ; 

■''♦-' ■ • " ' '';■• '■ . for 

• *By afptrddent regulation- 111 dieir goTcrnment/ fay» 
C%ptainr<<Q9Q)cilJi)e oatiyes havp aa^Qicer over the police, 
«r fi^mething like-At. Thjt departments when we were a- 
inoneIl,theni, wa8[admini(tefcaby Feinouj'whofe bufinef^, 
-lytf Vier^^told; it was, to puniih all offenders, whether ft^ 
.cain^ the ftate, or again^indivuiuaJai; He was aUb-Gene- 
ralifluno, and cpmm»}ded the \v;irrior8,whex( called out U- 
pon fervicc ; but, by all accounts this is very feldom. The 
Kin^,frequelitly, took fome pain»tp inforte Uidf Feenou's 
office; and, among other things, told us that if he hirofelf 
flu^uld become a bad man, Feenou would kill him. What I 
underflood, by this exprclBon of being a bad man^ was, that 
if he ^id not govern according to law or cuftom^ FeenOu 
would be ordered, by the other gr<^t^en, or Wrthe pM- 
pleat large to put lum to^eatli. There flic.ildieeig to be 

■ - no 

for that 

faihe, or 1 

gataboo, a 

the Refolu 

ing my ini 

niy indinai 

without in< 

fuming tit] 


could not be 

f Hough not^ 
could given 
tainly the m 
had {cc»$fa 
unweildy, an 
He Teemed t 
^raight hair, 
Poulaho at 
After he had 
edmany per 
fiwjd him to 
fhis fome of 
Wgt that if h 
fhat people w 
could not be 
J Captain gave 
I mould prefun 
deck which wj 

|w doubt, tfrat as 
Jjnd pnniflicd for 
["cipatic monarch. 

A Voyige U the Pacific Oaan^ I5f 

fbr that title, it appeared, belonged to Futta* 
iaihe, or Poulafao, whofe refidence was at Ton« 
gataboo, and who now came und^ the ftem of 
the Refolution, in a Ia»ge failing canoe, < It be- 
ing inj intereft,* fays the Captain, < as wd! as 
my inclination, to pay court to all the great men, 
without inquiring into the validity ox their ai^ 
fuming titles, I invited Poulaho on board, as I 
underftood he was very dedrous to come. He 
could not be an unwelcome gueftj fbr he brought 
with him as a prefect to me, two good hx hogs} 
tl^ough not fo (at as himfelf. If weight of body 
could give weight in rank or power, he was cer- 
tainly the moil eminent man in th^t refpe^j.we 
had feen^) for, though not very tall he was v^ry 
unweildy, and almoilihapelefs with corpulence. 
He Teemed to be about forty years of age, had 
ftraight hair, and his features difiered a good 
deal from^ thoie of the bulic oi the pcopfe** 

Pouiaho appeared to be 9 fedalq fe^^hle man. 
After hie had ^n every objefl on deck, ^n^ ^^^ 
ed many pertinent queftions ; the Captain .de- 
iired him to walk down into the cabin. To 
this fome of his attendants objected %' obferv- 
ing, that if he were to do fo, it muft happen, 
that people would walk over his head, which 
could not be permitted. To obviate this^ the 
I Captain gave them to tmderftand, that no one 
i ihpuld prefume to walk on that part of the 
1 4eck which was over the cabin. Whether this 

' . would . 

no doubtt that a Soverieigii, thus liable to be eoritrouled, 
Und puniihed for an abufe of power, cannot be called a 
|defp0tic monarch** 


If, I 

it,- ■ 

t6o ^ f^'oyage to ike Facifa Oaan, 

would have (adsfied them was far from appear- 
ing; b^t the King himTelf, lefs fcrupulous, 
waved all ceremony, and walked down without 
anf ftipidation. He fat down with tHem to 
dinner; -but eit little, and drank left. When 
he arofe from the table, he defired the Captain 
to accompany him afhore. Omai was alked to 
be of the party ; but he had formed the clofed 
conne£kion with Feenou, with whom (as the 
ibtmgeft proof of it) he had excl.inged names, 
and he was too faithfully attachi^d to him, to 
ihew any attention to his competitor. He, 
therefore, excufed himfelf. The Captain, in 
hii pwn boat, attended the King aftiorei ha- 
ving &rft made him preients thid furpolded his 
expmations ; in return for which, Poulaho or- 
dered two more hogs > i be fent on board. Xhe 
chkf was then carried out of the boat, by his 
own {hbjo£b, on a board refembling a hand-bar- 
row; atid immdiiately feated hiiriielf In a fmall 
hou^ near the Ihore.. He placed the Captain 
at his fide; and his attendants formed a ienit- 
circle before them, on^he outfide of the houfe. 
An old woman fat clofe to the chief, with a 
kind of fan in her hand, to prevent his being 
hscemnioded by the flies. The various articles 
wbkh hit people had procured by trading on 
board the fiiips, being now difplayed before 
him, he attentively looked over them all, en- 
quired whs^t they had given in exchange, and, 
at length, ordered every thing to be returiicd 
to the refpeftive owners, except a glafsi.T)owl, 
which he rtferved for himfelf. Thoie who 


jUcjfc pure 
They obfi 
them awaj 
^pcak to h 
fore they 1 
iag their h 
and touchjj 
»f the fing< 
f harmed wi 
^J pn this c 
'<iny where < 
When thi 
ihe Mafter i 
informed hii 
there was a 
anchorage ;, 
Touth-eaft, h 
ers and fmalj 
port, werelir 
that way ; an 
namooka by i 
J'itely experie 
I We failed th 
28th, if the V 
'aho came earl 
ed cap a? a pi 
t^aps were grea 

they would be 
I not one was ei 

!""ge prices W€ 
htt either ihip^ 

A Voyage U the PaafitOinn. \6i: 

brought thefe things to him firft fquatted 
themjicives down bdfqre him^ then depoiited 
thc;\r purchafesi and Jnftantly rofc and retired. 
They obferved the fame ceremony in taking 
them away \ a/d not one of them prefumed to 
rpeak to hiiti (landing. His attendants, juft be- 
fore they left him,. paid him obeilance, hy bow- 
ing their heads 4pwn to the fole of his foot, 
and touching it with the upper apd under fide 
of the fingers, of each hand. Captain Cook was 
.^harmed with the decorum that, was, maintain- 
ed pn this occasion, having fcarce, ^n <th, 
any where evdt among more clTili^ed Jia^ons^^r- 
, When the Captain arrived on boardt he found 
the Mifter returned irom , his expedition, > who 
informed him, that, as f^r as h^ had proceeded. 
tliere was a pafiag< for the (hips» and tolerable 
anchorage; but thjH;, , towards the.footh and 
fouth-eaft, he obferved numerbu^ fhoals^ breaks* 
ers and fmall ides. In confequence of> Uiis re- 
port, we relinquished ail thoughts of a pa0age 
that way \ and being refolved to return' to An- 
namooka by the Tame route which we had fo 
Utely experienced to be a fafe* one, v we fhould 
have failed the next morning, Avhich was ^e 
28th, if the wind had not been uiifettled* Pou- 
iaho came early on board, bringing a red-feather- 
ed cap a$ a prefent to Captain Cook, Thefe 
caps were greatly fought after by us, as we knew 
they would be highly valued at Otaheite : but 
not one was ever brought for fale, though very. 
lu-ge prices were offered j nor could a perfon 
I in either ihip make himfelf the proprietor of 
A one 


A Voyage hthe Pacific Ocean, 

ane» except the two Captains and Omai. Tlicf 
are compofed of the tail feathers of the tropic 
bird, intermixed with the red feathers of the 
parroquet ( and are made in fuch a manner,^ as 
to tie on the forehead without atiy crown, and 
liave the form of a femi-cii^cle, whofe radius is 
eighteen or twenty inches. But the befl idea 
of them mil be convejred by Mr "Webber's re- 
prefentation of. Poulalio, ornamented with one 
0^ thefe caps or bonnets. The chief left the 
^miin the evening; but his brother, whofe 
ninve aHb was Futafaihe, and fome of his at- 
tendants, remained all night on board* 

On the 29th, at day-break, we weiglied with 
a Giac breeze at eaft-north-ead, and made fail 
to the T^eftward followed by feveral failing ca-- 
ndes^^li one of which was Poitlaho the king, 
^lM>>%getting on board the Refolution, enquired 
ftir his brother, and the dlhers who had conti- 
nued with us all night. We now found that they 
had ftaid without Iiis permiffion, for he jp;ave 
them fuch a reprimand as brought tears from 
their eyes : however, he was foon reconciled to 
their making a longer Aay ; for, on his depar- 
ture from the fliip, he left his brother, and five 
attendants, on board. We were alfo honoured 
with the company of a chief named Toobouei- 
toa, juil then arrived from l^'ongatabOo ; who, 
as^ibon as he came, fent away his canoe, de- 
daring, that he, and five others, who came 
with him^ would fleep onboard 5 fo that Cap- 
tain Gpok now had his cabin filled with viiltors. 
This inconvenience he the more "vyillingily en- 

' dured, 

dured, 1 
'net with 
In the 
cecded bj 
Our cour 
were obiifi 
fetched th 
o'clock in 
"P to Lofa 
^e or nort 
l5ut the be 
breakers lyi 
Kotoo, exp( 
ft was dark 
finding no 
Paflcd the r 
fheaift, a 
nel which u 
rocks Ifmg 1 
approach, w 
us through. 
^de of the w 
till near twel 
remade no 
MO many of 
and ftood bac 
Footooha am 
freft, with f< 
mht, the Re 
kind, fetching 
near running 

I 4 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean ^ 163 

fluredy as they brought with tlietn plenty of 
provilions as prefents to himt for which they 
met with fuitable.retums. 

In the afternoon the eafterly wind was fuc- 
ceeded by a firefli breeze at fouth-fouth-eail. 
Our courfe being now fouth-Touth-weft, we 
were obliged tb^Iy to wind-ward, and barely 
fetched the northern fide of Footooha by eight 
o'clock in the evening. ^ The next day we plied 
up to Lofanga, and got foundings^ under tJm^ 
Iipe or north-weft fide^ iitHforty fathoms water | 
but the bottom being rocky, and a chain i)f 
breakers lying to leeward, we ft.-i^tched away for 
Kotoo, expeSing to find better anchorage there. 
It was dark before we reached that ifland, where 
finding no convenient place to anchor in, we 
pafTed the night in making fhort boards. On 
the 31ft, at day-break, we ftood for the chan- 
nel which is between Kotoo, and the reef of 
rocks lying to the weilward of it ; but on our 
approach, we found the wind infufificient to lead 
us through. We therefore,> bore up on the out- 
fide of the reef, and ftretched to the fouth-weil 
till near twelve o'clock, when, perceiving that 
we made no progrefs to windward, and being 
apprehenfive of lofing the illands while we had 
fo many of the natives on board, we tacked 
and ftood back, and fpent the' night between 
Footooha and Kotoo. The wind now blew 
. freih, with fqualls and rain \ and, duri*?g the 
sight, the Refolution* by a fmall change of the 
wind, fetching too fiftr to the windward, was very 
{near running full t^n a low Tandy ifie, named 

.< : POOtOO 

164 ^ Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

Pootoo Pootooa, encompafled with breakers. 
Our people having fortunately been juft order- 
ed upon deck, to put the (hip about, and moil 
-of them being at their refpe^Hve ftation?, the 
jftcceflary movements were performed with 
judgment and alertnefs ; and this alone preier- 
Ved us from defbrudtion. The Difcovery, being 
aftem, incurred no danger. 

lliis narrow efcape lo alarmed th^ natives 
who Were on board, that they were eagerly de- 
firous of getting afhore : accordingly, on the 
return of day-light, a boat was hoifted out, and 
the officer who' commanded her was ordered, 
after landing them at'Kotoo, to found for an- 
chorage along the reef that proje^ 'from that 
ifland. During the abfence of the boat, we 
endeavoured to turn the (hipsfthrough the chan- 
nel between the reef of Kotoo and the Tandy 
iile ; but meeting with a firong current againil 
us, we were obliged to defift, and caft anchor 
in fifty fathoms water, the fandy iile bearing eail 
by north, about the diftance of one mile. Here 
we remained till the 4th of June, being fre- 
quently vifited by the king, by Tooboucitoa, 
and by people who came from the neighbouring 
iilands to traffic with us. Mr Bligh was, in the 
mean time, difpatched to found the channels 
between the iilands iituate to the eaftward \ and 
Captain Cook himfelf landed on Kotoo, to take 
a furvey of it. This ifland, on account of the 
coral reefs that environ it^ is fca!rcely acceffible 
by boats. Its north-weft end is low ; but it rifes 
fuddenly in t^e middle, an4 terminates at the 


tluces th 
cent iflar 
thinly inl 
WjiiJe tl, 
our peopj 
cattle; an 


ty brackifl 

was coiific 

. Wcwei 

with a fr^ 

towaois A 
'^c^xt ajqnn; 


for traffic* 
two hundre 
«nd traded 
that they h 
abfence, in 
federal japge 

yams were n 
we obtained 1 
<*wg#ibr ir 
<*lbowd, h< 
he^had ibwn 

fi»«ki,2ito his 
,^*^hwn dd| 

A Voyage to the Pacific Oceap^ 



fouth-eaft end in reddi£h clayey cliffs*; Itpn^ 
duces the fame fruits and roots with the a4i4- 
cent iflands, and i^ tolerably cultivated,^ though 
thinly inhahited* It is about two miles in length. 
WJhile the G^mmodore was walking aU.Qver it^ 
our people were occupied in cutting grafs for the 
cattle; and we planted foine melon feeds. Onour 
return totheboat, we pafled by fome pondsof dir^ 
ty brackifh watei^f ^nd law a buryingplace, which 
was confiderably.neater than thofe of Hapaee* ' 
We weighed in the morning of the 4th» and 
with a freHi gale at eail-foutih*«aft> made fail 
towards ^nn'amoolMy where we anchored ^e 
next moroingt iiear]ly> in the fame ftatioii wHch 
we hf^ .^9 la^y pccupied. Caiptain Cook fobn 
after weilt on ihore^ and found the ifltnders -ve- 
ry bufyjin,tbeir,plantatioD% digging up yams 
for traffic* In the courfe . of thd d|i|r^ about 
tWQ hundred of them aflembled on the beaich^ 
and traded with^eat eagemefs* It appearedy 
that they had bedi /very dtligenV <ii«tii^ our 
abfenceg in cultivating i lor we now obwrved 
ieveral large plantain iak^ds, in places whk:b»4ii 
our la^te viilt, we had feeh lying wafte^ Tlie 
yams were now, in the higheft perfedtioa;. alid 
we obtained a good quantity of themy ia ex- 
clianglr.for iron. Before the Captaia retiicaed 
cit board, he yifited the feveral places where 
he'^had (own n^lon and cucumber feeds i but 
fomid^ta has great regret^ that moft of them 
haMi tifBen deftroyed by. vermin i< Ihough fixoe 
|* p i a» ii ip p1e plants, whicklie htd a]£> left» were 
ilia thtiving condition. 
-^(^. L T On 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

On Friday the 6th, about noon, Feenou ar- 
.rived from Vavaoo, and informed us, that fe- 
veral canoes, laden with hogs and other provl- 
iions, had failed with him from that ifiand, but 
had been loll in the late tempeftuous weather 
and evcrf perfbn on board of them had periihed. 
This nielancho^'^tale did not gain much credit 
with us, as we,%ei!t by this time fufficiently ac- 
quainted with the cWa£ter of the relater. The 
truth perhaps was, lliat he had been unable to 
prficurie at Va^oo the expe^ed iupplies ; or, if 
he Bad obtiuned any^ere, that he had left them 
at Ha^wee^ wiiich lay m his way back, apd where 
he muft Mve heard that Poulaho had come to 
vifit U8j;:f^l^o therefore, he knew, would, as 
his fupCTior, iheap all the merit and reward of 
procuring Ihcfe luppU^, without having had a- 
ny participation of the trduble* The invention, 
lM>wever, of tliis loKs at fea was not ill imagined 4 
for we had lately had very fiormy weath^-. On 
th« fucceeding morning, Poulafao, and fome o- 
thor chieB arrived; at which time Captain 
Cbok happened to be aihere with Feenc% who 
nowu>peared to be fenfible of the imprit^iety 
df Ibs condndV, |n abrogating a chara^eriyhich 
he had no juft claiiti to^ for he not only ac- 
knowledged Poukho as fovereign of Toi^ata- 
boo and theacgacent ifles, but-affe^ted to kkfift 
^uch on k. The Captain left fiim, and went 
Vo p^ a vlfit to thfc lEing, vihom he found^- 
ting 'Irith a few of the natives before him, but I 
great Qjtoibers hafteniiigtaMv their refpe^ to ' 
him, the circle incrcafcd very Kift. W6a Fee- 

. ' ■ 'BOU 

nou appr 
wft that 
thefe two 
Captain tc 
We. Fcei 
fovereign y 
^lie cabin; 
neither eat 
On the 
for Tongat 
caft. "W^ 
«cen faiKng 
^not. was d 
bundle of g^ 
end of a p^ 

"oc in the 

At five in tl 

iflands, at tl 

weftward; , 

and the othc 

»^ in the 1: 

leagues from 

According tc 

''^ho had bee 

2^f fivcmei 

Hoonga Tor 

proceeded 01 

9th faw fcvc 

A Voyage id ihi Piaeifii Oceafu 


nou approached, lie placed himiblf among the 
reft that fat before Poulaho, asattd[idant$on his 
Majeffy. He at firft- feemed to be fomewhat 
eonfufed and abaflied ; but ioonreeoyered from 
his agitation. Somcconverfationpailed between 
thefe two chiefs, who went on board with the 
Captain to dinner ^ but only Poulaho fat ^t ta- * 
ble. Feenou,. after having made^his obeifance 
in the ufual mode, bj fainting the fdot of his 
fovereign with his- head and hands, retired from 
the cabin ; and it now appeared, that he could 
Neither eat nor drink in the king's prefence. 

On the 8th) we weighed, anchor, and fteered 
for Tongataboo,.with a gentle breeze at north<» 
eaft. We were accompaAiecPbj fourteen or fif- 
teen iailin? vefleU belonging to iht iilanders^ &• 
very one o? which oiiuran the* ihips. The royal 
canoe was diftinguifhed from the reft by a fmall 
bundle of giafs, of a red celonr, £aft«ned to the 
end of a pole^ and fixed in the ftem of the ca^*^ 
noe in the fame manner a^ our enfign ftaffs* 
At five in the afternoon we ^efcried two fmall 
tilands, at the diftance of four leagues to the 
weftward y one was called Hoonga Hapaee, 
and the other Hoonga Tonga. They are ;fitu- 
ated in the latitude of 2oO 36' fouth, about teiT 
.leagues fromthe weftern point of Annamooka. 
According to the information of two iflanderj 
who had been fent on board by Feenou as pnot«, 
only five men refided on Hoonga Hapaee, and 
Hoonga Tonga bad no inhabitants. We ftill 
proceeded on a fouth-weft courfe, and on the 
5)!th faw feveral little" iilands, beyond which 

Ta ^ Eooa 



4 Voytgi to thi Pacific OciOHp 

£oo» and Tongataboo appeared. Wc had at 
• this time twent)r-]&ve fathoms water, the bottom 
coniifted of broken coral and fand) and the 
depth gradually decreaied, as we approached the 
abov&>mentioned fmall ifles. Steering by the 
direction of our pilots, for the wideft fpace 
•between thofe iijes, we were infenfibly drawn 
upon a large flat, on which lay innumerable 
;rocks<of coral, below the fur face q£ the fea» 
Notwithftanding our utmpft care and attention 
to avoid thefe rocks, we were unable to prevent 
the ihi^ from i^riking on one of them : nor did 
the Difcovery, though behind us,, keep ciea^ of 
them. It fortunately 'happened, that neither 
of the ihips; ftucik fafi,, nor fuftained any 4a-> 
inage. We ftill continued our courie> and the 
moment we found a place where we could an- 
chor wi^ any degree of fafety, we came to^ 
and the Ma^rs were difpached, Vriih. the boats, 
to found* 'Soon after we had caft anchpr, fe-« 
yeral of the natives of Tongat^boo came to us 
in their cai;ioes^ and they, as well as our pilots, 
affijired us, that we fhould m.eet vfj^ deep wa- 
ter further in, irce from rocks. Their intelU* 
gence was trues for, ahout four o'clock, the 
boats made a fign^l of. having foitf^d good an- 
choring ground. We therefore weighed^ and 
^ibood in tiUdark, vfhen we anphbred in nine fa- 
thmris water, with' $ clear fandy bottom* Du- 
ring ^he nighty we. had fbme rain ( bul ear^^in 
the mornu^g, the wind becoming foutherly, and 
bnnging on fair weather, we weighed again, 
and worked tow^s the fhorc of Tongat^hoo. 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 169 

While we were plymg up to the harbour, the 
king continued failing round us in his canoe ; 
and at the fame time there was a great number 
of fmall canoes about the fhips. Two of thefe 
not getting out of the 'way of his royal veflel, 
he ran quite over them with the greateft tincon«-' 
cern. Among thofe vths^ came on board the 
Rsfolutton, wa& Qtago, who had been fo uie<- 
ful to Captain Cook when he vifited Tongata- 
boo in his laft voyage ; and one l''oobou, who 
had, at that time, attached himfelf to Captain 
Furneaux. Each of them brougjht ibme yami 
and a^hog, m te^mony of friendihip; for which 
they received a fuitable retom. 

We arrived m uur intended ftataon about two 
o'clock in the afternoon of the loth of June. 
It w^ a very convenient place, formed by the 
ihox^ of Tongataboo on the ibuth-eai>, and two 
little ifles on the eaft and northreaft. Herd both 
our ihips anchored over a Tandy bottom, where . 
the depth of water was ten thorns. Our dU 
ftaoce firom the ihore exceeded a quarter of a 

We had not been, long at anchor off Tongata- 
boo, , when Captain Cook landed on the iiland 
accompanied by fome of the officers and Omai, 
^ey found the king, waiting for them on* the 
beachj whocondtt^hKl them to a fmall neat houfe 
neaVf ^w wcK)ds, with an extendve are^ before 
it, and tqld the Captain, . that it was at his fer- 
vke during his continusuace on the iihnd. Be- 
fore they had been long in the houi^, a large 
circle of the natives afiembled before thein, and 
i . . Ta. ^ fcatcd 

KJO A Fbyage to the Pacific Ocedm, 

fiBBted themfelves upon the area. A root of the 
hava pUnt being brought to the king, he com- 
manded it to be fplit in pieces^ and diflributed 
to ieveral people, of both fexes,.who began to 
ehew it) and foon- prepared a. bowl of their fa- 
"iiourite liquor*. Mean wUle, a baked hog, and 
nquantityof baked yams, were produced, and 
divided into ten portions. Thefe ibarcs were 
given to fome of thofe who were preien^ ex-- 
oqpt one,, which remained undifpofed of, and 
^vhich was probably, referved.fbr the king iiim-^ 
iUll The hquc waS: next ferved ;Out 4 and the 
£jrft a^ being brought to his majelly,. hb 'nrder^^ 
ed it to be given to a perfon who fat neser him : 
iJk iccond was alio btoughrto him,, which he 
Ji^ : tjbe third was<given to Captain Cook; but 
their mode of pceparing the liquor havin^.given 
bim a diftaAe for-it^ it was^ brought- to Ocoau 
Iht rtiiiaUQdepo£it>wa»diftributed>to different 
geople i^i. and von^ f£^< cups-.being carried to 
Bouhho's farothei:^ h# retired wiSt this,, and 
with his fii;are of tiifc pKM^ifions. Some others 
alio withdrew from the circle with their. por^- 
tionv becauie they could neither eat nm^ drink 
in his mase^'s-preiencer but there wer& others 
of. an inferior ratik» of both- feicesy who both 
eat Md dxqmk. hffi^ham^ SGoh^ afterwards, 
^ greaterpart offtlieia went avay^ ca 
wkh fhenvwhat th^y had not ate of their : 
of the feaA. It is worthy^of remadcv thafc ^ 
ienrants, wha diftributed tibe meat and: tlite;^A9^ 
vfiy delivered it fittings notonly to. die kingy^ 
-tot to;^ others.. ^ * 


A Voyage to the Pacific Oieatu fjn 

Captain C^ok, before he returned on boards 
went in fearch of a watering-place^- aiid was 
conduced- to ibme ponds, in <>ae of which the 
water was tolerable,, but it was at {o&x dtftance 
inland. Being infovmed that the fmall ifland 
of PangimodiEK)^. near which .the Orips were fta* 
tioned, could bettec fupply thb important ar« 
tide he went over; to it the next morning, and 
found there a pool containing frefher water than 
any he had met. with among thefe iilands. This 
pool being extremely dirty, he cauied it. to be 
cleaned ^ .and here it was that we filled our wa^ 
ter»calks. ThcTame moming,^a.tent was pitch* 
ed near the houfe whi^h the king, had affigned 
for our uie... The horfes^ cattle^ and (heep^ were 
then landed, and a:party of marines Rationed 
there as a guard.. The obfervatory was fet up 
at an inconfiderable diilance fiH>m the other 
tent*; and Mr King took^ up his rdidence on 
ihore, to dire£t the obiervatbnsy and fuperin'* 
tend all other neceiiary-buihiefs. A party was 
occupied in cutting wood for fuel, and planks 
for the ihips$.and'the gunners were, apointed 
to condu£l the traffic with the inhabitants, who 
flocked from all parts of the"^ ifland with hogs^ 
yams, cocoa-nuts, and other artieks, inibmudiy 
that our land flation reien^led a fair, and our 
fhipw were remarkabiy crowded with vifitants^ 
Feeia0» J'efiding in ourneighboiurhoody we had 
d»l|^ iliQpfs of ius opulence and generofity, by 
^ coiiiQuance of Ius valuSaUe delations. P6u* 
kto iRM lequdly attentive to us in thb refpeOi, 
«a fcaiccly a day pa^d whhout his ^vouriii{^ ua 
, witht 

172 A Voyage /a thi Pacific Ocean, 

with confiderable prefents. We were now in- 
formed) ^lat a pcarfon of the name of Maree- 
wagee was of very high rank in the ifland, and 
was treated with great reverence ; naify if otir 
interpreter Omat&i not mifunderiland .hiB in- 
formers, that he was Superior to Pcxukiho him- 
self ^ but that, being advanced in years, he lived 
in retirement, and therefore was not inclined to 
pay us a viiit. This intelligence exciting the 
i;urlofity of Captain Cook,, he fignified ' to Pou- 
kho his intention of waiting upon Marcewagee; 
4nd the king' having agreed to accompany him, 
tHeyrfetout thcn^tt morning in the pinnace, 
Captsdn Clerke jokiing them in one of his own 
boats. They procee(i&d to the Gi£bv-ard of the 
little ides which form the harbour, and then 
tur^nig towards tke^ fouth, entered a fpacious 
bayj upt which they rowed about three miles 
flOid landed/ itmidft a ^eat concourfe of people, 
who received them with fhouts and acclamations* 
T^ crowd inft^Btly feparated, that' Poulaho 
might pofs^ \;^ho took oiur gentlemen mi^M fmall 
endoAire, amd changed tike piece of cloth he 
wore, for a new^ piece, very neatly folded: an 
f>ld woman 'affiftc^ in dreffing him^ and put a 
Jflurge niiit over his doth* Bmg new a&ed 
w&iee Marcewagee waS) he ioddi to the ^at 
luipi^fe o£ the gendemef^ that be was gpne 
do#n tOv thai ^s. ^ Ho w ever^ 'T&crre^i^|ed 
^pttem; t<» accotnpaBy him ta a wudaui •of \0iiok 
«#|iisidie fcforH ; and ^ when, they^came i&m lar^e 
lHM»k before k, hefeated^Mnaffif in th^vpei^l 
«^#b: thi6y> at hi* dciirey ir^)licd; 1^ . toi the 
{'V; ■ '^ _ • hoi^e,.] 

Iioufc, and 
ing a little 
by the med 
be Jntroduo 
ed from thci 
piqued at ti 

appeared, th 


l^een made, { 

cd, or haviu| 

concerning t] 

Tl^c place 

pleaf^nt villa 

bai^s of Ihe 

principal perf 


tatiiHi, with a 

iervant5t Tii 

round, and* ii 
>i^hich is by % 

^cc public road 
I «hlc part of fo 
, "» grafe^plptsj, 
feem le;^ adopt 
fuch other plai 
of perfous of 
I wjgiatable prod 
P^ty. Ne^p 


A Voyagi H ihi Pacific Ocean* 19) 

bouie, and fat down in the front.. After wait<p 
ing a little while» they repeated their ea^uirieiEti 
by the medium of Omai» whether they were t<i 
be introduced to Mareewagee? But receiving 
no fati^fa^ory anfwer, and being inclined to fw 
pe£l that the aged chief was purpofely xonceal* 
ed from them> they returned to their boats n^ucb 
piqued at their difappointment, It afterwardf 
appeared^ tl^ Mareewagee hs^l not .been there |. 
and-that, in thii» aBTair, tome grois miilalces had 
D^h made, Oms^i either having been miiinfoFm^ 
ed| or having niifunderAood what was told hin^ 
concerning the old chief. t 

The place our. gentlemea went to wa$,g jerjr 
pleafant village* delightfully iku^^ed on; tht 
baiAft of the bay or iijet^ where, moft. of |;h# 
principsil perfon^of the Uland reiide^ J^h of 
theic has his.h^u£ein the midft of a fm^U plap»r 
tation* with alcind «^out-houfes, and o^ces fcf 
fefvant^. Theie plantations are neately ^cedi 
rounds and^ in general,, have only one eatratiCjBi^ 
which is by a door fa^ened on the loM^ wit^ 
a pi^op^of wood. Betw^n each plantjttioi^^thj^ 
arc public roads and narrow lanes. A coi^ei^f 
able part oi Usme. of thei^ enclofurea i$ laid out 
in gra^I^otS) and planted with fuch things a9 
feem lefs adopted for ufe than for ornaments X» 
fuch other pkntationa as vvj^e not the refidencQ 
of j^rfoiis of h^h ranl^ every article of ,th<i 
teg^al^e produce of the ifland was in great 
jp^Qty. Near the public roads are fome larg6 
lliou^s, jwitb fpacious grafsf-plots before them, 
[which were ibid to belong to the I^ing and, are 


I*r4 AJti^pUthtFadfieOctdnk 

probaUy the places where their public meetings 
KPC heki. 

On Friday the i jth, about tweWe o'clock, 
Mafeewagee eame within a fihali diftancc of our 
poll on more, attended by^ a great number of 
people of all ranks. In the courfc of the after- 
noon^ the tiifor' captains, and others of our gen- 
tkin^v-actompanied by Feenou^ went afhore 
to;iF^him. They found a pcrfotr fitting un- 
ackxz tree, with a piece of cloth about forty 
yards long, fpread before him, round which 
numbers ofpeople were fcated^i. They imagined 
that this was the great perfonagc, but were un- 
iiecelted by Fecnou, wha informed them, that 
another, whawas fitting on a piece of mat, was^ 
Mireewagee. To him they were introduced by 
Feenou) and he received them very mcioufly, 
and deiired thcmto fit down by him. 1^ chiefs 
who fat under the tree, was named Toobou, 
whom we (hall for the future call Old Toobou, 
to di(Hnguiih him froni his namefake, who has 
been sdready- mentioned as Captain Fumcaux's 
friendi Bothrhe and Mareewagee were venera- 
ble in their appearance. The latter wat (lender 
Hi his pcrfon,. and. Teemed ta be near leventy 
yesffs of ages Old Toobow was fomewhat cor- 
pali^t, and almoft blind from a d^forder in his 
eyes : hte was younger than Marcewagee. (^p* 
lagl C^o^not expe^ng on this occafion to meet 
with two chiefs, had brought on ihorc a prefent 
for one only : this therefore he was obliged to 
divide between them 5 but, as. it happened *o 
be confidcraWe, both, of them appeared ^ b* 
V iatisficdi 

A Vvfagt to iht Pacific OcfOH: 


&tisfied. Our party now entertained them a* 
bout an hour with the ^rformance of twa 
French horns and a drum : but the Bring off 
of a piftol that Captain Clerke had in his poc- 
ket, Teemed to pleafe them moft< Before our 
gentlemen took their leave of the two chiefs, 
the large piece of doth was rolled vp> and pre- 
fented to Captaia Cook, together wkh a few 
cocoa-nuts. The next morning, Old Toobou 
came on board to return the Captain's viiit: he 
alfo viiited Captain Clerke ^ and if our former 
prefent wasnot fufiiciently confiderable, the de- 
ficiency was now iupplied. In tl^e mean time, 
Mareew^gee went to fee our people who were* 
Rationed on (hore^ and Mr King ihewed him^ 
whatever we had' ther^. He was ftruck with 
admiration at the fight ^f the cattle; and th^' 
crofs^cut faw rivetted his attention. - Towards r 
noon, Poulaho came on boards bringing with 
him his foh^ who wm about twelve years of 
age. Me dined witk Cs^tain Cook $ but the 
fon, though prefent, was not peemitted to fit 
down with him. The Captain found it very 
ender Iconvenient to have him for his^eft; for, when- 
[eventy lever he was prefent, (which was fireqwently the 
at cor- Icafe) every other native was excluded irOm the^ 
in his Itable, and few of them would continue in the> 
Cap- Icabin : whereas, if i^ith^r he nor Feenou werdt 
lo meet mm board, the chiefs <^ inferior rank were very- 
reient Impbrtunate tobe €>f the dining party, or' 
[ged to kaiit|cd at that dme into the cabin, vhkli be-) 
Ined ^^ bnc^onfequently very much crowded. The 
to b3 pog yrga fooB jreconcjled to oar cookery, aki4^ 
|itisficdi| was 


jr of 
re «n- 
^ that 
kt, was 
! chiefs 
ho has 


A yoyage to th§ Patifit Ocian, 

fend of our wine. H? now rdided at the 
maiaet near oor tent, where he this evening en- 
tertained our people with a dance, in which he 
hlmfelf, though fo. corpulent and unweildy, en- 

On the t^th, Captain Cook recehred a mef- 
fage from Old loobou, importing, that he was 
delirouf of feeing hiiu on ihore. He and O^ 
mai accordingly waited on that chief, whom 
they found fitting, like one of the ancient pa- 
triarchs, under the (hade of a tree, with a large 
piece of cloth,, the manufadhire of the iflands, 
fpread out before him. He defired them to place 
themfelves by him } after which he told Omai, 
ttiat the dotih, with ibme cocoa-nuts, and red 
feathers, conflituted his preient to CaptainCook. 
The X^tcx thanked him fbr the donation, and 
adeed him to go on board with him. Omai, be- 
ing fent fer l^ Poulaha, now left the Captain, 
who was informed by Feenou^ that young Fat- 
tafaihe, the king'^ fon, defired to fee hiitk He 
immediately obeyed the fummons, and found 
the young prince and Omai f<;ated under a cano- 
^ of fine cloth, with a piece of a coarfer kind, 
feventy-fix yards long, and feven and a half 
broady ipieid before them and undo* them. On 
mitf fide wab a quantity of cocoa-nut! } and> on 
the other, a largt boar. A multitude of peo- 
ple iat round the clothi and among than was 
Mbureewagee, with oti^r peribnt olrank. The 
€i]^tain was requeftH to icat lumfelf t^ the 
priiice V «k1 then Ottifli hifonii^ him that he 
ttid rb^n 2ii^^edt>)rt*oiihibO| totdlhim, that 
^ .^' . • . as 

» his Mi 

^•?ped thi 

heiided ir 

M a teftin 

the prince 

greed to t 

<l«ne with 

young prii 

or four ful 


Aip. I^ 

of cloth, V 

the (kirts oj 

on purpofe 

rived on boj 

to Captain C 

not one of t 

morfei of an 

^»<» J which 

^ve meaning 


prefent, was 

preftnts to t|] 


J-aptain cone 
«>« had i«ac 
others iMimed 
prince foilowc 
IJ^'^agce, wh, 


*coW ladies, 
' Vol. I. '^ 

■^^'yg'" the Pacific Ocan. ,„ 

M a teftimony J^!rZ'r "*" *« Captain, 
•h« prince', p^l^" '^i™;; ^W accL „/ 
greed to tlu» nronnAi Pf'.'" .^-oolfc readily a. 

dine with wrft i^'' '"r " *>""•» 

young prince. Old Tooh«„ J^"'*'''°8ly. the 
»r four fubordinatechiVfe in^""'"^**, '*«« 

ft'P- Mareewa«M ^ A.!,f^ '"°''°" '" ">e 
»f cloth, with rp«ch« 5** '■; » »««' Pi«e 
the flcirt. of it. ^^^^- °^ ^'^ feathers on 
on purpofe (oi JJ^^^fl^^U'^^^f >r>^. 
rived on board, he out ii „ff' ■ " ^ *>« "^ 
to Captain Cook Knf' ""^ ""^fented it 
«ot one of them woK^**^":'' '^"' "P' 
morfet of any thinir. ^th^ ''°""' or eat a 

f^ 5 which wo5*Cgft "C al'^' i*"' 
'•ve meanmg, eenerall. fi™c ? 'O'nprehcn. 
prohibited. S^X^fS"*^' '^ » thing i, 

, I^fents to them all. ,,Z„„laJ!^V^ ""tie 

lx»t had waehed the laS t?*r^' When the 
H''^ {"ttmediatdvflj^ **""""«' '■«'<=«« 

r'^=fo«jo4sx^rc^r'i^y°"ng , 

fime obeifance which'ZSnrf?''PPn»« *« 
|«fce (ddladies. had hm,™ i??"^ ai»d one of 

Vol. I. '^'''^«'»fi»ffi»ed:5ta»d. Af. 

•'■■p-^, ter 

jl^fi Jt Voyage to ibt'PaeiJu'Octaiu 

tet this ceremony, the did people fftepped out 
of the boat into a canoe, which was waiting to 
' convey them to their place of refidence. Oip- 
: tain Cook was pleiifed at being prefent on this 
voccaiion, as he was thus^furniOied with the moft 
convincing proofs of the/upreme xlignity of Pou- 
laho and his Ton. By this time, indeed, he had 
gained fome certain information with regard to 
the relative iituation of feveral of the chiefs, 
;'He now knew, that old Toobou and Mareewa- 
gee were brothers. Both of them were men of 
very coniiderable property, and in high eftima- 
rtionwith the people : Mareewagee, in particu- 
lar, had obtained the honourable appellation of 
M-Gtooa Tonga, which implies, father of Tonga, 
or of his country. We alfo now underfiood, 
jthat he was the "king's father-in4aw, Poulaho 
liaving efpoufed one of his daughters, by whom 
he hsS. young Fattafaihe } fo that Mareewagee 
was grandfather to the prince. As for Feenou, 
he was one of the fons of Mareewagee, and Too- 
boueitqa was another. 

Captain Cook, on his landing, found Pou- 
kho inthehoufe adjoining to our tent, who 
immedbtely made him a prefent of a quan- 
tity of yams, and a hog. Towards evening, 
a numbd: of the iflanders came, and having 
ibated themfelves in a circle, fung in concert 
with the mufk of bamboo-drumS| which were 
placed in the centre. Three of thifim were long 
ones, and two were ihort. With thde they 
ftruck the ground endwiie. There weve two 
others that lay Bdt by fide o^ the groimd, one 

v of 

ef wbic 
fongs wj 
In tht 
which fi] 
country J 
vated,. tJ 
growing ; 
yond this 
which ari 
tions. 1^ 
tent, the 
flowed ei 
retires, t 
rock, iiit( 
are vail n 
fpot, but 
~ proached, 
baffle all I 
deavour t 
of art, , w 
^ay» whic 
fes with a 
whei*e its i 
h&ng abo 

•4 Voyagi to ihe PacijU Ocean, 1 7 j^ 

ef which was partly fpllt : on thele a perfbn con-- 
tinued beating with two fticks. They fung three 
fengs while the Captain ftaid ; and tlie enter- 
tainment lafted, after he left them, till ten 
o'clock. They, burned the leaves of the noffar^ 
fc^ palm for a light. 

In the mean time, Mr Anderfon, with ieve- 
nd others, made an excucfion into the country^ 
which furniihed him with obfervations to the 
Ibllowing eSt&. : Wedward of the tent, the 
country for about two miles is ehtirely unculti- 
vated,, thoiigh covered with trees and buihes- 
Rowing JiuUirally with the gre«^teft vigour. Be- 
yond t£asa pretty large plain extends itfelf, on 
which are cocoa^trees, and fome fmall planta- 
tions. Near the creek, which runs weft of the 
tent, the land is perfectly flat, and partly over- 
flowed every tide by the fea. When the water - 
retires, . the furface is fcen to con0f^ of- coral 
rock, interiperfed with holes of yeUowifh mud;^ 
andnear the edges, where it is rather more firm, 
are vail numbers of little openings, whence iflue 
innumerable fmall crabs, which (warm upon the 
fpot, but are fo very nimble, that, when ap- 
proached,, they inftantaneoufly difappear, add 
baffle all the dexterity of the natives who en- 
deavour to catch them. At this place is a work, 
of art, . which tefUfies fome degree of ingenuity 
and.perfeverance : on one iide is a narrow caufe- . 
way, which, gradually i'^creafing in breadth, ri- 
fes with a gentle afcent to the height of ten feet, 
whe)*e its In-eadth is five paces, the whole length 
being about fcventy-four paces. Adjacent to 

IT 2 this 


iSo A Voyage Uthe Pofi/ic Ocean, 

t]ii8^is kiii4 of a circus, thirtf pacet in diame- 
ter, abo|it one or two feet higher than the 
eauieifay that joins it y and in the middle of this 
circus fome trees are planted. On the oppoiite 
fide, another caufewaf deicends, whic|i is part- 
ly in ruins, and not above forty pacer in length. 
The whole is built of large coral ftones^. with 
earth on the iurface, which is overgrown with 
ihrubs'and low trees. From its decaying in fe<* 
veral places, it is probably of: ibme antiquity. 
It iSsems to be of no fervice at prefent, whatever 
may have been itsufe in former times. All the 
intelligence concerning it, that Mr Anderfon 
could procure from the natives, was, that it was 
called JE!/tfi&rf» and belonged to the kmg» ^ 

In the morning of the i6th, Cs^tain Cook 
and Mr Gore too^ a walk into the country ; in 
the courie of which they met with an opportu- 
nity ofieeing the whole procefs of making cloth, 
the priticipal manufa£hu'.e of. thefe iikiB^Sy as 
well as of many others in the South»Sea. An 
account .of this op^ation, as performed here, 
may not improperly be fubjoined The manu- 
facturers, who are of the female fex, take the 
{fender ftalks or trunks of the paper-mulberry, 
which rarely grows more than ieven feet in 
height, and about the thicknefs of four fingers. 
From thefe' ihilks tliey ftrip the bark, and icrape 
off the exterior rind \ after which the bark ^is 
rolled up, and macerated for fome time in wa- 
ter; it is then beaten with a fquarc inflrumcnt 
of wood, full of coarfe grooves, but fometimes 
with a plain one. The operation is often re- 

A F^agt to tki Pacific Oaan: 





peated by another perfonj or the bark is folded 
ieveraL times, and beat loftger, which is pro- 
bably intendied to clofe rather^ than divide its 
texture. It is then fpread out to dry ; the 
pieces beings from four, to fix or feven feet in 
lengthy airtd about half as broad. Theft pieces 
ans joined \if fmearing part of them with the 
l^tinous juice of a beiry called ttM / and, slter 
being thu» lengthened, they are placed over a 
Urge piece of wood, with a fort of fiamp, com* 
lo^d df a fibrous fubftance, laid beneath them^ 
~ :: manufsu^turers then take a bit of doth, and 
1 - utg dipped it in a juice expreiled from the 
bark of a tree called ktkka, rub it fariikly over 
the piece that n making. This leaves upon the 
Surface a dry gloft, and a dull brown coloi^l 
and the ftamp makes, at the fame time, a flight 
impreffion.^ Thus they proceed, joining and 
Gaining by de^ees, tilt a piece c^ cloth, of 
the requifite length and breadth, is produc<^di 
They generally, feave a border, about a fb^ 
broad, at the tides, and ratlver- k>nger at tbi 
ends, unllained. If any p^rts of the original 
pieces have holes, or are too thin, they glue 
fpare bits upon them, tiH their thicknefs equab 
that of the reft. Whenever they are deiirous 
of producing a Mack colour, they mix the juice 
of the kiMia srith the foot procured from an oil^ 
nut called tlooeddct They allert, that the black 
cloth, which is ufually moft glazed, makes a 
cold drefs ; but the orher, a warm one. 

The Commodore and Mr Gore, meeting with 
Feeiioil <Mi their return from their excuriiotti 

U 3 took 


ifl- A Voyage t9 the Pacific Ocean, 

took him, and another chief, on board to din- 
ner ; which being ierved up, neither of them 
would eat a model, alledging that they were 
feJfoo avy / but when they, lound, that, in dref^ 
fing a pig and ibme yamS) no avy (water) had« 
been made ufe of,. they both fat down,. and eat 
very heartily, and drank fome wine, . on being- 
afiured that there-was no water in it. From this 
eircumftance we inferred, that they were at this 
time, for fame particular reaibn, forbidden to 
ufe water $ op that, perhaps they did not like 
the water we then ufed^ it being taken out of 
one of the places where the iflanders bathed. 

The-foUowingday, which was the 17th, was 
fixed upon>by l^treewagee.fer' giving a grand 
Im'iMi, OR entertainment,^ at wh^h^we were all 
iiivited to attend... Before the temporary hut of 
this chief, near our land ftation, a large fpace 
had been cleared for that purpofe. In the morn-i 
Ing^ vaft; numbers of the natives eame in -from. • 
the country, every one of whom bore on his 
ihoulder a long pole, at each end of which a 
yam was fufpended.. 7%efe poles and yams be- 
ng depofited on each fide of the openipace, or 
area, formed two large heaps, decorated with 
iiaaaU fiih of different kinds. They were Ma- 
x«ewagee's prefent to the Captains Cook and 
Cterke. The neceilary preparations being madcf 
the iflanders began, about eleven o'clock, ito 
exhibit various dances, which they, call mmi^ 
The band of mufic at firft confifted.of ieventy 
/men as a chorus, amidfl whom were placed 
three iiiftruinent& that we called dnuns, though 




feet in len 

s^man of 

They are e 

and open c 

three inchc 

of the drui 

^ood is ho 

qf fome dii 

the natives 

towards th« 

it, with twc 

as the wrifl 

^hich mea] 

found, is p 

the ftsengci 


the end, or 

There we 

each, in the 

hands a fins 

two feet in 1 

oblong padd 

are called ^^ 


on one fide, 

at the faaie i 

oppofite fide 

with great qu 

and twirling 

terity; with 

A'Vijagt to the Pact, 


i/Sc Oditan, 


^ey d'i not much refemble them- They ar» 
eylindrical pieces of wood from three to four 
feet in lengthy Tome of them twkeas thick at^^ 
^ man of ordinary iize^ and ibme not fo larger 
They are entirely- hollow^ 'but cloTe at each enc(» 
and open only by a chink^ about tfae^ breadth of 
f^bree inches^ running nearly the whole length 
of the druihs^ By this opening, the reft of tho ■ 
wood is hollowed ; whiqh muft be an operation 
c^ fome difBoulty. ThirinftrumeQt is.called by^ 
the natives naffag znd^ having ihe chink turned 
towards themi they fit and beat vigoroufly upon^ 
it, with two cylindrical pieces of wood, as thick 
as the wriiV, and about a foot in lengthy by 
which means a rude, .but loud .and powerful^ 
found, is- produced^ . Tliey occafionally vary-:, 
the ftKengcn. wad *rate of their beating i and . 
liktfwife cha|)ge thft tones,., by .beating towardt^^ 
the end, or in the middle of the inftrument. 

There were four ranks, .of twenty-four me]A. > 
each, in the firft dance. TheTe held in thein 
hands a fmall thin wooden in^mnent, above 
two feet in length, reiembHng in its- fhape ai^ 
oblong paddle. With thefe inftrmnents, which> 
are called ^^^,: they made mp.ny different mo- 
tions; iuch as/pointing them towards the ground 
on one fide, and .inclining their, bodies that way 
at the fame inftant ; then ihifting them to the 
oppofite fide in^the faine manner ; paffing them 
with great quicknefs from one hand to the other» 
and twirling them about with remarkable dex- 
terity ; with various other 'manoeuvres. Their 
motionsy .w^kh were flow at firl^j qipckened 

\ '-i: 


ffi^^ . 



A royagi U thi Pacific OcMrt. 

» the drums beat fafter ; and thef repeatpd fen- 
tences the whole time in a mufi^al tone, which 
were anfwered foy the chorus ; bi|t, in a (hort 
time, they all joined, . and ended with a fhoutv 
After a ceflation of a few minutes, they began 
a» before, and continued- with (hort intervals, 
^wards of a quarter of an hour; and then the 
rear-rank dividing, mov^ flowly round each 
•nd, met in the front, and formed the firft rankj 
during which time the ifhcHt number continued 
to recite fentencesr The. other ranks fuccef- 
fively did the fame, till that which was fore- 
moft became the rear ; and this evolution did 
not ceafe till the laft rank regained its former fi- 
taation. ' A much quicker dance, though flow 
dt iirft, was then-'begun, and they fung £or ten 
minutes, when the whok" body, in a two-fold 
#ri@on, retreated, and then advanced,' forai- 
ing*a ktnd of circnhur figure, which concluded 
tft!e ds^ice ; the chorus retiring, and the drums 
biei»| removed) at the lame time. 

In the ibcond dance th^e were forty>men as 
3 ehorus, with only two dnihis ; and the dan- 
cers, or rather a£Vor8, coniifted of t^o ranksi 
the foremoft of which had feventeen perfons, 
and the other fifteen. Feenou was in the mid- 
die of thie firft rank, which is coniidered, on 
thell^ eccafions, as the principle place. They 
danced and repeated (entences, with very fhort 
intervals for half an hour, ibmetimes flowly, 
and at other tipnes qukkly, with the higheft' de- 
gree of exa£hi6rs and r^ularity. Towards the 
cloief thoTear^rank divkiedy came rouiui^ and 
V- occupied 


wirJk rt 

b«?ing fin 

the chon 


ioi and i 

third dan 

fifteen m 

head, wh 

, kind of 


P^gg*$ ib a 

of the ipe« 


as if; aOiai 


loon after j 

^cond dan 

ed a triple 

of the area, 

^ure clear. 

l^gan to ci 

"fe of in b 

their hands, 

them with g 

^U» ti«at, tl 

they never ii 

^kh uncomt 

Qtheri and, 

^ade various 

the air, and 

then retired 



A Vjtifagi to thi Faafic Qctan, ' 1 85 



n the 


»n did 



nen as 
erfons, • 
e mid- 
sd, cm 
la* the 
(i and 

occui^d the place of the front, which after^ 
war(» refumed its priftine fituatidn. This dance 
being iiniihedt the drums were taken away> and 
the chorus retired, as in the preceding dance. 

Thrc^ very large drums were now brought 
in^ and feventy men ferved as a chorus to the 
third dance. This coniiiled of two ranks, of. 
fixteen men each having young Toobou at their 
head^ who was iplendidly ornamented with a 
kind of garment covered with red feathers; 
THefe^perfons danced, fung, and twirled the 
P^fSil^ ib as to meet with the continual applauie 
of the fpeitatprs, who were particularly pleafed 
wkhr 9 motkin in which they held the ^e afide^; 
as if aihamed, with thfi>9;gf/, bdbre it.^ ^Th»^ 
hindermoftrHnkclofedbeforethefrontoBe, whicfag 
loon after i^fumed its place, as in the 
fccond dances: then beginning again, tl 
ed a triple row, divided, retreated to eacl 
of the area, and left the ground in a great 
fure clear. Two men rulhing in at tha| va%,mXi 
began to exercife the clubs which they make 
ufe of in battle. They firft twirled them in 
their hands, and made circular ftrokes before 
them with great quicldnefs, managing with fuch 
ikill, that, though they ftood clofe to each other, 
they never interfered. They ihifted the clubs, 
with uncommon dexterity, from one hand to the 
other I and, after fom6 time, kneeled down, and 
made various motions, tofling up theii' clubs in 
the air, and catching them as they fell. They* 
then retired as hailily as they had entered. 
They had pieces of white cloth about their heads, 
. fattened 

lis A Vhyage to the Pacific Otian. 

Hift^d at the croinrn with a wreatlr of fi^liagr 
round their foreheads,: and,' that they migtit be 
ftte from all incumbrance, they had only a very 
fm^li piece of doth tied round the waift.^ A- 
mah, armed with a'fpear^ then niihed'iir^ and 
put himfelf in a menacitig attitude^ as if -he ih^ 
tended to itrilce with his weapon at one of the 
people in the crowd ; at the fame time bendbg 
the knee a little, and trembiing as it were with 
fury He continued in this-pofition near a mi- 
nute, and then moved to the other fide, where, 
having ftood in the fame poilure, he haftily re- 
treated from the area.- During all ^his time, 
the ' danccfrs who- had divided themfelves into' 
t#o^ parties, continued to repeat fomethin^flow. 
\fy aiid they iiow came forward, and joined a- 
comrWdih^thfe dj^e with general ap^ 
This dance' was probably coniidered as 
il performance, a»fbmeofthe pnncipal 
jlc were engaged in if $ one of the drums' 
^Stigbeat by Futtafaihc,the king^s brother, a- 
nothcr 'bjr Feenou-, and the third by Marce'wa- 
jec himfclf. 

"*' tti the fourth and laft dance, there were forty 
men as a chorus, with two drums; The per- 
formers were fixty men, arfaneed in three rows, 
having twcnty-fdijr in front* Before they com- 
menCedy^e were entertained with a preliminary 
harangue, in which the^wliole number madl^re- 
foonfestoan individual fpeaker. They recited 
icntences alternately with the chorus, and made 
with th6^^^ many quick' motions. They di- 
^ed into two parties, with their- backs to each- 

Other; ii 
the precc 
being fac 
dubs, as 
the dance 
^urns witJ 

o'clock till 
Iwho attent 
who were 
or ftraggHi 
thoufand, ; 
a mile. Ii 

in this entc 
galhed muc 
nius and cu 
cited. Ho 
ferved our 
nefs of the 
and the ex 
with which 
hk the ev 
•witoa^ w.n 
continued tl; 
twelve of. tl 
fame inaha< 
them, irhid 

A Feyageio the Pacijie Octan, iS^ 

other) formed again, (hifted their rankf (as in 
the preceding dauices) divided^ and retreated^ 
being fucceeded by two men who exerciied their 
dubs, as before, after whom came two others ; 
the dancers in the mean time repeating in their 
■turns with the chorus: they then advanced, and 
terminated the dance. 

Thefe amufement^ continued from eleven 
o'cloclc till near three. The nuinbtn^ of iilandert 
\who attended as fpe^tors, together wltn thoie 
who were round the at the tc::t; 
or ftraggKng about^ amounted to at leaft ten 
thoufand, all within the compafs uf a quarter of 
a mile. If we had underftood what was fpoken 
in this entertainment, we might probably have 
galhed much information with regard lo the ge» 
nius and cuftoms of thefe people. Though the 
fpedtatorsconftantly applauded the dijtferent mo* 
tions, when well made, a conliderable fhare. of 
the pleafure they received, fetmed to^arife from 
the fentimental part, or what tlie performers re* 
cited. However, the mere acting part well de- 
fended our notice, on account of the extenfive* 
nefs of the plan, the variety^of the motions, 
and the exa^ unity, eafe, and gracefulnefs, 
^h which they were performed. 

In the evening we were entertained with the 
himutif or.nigh^<dances, on a large area before 
the temporary dwelling-^phceof Feenou. They 
continued three hours; during which timeabout 
twelve of them were perfonned, nearly in the 
fame manner as thofe at Hapaee* In two of 
them, which were p^formed by women, a par* 



A Veyagt 'fy the Paeifie Oceaa, 

pj ti men came and formed a. circle within 
taeirt» In another* which confifted of twenty* 
four miukf many motbns that we had not be- 
fore feeni were made with the hands, and met 
with great applaufc. Tlie mufic was once chan- 
ged in the courTe of the evening ; and, in one 
of the dances, Feenou himfelf appeared at the 
head of fifty men: he was well drefied in linen, 
and (bme fmall pi^res were hung round his 

. Though the whole entertainment was con- 
ducted with better order than could reafonably 
have been expected, yet our utmoft care and at- 
tentrr« cotild not prevent our being plundered 
by the natives, in the moft daring and infolent 
manner. There was fcarcdy any thing which 
they dia not endeavour to fteal. They once, 
in the middle of the day, attempted to take an 
atnchof from off the Difcovery's bow; but wi- 
thout e0e£t. The only violence of which th^y 
were guilty, was, the- breaking the fhoulder- 
bone of one of our goats j in confef|Uence of 
which he died foon aKer. Oi Wednefday the 
48th» an gander got out of a canoe into the 
ReibJiution, and ftole a pewteiv-bafon ; but 
being detected, he was puriued* a^nd brought 
idcmgfide the ihvp. Upon this occa^on^ tlvree 
old women in the^canoe made loud lanientations 
over the;pnfoner, beating their ^ces andbMsaft^ 
with die paloM of their hands in a very violent 
manner^ but withoiit ihedding a tear* This 
mode of expreffing forrow occafions the mark 
mod of theft peopte bear on the fice^ 


over theii 
infliaed I 
and caufe 
wound is 
been mac 
they cut t 

The fai 
pref'ents c 
Which ha( 
exhibited < 
tion in rcti 
through tl; 
late dancci 
evening, fo 
at the fam 
chiefs, anJ 
prefenf. ' 
thcm-j but 
they were 
tion. Th 
drum, or 
ring the in 
one, no pe 
him 5 and, 
but a lane, 
tors from h 
for playing 
While tij 
evening cxh 
eft part oft 
Vol. I. 

t be- 
n one 
it the 

s con- 
Bid at- 
[ake an 
)ut wi- 

:h th^y 
jncc of 
[Isy the 
mo the 
L y but 
h tlwree 

It ^rls 
le ie^i 

ji Voyage to the Paci/!c Ocean, f 89 

over their cheek-bones } for the repeated blows 
inflicted by them on this part, abrade the Ikin, 
and caufe fome blood to flow outj and when the 
wound is recent, it looks as if a hollow cnrcle had 
been made by burning, (^n Ibme occalions, 
they cut this part of the face with an initru- 
ment. ^ . 

The fame day Captain Cook beftowcd fome 
prefents on Mareewagee, in return for thofe 
Which had been .received from that chief the 
preceding day'} and as the entertainments then 
exhibited called upon us' to make fome exhibi- 
tion in return, h^ ordered all the marines to go 
through their exercife. On the fpot where the 
late dances had been performed ; and, in the 
evening, fome fire-works were alfo played off 
at the fame place. The king, the principal 
chiefs, and a vail multitude of people, were 
prefent. The platoon firing fcemed to pleafe 
them-j but, when they beheld our wdter-rockets, 
they were filled with aftonilhment and admira^ 
tion. They did not much regard the fife and* 
drum, or French-horns, that were playing due- 
ling the intervals. Poulaho fat behiad every 
one, no perfon being permitted to lit behind 
hinl; and, that his view might receive no ob- 
ftru^tion, none fat knmediately befcM'e him; 
but a lane, as it were, . was made by the fpe^- 
tors from him, quite down to the {pace allotted 
for playing off the fire- works. 

While the natives were in expectation of this 
evening exhibition, they engaged for Uie great- 
efi; part of the afternoon, in wreillin^and box- 

VoL. I. X ing 


i^ A Voyage to Ihe "Pacific Ocean. 

ing. When a perfon is defirous of wreftltng« 
he gives a cliallenge by croflingthe ground in a 
kin^ of mcafured pace, and clapping fmartly on 
the elbow joint of one arm, which is bent^ and 
fends forth a hollow found. If no opponent 
fteps forth, he returns and fits down \ t>ut if an 
antagonift appears, they meet with marks of the 
greatefl good nature, generally fmiling, and de- 
liberately adjuring the piece of cloth that is 
faftened round the waift. They then lay hold 
of each other by this cloth, and he who fuc- 
•xeedsm drawing his opponent to him, inftantly 
endeavours ta lift him upon his breai\, and threw 
him on his back ; and if he can turn round with 
him in that poiition two or three times, before 
he thrown him, he n*^eets with great applaufe for 
his dexterity. If they are more equally matched, 
they quickly clo{e, and attempt to throw each 
. other by entwining their legs, or raiiing each 
pther firom the ground ; in which ftruggles they 
difplay an extraordinary exertion of ftrength. 
When one o^ them is thrown, he immediately 
-retires \ wjbile the conqueror iits down, for near 
a minute, then rifes and-goes to the fide from 
which he came, where the victory is proclaimr 
ed aloud. After fitting for a fhort time, he ri- 
fes again, and challenges \ and if ^veral anta- 
gonifts appe'ar, he has the privilege of chooffng 
which of them hepleafts to engage with : he 
may alfo, if he (hould throw his competitor, 
challenge again, till he himfelf is vanquifhed ; 
and then the people on the oppofite iide chant 
Ihe fong of Victory in favour of their champibn. 
. ^ It 

ly IT 
if it 
blows I 
tivity, I 
of thej 
on th< 
to- the 


ly boys| 

not uni 

uf Koyagi to thi PaeiJU 0mm. | f i 

in a 

ly on 

> and 


if an 

>f the 

id de- 
bat is 

r hold 

J fuc- 



td with 


mfe for 


iw each 

ig each 



ic from 
;, he ri- 
■ai anta- 
ath : he 
^uiihed •, 
le chant 

It frequently happens, that five or {urrife firom 
each fide» and give challenges together \ fo that 
it is not uncommon to (ee feversd fets engaged 
on the field at the fame time. T'ley preferv« 
great temper in this exercire» and Ic vve the fpot 
without the lead difpleafure in their countenain^ 
ces. When they find that they are too equs^l" 
ly matched, they deiift by mutual confent^ and 
if it does not clearly appear which of them has 
had the advantage, both tides proclaim the vic- 
tory,, and then they engage again. Qiit nc Qii\ 
who has been vanquilhedi is permitted to en« 
gage a lecond time with his conqueror. 
, Thofe wi\o intend to box, advance iide-wa)'8, 
changing the Qde at every pace, bavins one arm 
ftretehed out before, the bther betund % aii4 
holding, in one hand a piece of cord, which the]| 
wrap clofely about it, when they meet with ai) 
opponent. This is probably intended to prer 
vent a diflocation of the hand or fingers. Their 
blows are dealt out with great qnv. kriefs and ac- 
tivity, and are aimed principally at the head* 
They box equally well with either hand. One 
of their molt dexterous blows Is, to turn round 
on the heel, juft aft . .the/ nave (truck their act 
verfary, and to give him another pretty violent 
blow with the other hand backward. In boxing- 
matches, unlefs a perfon ftrikes his antagoniit 
to- the ground, they never fing the fong of vic- 
tory \ which ihews,^ that this diverfion is le(» 
approved among them than wreilling. Not on- 
ly boys engage in both thefe exercifesi but it 
not unfrequently happens, that little girls box 

X 2 with 

ipft A Voyagt U th* Pac^ Otion, 

#kK great obftinacy. On all thefe occafions; 
ffhey do not consider it as any difgracc to be o- 
wrcome } and the vanquished peHbn fits down 
with as nipch indlfterence as if he had never cti* 
gaged. Some of our people contended with 
them in both exercifes^ but were generally worft- 

Captain Cook intending to leave behind him 
^me of the animals he had l:^ought, thought 
pi^per to make a di^ribution of them before 
his departure. H« therefore, on the ipth^ af- 
fembled the chiefs before oar houie^ andmaik- 
ed out liis intended prefent^ to them. To the 
king he gave » bull and a cow ; to Mareewagee, 
% cape mm and two ewes; and to Feenoua horfe 
and a mare. He infbrudled Omai to tell' them, 
that no ibch animals exifted within i^Everal 
months fail of their ifland ; that we had brought 
them^ with a great degree of trouble and ex- 
pence, for their ufe ; thati therefore, • they 
ought not to kiU any of them till they had mul- 
tiplied confiderably 5 and, finally, that" they and 
their pof^erity ought to remember, that they 
had received them from the natives of Britain. 
Omai alfo explained to them their refpeftive 
iHTes, as far as his limited knowledge in fucH 
points would permit hii. The Cap:ain had 
intended to give oldToobou two or three goats 5 
but finding that chief indifferent abovft them, 
he added them to the, fhare of Poulaho. ^t 
fbon appeared, that fome of the natives were 
ttifTatisfied with the allotment of our -animals s 
fOft the next morning, two of our turkey-cocks, 



• 'f? 

on three cano-, "h"^ ,,* "??°«^' ^^^^ 
'fcW went on (hw ZTv. "Shd* ""= «"> 8 

chief,, in o„Xrfe fe' f* , '^™'' °*«r 
* guard over thml^'^"^'^*^^ appointed 
«hey muftcoS J^^^-*^ 'f.'^". 'hat 
rhe turkeys and the kirlK .i^^'^'^^ "^^ on'y 

Which we'hadtL'rpf„i^''t,t" *'"«' "' 
were reft&red to w "pki!i^^ ''"'°"» «'"'«, 

*kJ then fat dmvn ,o rfj^u , '^ .■'fWned , 
pearance of unconcl, q„*^'^*'*h *> ap- 
S^e, and aa iron we?' t°° ?*<="'•"*. a« 
Some armed na"iv« inVh " '*'"°"8'>« «° "»- 
«o aflemWc behind The W "ean time, beg,a. 
^d wtte«.a part o/tr Sd ^"a'i'^J "^ 
*ert. 5 atod the chiefs at ^, • ^"**,*^ ^^nS 
Commodore, -aveorf", 'u '"'*'S'«oa of the 

appear. wirLt" ^'f^^^ ,-" ^ "«'"'* 
him on Iward. th..» ^^x "I '° ''""« with 
•rfthem havin. afti^^i'y ^J"^'"*- Some 

ho'« going, he^'^"f'' "'^"^ '° P°"'»- 
fared^haf hel^J J,^,™«J'«ely. .nd de- 

'ngly; th^ chiefs \*mr„n i^ ?^- '^"o'-d - 

o-clock, H««fe«i JLi I ■ . , 'P' '*" near four 
n«t long a"* .^"^"^''^ 'hem afty>rei and, 

Ae other turkey ftouldb-^l P^^mifing that 
•»«» «norniB<T. hg-rXA, ^l 'T"?"' hack tiw 
^„^ e. ne reltafed: both tLni and the 

. ' '^^' Captain. 

194 -^ Vopgjt to the Pacific Ocean, 

Captain Cook now walked out with. Omai, 
with a view of obferving how the natives in our 
neighbourhood fared \ for this was the ufual 
time of their meals. He found that they were, 
in general, ill fupplied; a circumflance not to 
be >^ondered at, fince tnoft of the yarns, and o- 
ther provifions that they brought with them, 
were difpoied of to us ; and they were unwil- 
ling to return to their own habitations, while 
they coii^ld proqure any fuftenance near bur poft» 
That particular part of the iilai>d, where our 
ihiticMi was, being uncultivated, there were none 
of the natives who had a fixed reiidence within 
half a mile of us. Thofe therefore who were 
at our poft, were obliged to live under trees 
and bufhes, or in temporary iheds;^ andtheco'f 
coa-trecs were ftripped of their branches, for 
the purppfe of erecting huts for the chie£k 

Omai and the Captain, in the courie of their 
walk, found fix or feven women at fupper toge- 
ther, two of whom were fed- by the others. On 
their aiking the reafon of this circumftance, iht 
women replied, taboct mattee. Upon further 
enquiry it appeared, that one of them, about two 
months before, had waihed the corpi^ of a chief, 
on which account (he was not: allowed to handle 
any food for five months ; afMl> that the other 
had performed the fame office ^o the dead body 
of a perfon of inferior rank, and was therefore 
under a fimilar refb-i£^io«i, though not for fb 
l«ig a fpace. ' 

On*Saturday the 21ft, early in the mom:n;^^ 
Poulaho came on boards to invite Gapt^ Coov. 

. t9 

to a 


his j 





ry lo 







yams \ 

each i 


two ba 

a livin 




fo of b 


fifli, 1 





the firf 


A Voyage to the Pacijic Ocean* 




to a haiva or entertainment, which he defign- 
ed to giv£ the fame day. He had already had 
his head beimeared with red pigment, in ordei^ 
to communicate a red colour to his hair, which 
was naturally of a dark brown. The Captain, 
after breakfaft, attended him to the fhore, and 
found the iflanders very bufy in two places, fix- 
ing, in a fquare and upright poiition, folir ve- 
ry long pofts, at the dillance of near two feet 
from each ot her. They afterwards filled up with 
yams the fpace between the pofts v and faftened 
i^icks acrofs, from one pbft to another, at tho 
diftanice of every four feet, to prevent the pofts 
from feparating, by the weight of the kiclofed 
yams, and^ alfo to afcend by. As foon as the 
yams had reached the fummit of the firilpofts, 
they continued to fallen others to them, till 
each pile was thirty feet or more in heights 
They pboed, on the- top of one of the piles, 
two baked hogs y and,, on the top of the othei^ 
a living x)nc; $ and they tied another by tl^ legp 
half-i^ay up. The facility and difpatch with 
which thefe two pi)es were raifc^d^ was remorlsf 
able. After the^ had completed them, they, 
accumulated fome other heaps of yams, and al- 
fo of bread-fruit, on each fide of the area \ to 
which a turtle, and a great quantity of excdlept 
fifh, were added. The whole of this, with 
fome red feathers, a mat, and a piece of doth^ 
compofed the king's prefent to Captain Cook. 
About one o'clock the nua^ or dance|,wei^ 
begun. The firft of thefe very nearly re£biQble4 
the firfl that was pjcrfornied. siti fM^ef:^f^> 
•♦ , * entertainment^ 


A t^oyage (If ike Pacific (kean. 

entertainment. The fecdfid was conclu^ftd by 
y<M]ing l\>obou ; and in thi$) four or five women 
mett imroduced, who equalled the men' in the 
txH^e^r and regularity of their motions. Near 
th<^ etid the performers divided, in order to 
leave room for two champions who exertifed 
thdr clubi}. In the third dance, which was the 
foil, two Other men, #ith clubs, exhibited their 
fkiil ailci* activity. The dances were fucceedcd 
fy boxing and vhreilling ; and one man entered 
tfi^' lifts with a kind of heavy club, made from 
tht ftem ofacocOft-leaf, biit'could meet with no 
c^^ponent to engage him in \o rough a diveriion. 
Towards the evening, thel hmmyOT night-dances^ 
begafi^ in which the king hin^felf, apparelled in 
£ligli£h mantifa^ure, was a performer : but nei- 
ther thefe, nor the dances in the day-time, were 
Ay capital' as thofe of Feenou, or Mareew^gee. 

The Commodore^ in Order to be preferlit the 
#bbie time, dined on (hore. Poulaho fat down 
iHth him, bikt neither eat ndlr drank^ which was 
li#ing to the prefence of a fbmaie, who had 
Ijeeh adniittedy, at hisrequefb, tothef dining par- 
t^, and who, as we were informed in the fecjuel, 
was of fuperiOr rank to himlelf. This lady had 
Hit fdOner dined, thlan ihe w^Iked^trp ttyPbula- 
li^i who «|)pnc(d HiV hands to her feet; after 
#hich' fhe retired: He immediatety dip|jed his 
Iteigers'into a gtafsof wiM, and then all her ^t- 
tlntdatifs paid him obetflinee. At*his defirefoirie 
9f bieir fire-works wttW plty^d off iri the evening j 
hilt beii^g damaged) they did-not ali^er th^ ex- 

■ . ^. 'No 

by ail 
be pui 

A Voyage h iSe Pacific Ocean, 



No more entertamments being expefbed 011 
either fide, and the curiofity of the pooulace 
being in a great degr<:e fatisfied i moft of them 
defer ed us the day after Poulaho's haiva. Still, 
however, we had thieves among us, and had 
continual inilances of their depredations* 

Some of the officers of both ihips, who had 
made an excurfion into the interior parts; of the 
ifland, returned the 22d of June in the evening, 
alter an abfence of two days^ They had take^i 
their rauikets and necefiary ammunition with 
then^, beiides feveral.fmall articles gf the favou* 
rite commodities ; the whole of which the na^ 
tivei had the dexterity to fteai from them, in 
the courie of their fhort journey, biconveni* 
ent Gonfequencea were likely to have a^ndcd 
this a€^ ; for, when our plundered tmetteirs 
returned,, they employed Omai, withofd^^iiip* 
ibltingr Cs^ain Cook, to complain to the ktng 
of the treatment they, had received* He, not 
knowing how the-Captain would proceed in this 
affair, and apprehending that he i^iight again 
by him under reftraint, fet off early the next 
morning, aiid Feenou followed his example ; (6 
that not a chief of authority now remained near 
us. The Captain was ofiended at this bufi> 
nei?, and reprimanded Omai for having pre- 
fumed to interfere in it. This reprimand in- 
duced him to endeavoiu: to bring back his triend 
Feenou, and he fucceeded in his negociation, 
by af&iring hinv that no violent meafures^ would 
be purfued to oblige the natives to return what 
they had ftoien. Truiling^ to this d<eclara^ionA 



A Voyagi to the Pacific Ocean, 

Peenou came back m the evening, and was fa- 
vourably received. Poulaho alfo. favoured us 
with his company next day. 
. Upon this occaiion the two chte& very, juftly 
obferved to Captaia Cook, that, whenever any 
of his people wanted to take an excurlion into 
the country, they ought to be made acquainted 
srith it, that they might order proper people to 
attend them, to prevent fuch outrages* And, 
had this precaution been taken,, it is not to be 
doubted but that a man and his property would 
have been as fafe here, as in other parts of the 
more civilized world. Thoughthe Captain did 
not afterwards endeavour-to recover the articles 
taken upon this XKcafion, the whole of them 
were retume^^ through.the interpoiation of Fee^r 
Bou, except one muiket, and a few other in- 
iignificant articles.. By this time alfo, we reco^ 
vered the tools and other matters, that had been 
ftolen from our workmen. 

.On Wednefday the 25th of June, two boats, 
fiibiich Captain Cook had fent in fearch of a com- 
modious channel to fea, returned. The com- 
manders of them, reported, that the channel to 
the north, through which he came in,, was im- 
minently dangerous, being full of coral rocks ; 
that there was a good channel to the eadward, 
thoush contra6led, in one place, by the fmall 
iflands \ confequcntly a weftcrly wind would be 
necefiary to get through it. We had now re- 
cruited oiir (hips, and repaired our faijls, and 
had little more to expert of the proiuce of the 
iiland ; but> as an eclipfe of the fun was to hap- 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* igi^ 

I f a- 
\ us 



pie to 
to be 
of th« * 
lin did 
t them 
of Fee* 
her in- 
e reco- 

le com- 
tnnel to 

/as iro* 
rocks i 
\t fmall 
fould be 
.low r^- 
^y an4 
Ce of the 
I ta hap- 

pen on the 5 th of July, the Captain determined ' 
to i\ay till that time, to have a chance of ob- 
ferving it. 

Having now fome leifure before us, Captain 
Co(^, and a party of us, accompanied by Pou- 
laho, fet out tlie next morning, in a boat, for 
Mooa, a kind of village, where he, and the o- 
ther men of confequence ufually reiide. ^ Row- 
ing up the inlet, we faw fourteen canoe jjf filhing 
in company ; in one of which was Poulaho's fo.'. 
They had then taken fome fine mullets, about 
a dozen of which they put into our bout. They 
{hewed us their whole method of iifhing, which 
appeared to be an effectual one. 

Taking leave of the prince and his^ filhing^ 
party, we were rowed to the bottom of the bay,* 
and landed where we had . done , before, when 
we Went to fee Mareewagee. As foon as we gpt 
on Ihore, we were conducted to one of Poula- 
ho*s houfcs ; which though tolerably large, feen^ 
ed to be his private place of refidence, and ^j^B 
lituated within a plantation. The king feaWr 
himfelf at one end of the houfe, and thofe who 
came to viiit him, fat down in a femi-circle at 
the oth^r end. A bpwl oikava was inimediately 
prepared for us, and direftions were given tp 
bake fome yams. While thefe were getting 
ready, fome of us, together with a few of the 
king's attendants, and Omai as our interpri^ter, . 
went to take a view of a fiatooka, or burjfing- 
place, at a fmall dii^^ce froni the habitation., 
It belonged to^the king, and conHfted of three 
largifh hpufes, iituated^on arifing ground, with 


On thefloors P»ne%™ .^/j pebbles j and the 
of thsmounts. «»e fi«^~*'aP^ ftones of con.1 
^hote wis ewlofcd W^ „„ o„e fide, 

^fe. One of tl'^jX or;?*". '"^*^y "^^ ' 
at,d wo wooden ^ft%°^i,ed of the native, 
vere w^thm .t. .^./.^not enter here) what 
v,ho followed us (b« °^™ fo^edus, that they 

Aefeimag«.^fyj«^° chiefe ^ho had been 
were meroonaU ot '™~ ^ ^ the reprefenta- 
boriid there 'ind °^X^*^«„ is pre- 

Sen er^d^^any^;^^ bodleshad be» 

Wewere mfonnedtn^ ^^ ^ ^„^ of 

^riedineachofth^^.^^^. The carved 

fKi were to be diiong" yj^v, had been 

IK of an Otaheue canoe, wh ^ 

driven »fc°«='S„*Srg ground was a g«fr- 
one of them. »»*« ™ , e| ^^^^ e plan- 
plot, on Which d?^"* Yiferal of thofe c^d 
£d among ''*''^^,''"?emWe the cypreftjfxi 
itoa. They greatly ^emo now p;Jms 

had a very f*«»^f;e of the boufes. , 
was alfo P'"»*^Jf ' rfdves with fome 
. After refrefcmg ouri^ ^ „„ fhips. we 
on* which ^e bad teought^ j.^ ^^^^t^, ,t 

took a pretty I'Jg^ ^ „i„ifters, who would 
leaded by one of the feing s . „ot 

« feet, 
the tops 

and the 
i of corjil 
I one fide* 
ly carved, 
jc natives 
here) what 
„ that they 

had been 

appeared to 

A Foyagi to ihe Paafic Ocean, 201 

not fufiTer any of the rabble to follow us, and 
obliged thofe whom we met U{k>n our progrds, 
to fit down vrtiXt we were paffing ; a mark of 
refpeft due only to their fovereigns. The great- 
oil part of the country was cultivated, and mef(b 
of their plantations fenced round. Some parts, 
indeed, lay fallow, and others in a ftate o£ na- 
ture ; the latter afibrded large quaiftities of 

We found many public and-¥rcll beaten p£ltths 
leading to.di^erent parts of the ifland. Tra^ 
veiling here was, indeed, very commodious^*' the 
roads being excellent, and the country level, i^ 
We were condu<Sted to feveral pooU and fprings- 
of water, but they were,' in general, either 
brackifh or iUnking. 

Intheduik 6f the evening, we returned &6m^ 
Qur walk, and found oni* (upper in readinef^ 
It confined of ibme fiih and pms, andarbaKeiP 
hog, in whkh all tl^ culitiary arts oftheiti|M|k 
had been difplayed. There being notMi^|[|P 
amuft us after fupper, we lay doWn toflee(i,'ae*'' 
cording td the cuilomof the country, on 'mats' 
fpread upon the floor, and bad a c^overing <^' 
doth. The king, wl*>^ became hApp^ w?tfH wine ' 
and brandy which we h^d brought, sOfo-flepft in ' 
the heuie^ as did fevefal others of th^ natiVesr. 
Before day-break," they all rofc, andeiit^dm* 
to c(mverration by moon-li^t. As fboh srs tt ' 
was day, they difperfed diSetebt ways^ but it^ 
was not kmg befbre-they all returned, accelriip^V 
rtied by feveral of their countrjftoeri. ' '^''^■ 

Whife th«y were prepaHilg a b^lof *&^; 
^ Vol. I. Y Caj^^in 

aoa A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

Captain Cook went, to pay a vifit to Toobou, 
Captain Furneaux's friend, who had a houfe 
not far diftant, which for flze and neatnefs was 
hardly exceeded in the place. Here alfo we 
found a company preparing a morning draught. 
The chief made a prefent to the Captain of a 
living hogi and one that was baked \ alfo a 
quantity oif yarns, and a birge piece of cloth, 
i^^turning to the king, we found him and his 
4t;tcndant« dirinking the fecond bovni of kava. 
That bufinefs being performed, he informed 
Omai that he was going to perform a mour;iing 
ceremony, called toogey in memory of a fon who 
had been^ome time dead, and deiired us to ac- 
company him. Naturally expe^ing to fee fome- 
what new or curious, we readily complied with 
the rcqueft. 

Th^ king fiepped out of the houfe, attend- 
ed bj twovold women, and put on a new cloath- 
||MLpver which were placed an old ragged mat, 
^^■i mi^ht probably have ferved his grandfa- 
ther upon a iimilar folcmn occafion. His at- 
tendants were habited in the fame manner, ex- 
cepting that, in point ofautiquity, none of their 
mats could vie with that p£ their mafter. Thus 
equipped^ M^re marched <^| preceded by eight 
or tep perfons in the fame uniform, each of 
them'hay.nglikewife a green bough about his 
iicckf Ppijlahp, who held his boujgh in his hand 
t^l^e approached the place of rendezvous, then 
aljb jput it about his heck. We now entered a 
^all inclofnre, wherein was a neat houie, and 
a jQ||i letting before it. As the compimy ehter- 
. ' - • ed 

A Voyagt to the Pacific OceaH» f{ra3 

is was 
ifo wc 
[1 of a 
allb a 
f cloth, 
and his 
►f kava» 
fon who 
us to ac- 
'ec fotne- 
Ucd with 

w cloath- 
ged mat, 


His at- 

nner, cx- 

ac of their 

er. Thus 

by eig^* 
, each of 
about his 
vous, then 

entered a 
icufe, and 
>any enter- 
• ed 

td they took the branches from their necks, 
and threw them awaj. The king feated him- 
feif, and the others /at before him in. the ufual 
manner. By the arrival of other perfons, the 
circle increased to upwards of an hundred, prin>' 
cipally old men, all drefied in the manner above 
defcribed. The company being aflcmbled, «i 
large root of kava was produced by. one of the 
king's fcrvants, and a capacious bowl ttiat would 
contain five or lix gallons. Many pc:^rrons* now 
began to chew the root, and the bowl was tilled 
with, liquor up to the brim Others were em- 
ployed in making drinkmg-cu}.s of plaintaih 
leaves The firft cup that was filled, being 
pref.nted to the king, he ordered it to be giveki 
to- another perfon i the lecond was alfo preient- 
eJ to him, and he drank it ; the third was of- 
fered to Captain Cook. Afterwards a cvp was 
given to feveral others,^ till the liquor was cat-r 
liauiKd; and, though not half the conipahy 
partook of ir, no one appeared in the ^^atljK 
fatisfied. Each' cup, as it was emptied, was 
thrown upon the ground whence it -was taken 
up, and carried to be filled again. AH this 
time the chief, and his whole circle, fat with a 
great deal of gravity, hardly fpeaking a fv liable 
to each other. 

All this while we were in expe£tation of feeing 
the mourning ceremony b6gin, when to our great 
furprife, as Toon as the kava was drank out^ itiiy 
all rofe up,' and difperfedi and Ponlaho infprmcd 
us, he was now ready to attend us to the fhips. 

We had fometimes feen the drinking o{ kava 

y 2 at 

a04 A Voyngii^ the Pacific Octan, 

at other iflands, but no where fo frequent as here. 
The kcnia is a fj^iti of pepper, which th^ 
efteem a valuatje article, and cultivate lor this 
fUrpofe, carefully defeniling the young plants 
from any injury ( and it is ulually plantw about 
their houfes. It does not often e^^ceed the height 
.of a man, though they are ibmetimes ieen much 
Jbigher. It has large heait-ihapcd leaves, and 
jointed Oalics. 

Only the root of the hava is ufed at the 
Friendly IHands : after being dug up, it is gi- 
ven to the fervants, who, breaking it in pieces, 
fcrape the dirt off, and each chews his portion, 
which he afterwards fpits into a piece of plan- 
tain leaf. Thofe, .^ho are to prepare the liquor, 
collect thefe mo^hfuls together, and depolit 
them, in a large wooden bowl, adding a fuffici- 
ent quantity of water to maike it ox a l^roper 
ftrength. It is then well mixed up with the 
hands, and wrung hard, ^ order to make it 
«9du^!ve of as much liquid as polHble. 
- "^About a quarter of a pint of this beverage is 
uAndly put into each cup. It has no perceptible 
efl^ upon thefe people, who ufe it fo frequent- 
' Ijr i but, on fome of ours, it operated like our 
ipiritft occafioning intoxication, or rather ilu- 

The mourning ceremony being over, we left 
■ Mooa, and fet out. on our return to the fhips. 
Rowing down the inlet, we met with two ^anoes 
retui ning from fifhing. Poulaho ordered them 
to approach liim, and took from them every 
fiih and ihell. He aftierwards ftopped two other 


i they 
V this 

I about 
J height 
ie8> aitfi 

. at the 

it is gi- \ 
a pieces, 
of plan- 
le liquor, 
a deport 

a iuffici- 
a proper 
with the 
make it 


average is 
like our 
ither ft«- 

■ , we left 
[the ihips. 
two <5anoes 
^cm every 
, two other 

jt Voyage to the Pacific (X'Mn, 265 

canoes, .iearchcd them, and found nothing, lie 
cave us ioMie of the fiih, and the reft wer* fold 
by his fervants on board the (hip. Proceeding 
<iowQ the inlet, we. overtook a large failing ca- 
noe, when every perfon on board her (at down 
till we had paiTiMl^ even tlie man who ileered, 
though he could not poflibly manage the hehn, 
hut in a ft^nding pofture. 

Having been mformed, by Poubhoand others, 
that there Was fome good water at Onevy, a (inali 
Hland, about a league off the mouth ti the in- 
let > we landed there, in-order to tafte it, and 
found it to be extremely brackifh. This ifland 
is quite in a natural ftate, and only frequented 
as a fi(hing-place } shaving nearly the fame pr^ 
dudlions as ralmer(lon*s Ifland. 

When we returned to the (hipi Captain Cook 
Was informed that every thing'had been quiet 
during his abience ( not a (ingle theft havin|; 
been committed ; of which, Feeilou and Fut- 
tafaihe, the King's brotliery who had underta^ 
ken the management .of his countrymen in tltie 
Captain's abfence, boafied not a little. Tliis evin- 
ces what power the chiefii have when they afc 
inclined to. execute it \ which is not often to b^ 
cxpefted'} for whatever was ftolen friom us, was 
generally eon«reyed to them. 

The nckt day^ fix or eight of the natkes Jit- 
faulted fome of our people who wa^e £iwing 
planks^; in confequencc of which tbs^/vrtrc 
fired on by the ferttry; one of them W«s fup- 
pDied to bie wounded, and three were taken^ 
The laft«er w^rt conHtied, till night, when dit^ 

Y 3 . were 

.ap6 A Vopge to the Pacific Ocean. 

were puniihed, and (et at liberty. After this, 
tkeir behaviour was yery decent and circum- 
ipe^l } occalioned, as we imagined, by the man 
being wounded: for, till ^his time, they had 
Only heard of the effect of fire-arms, but now 
they had^// it* We were not miilaicen in our 
conjeAure, for Mr King, and Mr Anderfon, in 
an excurfion they tuok into the cpuntry, met 
with the very man, and found indubitable marks 
of iiis having been wounded with a muiket>baU. 
Nothing worthy of notice happened at the 
ihips for two days \ we ihall therefore £11 up 
tRat interval with an account of Mr Andcrfon's 
ejicurfion, above-mentioned. On Monday the 
30th of June; Mr King, and he, accompanied 
Futtafaihe as viiitors to his houfe, which, is not 
far from that of his brother Poulaho, at Mooa. 
Soon after they arrived, a largiih hog was kill- 
ed, which was effected by repeated ftrokes upon 
the head. The hair was then curiouily fcraped 
od*, with the (harp edge of pieces of fplit bam- 
boo, and the entrails taken out by the fame lim- 
ple inflrument. Previous to this, an oven had 
It^een prepared, which is a large hole vdug in the 
earth, the bottom of which is covered with 
ilones, about the iize of a man's fift, which are 
made red hot by kindling a fire over them v then 
they \^pt up iqvnt of thefe ilones in leaves of 
Uie bread-fruit tree, with which they fil)ed the 
kog's belly ; (luffing in a quantity of leaves to 
prevent their falling out, and thrufling a, plug 
of the fame kind in the anus. This being done, 
the carcafe was placed upon fome fticks laid a-** 

' crofs 

A Voyage to th Faciftc PciAn, 


c man 
;y had 
It now 
in our 
■fon, in 
•y, met 
e marks 
tet-baU. , 
\ at the 
; fill up 

nday the 
ch/»s not 
at Mooa. 
was kill- 
kes upon 
y fcrapcd 
plit barn- 
fame fim- 
joven had 
lug in the 
:red with 
' rhich are 

lemv ^^^ 
leaves of 

filled the 

leaves to 

ing aplwg 
jitjg donc> 
laid a-- 

crofs the Qones, and covered with plantain- 
leaves. The earth was . afterwards dug up all 
round ; and the' oven being thus efie^tually clo> 
fedy the operation of baking required no fur>» 
ther aid. 

They afterwards amufed themielves by walk- 
ing about the country, but faw nothing remark- 
able, except a fiatooka of about thirty feet high» 
At a fm 11 diiVance, there was a number of e- 
toa«trees, on which were vaft quantities of ?<r- 
/la/^ bats, making a moft horrible noife. Not 
having their mulkets at that time, they could 
not kill any of them, but fome, taken at Anna-' 
mooka, meafured almoft a yard, when the wings 
were extended. 

On their return to Futtafaihe's houfe,- the 
baked hog was produced, accompanied with 
feme cocoa-nuts, and feveral b^ikets of baked 
yams. The perfon who prepared the hog iti 
the morning, now cut it up in a very muftcrly 
manner, with a knife made of fplit bamboo. 
Tho* the weight' of it was at ieaO: iSfty pounds, 
the whole was placed before them } when they 
took a fmall part, and deiired the reil might be 
partaken of by the people fitting round. Fut- 
tafaihe could hardly be prevailed upon to eat a 

Dinner being ended, they went, with him, 
and his attendants, towards the fpot where 
. Poulaho's mourning ceremony was performed. 
They faw nothing but a kind of continuation 
of the fame folemn rites, by way of condoitrnce. 
Upon enquiring upon whofe account it was now 


'j^ilAMtrnnilihWIiTrriiiiili Imitx 



A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

tratifa^ted, tkey were informed, that it was in 
iftemory of % chief who had long fince died at 
Vavaoo; that they had pradb fed it ever tince, 
{Old (hoald continue to do ib for a confiderable 
length of tinje to come. 

They were entertained, in the evening, with 
# pig for fupper, drefled like the hog, and, like 
that, accompanied with yams and cocoa-nuts. 
When the (upper was over, a large quantity of 
doth was brought for them to deep in ; hut they 
were difturbed in their repofe, '♦/ a {ingular in- 
ftance of luxury, in which their men of con- 
fequence indulge themfelves •, that of being 
thumped or beat while they are afleep. Two 
women, who fat by Futttafaihe, performed this 
operation, which they call tooge^ to!>ge^ by fti Ik- 
ing hk body and legs, with both fifts, till he fell 
afleep, and, with" Tome intervals, continued it 
thf^ whole night. The perfon being fall aileep, 
they abate a little of the ftrength and briikneis 
of the beating} but, if they oblerve any ap- 
pearance of his awakening, they refuine it. In 
the morning they were informed that Futtafai- 
he's women relieved each other, and went al- 
ternately to fleep. Such a practice as this, in 
any other country, would be fuppofed to be dc- 
ftruftive of all reft ; but here, it operates like 
an opiate, and ftrongly Jhews what h«tbit may 

They fet out with Futtafaihe the next morn- 
ing, and walked to the point, down the eaft-flde 
of the bay. The country all along this fide ap- 
peared to be well cultivated, but not fo much 



was in 
lied at 

ig, tirith 

ind, like 


antity of 

but they 

iguiar in- 

i of coiv- 

of being 

.p, Twp 

irmed this 

, by ftvlk- 

kiUhe fell 

ntinued >t 

faft ailecp, 

re any ap- 
meit. Irt 
It Futtafai- 
id went al- 
as this, in 
•d to be dc- 
perates like i 
h&bit may 

next inori^- 
the caft-fide 
this fide ap- 
ot fo tnucb 

A Voyage to the Pcuifu Octan, jtop 

incloTed as at Mooa. They found, that in ti^ 
velUng, Futtafaihe exerciied a power, wluch 
ihewed the great authority the principid men 
are invefied with. To one place he ^nt for 
filh ; and to another, for yams ; and his orders 
were as readily obeyed, as if he had lieen abso- 
lute mafter of all the people's property. 

They croiled the bay, in the evening, to their 
ilation, in a canoe procured by Futtafaihe^ by 
exercifing his authority in calling to the iirft 
that appeared ; he _ d alfo a large hog at this 
place, and wanted them to accept of a bundle 
of cioath ; but, the boat being fmall, they ob- 
jected ; and he ordered it to be taken to them 
the next day. Thus ends Mr Andcrfon^s ac- 
count of his excuriioii. 

Captain Cook had prolonged his (lay at this 
iflaod, on account of the approaching eclipTe ; 
bur^ on looking at the micrometor, ion the 2d 
of July) he found fome accident had happened 
to it, and that it \vas rendered ufelefst tUl re- 
paired \ which could tiot be done l^ibre the 
lime it was intended to be uicd. We therefore 
got on board, this day, all the cattle and other 
animals, except thofe that were deiiined to re- 
main, The Captain defigncd to have left a tur- 
key-cock and hen, but two hens being deftroy- 
ed by accident, and wifhing to carry the breed 
to Otaheite, he referved the only remaining pair 
for that purpofe. 

We took up otif anchor the next day, and 
moved the fhips behind Pangimodoo, to be 
ready for the firft favourable wind to take us 


2 lo A Voyage to the Pacific OceaH^ 

through Sit narrows. The king, who was 
of our company one day at dinner, I obfer- 
ved took particular notice of the plates. This 
occaiioned me to make him an ofier of one, 
either of pewter or of earthen ware. He chofe 
the firft ; and then began to tell us the ieveral 
uies to which he intended to apply it. Two of 
them are fo e]:traordinary, that I cannot omit 
mentioning th .. He faid, that whenever he 
ihould have occafion to viiit any of the other 
iilands, he would leave this plate behind him| 
at Tongataboo, as a fort of reprefentative, in 
his abfence, that the people might pay it the 
fame obeifarxe they do to himielf in perfon. 
He was aiked what had been ufually employed 
for this purpofe before he got this plate ; s^nd 
Wf had the iatisfadtion of learning from him, 
that this lingular honour had been conferred on 
a wooden bowl in which he wafhed his hands. 
The othef extraordinary ufe to which he meapt 
to apply it in the room of his wooden bowl, 
was to difcover a thief. He fajd, that when 
any thing was ftolen, and the thief could not 
be found out, the people were all aflembled to- 
gether before him, when he wa{hes his hands 
in water in this veflel ; after which it was clean- 
ed, and then the whole multitude advanced, 
one after another, and touched it in the fame 
manner that they touch his foot, when ibey 
pay him obeifance. If the guilty perfon touch- 
ed it, he died immediately upon thp fpot *, not 
by violence, but by the hand of Providence i 
and if any one refufed to touch it, his refufal 

* was 


of 1 






of th 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 2n 

rho va« 
1 obfer- 
8. ^This 

of one, 
He chofe 
[vc Icvcral 
Two of 
nnot omit 
lenever he 
the other 
lehind h\m\ 
ntativc, in 

pay it the 

in perfon. 
y employed 

pUte V an<^ 
from him, 
his hands, 
ch he meaipt 
aoden bowl, 
, that when 
ef could not 
affemblcd to- 
,es his hands 
^ it was clean- 
se advanced, 
t in the fame 
t, when they 
perfon touch- 
:he fpot •, not 
; providence \ 

it, his refufii 
' was 

was ti. clear proof that he was the man. In the 
morning of Saturday the 5th of July, the day 
of the eclipfe, the weather was cloudy, with 
fome (howers of rain. About nine o'clock^ 
the fun broke out at fmall intervals for about 
half an hour, but was totally obfcured juft be- 
fore the beginning of the eclipfe. The fun a- 
gain appeared at intervals till about the middle 
of the eclipfe ; but was feen no more during the 
remainder of the day, fo hat we could not oH- 
ferve the end. This diappointmcnt was the 
lefs to be lamentei), as the longitude was fu£i- 
ciently determined by lunar obiervations. 

The eclipfe being over, we packed up the 
inftrumcnts and every thmg was conveyed on 
board. None of the natives having taken any 
care of the three fheep allotted to Mareewagee, 
the Commodore ordered them to be carried back 
to the fhips. He was apprehenlive, that if they 
had been left there, they would probably -be de- 
ftroyed by dogs. Thefe animals did not exift 
upon the ifland in 1773, when the Commodore 
firft vifited it ; but there is now ^ plenty of them; 
partly from the breed left by him, and partly 
from fome imported from an ifland, called Feejee. 
At prefent, however, the dogs have not got into 
any of thie Friendly Iflands, except Tongataboo. 

Mr Anderfon has given us the following de- 
fcription of this ifland. Amfterdam, Tonga- 
taboo, or Tonga (as it is fometimes called by 
[the natives) is about twenty leagues in circum- 
ference, rather oblong, though broadcft at the 
jeaft end, and its greateft length is from eaft to 


21 a 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

weft. The fouth fhore is ftraight, coniifting of 
coral rocks of about eight or ten feet high j ter- 
minating perpendicularly, except in fome few 
places, where there are Tandy beaches. The weft 
end is about five or fix miles broad and has a 
fhore like that of the fouth fide i but the north 
fide is environed with ftioals and iflands j and 
the eaft fide is, moft probably like the fouth. 

This ifland tnay, with propriety, be called a 
low one } the only eminent part, to be obfervcd 
from a ftiip, is the fouth-eaft point, though ma- 
ny gently rifing and declining grounds are per- 
ceivable by thofe who are on Ihore. Though 
the general appearance of the country does not 
exhibit that beautiful kind of landfcape, pro- 
duced by a vanety of hills and vallies, rivulets, 
and lawns, yet it conveys an idea of the molt 
exuberant fertility. The furface, at a diftance, 
feems entirely clothed with trees of various 
fizes : but the tall cocoa-palm^ raife their tufted 
heads high above the reft, and are a noble or- 
nament to any country that produces them. 
The boogoo, which is a fpecies of the fig, is the 
'.^rgeft fized tree upon the ifland j and the moft 
common bullies and fmall trees, on the uncul- 
tivated (pots, arc the pandanus, the faitanoc, 
feveral forts of hibifcus, and a few others. 

The climate of Tongataboo, from the fitua- 
tlon towards the tropic is more variable than 
in countries far within that line ', though that 
might, pernaps, be occafioned by the feafon cf 
the year, which was now the winter fclftice. 
The winds, are generally firom iome point be- 

. tween 

being [ 
and fd 


^A Voyage to the Ptuific Ocean* 


fiftmg of 
ugb, ter- 
omc few 
The weft 
iid has a 
the north 
ands •, aiwl 
e icwith. 
te called a 
le obfervcd 
hough ma- 
ds arc per- 
. Though 
ry does not 
Ifcape, pro- 
ves, rivulets, 
af the moft 
X a diftance, 
of various 
their tufted 
a noble or- 
[duces them, 
he fig, is the 
and the moft 
In the \incul- 
:he faitanoc, 
>m the fitua- 
ariabk than 
though that 
he feafon ci 
Iter folftice. 
te point be- 

tween fouth and eall. The wind, indeed, fome* 
times veers to the north-eaCt, or even north- 
weft, but never continues long, nor blows fti^ng 
from thence, though often accompanied with 
heavy rain, and clofe fultry weather. 
. The vegetable productions are never fo much 
afiedted, refpedting the foliage, as to fhed It all 
at once \ but every leaf, as it falls, is fucceeded 
by another, which caufes the s^pearance of u- 
niverfal fpring. 

A coral rock appears to be the bails of the 
ifland, that being the only fort that prefents it- 
felf on the ihore. There was not the appear- 
ance of any other ftone, except fome fmall blue 
pebbles about the^atookas, and the Imooth black 
ftone, of which the natives ixuke their, hatcf^j^ ^ 
and thefe have, perhaps, been Brought from o- 
ther iflands in the neighbourhood. Though, 
in many places, the coral projedts above the fur- 
face, the foil is, in moft parts, of a coniiderable 
depth. In cultivated places, it is generally of a 
loofe black colour, feemingly produced by the 
rotten vegetables. 

The principal of the cultivated fruits in this 
ifliind, are plantains, of which they have tifteen 
varieties J the Jambu, and the eeevce y the latter 
being a kind of pkun ; and yaft quantities of 
{haddocks, as often found in u natural iVate as 

Of yams there are two forts ; one black, 
and fo large as to weigh from twenty to tri'rty 
pounds ; the other white and long, feldom ex- 
ceeding a pound in we;ght. There is a large 

Vol. I Z root. 


a^i^ AVti^fff^U f%e FaeijSc'O^^. 

tees, Called m^Kaha*; the talooi'aihd tiiej<K}et. 

"Tlicjf have vaft numbers of c6cba-ii^tlls<^^ 
^r&ree other foHs of ^Ims. Ottei»^^ 
growing i^lmoft as 'high iis ^he cocoafc-tiree, 
-teM hiiving v^ lai»ge 'leaves, pkxked Ki^d a fen. 
^51w other is a kuald of cabba^-tttte, imi^-ire*. 
lMn*^g*th©eocoajbtit<nither fhkkfer. A third 
"^rt k^aHed oago>ongo^ itieldoxh grows high- 
er than fi-ve or fix feet. Plenty of excellent fu- 
:gar-cane is coltilratect here ; alfb gourds, bam- 
boo, turmeric, aii(f a i^ies of fig, talked mit" 
te ; bat the catalogue df tincuitivated plants h 
:too l^e to be enumerated. • 

Inhere are no ^juadrupeds in this Ifhnd, bat 
hi^ dogs, and a fevr rats. Fowls of a krge 
biieed are domeifticated here. 

Among the birds, are parrots, and parrOquets, 
tuckoos, king-fi{hers, and la bird of the thrufh 
kind, (tf a dull green colour, *#hic|^ is the only 
iinging bird we could, find here ; but it com- 
pehfates in si great degree, for the trant ofo- 
thers, by the force and melody of its voice. 

Among the other land birds, are rails about 
Ihefiie OT a pigeon, of a -variegated grey colour 5 
9 black <l* t with rcddilh eyes *, latge violet toots, 
with red ^Id eroiivtts j two ftwts df fly^catchers ; 
a fmall fwallour j and three ^li>its of {Mgeom. 

Of water-fowl, are the ducks feen at Anna^ 
mookaj trom Urds; bSue ^nd 'white herons ; 
noddies ; W: utc terns 5 a new fped^ or a ' lead- 
en eolour : a itnall bl!^&' curlew .: -said 9 large 
i^otted plover,. : .:/ '-■ ■ •'•■ - ^ -; <; ^^ , 



I KLd a fen. 
f-* inyHW re*- 
t. ' A third 
grows Wgh- 
jxceUcnt fu- 
loords, bftm- 
I tatted mat- 
ted plants is 

s Iftaiidfbat 
4sof alirge 

ofthe thniHi 
}3k is the oniy 
but it com- 
ic -want of o- 
; its voice, 
ire rails about 
d grey colour •, 
Tc violet toots, 
Iflj^-^atchers •, 
of pigeon?*, 
feen at Anna- 
white herons v 
edcs ol a lead- 
• iid ularge 

' ii|i)qp|§^this aiuQviU of the re^tilei, or-inreA 
tribet) anO) W^a^e$,t(tiiip* oftea jeea on Hi^re},, 

aMoigriifP guanQC9» abpiiit fi^teoi inchfa Ipiigy 
aQ4 ti99» ftnflU^r ibri8«; l|ere sir« fpmq bcautW^ 
fyX QiothsfSKUl battenSlcs^ ;i^ fpoMe vei^ kirg^ 
fpidoi^} tog^l^ , with others,. malMi^i ni, thc; 
whole, about fifty difle?»eQt iorts ofj^fi;^ 
.• Th^u^ th(9r i^a abouiul^i with H)^, tim ya^ 
rii^yri^Ufa $hi¥* might b«^^imagiae4i tl^fe ia. 
th^ fl^^dl pUnty !Mfe mutai«. ^veiyfifli, ol4: 
wivc;6„ pam)t-filh,c fo)«f i; li^aiN^iH^l^^ ^'Usi* 
qpros) bonaclos,; e^b li)^ tho^ ^bout Palflier^ 
jQ^n^s Ifl^d], rays, % %t of pilce, «^4 Jobml 

There are an epdlefs variety q$ ihe^ fifh alRt 
the reefs and Hioals ;. among which are the ham-* 
Tfk&r oyfter ; a \&ge indented oyfter, and many 
others; but none of the common fort ; a gigan- 
tic cockle; panani4s ; c<>nes i pearMhsll oyftersy 
(^1.'. Alfo feveral foits of fea-eggs ; matiy, cu* 
rious ftar-fi(]b ; ccatwv cray^fi^. ^c. ai^d fcH- 
veral forts of fpunge' 

Thou^hr we were now ready to fail, wq ha4 
not fiiliS«nt daylight to turn through the nar- 
rowa; the morning flood falling cmt too early, 
and the evening flood too late. We ¥^re th®e- 
fore under a neceffity of .waking two or three 
Mays, unlels we ihould be fortunate enough tQ 
have a leading wind. 

This delay gave us an opportunity to be prc- 
(ej^ at a public iblemnity, to which the kilB^. 
wi Z 2 ha4 


2i6 A Voyage to the Paeije Ocecm, 

^had incited tU, and which was to be ptrforn^d 
on the 8th. He and all the peoph o£ coitfe- 
qiiMce tepabed to Mpoa op the 7th, ^hore the 
Uktmt&tf was to^^ be exhibited. $c*\tiva! of us 
foUowed tKem the nesit mdiilikig. Foukho had 
itk^xftned tis, that his ^n was now to be initiat- 
ed into certain priTikg^j one of whkh-^vas, 
that dF eating with his ^ther \ an himour he 
had not hitherto enjoyed. 

About, eight cf clock in the morning we ar- 
rid^^it Mooa, wh«r6'We f0Ufidthe kingi withi 
a mimct of attendaiMs fitttegiiefbre him> with- ' 
in a firiall dirty encldfutel They wetey'sM^ ufu- 
al) l^idS^ in preparing a bowl of Imw. %% this 
|.¥ra8 not liquor for us, we went to pay a viiit to 
.7 f^^ of our friends, and to obferve what pre- 
I^Mons were dnaking for the ceremony, which 
was fbon expected to begin. 

, About ten o'clock, the people ailcmblcd in a 
large area before the maiaee, or great houfe. 
At the en^ 6f a road, opening into this area, 
ftood ieveral men with fpears and clubs, inccf- 
fantly reciting ihbrt /ententes, in mournful ac- 
' cents, which conveyed an idea of diftrefs. This 
was continued about an hour^ during which 
time, many people came down the road^ each 
having a yam tied to the middle of a pole, which 
they laid ^own before thofe who continued re- 
peating the fentences. At Icngtli, the king and 
prince arrived, and feated themfelves upon the 
atea; and we were requefted to, fit ddwn by 
thetn,'to take oflf our hats, and to untie our 
hair. The bearers of the yams having all en- 

nr« the 
il of us 

r. initiat- 

ittour he 

^g we ar- 
ipg, Vrith^ 

, A«thi8 

^ vifit to 

what ytt' 

>ny, which 

sibl'cti in a 
cat houfe. 
this area, 
|abs, inccf- 
surnful ac- 
(cfs. This 
ling which 
Iroadf each 
lole, which 
Itinucd re- 
king and 
upon the 
d<Wn by 
untie our 
Ing all en- 





■iilM 12.5 

^ KiS 12.2 
u 114 





11-25 mil 1.4 IIIIII.6 


% '*■>; 


^■•:^^'. '/w/ 









(716) 872-4503 

V '.vV 

; vw 

Wkdipifi^pe^WM takefti^ between two meD> 
yrh6 caiipea it over their '.mouMers. They^a^ 
terwaiidi le^ifn^ into companiffl^fof ^ 

ten Of 1i|f«i»e eadii i^d marched acroft. ^ 
o^cCf .irStit« f^pld |M^^^ company headed 
fa^ #l|m ii|^ 4 clttt^ or fpear, and defend- 


it, bylililpll others, arihed with 

;Jl^^t two hundred and 

'l|iC'|he proceflion,: which 

h^inammi^^ onapeixhaUv- 


pcpi ill he carrk^^ 
[txxmtfi hlii hii iii^iiied unwHUng tb> 
ifiibl^natl^ wf i^d|Ciired ; fomeof 

^^^k^^aw^-?-^ proceiBon, ieem^» 

|)^^iit%Mir|^<}r>&/<>9ii0 of one* 

ii|l^ :t^!«|fMim, about a ^uarten 

t^ij^ilie'ihi^^ft aiTembled; i Herd: 

thef 4mliM^^9i^^ them ]ii««^ 

vid^nttmntdkQ'F^ilika&t^ ^hd ,adyi£^^efD o^ 
inufe OQT^hnM faf. waliiiig )al»uti a|^^^^ 

fbr df lofi|%'^e Jai^ of ai^yviKsrt of tW ccfie^ 

mre ?etitJ9M|i^ t<»^'^ Iclng^^ 1^^ defired Qi^^ 
Cook tQ 'Ofiler llMi^^h^ f:rew not^ta preupme 
to ftir from the boat, for every tlijysgnwpcAdi. 
veryibon^be lilw^ and if any of oiur pfopli 

Z.3^ ' ■■v*it,or.- 

2f I; A, Vvpfsjf t» ^e JPaafie Oeem» 


or of thtir owmi ihonlcT^ fe«» ivalkiiigiibbar^ 
tkqr irould eatainly be .IcnocbBd 4ovii witb 
clubfti ni^ i»tf«n/ / that is, k^Hl^ ^Pe aUcr ift-^^ 
fortned u% tliat we codiil ni>t lii |nilnt itthe 
cefemonj i but that we ^loidd b« paceli in San^ 
a^^luatum, as t/b be abW t^ci lee ef ^^^i)%i^alr 
ptt^. Oiir drefs wat^fpiiiciil^lf ei^e^M to^ 
and .wis i^eie told, that, tti^i^a^us totbe^ift^ 
fent* we muft be nakcui as low as^^ bresftr 
and 011^ hats: taken, i^jjuid ,CNir Ipnr^iimiKk 
Qmai readily agreed 1^ eoblbfin I0 |hi^|«K|«l*i 
ol^id^j^tisk wiBf e ^tlA;0iiie4i^^^ 
e^ eqi^ly witlkMleh^., , ; ^r . m^« ' ' n < /' t '^ -^ 

Hot relxihing^ fiftn^on, theCaptauvMr 
out, to fee what ih%^ii^irllel*giE^^ 
Very few people,^ h^»«tfr , irere^,t<» be ^R^ 
cept thofe vt^Q mem Mioi^ tor aitt^d*4^ cil^e- 
jnony ; fome having in their handalon^p^^ 
aMtt four, feei^m la$gtft|!t«|]^ 
which were liftiped twoi «r' ^oite fOtto ^fi^aaik 
fticks, about^ kc^es io%. r^^ 
g(^^ towpfisfthe mom. Captain €ckdB^i|i>k 

^tii, all of^iig 0i]ft iB^Mi, r hei0!e»» 

tufod^ g& Kffii^ard Ah%ca|»iie %^l^ 

l»Mf|^^sa|d^;of ^ .;peoplGfitt|^, liBliiMt.': >ii# 
wisi^oBili troB^^ w^ toiip&4Ni#> ijmd, noli 
luMlwkig : wiNrt^ iiitetip be ' t^ > ^eoitillMiii^iiQBi ' of" W- 
~ ^ he ^f<Miiiipd» He Aawi? i>^wwd,^ih^ 
i«i|Qi^i|rritd tlie jNil^^^p^^ 

^ >0in diis eirouriibmce^ that fhe^SM^ 
thiiq^ was tnmfa£lBng beyo«d% hi ]^ %nr 

.^; thoughts 


this i^ui 

Amt, wh 
But he i 
him. t] 

came wi 
^or me 
juft befo 
which th 
he could 
pany fit 
thither^ s 

• ^Bued in 
off in pro 
pair carry 
that the i 
poles I we 
Aey were 

l^ii^d oni 
poll;, as if 
Ae wtighf 

^ ma 

A V^tyi^ » tiie PgfiificOMm . 






tfadttghts ef advancing^ liy^ tiiaking a roiund loir 
this ^urp^fe |, but he wai lb liarrowly obiervcd 
bf ihree meiiy tkatr be had ito opp^hmity df 
pHftttBg his- de^gR iti< cMoitioii. In order to* 
(hake off thde teUowivhle retorned to the m**- 
Imif whtre he had parted frooi the Hii^ and 
altetfward» made an doj^emenfe a feceiid tmie |^ 
hot he iniiaiitly met with the fame three men». 
wha haddoubtteft received inftni£tois to waich 
him. * He- paid no afetentiofi. to ^hemy. till hr 
came within fight of the Ida^v ^ptmi^^^fiaitm 
la or MvfWf 'before which a great number of 
people were fittings bdag th^ whom he had 
juft before feen paf» by the other merai^ froam 
whidi diia wa9 but aUttle diftant. Seemg thafe 
he could obienre the proceeding!! of tho» com>^ 
pany from the kini^ plantation^, he fepaireds 
thither> accontpanied by felveral l>f htr pei^. ^ ' 
The number of perfom at ^is fiakMf. coa^ 
' turned tncreafii^ for fome time i and at length^ 
thsy^^uttted their fitting pofture, smd marched: 
off in procefficQi. They wadloed hrpairs».eter]P 
pair carrying, between them, one of the fmatt:^ 
poles on their ihoolders'. We were inSarmed^ 
that the fmall pieces: of iBeks> faftened to< ;^ 
poles; were yams y it is therefore prdbableytlHi|t 
they were meant to reprelpnt this r6etcmblem«^ 
aticaUy. The hindmoft man of each couple 
pbeed ont of his* hands to the middte of ibtr 
.polib, as if it were not ftrong enoughtv carr^' 
the weight that* hang to\ it, and uraerwhkh' 
they i# ieemed to bendi as they proceedldr^ 
TMaprawffioff confined of one hundred' andr 



A Fhyage to tbf Faeifie 0ceim. 

eight' pairs, and principtilly men of rank. Ma* 
ving le<^n them all pafs> we repaired to Pou* 
lahoV houfe, and faw him going oat* We 
were not permitted to follow him $ but^ were 
immediately dondu£ted to the place allotted to 
us, behind a fence adjoining to the area of the 
Jiatooioii where the yams had been depofited in 
the morning. 

Arriving at our ftation. we faw two or three 
hundred people, fitting on the grafs, near the 
end'oCtl^ road opening into the area of the 
nhrdi and others were continually joining them.^ 
At length-, arrived a few men, each carnrinlf 
fome fmall poles and 'branches, or leaves of the 
cbcoa^Ut tree. As foon as they appeared, . an 
old nian feated himfelf in the road, and pro- 
fltmniced a long oration in a ferious majeilic tone.. 
He then retired, and the others advancing to> 
tiie-mi<£dle bf the area^ began to ere£t a fmall 
l^iisd or hut ; employing, for that purpofe, the 
ihaterialsah'eady mentioned. Their work being 
&ii(hed, they all fquatted doWn, for a moment,. 
before it, then toft up, and joined the reft of 
the company. * Potilaho's fon arrived foon af- 
tei^,. preceded by four or five men. After them 
appeared about twelve or fourteen women of 
the fiiNft ranki advancing flowly in pairs, each 
pair carrying between them a narrow piece of 
wfik^ cIoth> about two or du'ee yards in length. 
Itlley approached the prince, fquatted ddwn^ be- 
fore h^m^'and wrapped fome of the jpieces of the 
doth itond his body ; they then rofe ^ «nd 
retired- in the: fame orders to fome d^mo#on 



A Vt^ge to ^ Pacific Ocean* 


hk left, where they filled themfelves. Pod- 
laho now made lUt jtopearance> pireceded hf 
fevr meiiy waUupg twb and two atereafty and 
fil 4own on his ftin*s left hand, at afmaU dif- 
tfnce £roin him. The young^prince then quit- 
ted hi> firft pofitionj and icAted himielf under 
the ihed^ #ith his attendants; many others 
placed theinielves on the crafs before this royal 
canopy. The prince fat nicing the people, with 
hit back to the morai. Three comoanies of 
^XMit ten or a do^n men in each^' iliuttdrtu^ 
from among the crowd, foon after elich clfjier^ 
Wid# running hazily to the oppofite iide, f^^ 
down for a few feconds \ and then returned^ ij^ 
tlie fame maniier, to their former ftatilMis. To 
Ithem fucceeded two men, each having a fnuil 
^een branch in his hand, who rofe and advan^ 
ced towards tii^ prince, fitting down, for a few 
feconds, threfc different timds as they approach- 
ed ; and retired ib the fame, manner, inclli^iog 
their branches to each other as they fat.' ^AfleiV 
wards two other repeated the fame ceredienjtt 

The grand procdQion, which marchtd froi^ 
the other morai^ now began to come in. As 
they entered the area, they proceeded to the 
right of the Aied, and having proftrated thein- 
ielv« on the grais, depofitcd their pretended 
heavy burthens, (the poles), and faced round to 
the prince. They then rofe up, and retired ij^ 
the;?£ime order, cloiing their hands with the 
nloft ferious afpe^V, and fcated them^ves a- 
long the front of the ^rea. While tM^unie- 
jrous band "were entering, and depoi)^^, thAir 

■ poles, 

pe^ th|(|f IPAII. l4l{h|%lwiM);^ f|qp^ 

^kpil^ hi» Of?! foiii, ^^ String .Mv^ 

t|^ #ii|«%ai«if^4 to J9«|iif ^.l^niti ihi^ilii 

. , i#«ltti(J ijlc micWle-rf<sa«hiitw» or tlve«^ 
IMVIIkila^P'VietkiyfaskaiibQea^r^ They 
ip«rc |»ob(p|% iii^i|4«l Its iMily mificwl rep^v 

^ri^y.iib9uc fevcto'c^li. Tl)9 ki^ Tap- 
pe4 wi^li U8> and dwnk fo Sr<^eix oC bra^y a^di 
ltttie9|^«Ch«r«tir<d4or|)«fl w^|i a J^^^t 
4efe., W9 6omuiued\the whote ii%l^i^|||fci)( 
fiime Jieiile ^tj^ hkn and hb atten4aac& 




i-jPi torn > 
[it Ibifi^ 

or thf ^ 


*wfWFgclpBfUHjr tttcficictl iMMni the chicfi'^aiiuc 
m itird, 'fiitihjr ^down V 'nihi; immedHtteif !?&- 
|ta ¥he f](nie%|iet^^ wli)if h had bect^ ppaii^ 
ici "ujMytv 9i^2ffa&1iif,' tam>$jijrg or besthig ^fei%> 
#Kh4i^:»ifidied'iiftl, ina liis ihi|^. This, 
taifltsid'^^ait^ to^nittMt, hacTtfae emltts^ 

^^Qijpt^iti Ospk and Omal how paid attfit tb 
th^ Induce, who had paf^td from U9 dbrijf tht 
iSHkredhig'evenh^g ; M hb^ did hot lodge With 
th0 king, bift in iipat^ment^ of his own, nt fhihe 
"""'" ^oih -his ftrthcPs hotrfe. Wp Fotind 
^iHt a tirdc .df:iio)?, about his Qwn s^e^ 
iKii^i^ before him \ asidfah did man and wpmjf^: 
yfiiBeirek pi^hfcrs of both fexlcs^ emp^yed^ 
liAlf i?hcir necefl^ affairs, who ^bibljr, be- 
Ic^^d tb his houf(^h61d. 

'^'We^hcn rttmucd to the king^'wfed 'l^ii 

tii*|w€e^ tevee before him, cobfilHng'^^ ' 

^f ioiR Id- men. While a bowl of i^tw wifcs ' 

parings a baked hog and yams, foKikJntt I 

wcremtnydtitcd 5 the greatjeft port bfww&i fell 

to otir fharc, for thcfc people efpecialiy the i/^ 

v« drinkcrSj-eatTcry Ktrle in a morning. f 

We aiteryrards walked out, and vifited fcv^- 

lyal bther cl^ifefs 5 all pf whom were taking theh* 

mol-ning dr^nght, or they had already takeh h. 

rRettnrnitIg tto the king, we' found him afteep t^i. 

la r^ftlrd hut, with t& Women tapping or ftrik- 

]ini|'# hisr breath. Abbofr eleven <?rii6ck he 

laroie a||ahiy and ate, fome filh and yan|l» and 

Ugahi la# down' to fleep. We now h^ h^, 

id waiteiT mi the prince, wfth a plwlt m 


. *: 

ai4 ^ Vvj(^t #? Hit Pacific Octan. 

doth, beads and other articles. There was a 
/ufficient quantity of cloth to make him a com- 
plete imtf and he was immediately dad in his 
new hahilements. Ptoud of *his drefs, he firft 
went to exhibit himiUf to his Either, and then 
coiulii^ed Captain Cbolc 'to his mother, whh 
whom were about a dozen other women of a 
veqr.r^ibe^ble appearance. Here the prince 
chaiigea his apparel, and made Captain O>ok a 
prefentof two pieces of the cloth which had 
been manufa£bired in the ifland. .\ 

f.,.ljtwas now about noon, when, bf appduot- 
ment, the .Captain repaired to the pabce to din- 
ner i which was foon after ferred up) and cooh 
Jftcid of two pigs and fome yams. The dnt^fffy 
jnbnarcb was roufed to partake of what h^,l|jMi 
appointed for our entertainment.. Two mulls^j 
and foiiK ihell-^ih, were introduced, as ^In- 
tended for hi^feparate portion. But he add^ 
jl^tp our fare, fat down with us, apd macfe a 

slQplner , bdng over,. we were informed that 
the ceremony would foon begin, and n^ere i^i^l:- 
ly enjoined not to venture out. The Commo- 
QQre nad refolved, however, to peep no longer 
lirom ^>ehind the curtain, but,^ if po^ble, to 
4lix,with the a^ors themfdves. With this view 
J^ Wj^ed towards the morai, the iceae of the 
fol$m9ity. H^ was frequently defired to re- 
|um, bnt h^7>aid no regara to the adikonitions 
he received, and was permitted to pafs on. 
Whibn arrived at the morai^he faw^iiumber 
^men^£dt^d,Qa the iide ofthearea. A few 

V > were 


men i 

the 19^ 




dies, c 




time t( 


and ma 

ed, tha 


that pre 

ajf^nd j 

m^di af 

ddSrcd 1 


tQ uncov 

li€ readiJ 

longer fe 


iength ap 


ihed, two 


and put ti 

gan thdr 

'^ backw 

in the for 





^ '"'yf to ti, P^ o„^ ^ 

•be mWft of U« &^Z^)J^ »J^i«to 
to fit down, which he ac3iLj.7** ''''w*! 

row.. AU the infor.^^ ? ™ «f haniinw 

ed, th.t U.e word S '?krn f "' "^^• 
mentioned., SomethmT^M !['« «»"•% 
that produced loud bwft.^7 1 l ^ ™« •>««» 
■^dj othe., of ISr liu*'*'" ^^ »" 
">Hcl> applauded. Ti»r.; v^^^' '«" alfo 
ddJred Z leave he pte^t".^ frequently, 
>"« Wm detemined ?o^' ^^ '«•««•; fi„X'- 

!«-«thaSd tr^^r "•ltin«. at , 

'hed, two «»en. KifeP'*'^ "»'»«• ^ 
r^ating fo«i4 to ^a \Srfl"^T»*- 
and put them about him -i?' '""""^ «»a'D, 

r"" .^kwawJ and,f(J.ward ^T',.'^""*"** 
m the fornjer dav C? !f° 'j "^e «««. aa- 

^ ihort 

126 A Voyigi to ihi Pacffie Ocitm» 

Jhort fpeech» and then the whole comptnyrofe 
tip, and placed themfehes before the' £bed in 
#hich the prince, and three or four men were 
ieated. One of the company who feemed very 
deffirous of obliging Captain Cook, procured 
him fuch a iituation, that if he could have 
made ufe of his eyes, nothing could have efcap- 
cd him. But it was neceifary to have a demure 
countenance and downcail looks. 

The proceffion foon after arrived, as on the 
.preceding day i a pole, with a cocoa-nut-leaf ' 
plaited round the middle of it, being carried on 
•the ihoulders of every two peifons. Thefewere 
depofited with the fame ceremonies as on the 
day before. After thb fucceeded another pro- 
cemon, compofed of men, who brought halkets, 
made of palm-leaves, fuch as are generally ufbd 
by this people to carry provifions in. A third 
proceffion rollowed, in which a Variety of fmalt 
fiih, each pbced at the end of a forked ftick, 
ijrere brought. An old man,< who fat on the 
prince's ri^t hand, without the fhed, received 
the baikets ; each of which he kept in his hand, 
making a ihort fpeech or prayer \ then laying 
that slide, he called for another, repeating the 
fame kind of prayer ; he proceeded in this man- 
ner tilll^e had gone through the whole number 
of baikets. Two men, who, till this time, had 
in their hands green branch^, and were feated 
on the left, received the jBfhone by xme,>as they 
were prefonted to them on the forked fticks. 
The firft fifli they laid down on their right, 
aiid the fecond on their Idt. The third bdng 










and Ic 

fioq a 





*him'; ] 
«fli, d 
had bee 
of the] 
or pray 
%nal b 
paces, 1 
by this 
prince h 
and fron 
honour < 
roafted y 
that purj: 
Soon ! 
kind off 


A Voyigt to thi Pacific Wcean, tVJ 






1 have 



on the 


irricd on 


I on tfa6 


t halkets. 

•ally ufto 
A third 

:ed ftick» 

it on the 

his hand, 
:n laying 
iting the 
[his man- 
, number 
:ime, had 
_ feated 
e, as they 
led iticks. 
idr righti 
ird being 

preTentec], a (louti(h man, who was feated he- 
hind the other two, endeavoured to fcize it, at 
did alfo the other two tit the fame time* llius 
every fiih was contended for \ but th^ man be- 
hind, on account of hit difadvantagcoos (itu»- 
tiony got only pieces % for he never quitted hit 
hold till the fifh was torn out of his hand. 
What the others got, were laid on the rrffht 
and left. At laft the perfon behind got poflei^ 
fioQ of a whole Aih,iUie other two ^ not epren 
touching it. ■ Upon this, ihe word nMrmu, 
(very good), was pronounced in a Ipw^ voice 
thromghout the wlip)e crowd. It appeared, that 
Ke had tmw doiie tUi that* was expected from 
*him i £mr hie did notiOMGici^d for the other hUw 
The perfont wlio broqghli in thefe batkets and 
iilh, delivered them fitting ( and, in tl^e (ame 
manner, the poles carried ip the firfl: proceffiout 
had been placed upon the ground. At the doic 
of the hSk. proceflion, there was fqme fpeaking 
or prtying by different peribns. .^Then, oa a 
fignal being eiven, we all rofe up, ran feyeral 
paces, and fat down, with our backsfto the 
prince. The Commodore was requeited not to 
look behind him \ but he was not difcouraged, 
by this injun^on, from ^cing about. The 
prince had now turnejd his face to the marm^ 
and from ths^t moment he was ^admitted to the^ 
honour of eating with his father ^ and a piece of 
roafted yam was prefented to each of them for 
that purpofe. 

Soon after, wcall turned about, forming a 
. kind of femictrcie before the prince, and leaving 

Aa 2 JL 


^ ^<oyage to ihei Pacific Ottan, 

an open fpace between us. Prefently fome meri 
advanced towards u8, two and two^ bearing large 
poles upon their (houlders^ waving their hands 
as. they proceeded, and making :a noifelike fing- 
4ng. When : they came near us, they made a 
?ihew of walking' ^uick,. without adtancing^ fei 
iingle ilcp. Several men, armed with large 
ift^cks, immediaibOly ftarted irom the crotrd, and 
•ran towi^ds the new vifitors, /but they mftabtty 
onade off, >;^having thrown down the peleft from 
,thetr ihouiders. The others attacked tbe ipoles,* 
..imd Hawing beat them irfoil unmorc^tilly;" rt- 
Humed to their places, ^heformdr as tlrtiy litifi 
cdf, gave tl^ challenge ixibd 'here in'^reftiing^^ 
jmAy m a^ort tiniej icune luAy fdbM^s (^nic 
£rom thei fame quartet, fepeatin^the challenge 
as they approached. Thefe were tcfiild(d by tt 
.cempany, who arrived at tbstt inf^ant from the 
oppoiite ide. Both parties, however, rcturn- 
v(Bd to their *pwn f)uart€r, toft'^ hawing paraded 
About the area for- fome minutes, j^fterward^ 
for the fpace of half an hour, wrefVling an^ 
4)oxing-matche$ fucceeded. Speeches were then 
delivered by two men, who Seated thdmiclyes 
before the, prince, with which the 'folemnity 
ended, and the whole aflembly bi?oke up. 
K In vain did we endeavour to find out the pur- 
port of the folemnity, called Naiehe, AIL the 
anfwer we received to our enquiries, wiis^iaboo; 
ijvhich^ as has been ah'eady obferved, is. applied 
to many things. There was a myfterious foleth- 
nity in the whole tranfa6lion j atKl from the 
isaanner of pecfprming it, as well as the jplaee 

. -- where 

there i 
on. \ 

drefs a; 

that ov 

th jt w< 



the chi( 




f«ive4 a<J 

^irtg, i 

It may b 


■^as mtifl 

We w 
^ a ihor^ 
c^fion, th 
vaoo, and 



^aaffce, u 

the Dfeity 

A Voyage to ihe Pacific Ocean: 



d, and 
J firmn 



pdbf tt 
[rom the 
ling and 
<xe, then 

where it was performed, it wa? Evident, that 
there was vL mixture of religion in the inf^ituti- 
Upon no occafion had they regarded our 


drefs and deportment ; but now it was required , 
that our -hair ftiould flow at)out our ihbulders ; 
that wcihould be Uncovered to the vaift \ fit 
crofs-legged ; and have our hands locked toge- 
ther. Itihouldbe obferyed aHb, thatnonebut 
the chief people, and thofe who were concern- 
«d in the ceremony, were admitted to' alfift in 
the celebration Ail thefe circumftant^s 
evidently pointed oat tiliat they fuppofed thertj^ 
ftlves acting under the infpe£tion of a Supreme 
Being, npon this occafion. 

From the above account of the prefent naUhcy 
It may ije cOnfidered as merely fi|;iirative. Tlie 
few y^tns i*hich were Teen the firft day, could , 
wbt \it meantli? t gcueraicdntribution ; and it 
Was mtimatcd to ns, that ihey were a portion 
tronfeidratcd to the ikooay or Divinity. 

W* were, however informed, that in the 
<|isK:e of three months, there w6uld be rcprefent- 
OT a rtiore'iinportant fdlenmity ; on which oc- 
&a{ion,-the tribtfte of Tohgatabdo, Hapaee, Va- 
vapo, anu^ ^11 ^hc other ifjands, would be brought 
ti^'lhichi^^ aatidinorea^Y^llvcon^^ fa- 

c^ipinjg tM'htftnafi- vKftims ifrom irtiongft the 
peoptfc. ^'A horrid folditnity iti'deed ! On our 
enqnirfng^^int&tfae occaffon of fo barbarous i 
wa^ce,'\vd were infbrnied,^ that it was a hecdt 
fery .[^rt of the Nattche ;' >n4 that, if pmftteC 
the Xfeity woiildddh-oy their king. ' i 
! m day ^s for%M hf^fetl^eaklilf^ 

a3# A. Thyage to the Pacific Oceatt, 

of the aflemblf } and as we were at fome diftance 
from the ihipsy we were impatic;nt to fet out 
from Mooa. Taking leave of Poulaho, he 
prefled ns eameftly to ftay till the next day, in 
order to be prefent at a funeral ceremony. The 
wife of Mareewagee, his mother-in-4aw, had 
lately died % and, on account of the natche, 
her corps had been carried on board a canoe in 
the lagoon, Poulaho told Captain Cooky that 
when he had paid tjhe Uft offices tq her, |ie 
would attend him to £ooa i but if he did not 
chuie to yr^t, that he would follow him thither. 
He woul(!f ^adly have feen tliis ceremony,, had 
not the tide been now favourable. , The wind 
too, which had been very boii^erous, was now 
moderate and fettled. Beddes, we were inform^ 
ed, the funeral ceremonies would continue fiv^ 
days, which, as the ihips lay in fuch a utuation^ 
that we could not get to fea at pleafure* was too 
long a iime to ftay. Thfc tiilaptain, however,, 
aflured the king, that if he did not imrpediately 
fail,, he would viiit him again the next dayu 
Whereupon we all took leave of him, and ar- 
rived at our fhips about ei|^t o'clock in the e- 

While the Comino^ore. wa^ attending ,tibe, 
maichi^ at Mooa, he drdeited^ the hoWes, bull* 
«id other cattle, to be brought tUther, tKink* 
ing they \vould be fafer there, than at a j^ace; 
that would be, in a ^eat meagre defertec^ the 
moment after our departure. .Befid^s, -yKhaA 
left with our friends here»ayoung£ngli^boar^ 
•nd tb»«e jonpgEag^ fewa» J^X wcrprca- 


ing tha 
two ral 
to thefe 
boo is a 
o'clock ii 
turned, tl 
atJirft, i 

that from 

uoQS ilroi 
thefe difa 
exceeds t 
there can 
*^ks, in 
^here a fl 
pools. X 

wheiiiijrB ^ 

ward? of I 

wl. He 3 



»**t ei^r j 



,'>f^ ^•Ai^-tK.tttOiiibtJLm : 

t out 
, Kc 
y, in 


loe in 
> that 

er, t>e 

id not r, 

5 wind 
as now 

was too 
5xt day* 
and ar- 

I a ,#acc. 
»d« tn6 



^ Kf)M!^# /l) tin Paeyie Odmi. 2^$ 

ceedingly deiirous of them, naturally fuppof- 
ing that they would greatly improve their own 
breed, which is but fmaU. Feenoii alfo got 
two rabbits from us, a buck and a doe, ijcom 
which young ones vfere produced, he^c we 
failed* If th^. tattle fucceed, the acquifition 
to thefe iflands will be great j apd as Tongata- 
boo is a fine level country, the horfes wiU be 
extremely ufeful. 

We w^^ed anchor on thQioth, about eight 
o'clock i^the mornicig, and,, with a (teady galet, 
turnedtqixMmhtb^ channel, b^ the imaU 
ifles called Makahaa and. Monooafai. The flood, 
at £rft, fet ftrof •; in our favour, ttU leading up 
to the lago9nt where the eaft-ward flood meets 
that from the weft. This,, with the indraught 
of the.db^o0ir, andpftheihoals before it, pcca*- 
iu>ns ilrong icings and whirlpools. Befldes 
thefe difadCantages, the depth o^ the channel 
exceeds the length of ^ cable; consequently 
therie can W no anchorage, except clofe to the 
rocks, in iorty and fprty-flve fathoms wat^^ 
where a ihip wopld; ,be, exp<^ed to the w}iir(« 
pools. The Captain, tjherefore, aba^doned the 
deiigtihe had formed of coming tq an anchor, 
wheipi ¥pe ^^^^thrQugh the narrows, and a^r 
ward? <^ fi?aki^g V e^wfion to ffe t|^ Jiiii^f 
jeai* ,J)fc leather ch^^'.be abfetit froi» tha|^. 
cerepoony, than to leave the.^ps ip^ib dangf^^^- 
Qiis aifi^tion. WepUed to^wii^d-w^^ J3e|wc«|i, 
N^ t^ tide% tiU it was npaf h|ph wa^r,, wjtl^, 
Mt ei^r gainyog^pr ipfing an mch, wj^t^ Wf 

vi (,.■(»»... « * ' tide. 

^5* A^Voyage to the Pacific Oc^fi: 

-^^iinrherc wccxpcftcd the ebb to run -ftfong 
to the eafl:*ward in o\xt favour.^ It proved, h&w- 
««crj vtrj' inconfidcrablc. Gonyihced that we 
'eoxM not' get to fea hefbre it -was dark, we an- 
diored'imder the ihore^of Tongatabbo, m fer- 
tf -kfive fathoms water. The IJiJcoveiy dropped 
•anchor under our- ftem;vbut drove off the bank 
liefore the anchor took hoild, and did not reco- 
v^ it till about midnight. 

.^After remaiixing hi^is ftation^tUl eteven o'- 
<dli^';^he 116^ da}r,Ji)ire weidi^d and {^ied X6 
^ txkSiiineeA. At <ten b'fciock *at nrght We wea- 
tiiat^ ttie eaft end of the ifhmd, and ftretched 
'vf^im J^dlefourg, or £o*.l (as iihe <inhabi- 
tant% <all it) -vrhcre we anchored, ^xmt eight 
tlWtiext morning, in forty fathoms >tat(:t ; pe- 
ll^ nearly tfte &me phce where the ^^^aptain 
took his -ft^oa in 1773', "^^f^ fie jiatned' it 
J^ii^miid.' ' -■ '^='-- ■: - •- 

' A* fo»oii aft trc had 'iuic^itored; l^c^ft the 
thief,- an^ 'foetal of tti^'iiatlves; vifited us on 
hoa^tf, and fbemedrejdeed at tmr ai^vah This 
'i^tiofa had been Captain ^^iMik's T^ji^ when he 
was/here in 1773, land therefdre they werfe not 
^Inmgers to ekh cither. The Captain are€Chn- 
^0^ Htm Off 6tore in^^i^di qf^^0i(' #ater, 
^^ proct^itir of irWch was *h«j ^chii^ tiiiqfeft 
Mi^ l^tii^tit htm to ISoba^ Hi^ Miteard^lit 
TcMaftaboo ()^ (ktam heireiyiHiith j^n from 
Jh< telk'intoth<e.iea$ but thjr was ixidri)^ 6t^ 
/aft prefent. He was cpifidtiAed to: a'|»i4ik}l^ 
ff^iing^' among roda^ between, low ^^ Mi 
%ati!irniitfk.' '^^mmi '^^fMhA^i^^ 
-^ -did 

did not 
might b4 
than one 


they hid I 
j*^bf ihe< 

had a -very 

iately feen, 

fcape. Iti! 

we had le 

which appe 

aUy toward 

fi^m this c 

drover an 

themj but ] 

prefents an 

trees, ai be 

A Voyage to the Bacifie Ocean, 233 

aat we 
we an- 


evett o*- 
pjicd w^ 
w« wca- 

did not approve of this, we were ihown'a Httle 
way into the ifland ; where, in a deep chafm, 
we found ibme excellent water ; which, though 
attended with fome trouble, might be conveyed 
to; the ihore, by means :o£i ipauts or troughs^t ht 
might be provided for that purpofezlMk rathor 
than onder^ke that tedious tafk, the Captain 
contented hinifftlf with theitipply theihips had 
received at.Tongataboo, : ^ 

rBefoce. hcTetumed on board, he began a t^£- 
!&c'§afc hogsand^ms.. Of the:farmer, we'<^oukl 
.not'procnre many $ but, x)lthe4atter, plenty. At 
dns '^aad we landed the ram and vtwo ewes* ^f 
tbeCape. of C^lod Hope^breed, and cammitted 
ithom^tovthe xare^of Taoofa, who .feemed '4^ 
•ligiited^nrith his' charge, it was, perhai^ a'fciCL 
tunate circumftance thatlMareewagee, tO; whom 
they hid bsen grven, as before velated, flighted 
the preient: as £ooa had no dog& upon kat pro- 
fent^ it feemed to be a fitter. place fcrtlio'reai^ 
ing bf iheep than -I ongataboo. 

While we were lying at andior, this ifland 
had a Areryidifierent afpei£t from any that werhad 
lately feen, and formed a moil pleaiing land- 
fcape. < It is the higheil of any we had feen ilac^ 
we had left Nevv-Ze.:land, and from itsctiE»|l^' 
which appears to be almoin flat, decliaef|^i?iidtt- 
ally towards the fea. The other iil^s,^^«xhich 
from tills cUiAer, being level, tlve eye c^ndt 
dBfcover any thing except the trees that cover 
them ; but here the land rifing gently upwards, 
prcfents an exteniive profpe^t, where groves of 
trees, m beautiful diforder, are InterfpeHed at 
/^^i^ irregular 

^^ -^ l^ojwX* ^^ ^^ Pacific Ocean, 

•irregular diftances. Near the fliore^ it is quite 
(haded with a variety of treeS) among which are 
erected the habitatbns of the natives \ and to 
the right of where we were ilationed, was on6 
p£ t}|e moil exteniive groves of cocoa*pahns that 
we had ever feen. 

I|i the sift^noon of the ^ijth^ a party of us 
.afcending the higheft part o£the ifland» a little 
to the right of our Ihips, to have a perfect' view 
of the country. Having . advanced about half 
way up» we crofied a deep valley, the bottoij^ 
jiod iides of which were clQathed with trees. 
Wc found plenty of coral till we approached the 
ifmnmits of thfe.higheft hills ;lhtf foil near the 
tdp isy; imgeneral, a reddifli' day y which^ in 
many, i^lacesa is very deep. On- the. mod ele- 
vated pgrt of the iflahd we faw a round, platform 
fupported by a wall of coral {k>nes.. Our con*- 
dii^ort informed us,, that this^mounti Lad been 
railed 1^ the direction of theiiv chief;, and that 
they met thercy. occaiionally^. to drink kava. 
They caUe4 it jS/<^tf ;, by which name an erec- 
tioiK was- diftinguiihed which we had (een at 
Tongataboo. At. a fmall dtilance from it was a. 
i|>ring of moil, excellent water;, and, about a 
,licit|e iow«r down,, a ft: earn, which, we were 
tpldy :i»n into the fea when tlie rains were co- 
pious* Wa alfo difcovered water in fcveral 
r^atl holes ;, and fupppfed that plenty might 
l^ found, by digging. , 

From this elevation we had a cdmptete vic\» 

, <^ the whole i^anU, except a 0i»ll partvto the 

folith. The fouth-eaft fide, from which the 


hills we 

with crca 

fea ; Xo tl 

the north< 

tufts of tn 

a moft dc 

view. W 


idea, that 

the fame ei 

ed with cat 

and thatth 

lent purpoi 

tions, woul 

had not bee 

b^des the 

Mes, a fpeci 


All^ or n 

were told, 

^o : thp inl 

fals, tothcn 

cafe at all th 

mooka, whe 

with fdme ki 

was much eft( 

was tempted 


them 5 and h 

cd the offer, 

contrary by C 

he thought h 

native ifle* 

A Voyage Uihe J^acific Ocean, 235 

id to 
IS on6 

of BS 
t' view 
lit half 
car thJc 
idii- lA 
ioft cte- 
ur con- 
id beeti 
nd that 
in crec- 
fi^n at 
it was a 
libout a 
Irerc co- 
I fcvcral 

Ite viCVF 
utb the 
Ic^ the 

hills we were how ujMm arc not far dtftant^' riics 
with ereatihcqcialities, immedtately from the 
Tea ; To that the plains and meadows lie all on 
the north-weft fide ; which being adorned with 
tufts of treeS} iritermixcid with plantations, form 
a moil delightful landfcape in every point of 
view. While Captain Cook was furveying this 
enchanting ptofpe^V, he enjoyed the pleafing 
idea, that fome fhture navigators might, from 
the fame eminence, behold thefe meadows ftock- 
edwith cattle, brought by the (hips of England ^ 
and that the completion of this fingle benevo- 
lent purpoie, excluiive of all other confidera- 
tions, would fufficiently prove that our voyages 
had not beeti ufeldfs. We found, on this height, 
bi£des the piUnts common on the neighbouring 
ifles, a ipecies of arr^iVj/i», m#/A^oiffa, and fem- 

AU^ or moft of the land on' this ifland, we . 
were told, belonged to the chiefr of Tongata- 
boo : th; inhabitants being only tenants, or vai^ 
fals, to them. This feemed, indeed, to be the 
cafe at all the neighbouring ifles, except Anna- 
mooka, where fome of the chiefs feemed to a£t 
vrith fome kind of independence. Omai, who 
was much eileemed by Feenou and many others, 
was tempted with the offer of heing appointed a 
chief of this ifland, if he would continue amo|ig ' 
them s and he feemed inclinable to have accept* 
ed the offer, had he not been advifed" to the ^ 
contrary by Captain Cook, though not becaufe 
he thought he wouM do better for himfelf in his 
native ific* 


iQ^ A Ftytgeto tie Badjk Oceattk^^ 

RiCturniiig from our country excurfion, we 
l^card that a party of the nativesp in the 9uar- 
t^ where our people traded, had ibruck o^e of 
t|ntr own people with a club, ii^hich fra^kured 
hi^iltuli, and afterwardstbtpke his thigh with 
the iafne^nftniment. No iiigns of life werere- 
maifliiigs when he ,was carried to a neighbouring 
houfpr. but In a Otort time, he^coyered a little, 
01) pur deiiring to know the reafpn ol fuch ie- 
vei^tyi; we were informed, that he had been 
diA^evcred in an indelicate iituation with a wo4 
man who was taMd, We foon under Aood, 
hoff^W^jthat Ihc was nootherwife taha'dthva, 
by belonging \o anothf^* perTon, who was iupe* 
rior in rank to her gallanty We djicovered fi-pm 
this circumft^nce,. how th^e peqple ptuniih fuc^ 
infidelities. BjLit the female (inner, as we/were 
informed, has a much milder punifhment for. 
her«nifd<^9aeanovrt and only,ineceives aremon- 
Ib^nce atida very flight beating, 

.C^ptgin Cook, the next morning,, planted a 
pine^apl^) and fowed the {tcd& of melons, and 
other, articles, in the chiePs plantation. He had 
r^om indeed, tp fuppofe, that his endeavours 
of this kind would not be firuitlefsi for a diih 
of turnips was, this day, ferifed up at his din- 
ni^i,- which was the produce of the feeds he had 
h^erein 1773. 

^^1^ Captain having fixed upon the 1 5 th for 
falj^gi Taoofa prefied him to ftay alitt^ long- 
ei^lh oifder to receive a prefent which he had 
t>ieps^«d for him. His intreaties, together with 
the daily expectation of receiving a vi^; jrom 



fome of 

to defer 

ccivcd fi 

of two li 

fruit, wh 

ther iilcs. 


and, as w 



their pilfe 

jng. were 

'"n the latt< 

^e diverf: 

ed with th 

dent happe 

at waft, pr( 

Qncof ou 
or Airty of 
him down, 
cteaths. H. 
ed two cane 
on the chie 
be reftored, 
livered up tc 
ccmed at wj 
ceflay ftqjs 

^ere aflemb 
thatmoft of 
when they 
nft^nt to tak 
M^wlt, tht^, 
^as fpon dteli 
Vt>t. I. 

f wc 
PC re- 

a wo^ 
I lupc* 

re. were 
:nt for. 

inted a ' 
IS, and 
a diih 
Ihe had 

:th ibr 


ic had 




A Voyage to the Pacific Oaan, Jjf 

Anne of his finends at Tongataboo, Induced hiit 
to defer his departure. Ine next day he re- 
ceived from the chief the prefent ; conlifHiig^ 
of two little heaps of yams, and a quantity •£ 
fruit, which Teemed to be colle^d as at the c^ 
ther ifles. On this occafion the greatefl part 
of the inhabitants of the iiland had aflembled ; 
and, as we had many times experienced on fuch 
numerous meetings among their neighbouring ^ 
iilanders, it gave no fmall trouble to prevent 
their pilfering. Cudgelling, wreftling, and box- 
ifig, were exhibited For our ditertainment ( and 
in the latter, combatants of both fexes engaged/ 
The diverfions wert intended to have been nnifli- 
ed with the bomai^ or night-dance ; but an acci- 
dent happened that either put a totalilop to it, or' 
at kaft, prevented our Haying on Ihbre to fee it. 
One of our people was furroundcd by twenty 
or d^rty of the natives, fome of whom knoclced 
him down, fVripped him, and carried off all his 
cloaths. Hearing of this, the Commodore feiz- 
ed two canoes, and. a large hog ; zxm iniifted 
on the chiefs not onl^ caiiiing the apparel to 
be reftored, but alfo on the ofienders' being de- 
livered up to him. Taoofa feemed greatly con- 
cerned at what had happened, and took thene- 
ceflary fteps to fatisfy him.^ The people who 
were aflembled were fo alarmed at this affair, 
that" mod of them immediately fled; However, 
when they were informed that the Captain 
meant to take no other meafures to revenge the 
inihlt, they returned. One of the delinquents 
was fpon delivered up to hrni, and a fhirt and ^ 
Vea. L Bb pair 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

jok of trowfert reftored. The remainder of 
the ftolen goods not coming in before the even- 
Ing, the Commodore was obliged to leave them, 
in order to go aboard j the Tea running To high, 
that i( was extremely difficult for the boats to 
get out of the creek even with day-light, and 
would be attended with much more danger in 
the dark. He came afhore again the next morn- 
ing, bringing with him a prefent for Taoofa, in 
return for what he had received from him. Be- 
ing early, there were but few people^t the 1and<* 
ing place, and even thofe few not without their 
fears and apprehenfions ; but on- the Capt in^s 
deiiring Omai to aflure them, that we did not 
mean tp injure them ; and having reftored the 
quioes, and releafed the ofiender, who had been 
delivered up to him, they refumed their ufual 
chearfulnefs, and a large circle was prefently 
formed, in which the chief and the principal 
men of the ifland took their refpe6:ive places. 

The remainder of the cloaths were at length 
brought In, but, having been torn off the man's 
back by pieces, they were not thought worth 
carrying on board, Taoofa ihared the prefent 
he had received with three or four other chiefs, 
reierving only a. fmall part for himfelf. This 
don^ion fo far exceeded their expe£tation, that 
a venerable old chief told the Captain, they v/ere 
not deferving of it,'coniidering how little he had 
received from them, and the ill treatment one of 
his people had met with. Captain Co6k con- 
tinued with them, till they had emptied their 
ho^l of kava; and then, after paying for the 

hog, w] 

ttumed ( 

one of] 

piece of 

fteem f( 

prefent j 

We f 

breeze a 



ble had I 

iides thii 

niihing (i 


the creek 

ihips. A 


ving but 



which we 

tions to^l 

hogs i anc 

would be 

days. The 

I'tturn to i 

I'eaibii to ( 

but, bein{ 

Sufficient i 


vifions to Is 

fides Taoof 

% of yam 

A'Fcyagi to iht Paafic Ocean, 33^ 

hog, which he had taken the day before, re- 
turned on board, in company with Taoofa, and 
one of Poulaho's fervants, by whom he lent a 
piece of bar iron, as a parting mark of his e- 
fteem for that chief, that being as valuable a 
prefent as any he could jpoflibly make. . 

We weighed Toon after, and with a light 
breeze at fouth-eaft, ftood out to Tea, when 
Taoofa, and fome other natives, left us. We 
found, on heavine up the anchor, that the ca- 
ble had been much injured by the rocks. Be- 
fides this, we experienced, that a moft ailo- 
nilhing fwell rolls in there from the fouth-wefl. 
-Frefently we obferved a failing canoe eoterbig- 
^e creek before which we had anchored our 
ihips. A few hours* after, a fmall canoe, con^ 
ducted by four men, came off to us: fbr^ ha- 
ving but very little wind, we were (till at no 
confiderable diftance from the land. We were 
informed, by thefe men, that the (ailing canoe, 
which wehaid feen arrive, had brought dirte- 
tions to^the people of Eoco, to fumiih us with 
hogs \ and that the king, and the other chiefr, 
would be with us in the (pace of two or three 
days.. They requeued, therefore, that we would 
return to our former ftation. . There was no 
reafon to doubt the truth of this information ; 
but, being- now clear of the land, it was not a 
iufficient inducement to bring us back } efpeci- 
ally, as we had, already, a fufficient frock of pro- 
vifions to laft us in our paflage to Otaheite. Be- 
fidesTaoofa's prefent, we received a large quan- 
tity of yams at Eooa, in exchange for nails C5V. 

» B b 2 and 

2^9 A Vtyagt to ihi Patific (keofi* 

9ii€i added confiderably to our fuppty of hogi. 
Finding that we would not return, tfaetfe people 
left ut in the evening, as did ibme others^ who 
had come off in two canoes, with coeooHAUtt 
and (haddo^s, to barter for what they could 
get ; their eagernefs to poflefs more of our com- 
modities, inducing them to follow us out to fea, 
and to continue their intercourfe with ua even 
to the laft moment. 

We have now taken leav« of the Friendly 
Ifland3» and their inhabitants, after i cordial 
intercourie with the Utter }br between two^and \ 
three montlis. Some differences^ indeed, occa* 
iionally happened^ on account c^ their ostural 
propeniity to thieving, though too ireqiiently 
encouraged by the negligence and inattention ii 
oMur people. Theie umrences, however, were 
never attended with any fatal confeouencesi and 
few» belonging to our ihips» partea from their 
friends without fome regntt. 

< The tisie employed among the natives of 
the Friendly Iflands,' fays Captain Cook, * was 
not thrown away. We expended very little of 
our ftra provifions ; fubfifting,. in general, upon 
the produce of the iiUnds, while we f^aid {.and 
carrying away with us a quantity of refireihments 
fufficient to laft till our arrival at another (hition 
where we could depend upon a fircfh fupply. I 
was not fbrry, beiides, to have had an oppor- 
tunity of bettering the condition of thefe good 
people, by leaving feveral very ufefid -apimals 
among them } and, at the fame time, thole de- 
iigned for Otaheite, received frefh ftrength in 





tKMial i 



feaib« i 

has beei 


Iron t 

Axes, h 


Mid coloi 

alio ing 

which an 


. be porch 


merely bi 



willing to 

when Fee 

brought t 

with the 1 

In retui 

rated, aH i 

duce may 

bythe Fri< 

grown to I 

their pprk, 

ferior in qi 


« A VvjQp io tht Pacific Octan, 24^ 

^ paihires ofTongauboo. Upon the whole, 
therefore, the adTantagei we received, by touch- 
ing here, were very great \ and I had the addi- 
\\SmX iatisfa£tUm to reflet, that tkify were re- 
ceived, without retarding one moment, the pro- 
fiKUtion of the great objeft of our voyage) the 
feaib« for proccedins to the North, being, as 
has been afready obierved, loft, before I took 
the refblution of bearing away for thefe iflands.* 

Iron tools are the beft articles for traffic here. 
Axes, hatchets, nails of all ikcs, knives, rafps, 
and files, are much demanded. Redcloth, whke 
and coloured linen, looking-glaiTes and beads, are 
alio in great eftimation \ but of the latter, thofe 
which are blue are preferred to all others, efpe- 
cially the white ones. A hog might, at any timei 
be purchaled, by a ftring of large bhie beads : 
it ihouldy neverthclefs, be obferved, that artkles, 
merely ornamental, may be highly eiteemed at 
one time, and difregarded at anothor. On ouc 
firft arrival at Annamooka, the people were un# 
willing to take them in exchange for fruit ( but, 
when Feenou arrived, his approbation of them 
brought them into vogue, and ftamped them 
wdth the value above-mentioned. 

In return for the commodities juft enume^ 
rated, aH the refreflmients that the iflands pro- 
dace may be procured. The yams, produced 
by the FriencBf liknds, are excii'*mt, and when 
grown to perfc^ion, preierve well at fea : but 
their pprk, plantahis, and brestd-frott, are in 
ferior in quality to the fame articles at Otaheite. 

Good \mer is fcarce in thefe iflands. It may 
Bb3 be 

242 A Voydge to thi Pacific Ocean, 

be found, indeed, in all of them, but hot to 
ferve the purpofes of navigators ; for either the 
fituations are too inconyenient, or the quantities 
too incohfiderable. Whili^ we lay at anchor un- 
der Kotoo, we were informed, that there was 
a ftr^am of water at Kao, which ran from the 
mountains into the Tea, on the fouth^weiV iide 
of the Ifland. This intelligence may probably 
deferve the attention ©f future navigators. 

We muil include, under the denomination of 
Friendly Iflands, not only the group at Hapaee> \ 
but alfo thofe which have been difeoveredtothe' 
ncMTth, nearly under the fame meridian, as well 
as iome others under the dominion of Tonga-^ 
taboo, which is the capital, and feat of govern- 

From the beft information we could receive, , 
this archipelago is very exteniive. One of the 
natives enumerated one hundred and fifty iflands 
and Mr Anderfon- procured all their names. Six« 
ty^ne of them are marked upon our chart o£ 
the Friendly Iflands, and upon theiketchofthe 
harbour of Tongataboo. Keppel's and Bofca- 
wen's Iflands, two of Captain Wallis's difcove** 
ries in 1765, are doubtlefs comprehended in 
Mr Anderfon's lift. v 

But the moft conflderabk of all uxe iflands 
that^we heard of in this neighbourhood, aro 
Hamoa, Vavaoo, and F*^ejee ^ each of which is 
larger than Tongatabod ; but it does not i^>peap 
that any European has ever yet feen any one of 

Hamoa lies two days fail north-wefl from Va- 
I ¥aoo. 






ed. Pou 

and the 


' Feejec 

weft, at 

It abour 

fruits an 


but not 

iflands oi 

gataboo I 

and the i 

much afJ 

body for^ 

hands, to 

ority to tl 

matter of 

dered thei 

in the ufe 

their fava^ 

mies as th 

It has 

jee people 
Qf i^ty ? 
hit;uits Qf" 
jee througt 

A Voyage to the Pacific Octati. 


(> aro 

yaoo. It is faid to be the largeft of all their 
iilands % afford, harbours and good water, and 
produces, in abundance, all the articles of re- 
ireihment that are found at the places we vifit- 
ed. Foulaho frequently refides upon this ifland; 
and the peo[de here are in high eftimation H. 

' Feejec lies in the dire£lion of north-weft by 
weft, about three days fail from Tongataboo. 
It abounds with hogs^-dogs, fowls, and fuch 
fruits and roots as are to be found in any of the 
Others,' and is much larger than Tongataboo; 
but not fubjedt to its dominion, as the other 
iilands of the archipelago are. Feejee and Ton- 
gataboo often engage in war againft each other 
and the inhabitants of the latter, are often fo 
much afraid of this enemy, that they bend the 
body forward, and cover the face with their 
hands, to exprefs the fenfe of their own inferi- 
ority to the Feejee men. This is, indeed, no 
matter of furprife, for thofe of Feejee have ren- 
dered themfelves formidable, by their dexterity 
in the ufe of bows and ftlngs ; but more To, by 
their favage pra£lice of eating fuch of their ene- 
mies as thev kill'in battle. " 

It has faAcn iniifted on, that extreme hunger 
firft oc^poned men to feed on human fleih % 
but fi^ii^ could be the inducement for the Fec- 
j(^ pTOpie to continue the practice in the midft 
of plenty ? It is held in deteftation by the inha- 
bittUits of Tongataboo, who feemed to cultivate 
the friendfhip of their favage neighbours of Fee- 
jee through fear ; though they occadonally, ven- 
. -^ ture 

244 -^ ^^i!^ ^0 _^^^ Pacific Occam 

turs to fkirmifli with them on tlieir own territo- 
rff and cany off large quantities of red feathers 
as trophies. When a profound peace reigns be- 
tween the two iflands, they have frecpiently inter- 
cDurfe together ; tho' it is probable, they have 
not long been known to each other \ or, it might 
be iuppofed that Tongataboo, and its neighbour- 
ing iflands, would before this time, have been 
iiipplied with a breed of dogs, which are nume- 
rous at Feejee, and were not brought to Tonga- 
taboo, when Captain Cook firfl vldted itin 1 773.1 

The eoiour of the natives of Feejee was, at 
itaft, a fkade darker than that of the inhabi- 
tants of the other Friendly Iflands*. "We Taw 
one of the natives of Feejee, who had his left . 
ear flit, and the lobe fo ftretched, that it al- 
moft extended to his (houlder ; which flngula- 
rity had been oblerved by Captain Cook at other 
inlands of th$ So\ith Sea, during his iecond 
voyage. The Feejee men were much reveren- 
ced here \ not only on account oH their power 
and cruelty in war, but alfo for their ingenuity ; 
for they greatly excel the inhabitants (^Tonga- 
taboo in workmanfhip. Specimens, were ftiewn 
us of their clubs and fpears- which were inge- 
niotlfly carved. We were alfb ffaewn fome of 
their beautifully chequered doth, variegated 
mats, earthen pots, and other ar nclesy all of 
which difpiayed a fuperiority inr the execution. 

Feejee, as has been already mentiontd^ is 
three days fail from Tongatai)oo } theft people 
having no other method of difcovering the dif- 
taace firom ifland to iflaiid^ but by mentioning 

. ' . the 

the tin 

. canoes. 

fome p 


log* foi 

tie galej 

from th 

as in ge 

miles an 

ever, is 

for whei 

no more 

or ten 01 


fccond, i 

day, they 

night, by 

can only i 

the winds 

at that tin 

th^ are t 

intended f 

The ftory 

diiven to 

that thofe 

ways loft. 

The bar 
taboo is fiif 
thcfe ifland 
its capacity 
we ran in 
caution eve 
wg that pai 

ji Vopge to the Pacific Ocean, 24^ 

ns be- 
■ intcr- 
f have 
t been 

was, at 

Vc fawr 

his left 
it it al- 
It other 
nue of 
all of 
t^ is 

the time required for the voyage in one of their 
canoes. That this might be aicertained with 
fome precifion. Captain Cook failed m one of 
their canoes, and by repeated trials with the. 
log, found that Ihe went clofe liauled, in a gen- 
tle gale, feven miles in an hour. He fpppoied 
from this, that they will fail, with fuch breezeft> 
as in general blow in their feas, feven oir eighth 
miles an hour on an average. Each day, how-, 
ever, is not to be reckoned at twenty-four hour»(. 
for when they talk.of one day's fail, they mean, 
no more than firom the morning to the eveningly 
or ten or twelve* hours at the mofV. From thf^^ 
morning of the firi^ day till the evening of the 
fecond, is, with them, two da/a fail. In the 
day, they are guided by the fun i and, in thr 
night, by ftars. When thefe are'obfcured, they 
can only have recoux^ to the points from whence 
the winds and waves come upon the vedbl. Ifn 
at that time, the winds and waves ihould fhifty, 
they are quite bewildered, often miffing ^ir 
intended port, and being never heard of more. 
The ftory of Omai's countrymen^ who were 
di'iven to Wateeoa convinces us, however, 
that thofe who are not heard of, are not air- 
ways loft. 

The harbour and anchoring place of Tonga- 
taboo is (uperior to any wc have met with among 
thcfe Iflands, as well from its gteat fecurity, as 
its capacity, and goo3nefs of bottom. The rifle 
we ran in entering it from the north, -fhould 
caution every future commander from attempt- 
ing that paflage again, efpeciaily with a fliip of 



246 A Voyage to the Pacific Ojceatt. 

burden, fincc that by which we left it may be 
purftied with greater cafe and fafety. 

Though the harbour of Tongataboo, has the 
preference, its water is exceeded in goodnefs, 
by that at Annamooka, and yet this cannot be 
reckoned good. Tolerable water may, ncter- 
thelefs, be procured, by digging holes near the 
fide of the pond. Befides, Annatnooka being 
nearly in the centre of the group, is the bcft 
Btuated for procuring refrcflimehts from the 
others. There is a creek in the reef on the 
north fide of the ifland, wherein two or three 
fbips may^ lie fecurdy.- 

Thofe who aredefirous of having a more par- 
ticular defcription of the Friendly Iflands, muH: 
have recouHe to the chart, where evety thing 
is delineated as accurately as circumftanceswoidd 
permit. To the fame chart, recourfe may alfo 
be had lor tracing the feveral Aations of the 
^ps, and their route. 
■ "What may have been her6 omitted, concern^ 
ing the geography of thefe iflands, will be found 
in the hiftory of Captain Cook's lad voyage*; 
to which narrative the reader is referredf , for 
fbch particulars as he had then< ol^rved. At 
prefent, we fhall only relate fuch interefting 
circumi^ances, as either were omitted in that 
account, or were impeHe£Uy and incorre^Uy re- 

After living among them between two and 
three months, it is reafonable to expeft^^ that 


• Cook*8 Voyage, Vol. i. p. in, 113- flbijU 

and to 
as reli^ 
with us 
as well 

taflc. 1 

thing 'c 
tion, w( 
tent kno 
was cert; 
we were 
when he 
ideas wei 
difiered i 

counts, in 

edus. Be 

mong the 


ed. And 

oiFendcd i 

deemed fi 

where we 

was likew 

the countr 

but few in; 

a^ with the 

fo that we 

the domefl 

That we cc 

brin^ away 

■ ■ iV>Mfc -*«• WMfct atAiViqu^ 

A Foyagi to the Pacific Ocean, 


we ihould be able to clear up every difficulty, 
and to give a tolerably good account of their 
manners, cuftoms, and inftitutions, civil as well 
as religious i particularly as we had a perfon 
with us, who, by underflanding their language 
as well as ours, might be enabled to z6k as an in- 
terpreter. But Omai was not qualified for that 
talk. Unlefs we had before us the obje<^ or 
thing -concerning which we wanted informa- 
tion, we found it difficult to obtain a compe- 
tent knowledge from his explanations. Omai 
was certainly more liable to make miilakes than 
we were; for, having no cu^ofity, h^ never 
troubled himfelf with makitq^ remarks; and 
when he attempted to explain matters to us, his 
ideas were apparently fo limited, and, probably, 
differed (6 much from ours, that his confufed ac- 
counts, indead of in{lru<SVing often only perplex- 
ed us. Beiides, we could felddm find a perfon, a- 
mong the natives, who had both the ability and 
inclination to give us the information we requir- 
ed. And many of them, we obferved, appeared 
offended at being aiked, what they, perhaps, 
deemed frivolous queflions. At Tongataboo, 
where we continued the longeft, our Situation 
was likewife unfavourable ; being in a part of 
th& country, where, except fifhers, there were 
but few inhabitants. With our vilitors, as well 
a§ with thofe we vifited, it was always holiday ; 
fo that we could not obferve, what was really 
the domeftic way of living among the natives. 
That we could not, therefore, in this fituation, 
bring away futisfaftory accounts of many things, 


24^ ^ '^•JW?' 'o *^ Pac^c Octan* 

is not the leaft (lirprifing. Some of us^ indeed, 
endeavoured, by diligent obfenration, to reme- 
dy thofe difadvantages ; and we are indebted to 
Mr Anderibn, for a confiderable (hare ^f what 
information we obtained. 

The Friendly Iflanders feldom exceed the 
common ftature, (though fome here were above 
iix feet in height) and are ftrong and well piro- 
portioned.* Their fhoulders are, in general, 
broad j and we faw feveral who were really hand- 
fomey though their mufcular difpofition rather, 
conveyed the idea of ftfcngth than of beauty.* 
Their features are fo various, that, unlefs it be by 
a folnefs at the point of the nofe, which is com- 
mon, it is impoffible to fix any general likenefs 
by which to chara^terife them. On the other 
hand, .many 'genuine Roman nofes, and hun- 
dreds of European faces, were feen amongil 
them. They have good eyes and teeth 5 but 
the lattec are neither fo well fet, nor fo remark- 
ably white as among the Indian nations. Few 
of them, however, have that unconmion thick- 
nefs about the lips, fo frequent in other iflands. 

The women are lefs diftinguifoed from the 
men by their features, than by their general 
form, which feems deftitute of that flsong flcfliy 
firmnefs that appears in the latter. Though the 
features of fome are very delicate, and a true 
index of their fex, laying claim to a confidera- 
ble fhare of beauty and expreffion, yet the rule 
is not, by any means fo general as in many^othcr 
countries 'This is generally, however, the moft 
exceptionable part *, for the bodies and limbs of 


A Voyage to tbt Pacific Ocean 


s, indeed, 

to rcmc- 

idcbted to 

c 4)f vrhat 

xcccd the 
vcrc above 
I well pro- 
n general, 
Dally hand- 
tion rather, 
of beauty/ 
lich is com- 
ral likenefs 
1 the other 
\y and hnn- 
;n amongft 
teeth; but 
fo remark- 
ions. Few 
.ion thick- 
[her iflands. 
from the 
;ir general 
[ong flcftiy 
hough the 
and a true 
et the rule 
lany x)ther 
', the moft 
^d limbs of 

moft of the fehiales are weU proportioned ( and 
fome, abfoluttly, perfie£k models of a beautiful 
figure. But the moft remarkal^e diftinftion in 
the women, is the uncommon fmallneft and de 
licacy of their fingers, which may be put in com- 
petition with the fineft in Europe. 

The general colour is a caft deeper than the 
copper brown ; but ieveral of the men and wo- 
men have a true olive complexion ; and fome of 
the hft are even a great deal fairer \ which is 
probably the tSk&. of being kfs the 
lun \ as a .tendency to corpulence, in a few of 
the principal people, ieems to be the confe- 
quence of a more indolent life. It is alfo a- 
mongft the laft, that a foft clear fkin is moft 
fi*equently obferved. Amongft the bulk of the 
people, the fkin is, more commonly, of a dull 
hue, with fome degree of roughnefs, efpecially 
the parts that are not covered ; which, perhaps, 
may be occafioned by fome cutaneous difeafe. 
We faw a man and boy at Hapaee, and a child 
at Annamooka, perfectly white. Such have 
been found amongft all black nations \ but, I 
apprehend, that tJbeir colour is rather a difeaie, 
than a n^atural phsenomenon. 

Upon the whole, however, few natural defe^b 
or deformities are to be feen among them ; tho' 
we obferved two or tlirce with their feet bent 
inwards. Neither are they exempt from ^>me 
difeafes. Vaft numbers of them are afiedked 
with the tetter or ringworm, which leaves whi- 
tifh ferpentine marks behind it. But they Have, 
another difeafe of a more mifchievpus conibn' 

Vol. I. Cc quence 


lj;o A f^^ge io tht Padfic Ocean, 

-quence, which is alfo very frequent, and ap- 
pears on every partofthe body, in large broad ul- 
cers, difcharging a thin, clear pus, fome of which 
had a very virufent appearance, particularly o^ 
the face. Some, however, appeared to be cured 
of it, and others mending ^ but it was general- 
ly attended with the lofs of the nofe, or a con- 
iiderable part of it. It being certainly known, 
and even acknowledged by themfelves, that the 
natives were fubjeft to this difeafe before they 
were vifited by the Englifh, it cannot be the ef- 
fect of venereal contagion, nowithftanding the 
Similarity of the fymptoms ; unleft we adopt 
a fuppoittion, that tht venereal difbrder, was 
introduced here by our people, in 1773. I* cer- 
tainly was amongft thenii at this time ; for, fbou 
after we arrived there, fbme of our people re- 
ceived the infection \ and Captain Cook had the 
mortification to leahi from thence, that all the 
care he took in 1775, to prevent ihe communi- 
cation of this dreadful difeafe, had proved in- 
efie£hial. They do not feem, however, to re- 
gard it much ; and, as we did not fee many in- 
ftances of its deftroyine efie^, perhaps the 
climate, and the way of living of thefe people, 
may abate its virulence. Two other difeafes are 
common among them ; one of which is a firm 
fwdling, which affedh the legs and arms ; the 
other is a tumour in the teilicles, which fome- 
times exceed thefi2e of the two fif^s. In other 
refpc£b, they are remarkably healthy, hot a 
fingle perTon, havmg, during our flay/beencon- 
iihed to the houfe by any kind of ficknefs. Their 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 2J t 

ftrength and a<5livity are, in every rcfpc*5t, an- 
fwerableto their mufcular appearance j and they 
exert both, in Aich a manner, as to prove, that 
they are as yet little debilitated by the nume- 
rous difeafes that are the natural confequence 
of indolence. 

The graceful mien and firmnefs of (Icp with 
which they walk, are obvious proofs of their 
pcrfonal accomplifhments. They confiddr this 
as a thing fo neceilary to be acquired, that their 
laughter was excited when they faw us frequent- 
ly (tumbling upon the roots of trees^ or other 
inequalities, in walking. 

Their countenances very remarkably eSLprefs 
the abundant niildnefs, or good nature, which 
they poiTefs ; and are entirely free from thatfa- 
vage keennefs which marks nations in a barba- 
rous ilate. One would, indeed, be apt to fan- 
cy, that they had been bred up under the fevered 
reflridtions, to acquire an afpedt fo fettled, and 
inch 2L command of their pailions, as well as 
fleadinefs in conduct. But they arc, at the 
fame time, frank, chearful, and good-humour- 
ed i though fometimes, in the prepjnce of their 
chiefs, they put on a degree of gravity, and 
fuch a ferious air, as becomes (lifFand awkward, 
and has an appearance of refer ve. 

Their peaceable difpofition is fufficientLy evin- 
ced, from the friendly reception ail ftrangers 
have met with, who have vifited them. Inftead 
of offering to attack them openly, or clandef^ 
tinely, as has been the cafe with moft of the 
inhabitants of thefe feas, they have never ap- 

Cci peared. 

252 A yoyage to ike Pacific Ocean, 

peared, in the fmalleil degree, hoftile \ but, on 
the contrary, like the moil civilized |)eopIe, 
have courted an intercourfe^with their vifitors,' 
by bartering, which is the dnly medium that 
unites all nations in a fort of friendship. Per- 
haps, no nation in the world traffic with more 
honefty and lefs diftrud. We could always 
fafely permit them to examine our goods, and 
to hand them about, one to another ; and they 
put the fame confidence in us. If either party 
repented of the bargain, the goods were re-ex- 
changed with mutual confent and good-humour. 
Upon the whole, they feem poileiled of many 
of the moil es^ccllent qualities that adorn the 
human mmd ; fuch as induftry, ingenuity, per- 
severance, afiubility, and, perhaps, other vir- 
tues which our Ihort flay with them might pre- 
vent our obierving. 

The only defeft fuUying their charaftcr, that 
we know of, is a propeniity to thieving ; to 
which, we found thoie of all ages, and both 
fexes, addi^ed ; and to an uncommon degree. 
It ihould however, be conildcred, th^ this 
exceptionable part of their condu£l feemed to 
cxill merely with refpe^t to us j for, in their 
general intercourfe with one another, I had 
reafon to be of opinion, that thefts do not 
happen more frequently (perhaps lefs fo) than 
in other countries, the diihoneft praftices of 
whofe worthlefs individuals are not iuppofed to 
authorife any indifcriminate cenfure on the 
whole body of the people. Great allowances 
ihould be made for the foibles of thefe poor 


A Voyage to tht Pacific Ocean, ^53' 

, on 
, and 
ar vir- 

•, that 
fg5 to 
It this 
led to 
|l had 
lo not 
:es of 

natives of the Pacific ocean, whofe minds vru'e 
overpowered with the glare of obje^s, equally 
new to them, as they were captivating^ Stealing, 
amongft the civilized, and enlightened nations 
of the world, may well be conddered as denot- 
ing a chara^er deeply (lained with moral tur- 
pitude, with avarice unreilrained by the known 
rules of right, and with profligacy producing 
extreme indigence, and negle<Sting the means 
of relieving it. But at the Friendly and other 
iflands which we vllltedy tlie thefts^ fot fre- 
quently committed by the natives of what we 
had brought along with us, may be flirly traced 
tp Icfs culpable motives. They I'ccmed to arifc, 
folely, from an intenfe curi«iity or defirc to pof- 
fcfs fomething which they had not been accuf- 
tomed to before,, and belonging to a fort of peo- 
ple fo dift*jrent from thcmfehves. And, per- 
haps, if it were poilible, that a iet of beings, 
feemingly as fuperior in our judgment, as we 
afe In theirs, fhould appear amongfl us, it might 
be doubted, whether our natui al regard to juf- 
tice would be able to reflrain many from falling 
into this error. 

The hair of thcfe iilanders Is, in general, 
thickf ftraight, and ftrong •, though feme have 
it buihy or frizzled. The natural colour ap- 
pears to be black, but matiy of the men, and 
iome of the women, ftain it of a brown, or pur- 
ple colour ; and a few give it an orange caft. 
The firft of thefe colours is produced by apply- 
ing a fort of plafter of burnt coral mixed wirh 
water, the fecond by the rafpings of a reddifu . 

C c 3 wood, 

2^4 ^ l^oyage to the Pmijic Ocean. 

wood, mixed into a pouUi( e, and laid over the 
hair i and the third is faid to be the effeA of 
turmeric root. 

They are fo whimiical in their faOiions of 
wearing their hair, that it is difficult to fay 
whicli is moft in vogue. Some have none oh 
one fifle of the head, while it remains long on 
the other fide ; fome have only a part of it cut 
ihort } others have parted with the whole, ex- 
cept a fmgle lock on one fide. Some permit it 
to grow to its full length, without any of thefe 
mutilations. The women ufually wear it (liort. 
The beards too are cut fhort \ and both fexes 
ftrip the hair from their arm-pits. The men 
are ftained with a deep blue colour from the 
middle of the belly, to half way down the thighs. 
This is effected with a flat-bone infh^ment full 
of tine teeth, which by a ftroke of a bit of ftick 
introduces the juice of dooe dooe into the fkin, 
by which means indelible jcnarks are made^ 
Ijines and figures are thu^ traced, which, in 
fome, are very elegant. The women have only 
fome fmall lines, thus imprinted, in the iniide 
of their hands. As a mark of dil^inftion, their 
kings are exempted from this cuflom. Th« 
men are not circumcifed, but rather fupercifed \ 
the operation conlifls in cutting off only a piece 
of the foreikin at the upper part, which is thus 
rendered incapable of ever covering the glands* 
They liave no other aim in this operation, and 
only praftife it from a notion of cleanlinefs/ 

The drefs of both fexes is' the fame ; confift- 
ing of a piece of cloth or matting, about two 









drefs J 






They p 

the wa 

their k 


are emh 


their fa 

made oi 


arc the i 

are neck 

and vari 

the gene 

fmaU ill, 

bones of 

the breai 


the uppc 

/hells on ( 

cd togethi 

A Vvjnge to the Pacific Ocean. 2$$ 

yards in breadth, and two yards and a half in 
length. It i& double before, and, like a pettU 
coat, hangs down to the middle of the leg. 
That part of the garment which is above the 
girdle, is plaited into feveral folds, which ex- 
tended, is fufficient to draw up and wrap round 
the (houlders. This, as to form, is the general 
drefs^ but the fine matting, and long pieces of 
cloth, arc worn only by the fuperior clafs of 
people. The inferior fort are contented with 
fmall pieces, and, very often, have only a co- 
vering made of leaves of plants, or the m/iro, a 
narrow piece of cloth, or matting, like a fafh. 
They pafs this between the thighs and round 
the waiil. It is feldom ufed but by the men, in 
their haivas, or grand entertainments, they have 
various drefles, which, though the fame in form^ 
are embelli/hed, more or lefs, with red feathers. 

Both men and women occafionally defend 
theu* faces from the fun with little bonnets, 
made of various forts of materials. 

The ornaments, worn by thofe of either fex, 
are the fame. Thofe which are moft common 
are necklaces, made of the firuit of thcpandanus, 
and varim^s fweet fmelling flowers, known by 
the general name of kahulla. Others conild of 
fmall iliells, fhark's teeth, the wing and leg- 
bones of birds, &c. all which are pendant upon 
the bread. In this manner, they often wear a 
poliihed mother-of-pearl ihell, or a ring, on 
the upper part of the arm \ rings of tortoife- 
(hdls on the fingars ; and feveral of thefe, join- 
ed together, formed into bracelets on the wrifts. 



A Voyage^ tit the Pacific Ocean, 


' Two holes are perforated in the lobes of the 
cars, in which they wear cyliadrical bits of ivo- 
ry, of the length of three iiK-hes, introduced at 
one hole, and drawn out of the other } or bits 
of reed, filled with a yellow pgment. This ap- 
pears to be a fine powder of turmeric, which the 
women rub all over tlicir bodies, in the fame 
manner as the European ladies ufe their dry 
rouge upon their cheelcs. 

Perfonal cleanlinefs is their delight, to prOf 
doce which, they bathe frequently in the pondsi 
Though the water has an intolerable ftench in 
moft of them, they always prefer them to the 
fca ; and they are fo fenliblc that their flcin is in- 
jured with fait water, that, when they are obliged 
to bathe in thefea, they have frefh water pour- 
ed over them to walh off its bad cffeiSks. They 
are extravagantly fond of cocoa-riut-oil ; a great 
qtiu^tity of which they pour upon their head 
and (hdulders, and rub the body all over with 
a fmaller quantity. 

The domeftic life of thele people is neither 
fo laborious as to be difagreeable, nor fo free 
from employment as to fuffer them to degene- 
rate into indolence. Their coontry has been {o 
favoured by nature, that the firft can (carcely 
' occur ; and their difpofiticm appears to be a fuf- 
iicient bar to the laft. By this fortunate con- 
currence of circumftances, their necefitry labour 
ieems to yield, in its turn, to their amufements 
and recreations, whidn are never interrupted by 
the thou gilts of being obliged to recur to bufi- 
jjcfs, till tbcy are induced by faticty to wifh for 

• that 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 








that trandtion. The employment of the wo- 
men is not difficult ; and is generally fuch as 
they can execute in the houfe. The making of 
cloth is entirely entrufted to their care ; the pro- 
cefs of which manufacture has been already de- 
fcribed. Their cloth is of difierent degrees of 
finenefs : the coarfer kind does not receive the 
impreflion of any pattern \ but of the finer fort, 
they have various patterns, differently colour* 
ed. The cloth, in general, is able to relift wa- 
ter for fome time*, but that which has the flrong- 
efl glaze, is the leafl liable to be penetrated by 
that fluid. 

Another manufa£hire, which is alfo confign* 
cd to the wbmen, is that of their mats, which 
exeel thofeof moft other countries, both with 
refpeCi to their texture and their beauty. Of 
thefe mats there are feven or eight diflTerent 
forts, which they cither wear or fleep upon \ and 
many are merely ornamental. The laft are prin- 
cipally made from the tough, membraneous part 
of the flock of the plaint ain-tree ; thofe that 
they wear, are generally compofed of the pan- 
danus : and the coarfer kind, on which they 
fleep, are formed from, a plant called evarra. 
There are feveral other articles of lefs impor- 
tance, that employ their females ; as combs, of 
which they make great quantities*, and fmall 
bafkets made of the fame liibftance as the mats, 
and others compofed of the fibrous hufk of 
the cocoa-nut, either interwoven with beads, or 
plain ; all which are finillied with extraordinary 
neatnefs and tafle. 


258 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

t The province of the men is, as might reafon- 
ably be expe<ftcd, far more laborious and exten* 
five than that of the other fex. Architc<Slure, 
boat-building,, agriculture, and iifliing, are the 
principal obje^^s of their care. As cultivated 
roots and fruits form their chief fubfiftancci they 
find it neceflary to praflife hufbandiy, which 
they have brought by their diligence to fome de- 
gree of perfeftion. In planting yams and plan- 
tains, they dig fmall holes for their reception, 
a«d afterwards root up the furrounding grafs.^ 
The inftruments ufed by them for this purpofe 
are called hoo ; and are nothing more than {lakes 
of various lengths, flattened and Iharpened to an 
edge at one end ; and the larg^fl ones havea 
fhort piece fixed tranverfely, by means of which 
they prcfs the implement into the ground with 
the foot. When they plant the two above men- 
tioned vegetables, they obferve fuch particular 
exadknefs, that, which every way you turn your 
eyes, the rows prefent themfelves complete and 

The bread-fruit and cocoa-nut-trees, are dif- 
perfed about, without any order ; and,: when 
they have arrived at a certain height, give them 
little or no trouble. The .fame may be faid of 
another large tree, which produces a roundifh 
comprefled nut, called eefee ; and of a fmaller 
tree bearing an oval nut, with two or tliree tri- 
angular kernels. The iappe is, in general plant- 
ed regularly, and in large fpots ; but the m^r^ 
whaha is interfperfed among other things, as are 
alfo the yams ^ndjeej^. Sugar-cane is. ufiiaUy 
. ^ ' in 

A Vhyage to the Pacific Ocean, i^p 

in fmall fpots, clofely crouded. The mulberry, 
of which the cloth is made, is kept very clean, 
and has;a good fpace allowed- for it. The pan^ 
danus is commonly planted in a row, dofe to^ 
gether, at the fides of the fields^ • ! 

They difplay very little tafte or ingenuity in 
the conilrudtion of their houfes. Thofe of the 
lower dafs of people are wretched huts, fcarce 
Sufficient to fhelter them from tht weather. 
Thofe of the better (brt are larger, as well as 
more commodious and comfortable. . A houfe 
of a middling iize is of the following dimen- 
iions, viz., about twelve feet in height, tw^ty 
in breadth, and thirty in length. Their houfes 
are, properly fpeaking,. thatched roofs or fheds, 
fupported by rafters and polls. The €oor is raifed 
with earth fmooth«d, and covered with thick 
matting. Some of their habitations are open all 
round ; but the major part of them are endofed 
on the weather fide with ftrong mats, or with 
branches of the cocoa-nut-tree, plaited or inter- 
woven with each other. A thick mat, about 
three feet broad, bent into a femicircular form, 
and placed edgeways, with the ends touching 
the lide of the houfe, enclofes a fufficient fpace 
for the mader and mifirefs to fleep in. The 
reft of the family fleep upon any part of the 
floor, the unmarried men and women lying a- 
part from each other. If the family is large, 
there are little huts adjoining, in ^hich the 
fervant fleep. Their whole furniture conflfls 
of fome wooden f^oob, which ferve them for 
pillows } baflcets of different fi^es, in which they 



260 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

piit their combs, fifh-hooks, and tools \ two or 
three wooden bowls, in which they make kavoi 
fbme cocoa-nut ihellsi a few gourds, and a bun- 
dle or two of cloth. 

They are very Ikilful in building their canoes, 
which, indeed, are the mod perfe£t of their 
mechanical productions. The double ones are 
made fufficiently large to carry about fifty per- 
ibns, and fail at a great rate. Upon them they 
generally fix a hut or (hed, for the reception of 
the mafter and his family. They are made* of 
the bread-fruit tree, and the workmanihip is 
extremely neat. They appear on the outfide as 
if they were compoied of one folid piece ; but, 
upon clofer infpeCHon, they are found to con- 
fift of a great number of pieces, which fit each 
other exactly, and by means of a ledge on the 
infide are fecured together with cocoa-nut line. 
The fingle canoes are funiifhed with an outrig- 
ger. The only tools which they make ufe of 
in the conftruAion of thefe boats, are hatchets, 
or adzes, of a fmooth black ilkone ; augers, 
made of fhark's teeth : and rafps, compofed of 
the rough (kin of a fifh, faftened on flat pieces 
of wood. The fame tools are all they have for 
other works, except (hells, which ferve them 
for knives. Their cordage is made of the fibres 
of the cocoa-nut hu(k, which, though not a- 
hove ten inches long, they plait about the fizc 
of a quill, to whatever length is required, and 
roll it up in balls ; from which the ropes of a 
larger fize are made, by twifling feveral of thofe 
together. Their fifhing-Hnes are as ftrong and 

I even 

A Voyage to- the Pacijic Oceattk 


•, two or 
ke hava; 
id a ban- 

hr canoes, 
of their 
: ones are 
fifty per- 
hem they 
ception of 
e made^of 
tianihlp is 
; outfide as 
iece *, but, 
tid to con- 
ch fit each 
Ige on the 
a-nut line, 
an outrlg- 
lake ufc of 
e hatchets, 
55 augers, 
>mpofed of 
flat pieces 
jy have for 
'erve them 
tf the fibres 
ugh not a- 
)ut the fizc 
mired, and 
ropes of a 
mlof thoie 

even as our beil cord. Their fmall hooks coii- 
ii(t entirely of pearUfliell *, but the large otiet 
are only covered with it on the back : and the 
points of both, are, in general, of tortoiie4hel(. 
With the large hooks they catch albicores, and 
bonnetos, by putting them to a bamboo-rod, a- 
bout twelve feet long, with a line of the fame 
length. They have alio numbers of fmall feines 
fom« of which are of the moft delicate texture. 

Their mufical reeds- or pipes, which refemble 
the fyrin% of the ancients, have eight or ten 
pieces placed parallel to each other, mofi; of 
which are of unequal lengths. Their fiutes are 
made of a joint o^ bamboo, about eigliteen 
inches long, and are cloied at both ends,.having 
a hole near each end, and four others } two ci 
which, and onfy one of the firft, are ufed by 
them in playing. Tliey clofe the left noftrU 
with the thumb of the left hand, and blow in- 
fo the hole at one end with the other noilril. 
The fore finger of the right hand is applied to 
the loweft hole on the right, and the middle 
finger of the left to the firft hole on that ^de. 
In this manner, with only three notes, they 
produce a pleafing, tho' fimple, mufic. Their 
najjfat or drum, has been already defi:ribed. . : 

Their warlike* weapons are clubs, curioufiy 
ornamented, (pears, and darts. They al^fo make 
bows and arrows \ but thefe are intended £[)ir a- 
mufement, fuch as fliooting at birds, and^not 
for the purpofes of war. Their ftools, or ra^ 
thcr {hIIows, are about two feet long, but only 
four or five inches in I^ight, and near four in 

Vol. I. D d breadth. 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

Inreadthf inclining downwards tdwards the mid- 
dle \ with four ftrong legs and circular feet % the 
vhole compofed of brown or black \wood, neat- 
ly polHhed, and fometimes inlaid with ivory. 
They likewife inlay with ivory the handles of 
fly-fiiaps \ and, with a (hark's tooth, fhape bones 
into figures of men, birds, life. 

Their vegetable diet principally coniifts of 
.plantains, cocoa-nuts, bread-fruit, and yams. 
Their chief articles of animal food are hogs, 
fifli, ai\d fowls ; but the common people fre- 
quently eat rats. Their hogs^ fowls, and tur- 
tle, however, feem to be only occaHonal dain- 
ties, referved forperlbns of rank. Their food 
is, in general, drefled by baking, as at Otaheite ; 
and they make, from different forts of fruit, 
feveral difhes, which are very good. They 
fometiroes boil their fifh in the green, leaves of 
•the plantain-tree, which ferve as a bag to hold 
both fifh and water: having tied them up, they 
wrap them again in three or four other leaves, 
^and place them upon flones heated for the pur- 
pofe : when they are fufficiently done, they 
not pnly eat the fifh, but drink the liquor or 
foup. They arc not very cleanly either in their 
cookery, or their manner of eating. Their u- 
Tiial drink at their meals is water or cocoa-nut 
milk, the kava being only their morning beve- 
rage. The food that is ferved up to the chiefs, 
is geoerally laid upon plantain-leaves. , The 
king, :"** his meals, was co^nmonly attended up- 
on by three or four of -the natives, oae of whom 
cut large pieces of the fifh, or of the joint, a- 


A Voyage to the Pacific Otean 


nother afterwards divided it into mouthfiils, and 
the red ftood by with cocoa-nutSy and whatever 
elfe he might happen to want. We never ch^ 
ferved a large company (it down to a fociabl^ 
meal, by eating ^m the fame difh. The wo- 
men are nor excluded from taking their meals 
with the men ; but ther^ are certriin ranks that 
are not allowed either to eat or drink together. 
This difHnftion begins with his majtfty, .but 
we know not where it ends. 

They rife at day-break, and retire to reft a% 
ibon as it becomes dark. They, for the mo (I 
part, flecp alfo in the day time, when the wea- 
ther is very hot. They are fond of aflociating 
together ; in confequence of which, it is noti 
uncommon to find feveral houfes empty, and 
the pofTeflbrs of them ailembled in feme other 
houfe, or upon fome convenient fpot in the 
neighbourhood, where they relax themfelvcs 
by conv fation and other amufements. Their 
private diverfions chiefly conilft of dancing, 
linging, and mufic. When two or three wo- 
men fnap their fingers, and fing in concert, it ^ 
is called oooai ; but when there are more, they 
form ieveral parties, each of which fings in a 
different key, which conftitutes an agreenble 
melody, and is termed Aeeva or haiva. The 
fongs arc generally accompanied with the mufic 
of their flutes. The dances both of the nien 
and women, are performed with an eafe and 
grace which are difficult to be defcribed. 

We could not determine with precifion, whc* 
ther their marriages were rendered durable by 

D d 2 any 



A Voyagt to ike Pacific Ocean, 

1 ■ * 

•ny kixKd of folemn contrail : it is certain, how- 
ever that the major part of the people content- 
ed themfclves with one wife. The chie.£s^ in- 
deed, commonly have feveral women, though 
there was only one who (as we thought) was 
coniidered in the light of miftrefs of the fami- 
ly. Though female chai^ity ieemed to be held 
in little eltimation, not u ^ngle breach of con« 
jugal fidelity happendy to our knowledge, du- 
ring our whole continuanc* at thefe iflands; nor 
were the unmarried womei.' of rank more lfl>e- 
fal of their favours. But tb re were great num- 
bers of a very different chaj nTtcr. 

The concern (hewn bv tht l* iilandcrs for the 
/dead is a ftrong proof ox theix humanity. Be- 
fides the tooge, which we have mentioned before* 
and burnt circles and fcurs, they flrike a ihark's 
tooth into their heads till the blood flows con- 
Aderably, beat their teeth with ftonesy and 
thruft fpears not only through their cheeks in- 
10 their mouths, but alfo into the inner part of 
their thighs, and into their (ides. The more 
pain^l operations, however, are only pra^tifed 
when they mourn the death of thofe who were 
nioft nearly conne^led with them. When one 
of them dies, h^ is wra'pped up in mats and 
cloth, and then interred. 'Thtjiatookas ieem to 
be appropriated to the chiefs and other perfons 
of diftinftion, as their imrial places ; but the. 
inferior people have no particular ipot fet ^part 
for their interment, It is uncertaih what part 
«£< the mourning ceremony follows immei^a^Iy 
»ften«ardss bat there is fomething befides the 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, . 26^ 

general one which is continued for a confidera- 
ble time, the funeral of Mareewagec's wife be- 
ing attended with ceremonies of five days dura- 
tion. They feem to consider death as a great 
evil, to avert which they praftife a very lingular 
cuftom. When Captain Cook, during his fe- 
cond voyage, firft viiited thefe iflands, he ob- 
ferved that many of the natives had one or both 
of their little £ngers cut off; of the reafon of 
which mutilation he could not then obtain a fa- 
tisfadbory account. But he was now informed, 
that they perform this operation when they are 
aiHi£ted with fome dangerous diforder, which 
they imagine may bring them to the grave. 
They iuppofe, that the little finger will be ac- 
cepted of by the Deity, as a kind of propitia- 
tory iacrifice fufficiently efficacious to procure 
their recovery. In cutting it off, they make 
uie of a flone hatchet. There was fcarcely one 
perfbn in ten who was not thus mutilated ; and 
they fometimes cut fo clofe, as to encroach upon 
that bone of the hand which joins the ampB- 
tated finger. It is alfo common for the lower 
clafs of people to cut off a joint of their littic 
finger, on account of the ficknefs of the chiefe 
to whom they refpedtively belong. 

When the rigid ftriftnefs with which diey per- 
form their mourning and religious ceremonies is 
confidered, it might be expefled, that they isa^ 
deavoured thereby to fecure to thcmfelves eter- 
nal: h^pineis ; but their principal obje^ regards 
thki^a merely temporal; for they have a^pa- 
nsmtly little conception of future punifhm6ht 

D d 3 _ for 

^d-1 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 

for iins committed in the prefent life. They 
believe, however, that they meet with juft pu- 
nifhment upon earth; and, therefore, put e- 
very method in practice to render their divini- 
ties propitious. They admit a plurality of dei- 
ties, all of them inferior to Kallafootonga^ who 
they fay is a female, and the fupreme author of 
mod things, reiiding in the heavens, and di- 
recting the wind, rain, thunder, ^c. They 
are of opinion, that when (he is much difplea- 
fed with them, the produ£Uons of the earth are 
blafted, many things confumed by lightning,, 
and themfelves affli^ed with ficknefs and death ;. 
but that when Iier anger abates, every thing is 
immediately reitored to its former (late. Among 
their fubordinate deities, they mention Futta^^ 
fiuhei or Footafooa^ who has jie adminiftrationt 
of the fea, and its .productions i Toofooa-booiootoo^ 
god of, the clouds and fog; TalieteboOf Mattaba^ 
Tareefiva, and others. The fame fyftem of re- 
ligion does not extend all over the Friendly^ 
I0ands ; the fupreme deity of Hapaee, for in-. 
Aapce, being called yf/o Mo. They entertain* 
very abfurd opinions relative to the power and* 
various attributes of thefe beings, who, they 
fuppofe, have no farther cpncern with them afU 
ter -death. . They have, however^ jufter fenti- 
ments refpe^ng the immortality and immaierin 
ality of the foul ; which they call- life, the living, 
principle, or an Otooa, that is, a divinity. They« 
imagine* th^t immediately after death, the toulsL 
of their chiefs sire feparated from their bodiesy 
and go to a delightful region called Boolootoai, the 


, They 
juft pu- 

r divini- 

y of dci- 

igOf who 

luthor of 

J and di- 

:. They 

1 difplea- 
earth are 


id death *, 

y thing is 

:. Among 

311 Futia-' 



lem of re- 

€, for in-, 
jower and* 
ffho, they 
1 them af-i 
ifter fenti- 
ty. They, 
t,. the foul» 
leir bodies^ 

god • 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 26y 

god of which is named Gooleho. By this Geoleha 
they probably perfonify death. His country, ac- 
cording to their mythology, is the general rcpo- 
iitory of the dead \ and thofe who are once con- 
veyed thither, are no more fubje^t to death, but 
feaft on all the favourite produ^Uons of theic na- 
tive foil, with which this blifsftil abode, is pknti* 
fully furniihcd. A< for the fouls of people of an 
inferior clafs, tlley are fuppofed by them to fuf- 
fer a kind of tranfmigration ; or are eaten up 
(they fay) by a bird called loata^ which walks 
upon the graves with that intent.. 

They do not worfhip any viiible part of the 
creation, or any thing made by their own hands. 
They make no offerings of dogs,, hogs, and 
fruit, (as is the cuftom at Otaheite), unlefs em- 
blematically. But there feems to be no reafon 
to doubt of their offering up human facrifices. 
Their fiateoiai^, or morais, are in general, bury- 
ing grounds and places of wor(liip : fome of 
them, however, appeared to be appropriated on- 
ly to the former purpofe y but thefe were fmall^ 
and greatly inferior to the reft. 

We are very little acquainted with their form, 
of government. A fubordination, refembling 
the feudal fyftem of our anceftors in Europe, k 
eftabliihed among them ; but of its fubdivi- 
iions, and the conftituent parts, we are igno-r 
rant. Though. fome of them informed us that 
tht'king's power is unbounded, and that he has 
the-abfolute difpofal of the lives and properties 
of lu9 fubje£ls : yet the few circumftinci^ that 
offered .themfeives to our obfervation, contra- 


a68 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

di^ed raf\er than confirmed, the idea of deri>o- 
tic firay. Mareewagee, Feenou, and Old Too- 
bou, a^ed each the pirt of a petty fovereign, 
and not unfrequently counteradled the meafures 
of the king. Nor was his court fuperior in 
fplendour to thofe of Old Toobou and Maree* 
wages, who next to his Majefly, were the 
mod potent chiefs in thefe iilands ; and, next 
after them, Feenou appeared to l\and higheft 
in rank and authority. But, however indepen- 
dent on the king the principal men may be, the 
inferior people are totally fubje^t to the will of 
the chiefs to whom they feverally belong. 

Thelilands of Tongataboo is divided into nu- 
merous diftri^b, each of which has its peculiar 
chief, who diftributes juftice, and decides dif- 
putes, within his own territory. Moft of thefe 
chieftams have edates in other iflands, whence 
they procure fupplies. The king, at ilated times, 
receives the product of his di&ant domains at 
Tongataboo, which is not only the ufual place 
of his reiidence, but tlie abode of moft perfons 
of diflinftion among thefe iflands. -Its inhabi- 
tants frequently call it the Land of Chiefs, and 
ftigmntize the lubordinate iiles with the appella- 
tions of Lands of Servants. 

The chiefs are filled by the people lords of 
the earth, and alfo of the fun and iky. The 
royal^in^y afiume the name of Futtafaihe, from 
the god diltixigaifhed by that appellation, who 
is probably conftdered by them as their tutelary 
pacroQ. The kmg's peculiar title is iimply Teb" 
et Tctiga. The order and decorum obfez4ed m 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 269 

Old Too- 
e mcafurcs 
uperior in 
id Marcc- 

wcrc the 
andy next 
nd highcft 
:r indcpen- 
nay be, the 
he will of 
ed into nu- 
its peculiar 
iecides dif- 
oft of thefe 
ds, whence 
;iated times, 
domains at 
: ufual place 
noft pcrfons 

4ts inhabi- 
Chiefs, and 
the appella- 

pie lords of 
I iky. The 
tafaihe, from 
llation, who 
tieir tutelary 
\ fimply yW- 
lobfex^ed in 

his prcfence, and likewifc in that of the other 
chiefs, are truly admirable. Whenever he iits 
down, all the attendants feat themfelves before 
him, forming a femicircle, and leaving a fuffici- 
ent (pace between them and him, into which no 
one, unlefs he has particular buiinefs, prefumes 
to come. Nor is any one fuffcred to Ht, or pafs 
behind him, or even near him, without his per- 
mi0ion. When a perfon wiihes to fpeak to his 
majefty, he comes forward, and having feated 
himfelf before him, delivers in a few words whdt 
he has to fay ; then, after being fa>'oured with 
an anfwer from his feat, unlefs he Is to receive 
an order } in which cafe he rifes froan his place* 
and feats himfelf crofs-legged * before his ma- 
jcfly. To fpeak to the king (landing, would 
here be confidered as a glaring mark of rudeneis. 
None of the moft civilized nations have e- 
vcr exceeded thefe iilanders in the great or- 
der and regularity maintained on every occa- 
sion, in ready and fubniiifive compliance with 
the commands of their chiefs, and in the per- 
fect harmony that fubliils among all ranks. 
Such a behaviour manifeds itfelf in a remark- 
able manner, wiienever their chiefs harangue a 
body of them aflembled together, which fre- 
quently happens. The greateft attention and 
moft profound filence are obferved during the 
harangue ; and whatever might have been the 
purport of the oration, we never faw a fingle in- 


* It may be proper to mention here, on the authority 

of Captain King, that thi^ poflure is peculiar to the mcuj 

for the females always fit with both their legs throwu » 

Uttle on one fide. 

2 JO A Voyage to tJje Pacific Ocean, 

ftance, when any one of thofe who were prefent- 
fhewcd figns of his being difpleafed, or fecmed 
in the Icaft inclined to difpute the declared will ^ 
of the fpeiaker. 

It is a peculiar privilege annexed to the perfoh-i 
of the king, not to be punftured, nor- circum-^ 
cifed, or rather fupercifed, as a^ his fubje^ls are* 
Whenever he walks out, all who meet him muA>^ 
lit down till he ha? palled* No perfon is fuffer^ 
cd to be over his head ; but, on the contrary, 
all muft com6 under his feet. The method of 
doing homage to him, and the other chiefs, is 
as follows : the perfon who is tapay obeifance, 
fquats down before the- great perfonage, and 
bows the head down to the. fole of his^ foojt^, 
wluch he taps or- touches with^the under and 
upper fide of the fkigersof each hand ; then 
riiing up> he retires. We had reafon to think, 
that his majcfly cannot- refufe any -one who is 
defirous of- paying him this homage, which is 
called by the natives moe moea ; for the people 
would fre 4|uently think proper to fhew him thefc 
marks of Ibbmiiilion when he was walking; and 
he was on thofe occafions obliged to ftop, and 
hold up one of his feet behind him, till they 
had performed this refpe<n:ful ceremony. This, 
to fo corpulent and unwieldy a man as Poulaho, 
mufl have been painful and troublefome ; and 
we have fometimes feen him endeavour, by run- 
ning, to get out of the way, or to reach a con- 
venient place for fitting down. 'x\iQ hands, af- 
ter having be^n thus applied, become^ in fome 
c^fes, ufelefs for a little time ; for, till they arc 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


e prefent" 
r fecmed 
iarcd will 1 

ke perfbh"; 
bjedls are. 
him muft/ 
I is fuffer-* 
netKod of 
chiefs, is 
nage, and 
his ^ foot,, 
under and 
ind \ theiv 
I to think, 
>ne who is 
, which is 
the people 
him thefc 
dng; and 
Hop, and 
till they 
»y. This, 
bme ; and 
ir, by run- 
ach a con- 
hands, af- 
j, in fome 
11 they arc 

waihed they muft not touch food of any fort. 
,This prohibition, in a country where water is 
far from being plentiful, would be attended with 
inconvenience, if a piece of any juicy giant, 
which they can immediately procure, being rub- 
bed over the hands, did not ferve for the pur- 
pose of purification. When the hands are in 
this iituation, they term it taboo rema ; the for- 
mer word generally {ignif;'ing forbidden, and 
the latter implying hand. When the taboo is in- 
curred, by doing homage to a pcrfon of rank, 
it may thus eafily be waihed off: but, in feveral 
other cafes, it muft continue for a certain peri- 
pd. We have often fecn women, who have 
been taboo remay not fed by themfelves, but by 
others. The interdicted perfon, after the li- 
mited time has elapfed, wafhes- herfelf in one of 
their baths, which are, in general, dirty ponds 
of brakifh water. She then waits upon the fo- 
vereign, and, after having paid the cuftomary 
obeifance, takes hold of hb foot, which Hie ap- 
plies to her fhoulders; breaft, and other parts: 
he then embraces her on both fhoulders, and 
ihe immediately retires, purified from her un- 
cleannefs. If it be always necefTary to 
courfe to his majefty for this purpofe (of which 
,we are not certain, though Omai afliired us it 
was) it may be one reafon for his travelling very 
frequeiitly from one ifland to another. 

The word taboo has a great latitude of fignifi- 
cation. They call human facrifices tangata ta-' 
boo ; and when any particular thing is prohibited 
to be eaten, or made ufe of, they fay it is taboo. 


,ji(j#i*!rw»— ~- 

27a ' A Voya%t to thi Pacific Ocean, 

They informed us, that, if the king ihould go 
into a houfe belonging to one of his fubjedls, 
that houfe ^ould in confequence become taboo^ 
and could never be again inhabited by the own- 
er of it ; (6 that, wherever his majefty travels, 
there are houfes peculiarly aligned for his ac- 
commodation. At this time Old Topbou pre- 
iided over the taboo ; that is, if Omai did not 
mifunderftand thofc who g.we him the intdli- 
gence, he and his deputies had the infpeftion of 
all the Droduce of the iiland, taking care that 
each inr! Mrinal (hould cultivate and plant his 
quota, u i directing what (hould, and what 
ihould nk>c, be eaten. By fb prudent aregula*- 
tbn, th£y take effe^al precautions againfl a 
famine; fuflieient ground is employed in raifing 
proviiions ; and every article is fecured from un- 
necefiary confumption. 

When we take into consideration the num^ 
ber of {{lands of which this ftate coniifts, and 
the diftance at which fome of them are remov«- 
ed from the feat of government, attempts to 
throw off the yoke of fubje^on might be ap- 
prehended. But 'they informed us, that this 
circumfbmce never happens. Oie reafon of 
their not being thus embroiled in dotneftic com- 
motions may be this ; that all their principal 
rhie& take up their relidence at Tongataboo. 
They alfo fecure the dependence of the other 
ifks, by the deciiive celerity of their operations ^ 
for if a Teditious and popular mail fiiould i^art 
up in any of them, Feenou, or whoever hap- 
pens to hold his office, is immediately difpatch- 

^ ed 


[hould go 
\ fubjcfts, 
ome taboo^ 
y the own- 
fty travels, 
for his ac- 
>obou pre- 
lai did not 
the intclli- 
ifpcftion of 
r care that 
d plant Ws 
^ and what 
int aregula- 
js againft a 
ed in railing 
•ed from un- 

fi the nuf»- 
:onfifts, and 
I are rcmov*- 
attempts to 
might be ap- 
is, that this 
le reafon of 
otncftic €om- 

kcir principal 
of the other 
r operations v 
,/hoever hap- 
Ltely difpatch- 
i cd 

A Fityage to the Pac^ Ocean, 


ed thither to put him to death } by which meins 
they extinguiih an infurredtion while it is yet in 
embryo. , - 

The diffiamt chfles of their chie& feemed to 
be nearly as nmerous as among us ; bat there 
are few comparativdy fpesddng, that are brds 
of extenfive diftrifks of territory, it b laid, 
, that when ift perfon of p ropert y dies, aU his 
pofieffions devobve on the Sovereign ; but that 
it is cuiioaiary to give them to the eldeft Am of 
the deceased, with thb condition annexed, that 
he ihonld provide out of the eftate, for the o* 
ther diildren. The: crown is hereditaiy $ and 
we know, from z. puticular circumlhince, that 
the Futtafiuhes, of which funily is Poalaho, have 
reigned in a dkeSk line, (ot the fpoce of at leaft 
one hundred and thirty &tc years, which have 
eiapfed between our prefent viiit to theie iflandsi 
and Tafinan's difcovery of them. Upon our 
enquiring of them, whether any traditioiRil ac- 
count of the arrival -of Tatfman's (hips had been 
preierved among them till this time, we founds 
that this hiftory had been deli^eir^ down to 
them from their anceftors, witfa^great accuracy : 
for they iaid thatiiis two fhkp» refembled «ttrs, 
and alfo mciAioned thd place where they^ hsfd 
lain at anchor, theh* harming continued but i few 
days, and their quitting that ibtion to io t# 
Annamookai afid, fior the ^pufpoie of inmrtn^ 
ing us how long ago this affahr had happ^di^ 
tbey commuwicacod to us the nsime of the F^ 
tafaihe ndip reigned at that time, stud .fhoft fi4o 

hadteceeded him in dw^vcrdgntyy 4owil to 
'VhL. Hm E e Poulahoo 

>27a| ^Vopge to the Pacific Ocean. 

Poulaho, who is the fifth monarch fince that 

It might naturally be imagined, that the pre- 
sent fovereign of the Friendly; liles bad the high- 
eft rank of any perfon in his dominions. But 
Vfc found it to be ofherwife j for Latoolibooloo, 
who has bfeen already mentioned^ and three 
women, are fuperior, in fome refpe^s^ to 
Paulaho himfelf. Thefe great perfonages are 
• diilinguifhed by the title o£ TammMifa, which 
implies a chief. When we made enquiry con- 
cerning them, we were informed that the late 
king^ father of Poulaho, left him behind a ilf- 
ter of equal rank, and older than himfelf} that 
ihe, by a native of Feejee, had a fon and two 
daughters ; and that thefe three perfbns, as well 
as their mother, are of higho* rank than the 
king. We endeavoured to difcover the reafon 
of this pre-emisence of the ^Tammahas^ but 
jvrithout effect. The mother, and one of her 
daughters, named Tooeela-kaipa, refide at Va- 
vaoo. The other daughter, cadled Mongou- 
la-kaipa, and Latoolibooloo the. fon, dwieH at 
Tongataboo. Mongouia-kaipa is the lady who 
has been mentioned as having dined with Cap- 
tain Cook on the 2ift of Jurie. Latoolibooloo 
was fuppofedy by his tountryracii, to- be difbr- 
dered in his fenfes. At Eooa, or Middleburg, 
they fliewed us a confiderable quantity of land, 
which was £iid to be his property \ and we faw 
there a fon of his* a child^ who was honoured 
with the iame title that his ^her enjoyed^ 
The laoguage of thefe iihnds bear a fisiking 



fince that 

1 the high- 
ions. But 

and three 
rfpcas, to 
bnages are 
tba, which 
iquiry con- 
lat the late 
ehind a fif- 
nielf i that 
n and two 
yns, as well 
k than the 

the reafon 
mahas, but 
one of her 
efide at Va- 
i Mongou- 
in, dwtUat 
Le lady who 
i with Cap- 
to-be difor- 
tity of land, 

and we faw 
as honoured 
ur a Mking 

j4 Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 2J$ 

refemblancc to that of New-Zealand, of Ota- 
heitc, and the Society Ifles. The pronuncia- 
ation of theft people differs, indeed, in many 
inilances, from thcti both of Ot;iheit€ and New- 
Zealand ; but notwitlrllanding that, a great 
number of words are either very little chiingf^d, 
or exafdy the fame. The language, as .Ipokcii 
by the Friendly Wanders, h futficiently copious 
to exprefs all their ideas j and, belides being to- 
lerably harmon^ous in common couverfation, is 
eafily adapted for the purpofes of mufic. They 
have terms to iignify numbers as fur us a hun- 
dred thouland, beyond which they either would 
not, or could not, reckon. 

The latitude of that part of Tongataboo.wljerc, 
our oblervatory was ere^ed, which was p.ear the" 
middleof the northiideof the ilhnJ, was, ac- 
cording to the raoft accurate obfervations, 21° 
8* 19" fouthi and its longitude was 184° 55' 

The tides are more confiderable at the Friend- 
ly Ifl'ands, than at any other of Captain Cook's 
difcoverfes in this ocean, that are fituate within 
either of the tropics. At Amiaihooka the tide 
rifes and falls about lix feet, upon a perpendicu- 
lar. At Tongataboo, it rlies and falls four feet; 
and three duartdrs, on the full and change days 5 
and thrfrc teet and a half at the quadratures. , 








Ifland of Toobdliai difcoveilcd — Arrival- at Otabcite-— 
ihita** RecepHoh — 6tah«ite Tifited by the Spantardi 
xi-Their Attempts to depreciMe the Charadtor of the 
Epffliih^lntcrview with Wahctadooa, the Chief of Ti- 
arawK^— Omai't imprudent condvA— Poultry and Cat- 
tle left on the Ifland-- Captain Cook admitted into a 
Council of the Chiefs — Rei)e<£tion8 on a human Sacri- 

, $ce-~Heeva9 defcribed— Oirk dreflcd to bring a Pre- 
fcot — Manner of preierving (he body of a dead Chief 
— Hiding on Horfeback — Mock Fight between two 
War Canoes— Manner of conducing a War--A curi- 
ous Medical Operation — Otoo'iL Art — Omai's S^ar 
Canoe— Navai Power, &c. # ' _ 

WE had new taken our final lea^e of tlie 
Friendly Iflands. On the 1 7th of Ju- 
ly, at eight o'clock in the evenihgj Eooa bore 
north-ealt by north, diftant 3. or 4 leagues. 
The wind blew a frefh gale at eaft, We flood 
tp the fouth, tUl after £x o'clock tlie next morn- 
ing;, when, from the fame dire£tion> a fudden 


' A Voyage ta tht Pacijk Qu^ff* 27 ; 

fquall took our {hip aback) and before we could 
trim the (hips on the other tack, the main^faU 
anvl the top gaUant fails were conliderably torn. 

On the 19th and 20th, the wind kept between 
the fouth-'wefl, and fouth-eaft ; then it veered 
to the eafl, north-eafl, and north. 

"We ftretclied to the eaft-fouth-eaft, without 
meeting with anything remarkable, till the igith, 
at feven o'clock in the evening, when we had a 
very heavy fquall of wind from the north. We 
were, at this time, under fingle>reefed top-fails, 
eourfeS, and ftay-faiU. Two of the latter were al- 
mpft demoliOied by the wind, and it was with tlie 
utmoft difficulty that we faved the other fails. 
Thii fquall being over, we law feveral lights 
moving aboti^ on board the Dtfccvery > whence 
we conjedturtd that fomething had giv^n way i 
andy the n^t morning, we perceived that her 
main-top-maft had been loli. Both wind ami 
weather remained very unfettled till noon, when 
the latter cleared i4p, and the former ^ttled in 
the north-weft quarter. Our latitude was now 
2S9 6' fouth and our longitude was 198^ 
23' eaiL We faw fome pintado-birds, whkh 
were the firft wefbd feen, iince we left the land. 

At noon, on the 31ft, Captain Clerkc made 
a iignalto fpeak with Captain Cook; and after- 
wards informed him, that the head of the main- 
mail had fpning, and in fuch a manner, as tp 
rcftcier the riggiiig of another top-mai^ extreme^ 
ly dangerous ; that he muft therefore rig feme- 
thing l^hter in its places He further informed 
him, that he bad loft his main-top-galhnt-yard j 
. i E c 3 and , 

2^9 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

and had not another on board, nor a fpar to 
make one. Captain Cook fent him the Keiblu- 
tion's rprit-fail-top-faiUyard, which fupplied this 
want for the prefent* The next day, by get- 
ting up a jury-top-maft, on which he fct a mi- 
zen-top-fail, he was enabled to keep way with 
the Refolution. 

We ftcered eail-nodrth-eail, and north-eaft, 
without meeting with any rema: xable occur- 
rence till the morning of the 8th of Auguft, at 
eleven o'clock ; when land was obferved bear- 
ing north>north-eal>, about nine or ten kagues 
diftant. At firft it appeared like fo many l^^pa- 
rate iilands ; but, as we approached, we found 
it was all conne6led, and formed one ^nd the 
fame ifland. We fteered dire^y for it with a 
6ne gale, and j at half pail fix in the afternoon, 
it extended from north by eaftv to north*north- 
eail, diftant three tilt four leagues^ 

At day-break, the next morning, we 'fteered 
for the north-weft ftde of ihe ifland, and as we 
ftood round its fouth-wcft part, *wfe faw it guard* 
ed by a reef of eoral-rock, exfte&ding, in fomc 
places, at leaft a mile from tli^an;d,< and a high 
iuif breaking uponitl • Asw drew near, w« 
fvff people Walking or nitfninj^ along ihore^^cn 
reV<:ral parts of the4!o9^, ftffd, in a ftiorttime 
after, when we had'r^:kchbd' (Ac lee-fide of the 
ifland, ijt^b faw twp tanoes' feutiched, in which 
were about a do2en of theti/'whd ^wldled to- 
wards us. -^ '^^ ■^*>^* 

In order to^ giie thefe cmstvtkae to come up 
^ith us, ai well as to found ftt: Mlchorage, wc 


A Voyage to the Pucific Ckeatu 


fhortened fail, and at ^he diftance of lialf a mile 
from the reef, we found from forty to thirty* 
five fathoms water. The canoes, after having 
advanced within piftol ihot of the (hips, fud« 
denly flopped^ Omai was defired, as was ufual; 
on fuch occaiions, to endeavour to prevail upon 
the men in them to come nearer ; but no ar^ 
guments could induce them to truft themfelves 
within our reach. They often pointed eagerly 
to the (hore with their paddles, at the fame time 
calling to us to go thither \ and many of their 
people who were ilanding upon the beach, held 
up iomcthing white in their hands, which we 
con{b*ued as an invitation for us to come to land. 
We could eaiily have accomplifhed this, there 
being good anchorage without the reef» and an 
opening in it, through which the canoes had 
pafled, which had no furf upon it. But the 
Captain did not chufe to riik the advantage of 
a fair wind, in order to examine an ifland, that 
appeared to be but of little confequence. We 
required no refrefhments, if we had been cer- 
tain of nieeting with them there, and there- 
fore, after making ieveral unfuccefsful attempts 
tO; prevail upon mefe people to come near usy 
we made fail to the north^. and left them ; ha- 
ving fird learned that the name of their ifland 
wasToobouai. It is fituated in the latitude of 
2^0 25' fouth; and in 2fo° 37' eaft longitude. 
The greateft entent of this ifland, in any di- 
redion, is not above five or iix miles. Small, 
however, as it app( arsi there are hills in it of a 
confiderable elevation \ at the foot of which, is 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

a narrow border of flat latfid, extending almoft 
all round h, bordered with a white fand-beach. 
The hills were covered with herbage, except a 
few rocky cliffs, with patches of trees inter- 
Iperfed to their fiimmits. This iiland, as we 
were informed by the men in the canoes, is 
pkntifuUy ftocked with hogs and fowls ; and 
produces the feveral kinds of fruits and roots 
that are to be met with at the other iflands in 
this neighbourhood. 

From the converfation we had with thofe 
who came oflT to us, we difcovered that tho in- 
habitants of Toobouai fpeak the Otahehe lan- 
guage : an indubitable proof that they are of the 
fame nation. Thofe.whom we faw in the ca- 
noes, were a (tout copper-coloured people ; 
fomc wearing their hair (which was ftraight and 
black) flowing about the (houlders, and others 
having it tied in a bunch oit the crown of the 
liead. Their faces were roundiih and full, but 
the features flat ; and their countenances expref- 
fed a degree of natural ferocity. Their covering 
was a pxce of narrow fiuflT wrapped round the 
wai A;, and pafliing between ths thighs \ but ibme 
of'thofe whonv we beheld nflbn the b^ach, were 
completely clothed in whtte^ ' Some^ of our viii- 
tors, in the canoes^: had their necks ornament- 
ed wkh pesff!-fhe!l$.$ and ond of them continu- 
ed blowing a. large conchp^iltcit, to wiiichareed, 
of about two feet long, was fixed; he began in 
% long tone, without any variltioa *, and after- 
wards converted it into a kind of mufioalinftnio 
inpnt^ Whether the blovdng of thftconch por- 


ling almoft 
c, except a 
trees inter- 
land, as we 
; canoes, is 
fowls ; and 
ts and roots 
r iilands in 

with thofc 
that the in- 
kahche lan- 
cy arc of the 

r in the ca- 
red people; 
> ftraight and 
, and others 
:rown of the 
and full, but 
ances cxpref- 
icir covering 
:d round the 
c btacfa, were 
ic* of our vifr- 
cs ornament- 
hem cGBtintH 
, he began in 
1 ; and aftcr- 
[lofical inftru- 
hfrconch por- 

jf Voyage h the Pacific Ocean. afft 

tended any thing, we cannot fay, but we never 
found k the meSenger of peace. 

The length of their canoes appeared to be 
about thirty feet, and they rofe. about two feet 
ubove the furface of the water, as they floated. 
The fore-part projected a little ; the after-part 
rofe to the height of two or three feet, with a 
gradual curve, and, like the upper part of the 
fides, was carved all over. The reft of the 
fides were ornamented with flat white {hells cu- 
rioufly difpofed. There were eight men in one 
of the canoes, and feven in the other. Thqf 
werb condu£Wd with fmall paddles, whoie 
blades^ were almoft circular ; and they fome- 
times "paddled with the two oppofite fides to 
clofe together, that they appeared to be but one 
boat ; the rowers occafionally turn'tng their 
faces to the ftern, and pulling that way, with- 
out paddling the canoes round. Seeing we were 
determined to leave them they flood up, and 
repeated fomething aloud •, but we knew not 
whether they were expreffing their enmity, or 
frienddiip. It is certain, however, that they 
had not any weapons with them ; nor could we 
with our glaflcs difcover, that thofc on fhore 
were armed. 

Leaving the ifland, we fleered to the north 
with a frem gale, and at day-break, on the i ith» 
we perceived the ifland of Maitca. Otaheite 
appeared foon after ; the point of Oheitcpeha 
Bay bearing weft, about four leagues diftant. 
Wc fieered for this bay, intending to anchor 
there, in order to draw fome refrefhmcnts from 


282 j1 Voyage to the Pacific Ocmut* 

the fouth-eaft part of the ifland, before we pro« 
ceeded to Matavai, where we expefted our prin- 
cipal fupply. We had a freih gale till two o' 
ck>ck in the afternoon % when, at about a league: 
from the bay, the wind fuddenly died away. 
About two hours after, we had fudden fquall < 
with rain, froraJhe eaO. About nine o-clocl«. ^. 
we were obliged to ftand out,. and fpend th^.^* 
night at Tea. 

' When we came near the ifland, feveral ca- 
noes came off to the (hip, each v condu^d by- 
twQ or tlicee ni£n.. Bjiit, as they were commoii) 
fellows, Omai took no purticular notice of them, 
nor thty of him. They did not even fecm to 
perceive that he was one of their countrymtn^. 
altho' they converfed with him for Tome time. 
At length, a chief whom I had known before, 
ni'med Ootcf , r.nd Omai*s brother-in-law, who 
chanced to be now at this corner of the ifland^ 
and three or four more perfons all of whom 
knew Omai, before he embarked with Cdptain 
Furmaux, came on board. Yet there was no* 
thing either tender or ftriking in their mcf ri- vs*^ 
On the contrary, there feemed to be a perteft 
indifference on both iidos, till Omai, having ta-. 
ken his brother down into the cabir^ opened 
the drawer where he kept his red fcatfters, and 
g{ive him a few. This being prefently known, 
aMongd: the reft of the natives upon <leck, the 
face of affairs <Vas entirely turn(jd,\ and Ootee, 
who would hardly Ipeak to Omai before, now 
begged that they might be iayos (friends) and 
exchange iwmes. Omai accepted (he honour^ 


irc wc pro-* 
\ our prm- 
till two o* 
ut a league; 
jied away, 
kn fquali« 
nt o'clock.;. 
l\scnd th'&- 

fcveral- ca- 
iKluftcd by- 
re commow; 
cc of thcm> 
en Arcm to 
fome time. 
)wn before^ 
in-law, who. 
the ifland^ 
k of whom 
1th Cdptain 
re was no* 
rir me*'r "^ 
>e a pertf^ 
having ta- 
}m. opened 
atners, and 
tly known, 
I deck, the 
and Ootee, 
)efore, now 
Viends) and 
rtie honouTi 

^ Voyage h ihi Pacific Oetafi, 


and confirmed it with a prefent of red feathers \ 
and Ootee, by way of return, fent alliore for a 
hog. But it w:)s evident to every one of us, 
that it was not the man, but his property, they 
W'Sre in love with. Had he not ihewn to them 
his u eafui^e of red feathers, which is the com- 
modA y in greateft eflimation at the Ifland, I 
qjcAion much whether they would have be- 
{' jwed even a cocoa-nut upon him.^ Such w,as 
Omai's "Irft eception among his countrymen. 
I own, : never expected it would be otherwife } 
but 1 i!> I wa« in hopes, that the valuable car- 
;_: J of prefent.^ with which the liberality of his 
fr sinds in England ^ad loaded him, would be 
the means of railing i ^.i. into confequence, and 
of making him refpedted, and even courted,15y 
the fir ft perfons throughout the extent of the 
Society Iflands. Tliis could not but have hap- 
pened, had he conducted himfelf with any de- 
gree of prudence. But, inftead of it, I am for- 
ry to fay, that he paid too little regard to the 
repeated advice of thofe who wiihed him well, 
and fuffered himfelf to be duped by every de- 
figning knave. 

The important news, of red feathers being 
on board our Ihips, having been conveyed on 
iliore by Omai's friends, day had no fooner be- 
gun to break next morning, than we were fur- 
roimded by a multitude of canoes, crowded 
with people bringing hogs and fruits to market. 
At firft» a quantity of feathers, not greater than 
what might be got from a tom-tit, would pur- 
chafe a hog of forty or ^fty pounds weight. 


2^4 -^ ^ojoge to the Padfa Ocean, 

Bqt, as almofi every body in the fhips was poilef- 
fed of fome of this precious articjle of trade, it fell 
in its value, above fix hundred per ^etd before 
night. However, even tlien, the balance was 
much m our favour; and red feathers continu- 
ed to preferve their Superiority over every other 
commodity. Some of the natives would not 
part with a hog, unlefs they received an axe in 
exchange ; but nails, beads, and other trinkets, 
which, during our former voyages, had ib great 
a run at this ifland, were now lb much defpifed, 
that few would deign to look at them. 

In the morning of the i ^th. Captain Cook 
came to anchor in a bay called Oheitepeha. 
Soon after, Omai's fifter came on board to fee 
him ; and the Captain was happy to obferve, 
that much to the honour of eadb> their meet- 
ing was marked with expreffions of the moil 
tender afte^on. After this moving fceoe, O- 
mai and 4he Captain wept aihore. Here, the 
attention of the former was fbon draym to an 
oid woman, the iider of his mother, ^he was 
already at his feet, and had bedewed them plen- 
tifully with tears of joy. The Ci^aln l<^him 
with the old lady, encircled by a number of 
people,^ in order to go and take a view of a 
houfe and crofs erected by tine Spaniards. When 
he returned, he found Omai holding forth to a 
isrge company ; and it wac; with foipe di0icuky 
he could be got away to accompajHy ihe Captain 
on board. Ctptain Cook, it feeoMt had found, 
from the natives, that two Spanifh fhips from 
Lima had twic$ put into Qheitepeh^ Bay, fince 
• ' i his 

I was poiTef** 
trade, it fell 
0nt before 
olance was 
irs continu- 
every other 
would not 
:d an axe in 
ler trinkets, 
had fo great 
ich defpifed, 

iptain Cook 
board to fee 
' to obfervc, 
their mett- 
of the mod 
ig fcene, O- 
. i^ere, the 
draynvto an 
;r. iShe was 
i number of 
a view of a 
iards. When 
jg forth to a 
mie difficuky 
r the Captain 
had found, 
h (hips from 
b^ Bay, fincc 

ji Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 285 

his laft vifit in 1 774. They had left fome^hogs, 
dogs, goats, a bull, and a ram, on fhore. The 
5rft time they came, they built a houfe, and left 
four men behind them, carrying away four of 
the natives^ In about ten months, the fame 
(liips returned, bringing back two of the ifland- 
ers, the other two having died at Lima. After 
a Ihort ftay, they took away their own people, 
but left the houfe fianding. This was Atuated 
at a fmall diflance from the beach. . The wood- 
en materials of which it was compofed, feemed 
to .have been brought, ready prepared, to fet up 
occaiionally ; for all the planks were numbered. 
It was divided into two imall rooms ; and, in 
the inner one, were a bench, a table, a bed- 
ftead, fome old hats, and other trifles, of which 
the natives feemed to be very careful, as alfo of 
the houfe itfelf, which had fuffered no hurt from 
the weather, a fhed having been built over it. 
There were fcuttles all round, which ferved as 
air-holes ; and perhaps they were alfo meant to 
fire from, with nuifquets, if ever it {hould be 
foundneceflary. At ibme diilance, ilood a wood- 
en crofs, on the tranfvcrie part of which was cut 
Christis Vjncit. 
* And on the perpendicular part was 
Carolus III. Imperit. 1774- 
On the other fide of the poft, Captain Cook 
took care to preferve the memory of the pri«r 
vifits of the Engliih, by infcribing 

Georgius Tertius Ret^a 
Annis 1767. 

^1^9> ^773» 17745 ^ 1777- 
Vol. I. Ff Near 

TJ86 A Voyage. t9 the Pacific Dceafh 

Near the foot of this crofs was' the gi^ve d^ 
the Commodbre of the two fhips, whb died 
here, while they lay in the bay, the firft tiiae. 
The Spaniards feemed to- have taken great pains 
to ingratiate themfeh^es with the inhabitants, 
who, oh eveiy occalion, mentioned them with 
the Itrongeft expreffioxis of efteem and venera* 
tion. The forrticr, however, idid ttot flicceed 
in their attempts to deprefciate the ch^dri^er'of 
thle EngUfli. Otf6 df the-fbuir ^^feiffoiis Whom 
thley left behind, imd whbm the liases tilled 
Mateeraa, tnade hlmfdf Vef y popular. He took 
uncotnmbtt' pains tciftudy their langiiagie, that 
he might be dnabl^^to imprefs'th^ir minds with 
the moft exaltisd ideas of thd grtatijefs 6f the 
Spanifh monarchy^ and make them think mean- 
Vy of the Englifh. He eveii wentfb far as to 
aflure them, mit we no longer exifted as an in- 
dependent nation 5 that Pretane 'was only a finall 
ifland which they (the Spaniards)' had entirely 
dcftroyed j and that a^fer Ciptkin Cook, they 
h^ met tirlth him at ilea; and with a fbw fhot, 
had fent his ftiip, With i^very foul hi Her, td the 
bottom. AUtlhis, and inariJF bth^ hnprobable: 
falfehoods, did the Spaniards make this people 
believe. But, if Spain had no other views, in 
this expedition, than to depreciate the Englifh, 
ihe had better have kept her fhips sit home^ for 
Captain Cook's return to the iflaiid (which, lii 
courfe, was quite unexpe6ted) was coniidered as 
a complete refutation of all that Mateema had 

Waheiadooa, iSovereign of TiaraboO, (wtiich 


A Voyage to the 


» gfave df 
w& died 
firft thne. 
;reat pains 
them with 
id venersu 
ot fiiccced 
tl^drjS^er of 
biis Whom 
Sves tilled 
ruagie, that 
minds with 
pefs 6f the 
fb far as to 
;d aS an in- 
>nly a ftnall 
ad entirely 
Cook, they 
a ffew {hot, 
ftcr, to the 


this people 
tt views, in 

he Englifli, 
thome^ for 

(which, \ti 
oniidered as 
[ateema had 

boo, (wliich 

W^ the name of tli|r part of the iibndV lil^ 
now abfent. Howorer, he foon af^ >ii|^ 
meflage to notify his arrival, and to A^fili^^^ 
the Captain would vifit him a(hore»: Th^ was 
not the fame peribn, though of the fame name, 
with the chief, whom Captain Cook had ieen 
here during his lad voyage ; but his brother, a 
boy about ten years old, who had fucceeded on 
the ^ death of the elder Waheiadooa, about 
twenty months before, and was. now under the 
Hitorage of si chief, named Etorea. The cele- 
brated Queen Oberea was dead. Accordingly^ 
Omai and the Captain prepsired to make him a 
formal viiit. On this occafion,, Omai, aflifted 
by fome of his friends, drefied himielf: not af^ 
ter the Englifh fa(hion, nor that of Otaheite^ 
nor that of Tongataboo, nor in.the drefs of any 
country upon earth; but in a.iitfange medley of 
all that he was pofiefled of. There was nothing' 
remarkable in thi$ interview, except the iofor- 
motion w|ucl^ Capt^' Cook received, that the 
Spaniards* when they viiited the iiland, had 
de(ired the chiefs npt to fuii^ him to enter O- 
heitepeha B^yi, if he (hould re;t<um again, for 
that the ifland belonged tolhepn. But the per- 
Ton, fays Ca^ain Cook, who addrefled me with 
this informatiqii, j^red me, that they werefo 
far £rom paying any regard to this requeft, that 
he was authorifed now to make a formal fur- 
render of the prpvince of Tiaraboo to me, and 
of every thipg v wliich marks very plainly, 
that thefe people are no Grangers to the poli- 
cy of accommodating themfelves to prefent cir-- 

F f 3 aimftanccs 

,<jp88 A Foya^tfo f he Pacific Ocmn. 

cumftances. At length, the young chief was 
dire^ed, by his attendants., to come and em- 
brace me I and, by way of confirming this trea- 
ty of friendlhip, we exchanged names. The 
ceremony being clofed, he and his friends ac- 
companied me on board to dinner. 

Omai had prepared a maro^ compofed of red 
and yellow feathers, which he intended fcM: Otoo, 
the king of the whole ifland, and, confideriug 
where we were, it was a prefent o£ very great va- 
lue. I faid all that I could to periuadeMna-not 
to produce it now, wiHung him to keep it on 
board till an opportunity ihould offer of prefent- 
ing it to Otoo with his own hands. But he had 
too good an opinion of the honcfty and fidelity of 
his ccuntrymen to take my advice. Nothing 
would ferve him, but to carry it aihore, on tbi^ 
occafion, and to give it to Waheiadooa, to be by 
him forwarded to Otoo^ in order to its^^^ being 
added to the royal .mowio. He thought by this 
managen^ent, that Jare (hould oblige both chicfe ; 
whereas %& highly difdbUgedithc onc^ whofe &- 
vour was of the moft eonfequence to himy with- 
out gaining any reward from the dfiher. What 
I had fbreieen happened ;r for Waheiadoo kept 
the mar& himfclf, ^and ooly feot sto Otoo a very 
fmall piece of feathers ) not the twentieth part 
<^f what < belonged to the magnl&centr'preient. 

On the' 19th, Captain Cookrecdved from the 
young chief, a <preleitt^ ten t>r a dozoi of hogs 
fome clot^, and a>quantity df fruiti In the even- 
iri'^y, we exhibited fome Bre-^works, which both 
pleafed and aflonifhed the numerous fpe^tors^ 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. afijT 

; chief was 
; and em- 
g this trea- 
nes. The 
fiends ac- 

ofed of red 
:d for Otoo, 
ry great va- 

) keep it on 
id fidelity of 
•. Nothing 
lore, on this 
)oa, to be by 
to its^^^ being 
ught by Idiis 
both chicfe 5 
iCf whofe fc- 
him> v»^ith- 
her. What 
leiadoo kept 
Otoo a very 
ventieth part 
ved from the 
I<R the even- 
which both 
us fpc^torsi 

Some of our gentlemen, in their walks, diH- 
covered, as they thought, a Roman Catholic 
chapd. They dcfcribed the altar which they 
faid they had feen, and every other confHtuent 
partoffucha place of worftiip. They men- 
tioned, however,' that two perfons who had 
the care of it, would not permit them to go in; 
on which- account the Captain imagined they 
were miftaken, and had the curiofity to pay 
a vifit to it himfelf.- The fuppofed chapd hap- 
pened to be a toopapaooy in which the body of 
the late Waheiado lay, in a kind of ftate. It 
was in a pretty large boufe, enclofed with a loW 
palilade. The toopopaoo was remarkably neat, 
and rdcmbled one of thofe little awnings ov^r 
their large canoes. It was hung and covered 
with cloths and mats of a variety of colours, 
which had a beautiful efleft. One piece of fcar- 
let broad cloth of the length of four or five 
yards, appeared confpicuous among the other 
ornaments ; which had probably been received 
as a prefent from the Spaniards. This cloth, 
and feme taflels of feathers, fiiggeftcd to our 
gentleme»-*he idea of a chapel ; and their ima- 
gination fupplied whatever elfe was wanting to 
create a refemblance ; hearing that the Spaniards 
had vrfited this place, might alfo operate on their 
minds upon this occafion, and add to the pro- 
bability of its being a chapel. Small offerings 
of fruits and roots Teemed to be dailvmade at 
this fhrine, fome pieces being now quite frefh. 
Thefe were depofited on a kind of altar, whicli 
ftood without the palifades ; within which we 

F f 3 were* 

^^ 4 Voyagp M the Facificx Qdan, . 

nrpre i^qit permitted to enter, i. Two men con- 
ftfU;^ attended here» both nights and day *, as 
W^lt to W9td|i oyer the plaoe^ as. to drefs and 
^n^F^ M^^ toopapaoou, When Captaint Cook 
11^^^, fqrvey it^ the cloth and its appendages 
if^e rolled up v butt at his requeft>.the two at- 
^4^^s plaped it in ord^y> but . liot tiU after 
i^ey h^d #^fl^^them^lves in clean white ipbes. 
The chief» we were inforniedy hnd been dead 
al^t tw^Qty iQontha* ,. - iroiiJ 

^^avii^g j^ovid^d a |re£k fiipply of wator, and 
finifhed all ,pur la^Qe^Taryoperations, on the Oiti 
w« b^pugh^; qiOr.^pui-; a^imaljs fvom iboreyiond 
mad^ jf^iad^^fpir ifea,j. r'W-W«t>the;ihip» were un- 
mopribgi, Qis»i »an4r jpafilai^ Cook; knded^ ia 
the. ni(M|^(f)?fithe agdutp /tajRe ^kaiw ofrtke 
young chieli,t ^^e thdy iH^r@/iwith him^ one 
of th^fe peiions,T,wh<^^9y»<^k £«low, from 
a p^r4li;^90 ll»t tfc.fyipfiiXpfti th? ^iti of thb 

l^alL^^. app^a^lt(e9irof lidfanity^febqutcihini^ 
^ ^pg^ i»fiww#i«il^ll!S'|JhliUJto^^ fdantaiB 

w|>at )^,jH!4ri&iT%in ml<Wj^£{fq*ieRbing ivoica^ 
ib as ba^^ |^^>)p>d^i^^Qiii^t.)r> Butddriud t£iid 
he perfe^Hy comprehended him» and^ihafc^iie 
was advi^g WaMa4(t9cjf<ii>t?d0 1 aifionDpikiy 
fcaptain Cpok tP)l^at4y«i|^afkseatp^hki(i which; 
he had i^eyer; kpowix ti^tjhfi m%eaSi9A^\t» thad 
the Captain e^^-m^At iC^h .ar^prqp^ak^toxillhi^: 
The J?<ito9^ aifo fiiftQ^i^edi} i^gt jhj^ j&ips'twould 
not arrive that day at ^taylatu .iQ^thisy^hqw^' 
ever, l^^ wasii»ii^kieo:4 .thotagh^appesrances^ at 


mea con- 
d day, as 
drefs and 
tainr Cook 
:be two at- 
>t tm after 
rhJXe tphoB. 

A Voyage to the Pac^c Ocean* 




QO the.X2d~ 
ftiore, land 
ps wereun- 
kndod^ itt 
•avc ofrtfae 
h htm, one 

|>iriti of thb 


Jiing iToioBi^ 


itM^ wiuch' 


esrances^ at 

that time, favoured his afTertion^ as thekre #^ 
not a< (ingle, breath of win4 in any direction. 
While he was delivering his prophecy^ t heavjr 
ihower of rain came on, which occafiotie<^ aH t6 
run for fhelter, except himfelf, who appeared 
to difregard it. He continued fqeaking about 
half an hour^ and then retired. No attention 
wa»paid to what he uttered, though fome of 
the nativesw laughed at him. 

Captain Cook afked the -chief, whether -he 
was an Earee or a ^o^tow ? The anfwer he re- 
rived was, that he was taata etioy that is, a bad 
And yet, notwithftanding this^ and tht 


little notice taken of tdie mad prophetiilip^rfti^ 
tion for^Bur governs thf' natives, that thlsy abfoi 
ktely believe ioch peribns td be po^feflod with 
the fpirit of the Eatoia^ Omai feemed to 'be 
wcllnnftru^bed concerning them. • Hefaidi that 
during the#ts,'>with which they «re feized^ they 
knbw nobody, and that if any <mt of them is ii 
mani of property, he will then^'gife-away^ every 
maveahle he pofiefiesy tf^:} fSKuds ddnot put 
them out bf his reach^iand^ when 4)^ ir^cOVers;' 
he>feems not)«9 hat« the leaft remembrance-^ 
what he badidone^ditinng thetime the fit was^ 
upon-hkn.^^'. t'"- - •■ •■ ■ • ■' 

V Soon after the Oiptain got di board, a light. 
breeze Ringing upat eaft, we got uhder M,^ 
andtthetRefolotion anchored, th^^aime evening^ - 
attfiiitavafiMfi«^ ) but the DHcdvery^ did hot gd/ 
prophecy was. half fiilfilted. ^ -^^^ ^'^'^ 

QoLthe a4^i^Qf Augufty Capt^n Co(ri^ feft' 


ap:2 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

the Bay of Oheitcpcha, and in the evening an- 
dtored in Matafvai Bay, in another part of the 
ifland, whence he expe6ted his principal (upply. 
Here he and Oniai had an Interview, on Ihore, 
with Otoo, the King of the whelc ifland. O- 
mai, ftys the Captain, had prepared himfelf for 
tins ceremony, by drefling himfelf in his very 
beft cloaths, and behaved with a great deal of 
rcfpe^t and modefty. Neverthelcl's, very little 
notice was taicen of him. Perhaps, envy had 
i'ome fhare in producing this cold reception. 
He made the chief a prelerit of a large piece of 
red feathers, and about two or three yards of 
gold cloth; and I gave him a fukof fine linen, 
a g[old 4accd > iat, fome t^bls, and, what was of 
more value than all the other articles, 2. quan*- 
tity of red fec^thers, artd one of the bonnets in 
. ufc at the Friendly Iflands. 

After the hurry of this vifit ^^as over, the 
King, and the wliole Royal f^amily, accOmpa- 
iried me on board, followed by feveral canoes, 
laden with all kinds of proviiiotls, in ^quantity 
fufficicntto have feiired the comj>a'n4esdf both 
fhips for a week. Each of the faiittily owned, 
or pretended to 6wh, A'f^aPt; fo that I had ft 
prefent from every one of them ; and* very one 
of them had a fepftrate prefent in i*etum from 
mc4 which was the great obj^^tin view. Soon 
^aftcr, the King's mother, who had not been 
prefent at the firft: intcrview^, came^ oft beard 
bringing with her a quat^ty of. prbvlllons And 
cloth, which flie divided between me and OitAi.. 
For, although he was biit little nciticed at firft:, 
. i ■ . ■ s bv 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


by his countrymen, they no fooner gained the 
knowledge of his riches, than they began to 
court Ikis friendfhip. I encouraged this as much 
as 1 couid \ for it was my wifh to fix him witk 
Otoo. As I intended to leave all oiy European 
animals at this in;nid, I thought he would be 
able to give (bme inf>ru6lion about the manage^ 
ment of them, and about their ufe. Befides^ 
I knew,, and iav«r, that the farther he was from 
his native ifland, he would be the better refpec- 
ted. But, unfortunately, poor Omai rcjcdted 
my advice, and comiutfted himfelf in fo impru* 
dent a manner, that he fcon loll the friendfhip 
of Otooa, nndrof every otlicr perfou of note in 
Otaheite* Ije aiTocialed with none but vaga^ 
bonds andiArEuagOTs, wliofe fole views were <o 
plunder hitn. ■ And, if I had ^not interfered, 
they would not have left him a iingle article 
wartl* carrying from the ifland. » This neGefla<- 
rily drew upon him the illnkvall of the principal 
chiefs ( who found that ithey^ co^i^ not procure; 
from any one ini the . !0>ips,f \. <ph valuable pre- 
fents, as Omai be(V>we4) fC** the loweft of the 
psople, his'^companions. } e.-^^-^;^ 

Captain C!dok w as , n(^xt -engag^ in landing 
the poultry, with which he was to Hock the 
ifland* They conned of a peacock and hen, 
a turkey»cockand,|i6n> a gander and three geefe» 
a drake and four <iucl?S< All thefe he left at 
Oparre, in ithe pofleflion of Oto&} and the 
geefc and .ducks began to breed before he failed. 
AtOparrc, he found a gander, which the na- 
tives faid was the fame that Captain Wallis had 

. given 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

given Oberea ten years before \ feveral goats ; 
and the Spanifh bull } which latter could have 
been of no ufe, if Captain Cook had not ar- 
rived ; as the Spaniards had left no cows afhore. 
Probably, they died in their paiTage from iama. 
Captain Cook fent three cows to this bull \ and 
the bull which he himfelf had brought, with 
the horfe and mare, and fheep,. he put, afhore 
at Matavai. He like wife planted a piece of 
ground with feveral articles, very few of which 
he believed the natives would ever look after. 
Some melons, potatoes, and two pine-^pple 
plants, were in a fair way of fucceeding, before 
be left the place. He alio planted ieveral fliad- 
dock trees, which he had brought from the 
Friendly lAands. Thefe, he thought, could 
hardly fail of ifuccefs, unleis their growth, ihould 
be impeded by the fam^ premature curiofity, 
which detlroved a vine planted ^y the Spaniards 
at Oheltejbetia.. !^ number of the natives got 
togethcr,l(C/^a(|et6c jfiril fruit it Iwre; but, as 
the ^p^ '^e^b BiU fc^iir, they coniidered it as 
little better that^ |>pUpi^, *and it .was unanimouf- 
If dtXtta&titd. to tre^ci it uj^der iooU. In that 
flstte^^'O^sn rounfi^it by chance,, and was over- 
joyed at tfe' dilcbveryr for he had a full conii- 
dckice, that 'if he haa but grapes, lie could ea- 
fiXy make wine. Accordingly, he had feveral 
fll|i*^ cut off from the tree, to carry away v?ith 
hint \ and the remainder of it was pruned, and 
put in order. Perhaps, becoming wife by Q- 
mai's inflradtions, they may now iu^er the fruit 
to ^ow to perfe^ion, and not pafs, fo hafty ^ 

' f^ntence 

eral goats -, 
could have 
id not ar- 
}ws afhore. 
irom liima. 
bull; and 
ught, with 
put, afhore 
a piece of 
wr of which 
Ipok after, 
iing, before 
everal fliad- 
it from the 
ight, could 
c curiofity, 
le Spaniards 
natives got 
re; but, as 
fiUered it as 
ot, In that 
d was ovcr- 
a full confix 
lC could ea- 
had feveral 
r away v?ith 
pruned, aiid 
wife by O* 

^cr th? fr«it 
s.fqhafty ? 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 195 

fentence upon it again. As Captain Cook in« 
tended to continue here a confiderable time, we 
let up our two obfervatories on Matavai Point % 
and, adjoining to them, two tents were pitched, 
for the reception of a guard, and of fuch peo- 
ple as might be left on ihore, in different de- 
partments. The command at this ftation was 
entrufted to Mr King } who alfo attended the 
agronomical and other obfervations. While 
we remained here, the crews of both {hips 
were occupied in many neceilary operations. 
The Difcovery's main-maft was carried afhore, 
and made as good as it had ever been before. 
Our fails and water-cafks were repaired; both^ 
our fhips were caulked ; and the rigging was 
completely over-hauled. We likewife infpedted 
the bread that we had on board in caiks, and 
fouhd that but little of it was damaged. 

At Matavai, Captain Cook renewed his in- 
tercourfe with all his pld friends, whofe names , 
are recorded in his account ofh^iecondyoyage^ 
and, while there. pAe of the natiyes, w^^Om the. 
Spaniards' &^d carried wit{| them to (liipa, jnid 
him a vifit. Though not iq be dif^ingutfnedr 
in appearance, from 'Hit refl of his coyntrymen, > 
he had not forgot fome Spanifh words. Among , 
them the moft frequeht were, Ji Sen^ i and, 
when a flranger was introduced to him, he did 
not fail to rif^ up and ^ccoft liun as well as he , 
cou^. ^^ 

We alfp found here, fays Captain Cook, the 
ybtihg man whom we called Oedidee, hut whof): 
real name is tieeteheete. I had carried him 


2(^6 A Foyage to the Pacifit: Oce.iti. 

from Ulietea in 1 773, ami brought him back in 
1774; after he had vifitcd the Friendly Iflands, 
New Zealand, EaiUr Ifland, and the Murque- 
{^i and being on board my (hipi in that rxten- 
ilve navigation, about feven months. He was 
at leaft as tenacious of his good breeding, as the 
man who had been at Lima ; and jv/, S«^, or if 
you pleaje, Sir, were as frequently repeated by 
him, hs^ Sennor, Was by the other. Hcetc- 
hectc, who is* a native of BolaboTa, had arrived 
in Ofaheite, about three months before^ with 
no other intcntidhj that we could learn, than 
to gratify his^ curiofity, or, perhaps^ fome o- 
thcr favourite paffion *, which' arc, very often, 
the only objects of the puAiit of ^ther trtvel- 
ling gentlemen. It was evident, howcvcrj that 
he preferred' the modes, and even garb, of his 
countrymen^ to burs. For, thotigh I give him 
ibmc cloaths, "whieh our Admiralty. Board' had 
been^eifed to fend for his ufe (to which I ad- 
ded a cheft^of looISi and a few other articles, 
2S a pirfen t from niyfelf), he declined' wearing 
them arfteir % fcw^tkkysi This infHmce, ahd that 
of the pcrfbn who had been at- Lima:;; may be 
urged as a proof of the ilrong propenfity natu- 
ral to man, of returning to habits acquired at 
an early age, and only interrupted' by accident. 
And, perhaps, it may be concluded, that even 
Omai, who had imbibed almod the whole Eiig- 
lifli manners, will, in a very (hort time after our 
leaving him, like OedideCj and 'the vtiitoi^ of 
Lima, return to his own native garments. 
. In the morning of the 27th, a man firom O- 



urn back iii 
dly Iflands, 
iC Murquc- 
that rxtcn- 
I. He was 
iJinc, as the 
f/, Sk^i or if 
repeated by 
er. Hcetc- 
ha<l arrived 
t^forc^ with 
learn, than 

ips, fomc o- 
, very often, 
ather tt^vel- 
lowcvcr j that 
garb, of his 

Ji I give him 
ty Board' had 

) which 1 ad- 
ther articles, 
lined wearing 
nce, alflfd that 
/nnar, mzf be 
>penfity natu- 
ti acquired at 
!• hy accident. 
ed, that even 
« whole Erig- 
timc after cur 
the vHitof of 
man from O- 

ji Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 


heitepeha informed us, that two SpsmiiK (hips 
had anchored in that bay the preceding night ; 
and to confirm this intelligence, he produced 
fbme coarfe blue cloth, which, he faid, he had 
got out of one of the (hips. He furiher faid, 
that Mateema was in one of the ihips \ and that 
they would come to Matavai iii two or three 
days.. Thefe, and (bme other circumftances, 
which he mentioned, gave the ftory fo much 
the appearance of truth, that the Comimodore 
difpatched Lieutenant Williamfbn in a boat, to 
look into Oheitepeha Bay ; and, in the mean 
time, both our ihips were put in a pofture of 
defence. For, tho' England and Spain were at 
peace when he lef^ England, he did not. know but 
that a different fcene might, by this time, have 
opened. UpOn enquiry, however, we had rea- 
fon to imaghie, fEat the relater of the (lory had 
impofed upon us y and this, was put beyond^ all 
doubt, when Mr Y^Hamfon returned the day 
following, who made^ report to CaptaibCook, 
that he had been at Cttieitqpeha, and ibund^ that 
no ihips were thereat fc y f eht, nor had any been 
there fince we left it. The people of this part 
of the ifland, where we dqw were (lationed, 
told us, indeed, at firft, that it was a ii^Elion i^^ 
vented by thofe of Tiaraboo. But what yiew^ 
they could have, we could^noc conceive, unlefs 
they ftippoicd that the report would induce us 
to quit the ifland, and thus deprive the inhabit 
tants of Otaheite-nooe of t^e advantages; they; 
might^o^crwiie reap from our (hips remaining 
there ; the natives of the two parts of the ifla:nd 
Vol. I. Gg bekig 

%9S A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

being inveterate enemies to each other. Since 
we, arrived at Matavai, the weather had been 
unfettled till the 29th ; before which day we 
were unable to get equal altitudes of the fun for 
afcertaining the going of the time-keeper. The 
caulking, and other repairs of the (hips, were 
alfo retarded by the fame caufe. In the even- 
ing of this day, the iflanders made a precipitate 
retreat, both from our land flation, and from 
on board the fhips. We conjedlured that this 
arofe from their knowing that fome theft had 
been committed, and apprehending punifhment 
upon that account. At length, we became ac- 
quainted with the whole aflfair. One of the 
Surgeon*s mates had made an excurfion into the 
country to purchafe curiofities, and had taken 
with him four hatchets for the purpofe of ex- 
change. Having been fo imprudent as to em- 
ploy a native to carry them, the fellow took an 
opportunity of running off with fo valuable a 
prize. This was the reafon of the fudden 
flight, in which Otoo himfelf, and all his family, 
had joined; and it was with difficulty that the 
Captain flopped them, after following them for 
the fpace of two or three miles. As he had de- 
termined to take no meafures for the recovery 
of the hatchets, that his people for the future 
might be more upon their guard againfl fuch 
negligence, every thing quickly refumed its for- 
mer tranquility. 

The next morning, fome meflengers arrived 
from Eimeo, with intelligence, that the people 
ff that ifland were in arms; and that Otoo^s 


jt4 Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


partizans there had been obliged by the oppo-i 
lite party to retreat to the mountains. The 
quarrel between the tvvo iflands, which began 
in 1774, had partly fubfided ever iince. A 
formidable armament had failed foon after Cap- 
tain Cook left Otaheite in his lalt voyage ; but 
the malecontents of Eimeo had made fo gallant 
a reli/lance that the ileet had returned without 
fuccefs 5 and now another expedition was deem- 
ed neceflary. On the arrival of thefe meflen- 
gers, the chiefs afiembled at Otoo*s houfe, where 
the Captain aflually was at that time, and had 
the honour of being admitted into their coun- 
cil. One of the meflengers opened the buii- 
nefs with a fpeech of coniilderable length, the 
purport of which was to explain the iituation of 
affairs in Eimeo, and to excite the Otaheitean 
chiefs to arm on the occafion. This opinion 
was oppofed by others who were againft com- 
mencing hoftilities ; and the debate was for 
Ibme time, carried on with great order and de- 
corum. At length, however, they became ve- 
ry tumultuous, and the Captain began to expefb 
that their meeting would conclude like a Polifli 
diet. But tl\e contending chiefs cooled as fail 
as they grew warm, and order was fpeedily re- 
ftored. In tlie end, the party for war prevail- 
ed \ and it was refolved, though not unanimouf- 
ly, that a ftrong force iljould be fent to Eimeo. 
Otoo faid very little during the whole debate. 
Thofe of the co;mcii, who were inclinable for 
war, applied to tie Captain for his affiftance; 
and all of them were defirous of knowing what 



300 A Voyage tc the Pacific Ocean, 

part he would take. Omai was lent for to a<Si: 
as interpreter \ but^ as he could not be found the 
Captain beiog under a necf fljty of fpeaking for 
hlmfclf^ told them^ as well as he could, th&t^ as 
he was not perfeftly acquainted with the dif- 
pute, and as the natives of Eimeo had never ^\- 
▼en hisn the leafl caufe of ofience, he could not 
think of engaging is hoflilities againO; tfaem. 
With tfjis ^declaration, they either were, or ap- 
peared to be fatisfied.. , Th^ ^ \undl was then 
diffolved ; but j3efo;r9liLj; Captain retired, Otoo 
deiired hipa to cb^e again in the afternoon, and 
fcring Omai "with hini. 

A party of us accordingly waited upon h«n 
at the appointed time |^ and he condu^d us lo 
his father^ in whpfeprefence the difputc with 
Ilimep was again diKpuiTed. The Coipmodore 
being very d«irousjpf^ cffe^ng an accprnniOida- 
tiouj fo^nde^ the old i;hie|" on that Aibje£t \ but 
he was deaf fQ any fuch propofal, and fully de- 
termines, to jc^ri-^ on holiilities. On our enqui- 
ring into the ca\^fc of the war, w^ were inform- 
ed, tl^t feveral years ago, a brother of Waheia- 
daoo of Tiaraboo, was fent to iEimco, at the 
deiire of Maheine, a popular chief of that ifland, 
to be their king \ but he had not been there 
many days, before Maheine h?-vmg caufed him 
to be put to death, fet up for himfclf, in oppo- 
iition to Tieratabconooe, nephew of the de- 
ceafed, who now became the lawful heir, or 
perhaps had been appointed, by the people of 
Otaheite, to fucceed to the government on the 
death of the other. 

Tow ha, 

for to ^Oi 
c (ound tlie 
peaking for 
lid, tl^t*as 
th the dif- 
id never gi~ 
le could not 
^ft them, 
irere, or ap- 
il was then 
tired, Otoo 
^Doop, and 

d upon him 
lu£lcdus CO 
lifpute with 
Aibje£t i but 
Tid fully de- 
j our enqui- 
vere inform- 
of Wahcia- 
n\co, at the 
i that ifland, 
been there 
caufed him 
If, in oppo- 
of the de- 
ful hcirj or 
e people of 
ment on the 


A Voyage to the Pacijic Ocean* 


Towha, who is related to Otoo, and chief of 
the diilridt of Tettaha, and who had been com- 
mander in chief of the armament fent againll 
IBimeo in 1 7 74, happened not to be at Mitta- 
vai at this time, and therefore, was not prefent 
at thefe confultations. It appeared^ however', 
that he was no ftrangcr to what was trat![fa£ted *, 
and that he entered into the a^r with great 
eagcmefs and fpirit. For, oti Che i ft of Sep- 
tember, a meflenger arrived from him to ac- 
quaint Otoo, that he had killed a man to bei^'- 
crificed to the Eatopa, with the view of implor- 
ing the afliftancc of the deity againft Eimcq. 
This ceremony was to be performed at the great 
rtioeaiy at Attahooroo ; and Otbo*8 ()i^rence was 
peceir^ on the occa^bn. Captain Oook was 
defirous of being prefent at this folemriity, and 
theref<^e propofed to Otoo, that he might be 
permitted to accompany him. To this the king 
readily confented ; and they immediately fet out 
in the Captain's boat, with his old Friend Pota- 
tou, Mr Ahderfon, and Mr Webber, while O- 
mai followed them in a canoC. In their way 
they landed upon a fmail ifland, lying off Tet- 
taha, where f'^cy found Towha and his attend- 
ants. After a little converfation isetweeh the 
two chiefs, on the fubje<St of the war, Towha, 
addrefled himfelf to the Captain, foliciting His 
affiftance. When he excufed himfelf, Towha 
ieemed difplcafed ; thinking it rather extraor- 
dinary, that one who had conflantly declared 
himfelf the friend of their ifland, fliould now 
refufe to fight againft its enemies. Before thi y 

G g 3 parted. 

302 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

parted, Towha gave to Otoo two or three red 
feathers, tied up in a tuft j our party then re- 
embarked, having taken on board a priefl who 
was to affift at the folemnity. 

As foon as they landed at Attahooroo, which 
was about two o'clock, Otoo deiircd that the 
failors might be ordered to continue in the boat ;. 
and that Captain Cook, Mr ^nderfon, and Mr 
Webber, would take off their hats as: foon as 
they fliould conie to the Moraiy to which they 
immediately proceeded, attended by numbers 
of men, and fome boys j, but not one woman 
was prefcnt. They found four priefts, witk 
their affiftants, waiting for them. The dead 
body or facrifice, was in a fmall canoe, that, 
lay on the beach, fronting the MoraL Two of 
the priefts, with fev^ral' of their attendants, 
were lifting by the canoe ; the others at theilf<?- 
Our. company ftopped at the diftance of 


twenty or thirty, paces from the priefts. Here 
Otoo placed himfelf ; our gentlemen, and a few 
others, ftanding by him, while the majority o£ 
tlte people were removed at a greater diftance. 

The ceremonies now commenced. . One of 
the attendants of the priefts brought a young 
plantain-tree, and laid it down before the king. 
Another approached, bearing a fmall tuft of red 
feathers, twifted on fome fibres of the cocoa- 
nut hulk, with which he truched one of Otoo*s 
feet, and afterwards retired with it to his com-^ 
panions. One of the priefts who wfere feated 
at the morai, now began a long prayer ; .and at 
particular times, fet down young plantain-trees, 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 303 

three red 
f then re- 
prieft who 

*oo, which 
i that the 
I the boat ;. 
1, and Mr 
ast foon as 
which they 
ne woman 
iefts, with 
The dead 
:anQe, that. 
L Two of 
zt the Mo^ 
diftance of 
;fts. Here 
, and a few 
majority of 
r diftance^ 
J. One of 
It a young 
e the king, 
tuft of red 
the cocoa-i 
e of Otoo*s 
to his com-f 
wfere feated 
yer ; .and at 

which were placed upon the facrifice. During 
this prayer, an iflander, who flood by the offi- 
ciating prieiV, held in his hands two bundles, 
in one of which, as we afterwards found, was 
the royal maro ; and the other, if we may be 
allowed the expreilion, was the ark of the Ea^- 
tooa. The prayer being linifhed, the priefts at 
the morai, with their affillants, went and fat 
down by thofe who were upon the beach, car- 
rying the two bundled with them. They here 
renewed their prayers^ during which the plan- 
tain*trees were taken,, one by one, at various 
times, from off the dead body, wl^ich, being 
wrsg;>ped up in cocoa-leaves and fmall branches, 
was now taken out of the canoe, and laid upon 
the beach. The priefts t placed themfelves a- 
round it ; fome (landing, and others fitting ; 
and one, or more of them, repeated fentences 
for about ten minute.s. 1 he body was now ftrip- 
ped of the leaves and branches, and placed pa- 
rallel with thcfea^lhore. Then one of thepriefts, 
flanding at the feet of the corpie, . pronounced 
a long prayer, in which he was occaiionally 
joined by the others, each of them holding a 
tqitofred feathers in his hand. During this 
prayer, fome hair was pulled oiF the head of 
the intended facrifice,^ and the left eye was ta- 
ken out *f both which being wrapped up in a 
green leaf, were prefented to the king ; who, 
however, did not touch them, but gave, to the 
man who prefented them, the tuft of red fea- 
thers which'he had received from Towha. This, 
with the eye and hair, was taken to the priefts. 


304 A Foyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

Not long after, his majefty fent them another 
piece of feathers. In the eourfe of this iafir ce- 
rembny, a king>fiiHer making a noife in the 
trees, Otoo turned to €Sq>tain Coiok, faying, 
** That is tlie Eatooa ;" and fcemed to coniQder 
it as a fiivoiirable prognoftic. 

The corpfe was then carried a little way, and 
laid under a tree j near which were iixed three 
thin pieces of wood variouHy carred. The bun- 
dles bfclbth were placed on a part of the hto- 
rai ; and the tufts of red feathers were laid at 
the feet of the dead body, round which the 
pricfts ftationed thcmfelves} and our geiitle- 
njen were now permitted to go as near as they 
plcafed." He who itemed to be the chief prieft 
iix)ke for about a quai-ter of an hour, with dif- 
ferent tones and gcftures j fometime^ s^)^aring 
to expoftulate with the deceased; at other times, 
aiking feveral qucfltons ; then making various 
demands, as if the dead perfbn either had power 
lumfcH^, or intcreft with the deity, to engage 
Iserhi to grant fuch requefts *, among which he 
defired him to deliver Eimeo, Moheine its chief, 
the women, hogs, ami other things of the iiland, 
ttito their liands 5 which was, indeed, the cx- 
prefs object of the facrifice. He then prayed 
near half an hour, in a whining tone, and two 
other priefts joined fn the prayer, in the eourfe 
of which a prieft plucked fome more hair from 
the head of the corpfe, and put it upon one of 
the bundles. The en icf prieft now prayed alone, 
holding in his hand the feathers received from 
1 owha. Having finiihed, he gave them to ano- 

ther pri 

the tuft 

dies of 4 

this pla< 



and the, 

beat llo 

laid a^ 

the ibot 

feated tj 

their pr« 

a hole a1 

they thri 

ftones ai 

the bod^ 

upon wh 

was the 

the meai 

duced^ a 

hajir was 

t^yx o\ 

they wer 

heart, ai 

put on h 

dog, aft< 

was, wit 

priefts, V 

ing. Tl 

over the 

very louc 

in a loud 

faid, was 


s laft cc- 

; in the 



97ay, and 
:ed three 
rhe bun- 
* the hto- 
re laid at 
hich the 
r gehtle- 
ir as they 
lief pricft 
with dif- 
ler times, 
ig various 
tad power 
o engage 
which he 
; its chiefj 
he iiland, 

the ex- 

and two 
he courfc 
hair from 
on one of 
yed alone, 
iv«d from 
rm to ano- 

ji Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 



ther prieft, who prayed in like manner \ then all 
the tufts of feathers were placed -upon the bun- 
dles of cloth) wliich concluded the ^remonj; jit 
this place. < . 

The dead body was now carried to the mod 
confpicuou^ part of t|ie morau with ^he feathers, 
and the two bundje^ oCdo;h» while the drums 
beat (lowly. 7He fathers and bundles yrcre 
laid a^nft ti^ pile of ftones, and the ))pdy at 
the ibot of them. . The prieils havisig again 
feated themfelves roui^d the corpfe, renewed 
their prayers, while fome of their aififtants dug 
a hole about tl^e depth of t>v^o feet, into lyhich 
they threw the viiSlimn ^d cpyer^d it^ over with 
ftones and e^rtjh. "Whilf^-t^fiy w^^^cpmnfiittijag 
the body, t^^ the ,graye, a boy fq^cake^ aloud, 
upon which Qno^ ^14 tp Capt^aiin^ Cpok« that k 
was the Batooq^, , A- fire, haying boen made in 
the mean time, a lean h^lf (larved dog was pro- 
duced, and kilHd by twiiling his neck. The 
hajir was tki^l iinged o^,, apd the entrails being 
taken out,, were .thrp^fi into the /ire, where 
they were l^ft confuixifd ; but ^ he kidney, 
heart, and liver, were only roait^d, by b'iiog 
put on heated ftones j and the carcafe of the 
dog, after being rubbed over with the Wood, 
was, with the Kver, &c. laid down before the 
priefts, who were feated round the grave, pray- 
ing. They for fome time uttered ejaculations 
over the dog, while two men, at intervals, beat 
very loud on two drums j and a boy fcreamed, 
in a loud {hrill voice, three times. This, the^ 
faid, was to invite the Eatooa to feail on tl 



A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

banquet that' they had provided for him. When 
the priefts had furilhed their prayers, the body, 
heatt, liver, \^c, of the dog, were placed on 
a 'Ufhatta^ orfcafibld, about iix feet in height, on 
which lay the remains of two other dogs, and 
of two pigs, which had heen lately facrificed. 
The priefts and attendants now ^ave a kind of 
ihout, which put an end to the ceremonies at 
preftnt. The evening being arrived, our gen- 
tlemen, were conduced to a hoilfe belonging to 
Potatoiij where they were entertained, and 
lodged for the night. Having been informed, 
that the religious rites were to be renewed the 
next morning, they would not quit the place 
while any thing remained feen. Some oF 
them repaired to the fcene of action early in the 
morning ; and, foon afterwards, a pig was fa- 
crificed, and laid upon the fame fcaffold with 
the others. About eight o*clock, Otoo took 
our party again to the moraiy where the priafts, 
^nd a great multitude of people, were by th^s 
time aflembled. The two bundles occupied the 
place where they had been depofited the pre- 
ceding evening 5 the two drums were in the 
front of the moraiy and the priefts were ftation- 
cd beyond them. The king placed himfelfbe- 
, twten the drums, and defired Captain Cook to 
ftand by him. 

The ceremony of this day began with bring- 
ing a young plantairt-tree, and laying it at his 
majefty*s feet. A prayer was then repeated 
by the priefts, holding in their hands feveral tufts 
of red feathers, and alfo a plume of oftrich 



to Otoo 

had enc 

tion, ar 

tiemen : 

who hac 

ceding ( 

tinned n 

the tuft; 

upon th( 

four pig! 


ken to a 

One c 

was four 


of the cl 

full leng 

bout fifti 

quarter i 

the famt 

of cloth, 

the waif) 

red featl 

One end 

about th 

edges w( 

other en 

rious len 

rows, in 


ibriie of 

to the uj 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 307 

I. When 
he body, 
laced on 
eight, on 
ogs, and 
a kind of 
[nonies at 
our geri- 
onging to 
ned, and 
ewcd the 
the place 
Some oF 
arly in the 
^ig was fa- 
'old with 
)too took 
he priafts, 
re by thjs 
cupied the 
the pre- 
re in the 
re ftation- 
limfelf be- 
1 Cook to 

ith bring- 
it at his 
everal tufts 
of oftrich 

feathers, which the Commodore had. prefented 
to Otoo on his firft arrival. When the priefts 
had ended the prayer^ they changed their ila- 
tion, and placed themfelves between our gen- 
tlemen and the morai. One of them, the uime 
who had performed the principal part the pre- 
ceding day, began another prayer, which con- 
tinued near half an hour. During this prayer, 
the tufts of red feathers were put, one by one 
upon the ark of the Eatooa. Not long after, 
four pigs were produced, one of which was im- 
mediately killed, and the three others were ta- 
ken to a neighbouring ftyc. 

One of the bundles was now untied ; and it 
was found to contain the marOi with which the 
Otaheiteans inveft their kings. When taken out 
of the cloth, it was fpread on the ground, at 
full length, before the priefls. It is a girdle a- 
bout fifteen feet in length, and one foot and a 
quarter in breadth, and is probably put on in 
the fame manner as the common marq^ or piece 
of cloth, ,« fed by thefe iflanders to wrap round 
the waift.. It was ornamented with yellow and 
red feathers; but principally with the former. 
One end of it was bordered witli eight pieces, 
about the iize and figure of a horfe-lhoe, whofe 
edges were fringed with black feathers. The 
other end was forked, having the points of va- 
rious lengths. The feathers were ranged in two 
rows, in fquare compartments, and produced a 
pleafing efFe£l. They had been firft fixed upon 
foriie of the cloth of the ifland, and then fewed 
to the upper end of the pendant which Captain 


3o8 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, • 

Wallb had left flying on fhore, the firft time of 
hU arrival at ^feitavai; The priefts prmioanced 
a long' prayer, relative to this part of the cere- 
mony ) and after it was ended, the badge of 
royalty was folded up with great care, and put 
into the cloth. 

The other bundle, which we have abready 
mentioned, under the name of the ark, was next 
opened, at one end i but our party were nof 
permitted to approach near enough to examine 
its myfterloui contents. The intelligence they 
obtained refpefting it, was, that the £aiooa, (or 
rather what -is fuppofed to reprefent him) was 
concealed in it. This facred repository is com- 
posed of the twifted fibres of the hu& of the 
cocoa-nut $ and its figure is roundifh, with one 
end eoniiderabljr thicker than the other. 

The pig that had been killed was by this 
time cleaned, and its entrails taken out. Thefe 
happened to have many of thoie convuliive mo- 
tions, which firequently appear in difierent parts, 
when an animal is killed ; and this was cohfi- 
dered as a v^y favourable omen to the intend- 
ed expedition. After being expofed for fbme 
time, the entrails were carried and laid down 
before the priefts. While one of them prayed, 
another clolely inlpefted the entrails, and con- 
tinued turning them gently with a ftick. Ha- 
ting been fufficicntly examined, they were then 
thrown into the fire. The iacrificed' pig, aud 
its liver, heart, &c. were now put upon the 
Icaffold where the dog had been deposited ; and' 
then all the feathers, except the oilrich plume, 


I v; 

' 1 .'kW t ' 5iiT< '' .:■.!• ' •! 







t .L^ 







-.1 . 










U;|2£ 12.5 

■^ 1^ 12.2 

IL25 III 1.4 


















(716) 873-4503 








all the 
A fim: 
&^ is. 
nutSy , 
iaid, t 
they IK 

4iBil m 


ihip, G 
head a] 


had bee 
*rhe w 
thefe a 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 


being cloied in the ark^ an end was put to the 
whp^ ^enmity. 

Four doable canoes remained upon the beach, . 
sAl the morning, before the place of facrifice. 
A fniali platform, covered with [^im-leaves, 
/ '£iiAened in myfterious knots, was fixed on the 
fore-part of each of thefe canoes I and this al- 
io, is , called a marau Some plantains, cocoa- 
nuts, i>read*firuit,'fi(b,:and other articles, lay 
upon each oi thefe naval morait* The natives- 
', iaid, that they belonged to the JSa/Ma, and tha^ 
they were to attend the fleet that was to httient 
I <j^ agaii^ £imeo. 

^^^^^^^ ;T^ offered on thn.oo> 

■ 4^^^1^, to appearance, a middle-ag0ilmaa, 

^^-tad was one of the lowd^clafs of the^'^op^* 

^^Bntfii|did not appear,, that they had fixed upon 

I^IUHI ^account of hii- having committed any 

■'"^'^Hftiiioghst trime, that defcrved death. It is cei^ 

taiir^t'^hbwever, ^hat tney uMly felqH^ liich 

ginlty pt^ons fort&eir (acrifices, or elle» vag^ 

bonds, who have no, vifible way of procuring an 

honeil livelihood. Our gentlemcift having esufe- 

mined tlie body of the unhappy iiiflfereri item 

ofiered uptathe Object of thdc peopleV i!i|^ 

ihip, ob(ervedf that it was bloody ^boi^^^n^ 

head and face, and much bruifed upon the ri^ ( 

temple, which denoted the manner in which he 

had been killed. And they were informed, that 

Im^ had been knocked on the head with s^>ftone. 

^he vrretches who are deftined to {nfkr on 

thefe occafions, are never previouily iappcized oT 

ihdr fatCr 'Wheaever.any one of thefaon^spol 

Vol. I. ' H h ^^h 

cKi#^ Querns a-%iUmjm fao^lifice fice«flSa7^^ any 
^^Caiadrgeoc^^ he fixes upon tlie'v£^iiil» and 

tlteii ij^t^a imsnt of h» teii^ fe ft a nta, who 
fj^ npim^ him fiiddk|}]r; atict^^ith^^ftone him 
to'idcadi* inr b^ ^out Us hrams with a chib. 
Hie ^ivereigii^is^ ^ i»hofe 

preieAc^ Is laid to be ahfoliitel^^roquii^e ^t the 
-folemn.rites that ^^Uow j and, indeed^ on the 
late occafiona'D^ bore a ca{»tal part. The 
ibleninhy ilH^ is^ tinned Fooft ErUf or ' the 
.prayer 1^ the^ehiefi and the ^Wmi is called 
*^miia Aitoer «oil^M9rated man. 5 ; f - 

sllie mcmiry nvliere the late iaoifice wsa t0es^ 
fcdi is.ak«ayiB i^f^f^t^^ the humsd of the 

iltnig Off the whole ij3and» and l^tewlie of his 
' .lamily said foin^ othdr pierfofis of difiingoiih* 
^ed rank. It driers, Htdei-exc^t pi extent, £roln 
^the tominon limr^* Ita pHndpal part b/ a 
large oblong ^e of ftonesiabont thirteen leet 
In &9gli^^and4:ohtra£)ied towards the tc«pi with 
% ^mngcdar area on each lidc^ loofely pa^^ 
^3i pebbldf imddr which the bon^ of ihechieft 
affe d^^ted.' ^ot4i'£^:^the^dneai^ the 
Jsit^ is ^ place Wfacrifice, where is a w^ farge 
or fcafibhli en which i^e o£%ings c^ 
and other ^getables^ are placed i but thie 
are laid on a ^tanB/a one, $d^hh^. hu*> 
jiiUne^ces 9fe htteii^undter & pa|i^aei^oit. 
llm-are federal i*^M^^ the 

iee i:fii«|i ^ifi«^ iloBies i9^<^^ in «aHo^ psurtt 
die poff^ittienti iomt with bits <^ cloth fifteok 
recpdrdiA, o^ers entirely covefvid witkHi 
undf npn the fide of the large pile^ firbntii^ 


jtfgyage to the Facific 0ce4M, 3^1 

i^msLg area grcvt iittmher of pieces of carved 
irwk^ in which their gods are Aippofed to re.- 
fide occafibpaMy. That it a heap of ftoiiei» at 
one end of thehrge^fcaffiiidi with a to of i^ 
fena on on<B &^ On this they depdt all the 
iMb iti the hmnan 0uaifiGesr which they take 
v^ alkr ihcf have r«%iiuaed under gioimd iqr 
wms months* Jnk above ^f^»^ n^oif of the 
cwred ^eces.«^ wood are plained | and here the 
immtf and the other hondl^ which was fuppoafr; 
ed^to cc^itain the |pd 0}i% Were laid durii^ 
the celebration <^#» late £#^ 

oH^ng li^i^ vii|Bi^ pinMls i^ (Mr 010$ ^ 
of the mm^ t^ tAe Padfie Qoe9tfi» t^^ 
^tamhom each o^ me of Ithem ' nu^ h4r 
An4 t]u]iiigh we,^iiidBppo|^^ w^iskm 
than one peribn is facrificed at «»ne time» eith# 
at Otabette» or other iUjpids^ yet the& occa^ 
fions^ ti^aU'prc^bability} occur fo irec|uently^ as 
to make a terrRile havoc (^ the human fp^ 
cies vf<Mr explain (>x)icr^koned no kfs mm, 
Ipirti^ine flculls of lorBier vid&nsy lym^he&i^ 
^ ffiMvVy^ai A|td^ none of tho^ 

flLulk ap^risd to have {\i6Sered any confi#en^)te 
e|ange^:or decays from the weatlier» it may m 
uijferred, that but a.{hdrt time had e^ifed, nncis 
tl^ ^ii£&ns had been offered. This horrid^ 
|pi^%: though no coniideratbn, whatever can 
sMee it ceaie to be deteftal^t might|^ per^^» 
bethdught lefs detrimental in fome f^^^^*- 
If k contrJU^d to ipprefs any awe lor t|e 
«... ^siET ^.^j^ ^^^ r^j^gion,, upofr the 

H h 2 mih^s 




A Vv^age to the Pacific Ocean, 

minds of the fpeftators. But this was To far 
from being the cafe on the late occaiion, that 
though a vaft muhitude of people had ailem- 
bled at the mormy they fhewed very little reve- 
rence' for what \^as tranfadting. And Omai 
happpening to arrive> after the ceremonies had 
begun, many of the iilanders thronged round 
him, and were engaged, for the remaining part 
of the time in making him recount fome of 
his adventures } to which they liftene^ with 
great eagernefs of attention, regardlefs of the 
folemn offices which their priefts were then per- 
forming. Indeed, the priefts themfelves, ex- 
cept the one who fuftained the principal part, 
either firom their being familiarized to fuch ob* 
je£ts, or from their repofing no great degree of 
confidence in the efficacy of their religious in- 
i^itdtions, maintained very little of that folem- 
nity which is neceflary to give to* afts of devo- 
tion their proper effed. Their habit iwas but 
an ordinary one; they converfed together with 
great familiarity \ -and the only attempt they 
made to preferve decorum, was by exerting 
their authority to prevent the populace from 
encroaching on the very fpot where the rites 
were performed, and to fufier our gentlemen*, 
as' Grangers, to 'come forward. They were, 
however, very candid in the anfwers which they 
gave to any interrogatories that were put to 
them, with regard to this inhuman inf^itution. 
And, particularly, on being afked, what waA 
the deiign of it, they replied, that it was an an- 
cient cuftom, and was highly agreeable to. their 

• • god, 


A Voy^i to the Pacific Ocenn. 3 P3, 

iras fb far 
liion, that 
tad a0em- 
ittle rere- 
Lnd Omai 
tonics had 
;ed round 
ining part 
t fome of 
enecf with 
leTs of the 
then per- 
elvesy ex- 
:ipal part, 
b fuch ob* 
degree of 
igious in- 
lat folem- 

of devo- 
t iwas but 
:thcr with 
mpt they 

lace from 

the rites 
ley were, 
hich they 
re put to 
what wa« 
ras an an- 
e to. their 

god, who came and fed upon the facrhices ; in 
coniequence of which, he granted their peti- 
tions. It was then objected, that he certainly 
did not feed on thefe, as he was neither obfer- 
red to do it, nor were the bodies of the facri- 
iBced animals foon con(;jmed ; and that as to 
the corpfe of a hu^an victim, they prevented 
his feeding on that, by interring it. In anfwer 
to theie objeftions, they gave it as their opinion, 
that he came in the night, invlfibly, and ied 
only on ^he foul, or immaterial (>art, which 
(thefe people fay) remains about the place of ft- 
crifice, till -the carcafe of the vi^im is totally 
wafted by putrefa£Hon. 

Human facrifices are hot the only barbarous 
cuilom that (^ill prevails amongil the inhabitants 
of Otaheite, though, 'in many others rofpe^, 
they hairc emerged from the brutal manners of 
favage life. Befides cutting out the jaM^-bonts 
of their enemies {lain in battle, which they car- 
ry about with, them* as t«0{lhies, they,, in fome 
meafure, offer up their bodies to the Eathoa, 
Soon after an engagement, in which they have 
come off vi£lorous, they collect all-thedtad, 
and bring them to the moraif whdre, with great 
form and ceremonyj they dig a large hole, and 
bury them all in, a» fo many offerings to their 
divinities. ■ 

They treat, in a dilS^ent manner, their owii 
chiefs that faH in battle. Theijr late king, Topi- 
taha, Toubourai-tamaide, and another chief, who 
were all flain m an engagement with, thofe of 
'^araboo, were brought to the morai at Atta< 

H -h ^ . ' hooroo. 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 

hooroo. There the priefts cut out their bowels 
before the great altar ^ and their dead bodies were 
afterwards interred in three different places, near 
the great, pile of ftones above mentioned ; and 
the common men, who loft their lives in the bat- 
tle, were all buried' in one hole, at the foot of 
the fame pile. This was performed the day af- 
ter the battle, with much pomp and formality, 
amidft a numerous concourfe of people, as a 
thankfgiving offering to the deity, for the vic- 
tory they hstd obtained the preceding day.' The 
vanquiihed, in the mesin time, had 'taken re- 
fuge in the mountains, wherei they remained 
upwards of a week, till the fury of the ,vi£lors 
began to abate. A treaty was then fet on foot 
by which it was agreed, that Otoo ihould be 
proclaimed king of the whole iiland ; and the 
folemnity of invefting him with the maro^ or 
badge 6i royalty, was peifo^med at the fame 
morai^ with great magnificence. 

At the clofe of the very extraordinary fcene 
e^xhibited at the irnorm, our party embarked a- 
bout twelve o'clock^ in order to return to Ma- 
tavai \ and, in their way, paid a viiit. to Tow- 
ha, who had continued in the little iiland, 
wher^ they met him the precedingday. Some 
cpnverfatibn about public afiairs pailed. between 
Otoo and him \ and the latter entreated Captain 
Cook, once more, to jdn them as an ally, in 
their war againft£|meo. By his p|)fitive jreAi0d 
he entirely loft the good opinion of this chie£, 
:> Before thi^ feparated, he interrogated par 
gentlemen coQceming the folemnity, at whicIT 



A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


ir bowels 
iies were 
ices, near 
led; and 
1 the bat- 
; foot of 
tie day af- 
»le, as a 
• the vic- 
ay. The 
taken re- 
le ,vi£tors 
t on foot 
hould be 

and the 
maroy or 

he fame 

ary fcene 
arked a- 
1 to Ma- 
to Tow- 
i ifland, 
, Some 
ally, in 

s chief 
Bted our 
At whicIT 

they had been prefent ; andalk^d, particularly^ 
if it anfwered their expectations \ what opinion 
they entertained of its efficacy \ and whether 
fuch aCls of worihip were frequent in their owa ^ 
country? They had been (ilent during the ce- 
lebration of the horrid ceremony \ but, as (bon 
as it was completed, freely expreifed their fenti- 
ments upon the fubjeCt to Otoo, and his attend- 
ants ; confequently Captain Cook did not con- 
ceal his detellation of it, in this converfation 
with Towha. Exclufive of the barbarity of the 
bloody cudpm, he urged the unreaTonableneis 
of it, alledging that iiich a facrifice, inftead of 
making the Eatooa propitious to their nation,, 
would excite his vengeance; and that, from 
this very circumftance, he concluded, that their 
intended expedition againft Maheine would be 
unfuxcefsful. This was proceeding to great 
lengths upon conjecture ; but there was little 
danger of being miftaken \ for, refpeCting this 
war, there were three parties in this ifland, one 
violent for it, another perfectly indifierent a«; 
bout it ; and the third avowed fupporters of 
Maheine, and his caufe. • Under theie circum- 
fiances, it was not prob ible that fuch a plan <^ 
military operations would be fettled^ as could 
mfure fuccefs^ Omai aCted as interpreter, in 
conveying the Captain's fentiments to Towha, 
on the fubjeCt of the kite horrid facrifice \ and 
he fupported his arguments with fuch fpirit, 
tliatthe chief appeared to be extremely angry ; 
especially,, on being informed, that if he had 
tiken away the life of a man in £i^gland, as he 




A Voyagt to the Pacific Oeetm, 

had done here, his rank would not have protec<«- 
ted him from an ignominious death. Upon this, 
he exclaimed, maeno I maettof (vile ! vile !) and 
would nor hear a fyllable more about it^ Many 
of the natives w^re prefent at this debate ; par- 
ticularly the attendants and fervants of Towha ; 
and when Omai mentioned the punifhment that 
would in England be inflidted upon the greateft 
man, if he dared ^to kill the meanrft fervant,. 
they liftcned very attentively : and, perhaps, 
on this fubjeft,. they thought differently from 
their mafter. 

Leaving Towha, our gentlemen proceeded tO' 
Oparre, where Otoo (blicited them to pafs the 
night. They landed in the evenirig ; and, on 
their way to his habitation, had an opportunity* 
of obierving how thefe people amufe themfelves, 
in their private heeoai. They faw abont a hun- 
dred of them fitting in a houfe ; in the midft of 
whom were two women, and an old man be- 
hind each of them, beating gently utx)n a drum) 
and the women, at intervals, tinging with great 
ibftnefs and delicacy. The ailembly were very 
attentive, and feemed, as it were, absorbed in 
(he pleaiure the muiic gave them ; few of them 
taking any notice of the fbrangers, and the perv 
Ibrmers never once ceafing. When the party 
arn^d' at Otoo's houfe, it was silmoU dark. 
Here they were entertained with one of their 
public heevaSi or plays, in which his three fifler^ 
veprefented the principal charadterk This they 
call a heeva raoy and no perfon is fufibred to en- 
fir the houfk or area, where it is .exhibitec}.r 


This is 
are the 
they ac 
ed mai 
to afibr 
ther, fi 
the Ca 
fhort ti 
fent fro 
After ti 
pany ai 
us, amc 
Omai, ^ 
of fifh, 
being c 
back to 
vantr b 
ready fc 
was a h 
whole p 
It was 
ro, and 
felf. / 
nels, w: 

vt protcc-^ 
eilc !) and 
t'. Many 
ate; par- 
F Towha ; 
ment that 
e greateft 
t lervant^ 
itly from 

tceeded tc 
9 pafs tlie 
, and, on 



tit a hiin- 

r midft of 

man be* 

1 a dromf 

rith great 

vcre very 

ibrbed in 

of them 

the perv 

the party 

0^ dark. 

; of their 

♦cc iifter^ 


ed to en- 



A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


This is always the cafe, when the royal iifters 
are the performers. Their drcfs, on this occa* 
iion, was truly elegant and pidturefquei and 
they acquitted thenuelves in a very diftinguifh- 
ed manner} though fome comic interludes^ 
wherein four men were the performers, ieemed 
to afford greater entertainment to the audienccy 
which was numerous. The Captain and hit 
companions proceeded, the next morning, to 
Matavai, leaving Otoo at Oparre \ but his mo- 
ther, iifters, and many other women, attended 
the Captain on board, and Otoo followed a 
ihort time after. 

While Otoo and Captain Cook had been skb- 
fent from t\\t (hips, they had been fparingly 
fupplied with fruit, and had not many vifitors. 
After their return, we had abundance of com- 
pany and provifions. On the 4di, a party of 
us, among whom was Otoo, dined afhore with 
Omai, who provided excellent fare, coniifting 
of fifh, fowls, pork, imd puddings. Dinner 
being over. Captain Cook accompanied Otoo- 
back to his dwelling, where he found all his fer- 
vants- bufy, in getting a quantity of provifions 
ready for him. Amongft other articles, there 
was a large hog, which they killed in his pre- 
fence. There was alfo a large pudding ) the 
whole procefs in making which the Captain faw. 
It was compofed of bread-fruit, plantains, ta- 
ro, and palm or pandanus-nuts, each rafped^ 
fcrapsd, or Heat up very fine, and baked by it- 
felf. A quantity of the juice of cocoa-nut-ker- 
nels, was put into a kind of wooden tray. The 


3 1 8 A Voyage to the Pacific Oaatir- 

other articles, hot from the ofvir, were put iii' 
to this veflel ; together with, feme hot ftones, 
in order to make the content* firmer. Three 
or four perfons were employed in ftirring up the 
feTeral insredients, till they were perfedUj; m- 
corporated, and the juice of the cocoa^nurwas 
turned to oil % and the whole mafsi- at laft, was 
nearly of the confiftency^ of a hafty-pudding. 
The hog being baked, and the pudding being 
made, they, together with two living hogs, 
fbme bread-fruit, and cocoa-nuts were icnt on 
board the Captain's fhip in a canoe, fDllowed 
by him and all the royal family. ' 

A young ram, of the Cape-breed, that had 
been lambod, and carefully brought up on board 
Captain Cook's fhip, was killed by a dog the 
following -(day. This was^ the more to be re- 
gretted, as it was the only one of that breed 
that we had; and only one of the Engliih breed 
was now remaining. 

On the 7th) in ' the evening, we exhibited 
iome fire-works before a vaft concourfe of peo- 
ple, fome of whom were highly lentertaincd,. 
but the greater number were much terrified 
with the exhibition \ infomuch, that they could 
hardly be prevailed on to keep together, to fee 
the whole of the entertainment. What conclu- 
ded the bufinefs, was a table-rocket. It fieW 
(^ the table, and difperfed the y^hxAt crowd in 
an inilanti even the mofi: refolute amongft them' 
ti&tr fl(^; ^ith precipitation. 

On ^ 8th of Septembor, a party of u* 
(fined vrith our former ihip-mate^ Oedidee, oni 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 3 19 

re put in- 
ot ftones, 
. Three 
ng up the 
rfe£Uy; in- 
t laft, was 
ling being 
iig hogSy 
e fcnt on 

, that had 
[> on board 
a dog the 
to be re- 
hat breed 
lifh breed 

fe of pco- 


hey could 

ler, to fee 

at conclu* 

It flcw^ 

crowti in 
ngft them' 

rty bf u* 
didee, om 

fidi and pork. The hog weighed about thirty 
pounds \ and it may be worth mentioning! that 
it was alivcy dreiTed, and brought upon the ta* 
ble^ within the hour. We had but juft dined, 
when Otoo came, and aiked me, if my belly 
was full ? On my anfwering in the affirmative, 
he faid, < Then, come, along with me.' I ac- 
cordinaly went with him to his father's, where 
I found fome employed in dreffing two girls with 
a prodigious quantity of fine cloth, after a very 
flngular falhion. The one end of each piece 
of cloth, of which there were a good many, 
was held up over the heads of the girls, while 
the remainder was wrapped round their bodies, 
under the arm-pits. Then the upper ends were 
let fall, and hung down in folds to the ground, 
over the other, To far as to bear refemblance to 
a circular hoop-petticoat. Afterward, round 
the outiide of all, were wrapped feveral pieces 
of differently coloured cloth, which coniider- 
ably increafed the iize; fo that it was not lefs than 
five or fix yards in circuit, and the weight of 
this lingular attire was as much as the poor girlt 
could fupport. To each were hung two taamesy 
or breaft-plates, by way of enriching the whole, 
and giving it a pi^urefque appearance. Thus 
equipped, they were conducted on board the 
fhip, together with feveral hogs, and a quanti- 
ty of fruit, which, with the cloth, was a pre- 
fent to me from Otoo's father. Perfons, of ei- 
ther fex, drefled in this manner, are called atee ; 
but I believe, it is never pra^tifed, except when 
large pvefents of cloth are to be made. At leaffc. 

310 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

I never faw it pra£tired upon any other occafion ; 

^nor, indeed, had I ever fuch a prefent before; 

but both Captain Qerke and I had cloth given 

to us afterward, thus wrapped round the bearers. 

The next day, Captain Cook received a pre- 
fent of five hogs, and feme fruit from Otoo ; 
and one hog, and fome fruit from ^ch of his 
iifters. Other provifions were alfo in great 
plenty* Great quantities of mackarel had been 
caught here by the natives, for two or three 
fuccefiive days ; fome of each were fold on 
board the fhips. 

Otoo was equally attentive to fupply our 
wants, and contribute to our amufement. On 
the loth, he treated a party of us at Oparre, 
with a play. His three lifters were the perform- » 
ers, and their drefles were new and elegant, 
much n^ore fb than we had met with in any of 
thefe iflands. 

The principal object, however, that the Cap- 
tain had now in view, in going to Oparre, was 
to fee an embalmed corpfe, near the refidence 
of Otoo. On enquiry, fays he, I found it to* 
be the remains of Tee, a chief well known to 
me, when I was at thiis illand, during my laft 
voyage. It was lying in a toopapaooy more ele- 
gantly coh{lru£led than their common ones. It 
was in a pretty large houfe, enclofed with a low 
palifade It refembled one of thofe little houfes^ 
or awnings, belonging to their large canoes. 
When we arrived at the place, the body was un- 
der cover, and wrapped up in cloth, within the 
ttopapaeo ; but, at my deiire, the man wlio had 



er occafion ; 
Pent before ; 
cloth given 
the bearers, 
eivcd a pre- 
From Otoo ; 
€ach of his 
[fo in great 
el had been 
vo or three 



fupply our 
ment. On 
\ at Oparre, 
be perform- » 
nd elegant, 
ii in any of 

at the Cap- 
)parre, was 
le refidence 
found it to* 
I known to 
Ing my laft 
, more ele- 
on ones. It 

with a low 
ittle houfesy 
rge canoes. 
>dy was un- 

within the 

n who had 



the cj 
a kinc 
as full 
were j 
clofe t 
' effea. 
every ] 
was ll 
fmell p 
one of 
bove ft 
ration t 
the mi 
naiis w 
hered, f 
were N 
told ni 
thod of 
their de 
ing tlie 
arius i 
fed wit 
part ; 
ikin, it 
of pcrfi 






y/ Voyage to the Pacific Ocean 32 1 

the care of it, brought it out, and laid it upon 
a kind 6f bier, in fuch a manner, that we had 
as full a view of it as we could wi(h \ but we 
were not allowed to go within the pales that en- 
clofe the toopapaoo. After he had tlius exhibit- 
ed the corpfe, he hung the place with mats and 
cloth, io difpofed as to proluc^ a very pfetty 
cffe<St. We found the body not only entire in 
every part ; but, what furprifed us much more, 
was that putrefaction Teemed fcarcely to be 
begun, as there was not the leaft difagreeable 
fmell proceeding from it ; though the climate is 
one of the hotteft, and Tee had been dead a- 
bove four months. The only remarkable alte- 
ration that had happened, wis a Ihrinking of 
the mufcular parts and eyes : but the hair and 
naiyis were in their original flate, and ftill ad- 
hered, firmly ; antl the ibveral joints wcr.f quite* 
pliable, or in that kind of relaxed ftate which 
happens to pcrfons who faint fuddenly. Such 
were Mr Andcrfon's remarks to me, who alfb 
told me, that on his enquiring into the me- 
thod of efFeciing this prefcrvation of their dead 
bodies, he had been informed, that loon after 
their death, they are difcm bo welled, by draw- 
ing tlie inteftines, and other vifiera, out at the 
anus ; and the whole cavity is then filled or fluf- 
fed with cloth introduced through the fame 
part ; that when any moifture appeared un. the 
ikin, it was carefully dried up, and the bodies 
afterward rubbed all over, with a large quantity 
of perfumed cocoa-nut oil \ which* being fre- 
quently repeated, preferved them a great many 
Vol. I. . I i months ; 

jaa A Voyage io the Pacific Ocean, 

months ; but, that, at laft, they gradually moul- 
der away. This was the information Mr An- 
derfon received ^ for my own part, I could not 
learn any more about their mode of operation, 
than what Opiai told me, who faid," that they 
made ufe of the juice of a plant which grows a^ 
mongil the mountains; of cocoa»nut oil ; and 
of frequent wafhing with fea-water. I was alfo 
told, that the bodies of all their great men, who 
<die a fiatural death, are preferved in this man- 
ner ; and that they expofe them to public view 
for a very coniiderable time after. At firft, 
ithey are laid out every day, when it does not 
rain ; afterwards, the intervals become greater 
^nd greater ; and, at laft, they are feldom to be 
feen. -^ 

We quitted Oparre in the evening, leaving 
Otoo, and all the royal family. The Captain 
faw none of them till the 1 2th ; when all, ex- 
cept the chief himfelf, honoured him with a vi- 
iit. He was gone, they faid, to Attahooroo, 
to ailiil at another human facrifice, fent by the 
chief of Tiaraboo to be ofiered up at the morai. 
This fecond inilance, within fb ihort a period. 
Wis a melancholy proof, thatth^ victims of this 
bloody fuperftition are very numerous amongft 
this humane people. The Captain would have 
been prefent lit this facrifice alfo, had he been 
earlier informed of it, but now it was too late. 
For the fame reafbn, he omitted being prefent 
at a puUic tranfa^on, at Oparre, the preceding 
day, when Otoo, with great folemnity, reiiored 
to the adherents of the late king Tooti^hai the 


itt^ monl- 

Mr An- 

could not 


thait they 

grows a* 

oil ; and 

I was alio 

men, who 

this man- 

jblic view 

At firft, 

: does not 

le greater 

dom to be 

T, leaviiAg 
e Captain 
n all, ex- 
with a VI- 
;nt by the 
the meraL 

a period, 
ms of this 

ould have 

he been 
i too late, 
g prefent 
, reftored 
>tii^»i the 
- Jbands 

jf Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 323 

lands and pofleflions, of which, after his death, 
they had been deprived. 

Otoo returned the next evening, from exer- 
cifing the moft difagreeable of his royal duties } 
and, the next day^ being honoured with his 
company the Captains Cook and Clerke, mount- 
ed on horfebiick, and rode round the plain of 
Matavai, to the ailonilhinent of a vali train of 
fpedtators. Once or. twice before this, Omai 
had, indeed, attempted to get on a horle \ but 
he had as often fallen oflF, before he could con- 
trive to feat himfelf properly; this was, there- 
fore, the firft time they had feen any body on 
horfeback. What the Captains had begun, was 
repeated daily, by one or another of our people; 
and yet the curiofity of the natives continued 
unabated. After they had feen the ufe that was 
made of thefe animals, they were greatly delight* 
ed with them ; and we were of opinion, that they 
conveyed to them a better idea of the greatnels 
of other nations, than all the novelties that their 
European vifitors had carried amonft them. 

The next day, Etary, or Olla, the. god of 
Bolabola, removed from the neighbourhood "of 
Mitavai, to Oparre, attended by feveral failing 
canoes. Otoo, we were told, did not approve 
of his being fo near our ftation, where his peo- 
ple could more conveniently invade our proper- 
ty. Otoo, it muft be acknowledged, took e- 
vcry prudent method to prevent thefts and rob- 
' beries ; and it was principally owing to his re- 
gulations, that fo few were committed. He 
had ercfted a fmall houfe or two behind our 

I i 2 • poft ; 

324 ^ ^'^^S^ *o '^ Pacific Ocean, 

jx)ft i and two others near our tents, between 
the river and the fea. Some of his own people 
continually kept watch in all thefe places ; and, 
as his father ufually reiided on Matavai Point, 
we were, in a manner, furfounded by them. 
They not only defended us in the night from 
thievifs, but they had an opportunity of obfer- 
ving every thing that pafled in the day ; and 
were ready to receive contributions from fuch 
girls, as were privately connected with our peo- 
ple, which was ufually done every morning ; (b 
that the meafures he had taken to fecure our 
fafety, anfwered the more eflential purpbfe of 
enlarging his own profits. 

Otoo acquainted Captain Cook, that his pre- 
fence was required at Oparre, where an audi- 
ence was to be given to the great perfonage from 
Bolabola, and begged he would accompany him 
thither. The Captain readily confented, ex- 
pelling to meet with fomething deferving his 
notice. Accordingly, they fet out on the i6th, 
attended by Mr Anderfon. Nc»thing^ howe- 
ver, occurred, that was interefting or curious. 
Etary and his followers, prefented fome coarfe 
cloth and hogs to Otoo, with fome ceremony, 
and a fet fpeech. After this, a confultation was 
held between them and fome other chiefs, about 
their expedition to Eimeo. Etary, at firft, dif- 
apprOved of it ; but his objections v/ere at length 
over-ruled. It appeared, indeed, the next day, 
that it was too late to deliberate upon this bufi- 
nefs ; for in the evening, a mefTcn^er arrived 
with intelligence, that there had been fome fkir- 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


, between 
\vn people 
ces ; and, 
ivai Point, 
by them, 
light from 
of obfer- 
day \ and 
from fuch 
li our peo- 
>rning ; fo 
fecure our 
)urpbfe of 

at his pre- 
e an audi- 
mage from 
npany him 
rnted, ex- 
erving his 
the 1 6th, 

>r curious, 
me coarfe 
tation was 
iefs, about 

firft, dif- 
i at length 

next day, 

this bufi- 
jr arrived 

bme fkir- 

jiiiihes, but that the lofs or advantage, on either 
lide, was inconfiderable. 

Captain Cook* Mr Anderfon, and Omai, in 
the morning of the 1 8th, went again to Oparre, 
accompanied by Otoo \ taking with them the 
iheep which the Captain intended to leave upon 
the ifland. They conlifted of an Englifii ram and 
€we, and three Cape ewes ; all which he made 
a prefent of to Otoo. All the three cows had ta- 
ken the bull, he therefore thought it advifeable to 
-divide them, and carry fome to Ulietea. With 
this view, he ordered them to be brought before 
him, and propofed to Etary, iWiX. if he would 
have his IhiU with Otoo, he fliould have this, 
and one of the cows. To this propofal, Etary, 
at firft darted fome objections ; but, at laft, 
agreed to it ; however, as tlie cattle were put- 
ting into the boat, one of Etary*s followers op-^ 
pofed the making any change whatever. 

The Captain, upon this, fuipc£ting that Etary 
had agreed to the arrangement, for the prefenr, 
only to pleafe him, dropped- the idea of an ex- 
change ; and finally determined to leave them 
all with Otoo ; whom he ftriClly enjoined not 
to fufFer them to be "removed from Oparre, till 
lie fhould have got a ilock of young ones ; 
which he might then difpofe of to his friends, 
or fend to the neighbouring iflands. • 

This matter being fettled, our gentlemen left 
Etary and his party, and attended Otoo to ano- 
ther place, not far dirtant, wliere they found 
the fervants of a chief, waiting with a hog, a 

)m their mailer 


dpg/'^s, a prefent 


326 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

to the king. Thefe were delivered with the u- 
lual ceremonies, and an harangue, in which the 
fpeaker inquired after the health of Otoo, and 
of bis principal people. This compliment was 
fe-echoed in the name of Otoo, by one of his 
minifters ; and then the difpute with Eimeo was 
formally difcuiled. The deputies of this chief 
were advocates for profecuting the war with 
vigour, advifing Otoo to offer a human facri- 
fice on the occaiion. A chief, who conftantlj 
attended the perfori of Otoo, oppofed it, fcem- 
ingly with great ftrength of argument. The 
Captain was now confirmed in his opinion, that 
Otoo never entered heartily into the fpirit of 
this war. He received repeated meflfages from 
Towha, urging him to haflen to his afliflance. 

Having dined with Otoo, our party returned 
to Matavai, leaving him at Oparre. This day^ 
and the 19th, we were very fparingly fupplied 
with fruit. Otoo being informed of this, he and 
his brother, who had particularly attached him- 
felf to Captain Clerke, came from Caparre, with 
a large fupply for both fhips. All the royal fa- 
mily came the next day with prefents, fo that we 
now had more provifions than we could confuntt. 
Our M'ater being all on board, and every thing 
put in order, the Captain began to think of 
quitting the ifland, that he might have a fuffi-^^ 
cient time for vifiting others in this neighbour- 
hood. "We therefore removed our obiervatories 
and inftruments from the fhore, and bent the fails; 

Early'the next morning, Otoo came on board ^ 
to inform Captain Cook, that the War canoes of -''^ 



A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 317 

th the u- 
irhich the 
too, and 
nent was 
ne of his 
limeo was 
this chief 
Nwe with 
an facri- 
it, fcem- 
it. The 
lion, that 
: fpirit of 
ges from 
'his day,, 
s, he and 
led him- 
rre, with 
royal fa- 
) that we 
ry thing 
hink of 
a fuffi't' 
the fails; 
m board ,'. 
anoes of -'^ 

Matavai, and of three other diftri£ls, were go- 
ing to join thofe belonging to Oparre, and that 
part of the ifland \ and that there would be a 
general review there. The fquadron of Matavai 
was Toon after in motion ; and after parading 
for {bme time about the bay. aflembled afhore,. 
near the middle of it. Captain Cook now went 
in his boat to take a furvey of them. 

What they call their war canoes, w;hich are 
thofe with Aages, on which they fight, amount 
to about fixty in number \ there are nearly as- 
many more of a fmaller iize. The Captain was 
ready to have attended them to Oparre \ but 
the chiefs foon after formed a refolution, that 
they would not mbve till the next day. This 
appeared to be a fortunate delay, as it afforded 
him an opportunity of getting feme infight into 
their manner of fighting. He therefore defired 
Otpo to give orders, that fome of them ihould 
go through the neceilary manoeuvres. Two 
were accordingly ordered out into the bay 5 in 
one of which, Otoo, Captain Cook and Mr King, 
embarked i and Omai went on board the other. 
When we had got fafificient fea-room, we faced, , 
and advanced upon each other, and retreated 
by turns, as quick as our rowers could paddle. 
During this, the warriors on the ftages fiiourifh-' 
ed their weapons, and played a hundred antic 
tricks, which could anfwer no other end, in . 
our judgment, than to work up their pafiions, 
and prepare them for fighting. Otoo ftood by 
the lide of our ilage, and gave the necefiary 
orden, when to advance, and when to jj-etreat. 


2^9 A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

In this, great judgment, anl a quick eye, com- 
bined together, feemed requifite, to feize every 
advantage that might offer, and to avoid giving 
any advantage to the adverfary. At laft, after 
advancing and retreating to and from each o- 
ther, at lead a dozen of times, the two canoes 
clofed, head to head, or ftage to (lage ; and, 
after a ihort conflict, the troops on our (tagc 
were iuppofed to be all killed,and we were board- 
ed by Oniai and his aflbciates. At that very 
inftant, Otoo, and all our paddlers leaped over- 
board, as if reduced to the neceiHty of endea-* 
vouring to fave their lives by fwimming. 

If,Omai's information is to be depended upon, 
their naval engagements arc not always conduc- 
ted in this manner. He told us, that they fome- 
times begin with lafhtng the two vcflels together, 
liead to head, and then fight till all the warri- 
ors are killed, on one fide oivthe other. But 
this clofjc combat, I apprehend! is never prac- 
tifed, bjit when they are determined to conquer 
or did! Indeed, one or the other muft happen ; 
for all agree, that they never give quarter, un- 
kfs it be to referve their prifoners for a more 
cruel death the next day. 

The power and (Irength of thefe lilands lie 
entirely in their natives. We never heard of a 
^cticral engagement on land ; and all their de- 
idfijre battles are fought on the water. If the 
time and place of conflift are fixed upon by 
lloth parties, the preceding day and night arc 
ipent in diverfions and feafting. Toward morn- 
ing they launch the canoes, . put every thing in 




^ yoyage to the Pacific Ocean, 


I eye, com- 
icize every 
ivoid giving 
Lt laft, after 
om each o- 
two canoes 
[^age ; and, 
1 our ftagc 
vere board- 
that very 
eaped over- 
Y of endea- 

nded upon, 
lys conduc- 
they fomc- 
h together, 
the warri- 
^er. But 
ever prac- 
o conquer 
ft happen ; 
larter, un- 
or a more 

lilands lie 
leard of a 
their de- 
upon by 
night are 
ird morn- 
T thing in 


order, and with the day, begin the battle 
the fate of which generally decides the diTpute. 
The vanquilhed fave themfelves by a precipitate 
flight ; and fuch as reach the Aiore, fly with 
their friends, to the mountains ; for the victors, 
while their fury lafts, fpare neither the aged, 
nor womeny nor children. The next day, they 
aiiemble at the morai, to return thanks to the 
Eatooa for the vidtory, and to ofler up the flain 
as facriflces, and the prifoners alfo, if they have 
any. After this, a treaty is fet on foot \ and 
the conquerors, for the mofl: part, obtain their 
own terms \ by which particular d'irifts of 
land, and, fometimesj^ whole iflands, change 
their owners. Omai told us, that he was once 
taken a prifoner by the men of Bolabola, and 
carried to that ifland, where he and fome o- 
thers wonld have been put to death the next 
day, if they had ^ot found means to efcape in 
the night. 

As foon as this mock-Hght was over, Omai 
put on his fuit of armour, mounted a ftage in 
one of the canoes, and was paddled all along 
the fhpre of the bay ; fo that every one had a 
full view of him. His coat of mail did not 
draw the attention of his countrymen fo much 
as might have been expe<fked. Some of them, 
indeed, had feen a part of it before ; and there 
were others again, who had taken fuch a dii^ 
like to Omai, from his imprudent conduA at 
tliis place, that they would hardly look at any 
thing, however finguhr, that was exhibited by 



A Foyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

Otoo, and his father, came on board} in the 
morning of the 2 ad, to Icnow when Captain 
Cook propofed failing. "Tor hearing that there 
was a good harbour at Eimeo, he had informed 
them, that he ihould vifit that ifland on his paf- 
fage to Huaheine \ and they propofed to accom- 
pany him, and that tlieir fleet Ihould fail at the 
iame time, to reinforce Towha. Being ready 
to take his departure, he fubmitted to them the 
appointment of the day \ and the Wednefday 
following was determined upon \ when he was 
to receive on board Otoo, his father, mother, 
and the whole family, 'rhefe points being a- 
greed on, the Captain propoft-d immediately 
letting out for Oparre, where all the fleet was 
to aflemble this day, and to be reviewed. 

As Captain Cook was getting into his boat, 
news arrived that a treaty had been cdncluiled 
between Towha and Malieine, and Towha*s 
fleet had returned to Artahooroo. From this 
linexpe^d event, the war canoes, inftead of 
rendezvouflng at Oparre, were ordered to their 
rcfpe^ive diftri£ts. Captain Cook, however, 
followed Otoo to Oparre, accompanied by Mr 
King and Omai. Soon after their arrival, a 
meflenger arrived from Eimeo, and related the 
conditions of the peace, or rather truce, it be- 
ing only for a. limited time. The terms being 
diiadvantageous to Otaheite, Otoo was feverely 
cenfured, whofe delay, in fending reinforce- 
ments, had obliged Towha to fubmit to a dii^ 
graceful accommodation. It was even current- 
ly reported, that' Towha, refenting the treat- 







urd, in the 
en Captain 
that there 
1 informed 
on his paf- 
to accom-- 
fail at the 
:ing ready 
3 them the 
len he was 
r, mother, 
s being a- 
e fleet was 

> his boat, 

rom this 
inftead of 
d to their 
ed by Mr 
arrival, a 
elated the 
[ice, it be- 
ms being 
s feverely 
to a dii^ 
1 current- 
he treat- 

j1 Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 331 

ment he had received, had Jerlared, that im- 
mediately after Capiain Cook's departure, he 
would join his forces to thofe of Tiaraboo, and 
attack Otoo. This called upon the Captain to 
declare, that he was determined to efpoufe the 
intereft of his friend- j and that wbofoever pre- 
fumed to attack him, Ihould experience the 
weight of his difpleafure, when he returned to 
their ifland. 

This declaration, probably, had the defired 
effect, and, if Towha did entertain any fuch 
hoftile intention at firft, we heard no more of 
the report. Whappai, the father of Otoo, high- 
ly difapproved of the peace, and cenfured Tow- 
ha for concluding it. The old man wifely con- 
iidered, that Captain Cook's going with them 
to Eimeo, might have been of fingular fervice 
to their caufe, though he (hould not interfere 
in the quarrel. He therefore concluded, that 
Otoo bad a£ted prudently in waiting for the 
Captain \ though it prevented his giving that 
early aiHOance to Towha which he expected. 

While we were debating on this fubjeA at 
Oparre, a mefienger arrived from Towha, de- 
firing the attendance of Otoo the next day, at 
the merai in Attahooroo, to return thanks to 
the Gods for the peace he had concluded. Cap- 
tain Cook was afked to attend \ but being much 
out of order, he chofe rather to decline it. De- 
iirous, however, of knowing what ceremony 
might be exhibited on (o memorable an occaii- 
on, he fent Mr King and Omai to obferve the 
particulars, and returned to his fhip, attended 


532 A Voyage h the Pacific Ocean* 

by Otoo*s mother, his three iifters and feveral 
other women. 

* At firft/ fays Captain Cook, < I thought that 
this numerous train of females qame into' my 
boat with no other view than to get a pafTage to 
Matavai. But when we arrived at the ihip, they 
told me, they intended pafling the night on 
board, for the exprefs purpofe of undertaking 
the cure of thediforder IcomplaiKc^fiiLof ; which 
was a pain of the rheumatic kinUl$3 extending 
from the hip to the foot. I accepted the friendly 
offer, had a bed fpread for them upon the 
cabin floor, and fubmittcd myfclf to their di- 
re(ftions. I was delired to lay myfclf down a- 
mongft them. Then, as many of them as could 
get round me, began to fqueeze me with both 
hands, from head to foot, but more particularly 
on the parts where the pain was lodged, till they 
made my bones crack, and my fleih became a 
pcrfedl mummy. In (hort, after undergoing 
this difcipline about a quarter of an hour, I was 
glad to get away from them. However, the o- 
peration gave me immediate relief, which en- 
couraged me to fubmjt to another rubbing down 
before I went to bed ; and it was fo effeftual 
that I found myfelf pretty eafy all the night af- 
ter. My female phylicians repeated their pre- 
fcription the next morning, before they went 
a(hore, and again, in the evening, when they 
returned on board ; after which, I found the 
pains entirely removed 5 and the cure being per- 
fected, they took their leave of me the follow- 
ing morning. This they call romee ; an opera- 

tion w 


ufc of 




and tlr 


legs *, a 




roo ; a 

he had 

fet, we 


of Tett 


be inter 


which ' 

being a 

to himj 

atdy lai 

ha*s pec 

ter 1 h 

Otoo, ': 

nor fayi 

He alke 

I anfwci 

that I >* 

him kn( 



id fevcral 

ught that 
: into' my 
paffage to 
Ihip, they 
night on 
>f; which 
le friendly 
upon the 
> their di- 
f down a- 
m as could 
with both 
d, till they 
became a 
»ur, I was 
^er, the o- 
which en- 
aing down 
night af- 
their pre- 
hey went 
vhen they 
bund the 
jeing per- 
le foUow- 
I an opera- 

ui Voyagt to the Pacific Ocean, 


tion which, in my opinion, far exceeds the fleih« 
brufh, or any thing of the kind that we make 
ufe of externally. It is univerfally pradtifed a- 
mongft thefe Iflanders ; being fometimes per- 
formed by the men, but more generally by the 
women. If at any time, one appears languid 
and tired, and fits down by any of them, they 
immediately begin to pradtife the romeevn^w his 
legs *, and 1 have always found it to have an ex- 
ceedingly good effect.* 

On Thurfday the 25th of September, Otoo, 
Mr King, and Omai, retuined from Attahoo- 
roo ; and Mr King gave a narrative of what 
he had feen to the following effe^St : * At fun- 
fet, we embarked in a canoe, and left Oparre. 
About nine o'clock we landed at that extremity 
of Tettaha, which joins to Attahooroo. The 
meeting of Otoo and Towha, I expected, would 
be inter efting. Otoo and his attendants felted 
themfelves upon the beach, near the canoe in 
which Towha fat. He was then afleep ; but 
being awakened, and Otoo's name mentioned 
to him, a plantain-tree and a dog were immedi- 
ately laid at Otoo*s feet ; and feveral of Tow- 
ha's people came and converfed with him. Af- 
ter 1 had been for fometime feated clofe to 
Otoo, Towha neither ftirring from his canoe, 
nOr faying any thing to us, I repaired to him. 
He alked me if Toote was difpleafed with him ; 
I anfwered, No \ and that he was his iaio ; and 
that I was ordered to go to Attahooroo, to let 
him know it. Omai then entered mto a long 
converfation with this chief; but I could not 
Vol. I. K k gather 

334 ^ Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 

gather any information from him. On. my re- 
turning to Otoo, he deiired that I fliould go to 
eat, and then to fleep ; in confequcnce of which 
Omai and I left him. On queilioning Omai 
on that head, he faid, Towha was lame, and 
therefore could notrftir.; but that Otoo and he 
would foon converfe together in private. This 
was probably true; for thofe we left with Otoo 
came to us in a little time; and about ten mi- 
nutes after, Otoo himfelf arrived, when we all 
went to.ilccp in his canoe. 

The flvdi was the next morning in great plen- 
-ty. <JOne man drank to fuch exccfs that he loft 
his fenfes, and' appeared to be convulfed. He 
was held by two men, who bufied themielves in 
^plucking off his hair by the roots. I left this 
i'pe^acle to fee a more offering one. It was the 
mcetingof Tbwha and his wife, and a young 
girl, who was faid to be his daughter. After 
the ceremony of cutting their heads, and dif- 
rharging plenty of blood and tears, they wafh- 
«d, embraced the chief, and feaned perfeftly 
unconcerned. But the young girl's fufferings 
were not yet concluded. Terridiri (Oberea's 
fon) arrived; and fhe, with great compofure, 
repeated thole ceremonies to him which fhe had 
juft performed on meeting her father. Towha 
having brought a war canoe from Eimeo, I en- 
quired if he had killed the people belonging to 
her ; and was informed, that there was not a 
perfon in her when Ihe was captured. 

About ten or eleven o'clock we left Tettaha, 
and landed clofc to the moraioi Attahooro early 



On my re- 

iould go to 
:e of which 
tiing Omai 
lamej and 
Itoo and he 
/ate. This 
: with Otoo 
lut ten mi- 
irhen we all 

great plen- 
that he loft 
ulfed. He 
lemfelves in 
I left this 
It was the 
d a 


s, and dif- 
they wafli- 
d perfedlly 
i (Oberea's 
lich fhe had 
r. Towha 
imeo, I en- 
jlonging to 
was not a 

ft Tettaha, 
hooro early 

A Voyagi to the Pacific Ocean, .335" 

ill the afternoon. Tlu'ee canoes lay hauled up- 
on the beach, opposite the moraii having threo 
hogs in each. We expe^ed the folemnity 
would have been performed the fame afternoon; 
but nothing was done, as neither Towha nor 
Potatou had joined us. A chief carne from £i-r 
meo, with a fmall pig, and a plaintain-tree, 
which he placed at Otoo's feet. They conver- 
fed fometime together, and the Eimco chief of- 
ten repeating the word, Warry^ Warry^ (fall'e,) 
Otoo was probably relating to him what he had 
beard, and' the other contradifted it. 

The next day, Towha and Potatou, with fe- 
ven or eight large canoes, arrived, and landed 
near fhe moral. Several plantain-trees were 
brought to Otoo, on behalf of different chiefs. 
Towha remained in his canoe. The ceremony 
was commenced by the principal prieft who 
brought out the maro, wrapped up, and a bun- 
dle of a conic ihape. Thefe were placed at the 
head of what I fuppofed to be a grave. Then 
three priefts fat down, at the other end of the 
grave; having with them a' plantain-tree, a 
branch of feme other kind of tree, and the 
iheath of the flower of the cocoa-nut-tree. 

The priefts feparate'^y repeated fcntences j and 
at intervals, two, and Ibmetimes all three, chant- 
ed a melancholy ditty, very little « attended to 
by the natives. This kind oF recitative conti- 
nued near an hour. Then, after a iliort pray- 
er, the chief prieft uncovered tiie marOi and 
Otoo rofe up and vvrappeii it about him, hold- 
ing in his hand a bonnet, compoled of the red 

K k 2 feathers 

33^^ -^ Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 

feathers of the tropic bird, mixed with other 
Wackifli feathers. He ftood oppofite the three 
priefts, who continued their prayers for about 
ten minutes ; when a man rifing fuddenly from 
the~ crowd, faid fomething ending with hdva ! 
and the crowd echoed back to him three times 
Earee ! The company then repaired to the op- 
po0te fide of a large pile of ftones, where is 
the king's morai ; which is not much unlike a 
large grave. Here the fame ceremony was a- 
gain performed, and ended with three cheers. 
The maro was now wrapped up, and ornament- 
ed by the addition of a fmall piece of red fea- 

The people now proceeded to z. large hut, 
near die tnoraiy where they feated themlelves in 
folemn order. An oration was then made by a 
man of Tiaraboo, which ended in about ten 
minutes. He was followed by a man of Atta- 
hooro ; Potatou fpoke next, and with much 
more fluency and grace than any of them. Too- 
teo, Otoo*s orator, exhibited, after him, and 
then a man from Eimeo. Some other fpeeches 
were made, but not attended to. Omai faid, 
that the fubftance of their^fpeeches recommend- 
ed friendfhip, and not fighting •, but as many 
of the fpeakers exprefled themfelves with great 
warmth, there were, perhaps, fome recrimina- 
tions and proteftations of their future good in- 
tentions. In the midft of their harangues, a 
man of Attahooroo rofe up having a fling faf- 
tened to his waift, and a large ftone upon his 
{houlder., After parading for about fifteen mi- 


, A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean* 


vith other 
! the three 
I for about 
lenly from 
^ith heiva ! 
[iree times 
:o the op- 
, where is 
L unlike a 
my was a- 
•ee cheers, 
f red fea- 

large hut, 
;mielves in 
made by a 
about ten 
ti of Atta- 
ath much 
lem. Too- 
him, and 
T fpeeches 
)mai faici, 
as many 
with great 
good in- 
'angues, a 
fling faf- 
e upon his 
fifteen mi- 

nutes in. the open fpace, and chanting a few fhort 
lentences, he threw the ftone down. This ftonc, 
together with a plantain-tree that lay at Otoo's 
Jfeet, were, at the conclulion of the fpeeches, 
carried to the -^norai ; one of the prielb, and 
Otoo w;.th him, faying fomething upon the oc- 

Returning to Oparre, the fea-breeze having 
iet in, we were obliged to land, and had a plea- 
fant walk from Tettaha to Oparre. A tree, with 
two large bundles of dried leaves ilifpended upon 
it, pointed out the boundary of the two diftri^ls. 
"We were accompanied by the man who. had \ 
performed the ceremony of the ilone and fling. 
With him Otoo's father held a long converfati- 
6n, and appeared extremely angry. He was en- 
raged, as I underftood, at the part which Tow- 
ha had taken in the Eimeo buflnefs,' 

From what can be judged of this (blemnity, 
as related by Mr King, it had not been only a 
thankfglving, as Omai told us, but rather a con- 
firmation of the treaty. The grave, mentioned 
by Mr King, appears to be the very fpot where 
the celebration of the rites began, when the 
human facrifice was offered, at which Captain 
Cook was prefent, and before which the viftim 
was laid. It is here alfo, that they firfl: invelt 
the kings with the marO'. Omai, who had {ccn 
the ceremony when Qtoo was made king, de- 
fer ibed the whole folemnity, when we were 
here ; which is nearly the fame as that now de- 
icribed by Mr King ; though perhaps, upon a 
very different occafion. The plantain-tree is al^ 

K k ^ wayfi 

J3^ 4 Vt^age to tf^e Pacific Ocean, 

yfrzjs the firft thing introduced in all their reli- 
gious ceremonies, as well ^s in all their public 
and private debates) and probably, on many 
other occafions. While Towha was at £imeo> 
he fent one or more meflengers to Otoo every 
day. Every meilenger, at all times, carried a 
young plantain-tree in his hand, which he laid 
at the foot of Otoo, before he^mentioned his er- 
rand ) then feated himfelf before him, and re- 
Isited the particulars of his meifage. When two 
men are in inch high difpute that blows are ex- 
pef^jd to enfue, if one Ihould lay a plantain-tree 
before the other, they both become cool, and 
proceed in the argument without further ani- 
moHiy. It is, indeed, the olive branch of thefe 
people upon all oci^aiions. 

As our friends knew that we were upon the 
point of failing, they all paid us a viiit on the 
26th, and brought more hogs with them than 
we wanted ; for, having no I'alt left to prefervc 
any, we had fully fufficient for our prefent ufe. 

Captain Copk accompanied Otoo, the next 
day, to Oparre ^ and before he left it, took a - 
furvey of the cattle and poultry, which he had 
configned to his friend's care, Every thing was 
in a promifing way v and Teemed prv^perly at- 
tended to. Two of the geefe, as well as two of 
the ducks, were fittings but the pea-hen and 
turkey-hen had neither of them beg i^i to lay. 
He took four goats from Otoo, two of which 
he intended to leave it Ulietea 5 and to referve 
the other two for the ufe of any other iflands 
he niight touch at in his paiTage to the north. 

« A 


I fliall 1 
pie are 
their pi 
at diffe 
was a i\ 
and pro 
him, th 
he had 
would fc 
muft nc 
and 1 w 
the glaii 
fame tin 
by it. 
ting it ; 
with hi 
did not 
Otoo 5 
of mort 
give hin 
than he 
cafe, yoi 
a lofer, 
be told 
« Qui 
this iflai 

A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean^: 


heir reli- 
;ir public 
on many 
It Eimeoy 
too every 
carried a 
:h he laid 
led his er- 
, and re- 
V^hen two 
vs are ex- 
cool, and 
rther ani- 

upon the 
(it on the 
:hem than 

refent ufe, 

the next 
it, took a- 
ch he had 

thing was 
v->perly at- 

1 as two of 
a>hen and 

»i to lay. 
of which 
to rcferve 

ler iilands 

e north. 

• A circumftance,* fays Captain Cook, • which 
I {hall now mention, will fhew, that theie peo- 
ple are capable of much addrefs and art, to gain 
their purpofcs. Amongft other things, which, 
at di^erent times, 1 had given t^o this chief, 
was a fpying-glafs. After having it in his pof^ 
feOlon two or three days, tired of its novelty, 
and probably, finding it of no ufe to him, he 
carried it privately to Captain Clerke, and told 
him, that as he had been his very good friend^ 
he had got a prefcnt for him, which he knew 
would be very agreeable. * But,* fays Otoo, you 
muft not let Toote know it, becauie he wants it, 
and 1 would not let him have it.* He then put. 
the glafs into Captain Clerke's hands; at the 
fame time, afluring him, that he came honedly 
by it. Captain Clerke, at firft, declined accep- 
ting it ; but Otoo iniii^ed upon it, and 
with him. Some days after, he put Captain* 
Clerke in mind of the glafs ; who, though he 
did not want it, was yet delirous of obliging. 
Otoo \ and thinking that a few axes would be 
of more ufe at this iiland, produced four to 
give him in return. Otoo no fooner faw this 
than he faid, « Toote offered me five for it.*—^ 
•Well,* fays Captain Clerke, * if that be the 
cafe, your friendOiip for me ihall not make yoit 
a lofer, and you fhail have fix axes.* Thefe he 
accepted y but delired again, that I might noS: 
be told what he had i;one. ' 

< Qur friend Omai got one good thing, at 

this ifland, for the many good things he gave 

away. This was a very fine double failing canoe^ 

, . completely 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean: 

completely equipped, and fit for the fea. Some 
time before, I made up for him a fuit of EngUlh 
colours ; but he thought thefe too valuable to 
be ufcd at this time ; and patched up a parcel 
of colours, fuch as flags and pendants, to the 
number of ten or a dozen, which he fpread on 
different parts of his veffel, all at the fame time ; 
and drew together as many people to look at 
her, as a man of war would, drefled^ in an Eu- 
ropean port. Thefe dreamers of Omai were 
a mixture of Englilh, French, Spaniih, and 
Dutch, which were all the European colours 
that he had feen. When I was laft at this ifland,. 
I gave to Otoo an Englifh jack and pendant, 
and to Towha a pendant ; which I now found 
they had preferved with the greatell care. 

* Omai had alfo provided himfclf with a good 
dock of cloth and cocoa-nut oil, which are not 
only in greater plenty, but much better, at O- 
taheite, than at any of the Society lilands ; Info- 
much, that they are articles of trad?. Omai 
would not have behaved fo inconliftently, and 
{o much unlike himfelf,. as he did, in many in- 
ftances, but for his iifter and brother in-law, 
who, together with a few more of their ac- 
quaintance, engrofled him entirely to -them- 
felves, with no other view than taftrip him of 
every thing he had got. And they would, un- 
doubtedly, have fucceeded in their fcheme, if 
> I had not put a ilop to it in time^ by taking the 
inoft ufeful articles of his property into my pof^ 
iefliom But even this would not have faved O- 
laai from ruin,, if I had fuffered thefe relations of 


his to 1 
his inte 
they ha 
thcr vi 
ed in tl 
too wel 
he defi 
no Preti 
that he 
this ma 
him the 
he fully 
for the 
had be< 
war J b 
hah, abc 
was dec 
work, V 
As it wj 
could o] 
but it w 
his preii 
this iflai 
fion, th 


ea. Some 
of EngUlh 
valuable to 
ip a parcel 
nts, to the 
5 fpread on 
fame time ; 
to look at 
, in an Eu- 
Omai were 
anifh, and 
;an colours 
: this ifland». 
,d pendant, 
now found 
: care. 

with a good 
lich are not 
etter, at O- 
ands ; Info- 
ide. Omai 
itently, and 
in many in- 
:h^ in-law, 
f their ac- 
irip him of 
would, un- 
fcheme, ?f 
y taking the 
nto my pof- 
ive faved O- 
: relations of 

A Voyage to the Pacific Oceau. 34 1 

his to have gone with, or to have followed us to, 
his intended place of fettlement, Huaheine. This 
they had intended; but I difappointed their fur- 
ther views of plunder,^ by forbidding them to 
fhew themi^lves in that ifland, while I remain- 
ed in the neighbourhood ; and they knew me 
too well not to comply. 

• On the 28th, Otoo came on board, and in- 
formed me, that he had got a canoe, which 
he defired I would take with me, and carry 
home, as a prefent from him to the Earee rahie 
no Pretane ; it, being the only thing, he faid^ 
that he could fend, worth his Majefty*s accep- 
tance. I was not a little pleafedwith Otoo, for 
this mark of his gratitude. Jt was a thought 
entirely his own, not one of us having given 
him the leaft hint about it; and it (hewed, that 
he fully under ftood to whom he was indebted 
for the moft valuable prefents that he had re- 
ceived. At firft, I thought, that this canoe 
had been a model of one of their veflels of 
war J but I foon found, that it was a fmall ivd" 
hahf about fixteen feet long. It was double, and 
feemcd to have been built for the purpofe ; and 
was decorated with all thofe pieces of carved 
work, which they ufually fix upon their canoes; 
As it was too hrge for me to take on board, I. 
could only thank him for his good intention ; 
but it would have pleafed him much better, if 
his prefent could have been accepted. 

* The frequent viiits we had lately paid to 
this ifland, feem to have created a full perfua- 
fion, that the intercourfe will not be difconti- 


14^ ^ Voyage to the Pacific Ocean,. 

nued. It was (Iri^lly enjoined to me by Otoo» 
to rcqucft, in his name, the Earee rahie no Pre^ 
tane^ to f^nd him, by the next ihtps, red fea- 
thers, and the birds that produce them ; axes; 
half a dozen mufquets, with powder and (hot ; 
tnd, by no means to forget horics.. 

When thefe people make us a prefent, it is 
cuftomary for them to let us know what they 
expert in return ; and we Hnd it convenient to 
gratify them ; by which means our prefents 
come dearer to us than what we get b/ barter. 
But, being fbrnetimcs prefTcd by occafioaal fear- 
city, we could have recourfe to our friends for 
a fupply as a prefent, when we could libt get it 
l^ any other method. Upon the whole, there- 
fore, this way of traffic was full as advantageous 
to us as to the natives. Cyprain Cook, in ge- 
neral^ paid for each feparaic article as he re- 
ceived it» except in his intercourfe with Otoo, 
His prefents were fo numerous, that no account 
was kept between him ^nd the captain. What- 
ever he aiked for, if it could be fpared, the Cap- 
tain never denied himj and he always found him^ 
moderate in his demands. 

Captain Cook would not have quitted Ota- 
heite fo foon as he did, if he could have pre- 
vailed upon Omai to fix himfelf there. There 
was not even a probability of our being better 
fupplied with proviiions elfewhere, than we con- 
tinued to be here, even at the time of our lea- 
ving it. Befides, fuch a friendChip andconfidence 
fub(ifted between us and the inhabitants, as 
cDuld hardly be expefted at any other place ; 


and, it 
been on 
been a ( 
is proba 
a traffic 
ihare of 
tain by ] 
was, in 
view wit 
the mod 
fer then] 
Omai wj 
ing inftr 
them th 
tend a d 
not alwj 
they are 
plain of] 
luable th 
the day 
the fame 
From th 
ments to 
and the 
being fb 
The few 
are high 
aiking u 

5 by Otoo, 

hie no Pre* 

I, red fca- 

;m; axes; 

and {hot ; 

cfent, it is 
what they 
ivcnicnt to 
ir prefents 
t b»' barter, 
iioiiit^kl fear- 
friends for 

I libt get it 
\ole, there- 
ook, in ge- 
; as he re- 
with Otoo. 
no account 

In. What- 
d, the Cap- 
i found him- 

uitted Ota- 

II have pre* 
;re. There 
)eing better 
aan we con- 
; of our lea- 
abitants, as 
(ther place ; 


A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 343 

and, it was rather extraordinary, had never 
been once interrupted or fufpcnded by any ac-» 
cident, or mifunderftanding ; nor had there 
been a theft committed, worthy of notice. It 
is probable, however, that their regularity of 
condu£l refulted from their fear of interrupting 
a traffic, which might procure them a greater 
ihare of our. commodities, than they could ob- 
tain by plunder or pilfering. This point, indecJ,|j 
was, in fomc degree, fettled at the firft inter- 
view with their chiefs, after our arrival. For 
Captain Cook declared then to the natives, in 
the moft deciiive terms, that he would not fuf- 
fer them to rob us, as they had formerly done. 
Omai was iingularly ufeful in this butinefs, be- 
ing inftru6ted by the Captain to point out to 
them the happy confequences of their honed 
conduct, and the fatal mifchicfs that mud at- 
tend a deviation from it. But the chiefs have it 
not always in their power to prevent thefts \ 
they are often robbed themfelves ; and com- 
plain of it as the worft of evils. The moft va- 
luable things that Otoo received from Captain 
Cook, were left in the Captain's pofleffion till 
the day before we failed ; Otoo declaring, at 
the fame time, that they were no where fo fafe. 
From the acquilition of new riches, the induce- 
ments to pilfering muft certainly have increafed; 
and thie chiefs are fcnlible of this, from their 
being fo extremely defirous of having chefts. 
The few that the Spaniards left amongft them 
are highly prized ; and they were continually 
aiking us for fome. Captain Cook had one 



A Veynge to the Pacific Ocean* 

made for Otoo, the dimenfion's of which were 
eight feet in length, five in breadth, and about 
three in depth. Locks and bolts are not confi- 
dl^red as a fuificient fecuritj} but it mud be 
large enough for two people to fleep upon, and 
coniequently guard it in the night. 

It may appear extraordinary, that we could 
never get any di{lin(^ account of the time when 
jtlic Spaniards arrived, the time they Aaycd, and 
when they departed. The more we made in- 
quiry into this matter, the more we were con- 
vinced of the incapability of mp/l 6f thefe peo- 
,plc to remember, calculate, or note the time, 
when pail events happened j efpecially if for a 
^ longer period than eighteen or twenty months. 
It however appeared, by the infcription upon 
the crofs, and by the information of the mod 
intelligent of the natives, that two (hips came 
to Oheitepeha in 1774, not long after Captain 
Gook left Matavai, which was in May the fame 
year. The live uock they left here, confifted 
of one bull, feme goats, hogs, and dogs, and 
the male of another animal ; which we were 
afterwards informed was a ram, and was, at 
this time, at Bolabola. 

The hogs are large \ have already much im- 
proved the breed originally found by us upon 
the iiland \ and, on our late arrival, were very 
numerous. Goats are alfo in plenty, there be- 
ing hardly a chief without feme. The dogs that 
the Spaniards put afhore are of two or three 
forts : if they had all been hanged, inftead of 
being left upon the iiland, it would have been 



irhich were 

and about 

e not confi- 

it mud be 

upon, and 

: wc could 

time when 

flayed, and 

e made in- 

; were con- 

*thefe peo- 

; the time, 

lly if for a 

ty months. 

ption upon 

of the moft 

{hips came 

fter Captain 

ay the fame 

e, coniifled 

dogs, and 

h we were 

nd was, at 

much im- 

[>y us upon 

, were very 

, there be- 

le dogs that 

o or three 

inflead of 

have been 


yf Foyagi io tht P^jfic OiM; 

-9Jf fk s 


better for the natives. Captain Cobk'l y<m] 
ram fell a vi£tim tr one of thefe animals, 
have already ment oned the four Spaniards that 
remained on the iiland after their Ihips left it. 
Two of thcfe were priefts who redded the W|m>(c 
time in thie houfe at Oheite[K:ha ; but MateeitM 
roved about continually, viliting many paits pf ^ 
the ifland. After he and his companions had 
lUid ten months, two Ihips arriving at 01u;He» 
peha, took them aboard, and failed again in^~ 
days. Whatever deiign the Spaniards 
have had upon this ifland, this hafly deparlure 
iliews they have now laid it alide. They^co^ 
deavoured to make the natives believe, that t&ey 
flill intended to return i and that they wwd 

bring with them houfes, all kinds of anii 
and men and women who. were to fettle oki the ' 
ifland. Otoo, when he mentioned this to Cap- 
tain Cook, added, that if the Spaniards' fhould 
return, they fliould not come to Matavai "Bo^ < 
which, he faid, was ours. The idea pld^ed 
him } but he did not coniider that the completi- 
on of it would deprive him of his kingdom, «ad 
his people of their liberties. Though this (hews 
how eafily a fettlement might be made at Ol^ 
heite, it is hoped that fuch a circumftanct ivitl 
never happen Our occaflonal vilits may ft^ve 
been of fervice to its inhabitants, but (confider- 
ing how mod European eftabliihments are con«. 
ducted among Indian nations) a permanent eC- 
tablilhment amongft them would probably, give 
them ju(l caufe to lament that our (hips h^ 
ever difcovered it. Indeed, a mcafure 0^ ibis 
Vol I. LI iihd i 

ihe Pai'jfic Ocean* 



r- 1 

fever be ierioufly thought of, 
can neither anfwer the purpoies of public 
bition, nor of private avarice. 

has been aketidhr obferved that Captain 

received a viiit from one of the two natives 

k iOand, who had been taken to Xiina by 

paniards. It is fomewhat remarkable that 

er faw him afterwards, efpeciaUy as the 

in received him with uncommon civility. 

Captain, however, iuppoied that Omai had 

him at a diflance firom hitm, firom motives 

oufy, he being a traveller, that in fome 

, might vie with himfelf* Our touching 

ner'iSk was a hxcky drcumftance for Omai ; 

prided himielf in having viiited a place be- 

g to Spain, as well as this man. Captain 

, who has fecn the other man, fpokc of 

a low ^ow, a little o«t of his fimies $. 

SBs own coontFjmen entevtahied the- fam^ 

^~; of him. In ihort, thele two adventu* 

med to be held in littk or do citeem. 

had not been {o fortunate^ indeed, as to 

home with fuch valuable property as had 

ftowed upon Omai $ whofe advantages 

;oing to England wepe £o great, that if he 

fink into tbs lame ftate of inlignificance, 

only himlBf to blame lor it.. 


-.. ^' ,€>'',' 

THB EM^ e:^ YOtUME tlRST. 



f '*' 


:hought of, 
;s of public 

tat Oaptain 

two natives 

to Uma by 

rkable that 

laUy as ^he 

noB civility. 

it Omai had 

om motives 

>t in ibme 

jr touching 

: for Omai ; 


u Captain 

K ipokc of 

jhis ienics y 

the- fam^ 


m eibeeA. 

eed, as to 

erty as had 


, that iihe 




■j -*•<(»;-. 



.' I<